A Research Guide for Students by I Lee
Member of Toastmasters International

Chapter 3.
Presentation Tips for Public Speaking

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Know the needs of your audience and match your contents to their needs. Know your material thoroughly. Put what you have to say in a logical sequence. Ensure your speech will be captivating to your audience as well as worth their time and attention. Practice and rehearse your speech at home or where you can be at ease and comfortable, in front of a mirror, your family, friends or colleagues. Use a tape-recorder and listen to yourself. Videotape your presentation and analyze it. Know what your strong and weak points are. Emphasize your strong points during your presentation.

When you are presenting in front of an audience, you are performing as an actor is on stage. How you are being perceived is very important. Dress appropriately for the occasion. Be solemn if your topic is serious. Present the desired image to your audience. Look pleasant, enthusiastic, confident, proud, but not arrogant. Remain calm. Appear relaxed, even if you feel nervous. Speak slowly, enunciate clearly, and show appropriate emotion and feeling relating to your topic. Establish rapport with your audience. Speak to the person farthest away from you to ensure your voice is loud enough to project to the back of the room. Vary the tone of your voice and dramatize if necessary. If a microphone is available, adjust and adapt your voice accordingly.

Body language is important. Standing, walking or moving about with appropriate hand gesture or facial expression is preferred to sitting down or standing still with head down and reading from a prepared speech. Use audio-visual aids or props for enhancement if appropriate and necessary. Master the use of presentation software such as PowerPoint well before your presentation. Do not over-dazzle your audience with excessive use of animation, sound clips, or gaudy colors which are inappropriate for your topic. Do not torture your audience by putting a lengthy document in tiny print on an overhead and reading it out to them.

Speak with conviction as if you really believe in what you are saying. Persuade your audience effectively. The material you present orally should have the same ingredients as that which are required for a written research paper, i.e. a logical progression from INTRODUCTION (Thesis statement) to BODY (strong supporting arguments, accurate and up-to-date information) to CONCLUSION (re-state thesis, summary, and logical conclusion).

Do not read from notes for any extended length of time although it is quite acceptable to glance at your notes infrequently. Speak loudly and clearly. Sound confident. Do not mumble. If you made an error, correct it, and continue. No need to make excuses or apologize profusely.

Maintain sincere eye contact with your audience. Use the 3-second method, e.g. look straight into the eyes of a person in the audience for 3 seconds at a time. Have direct eye contact with a number of people in the audience, and every now and then glance at the whole audience while speaking. Use your eye contact to make everyone in your audience feel involved.

Speak to your audience, listen to their questions, respond to their reactions, adjust and adapt. If what you have prepared is obviously not getting across to your audience, change your strategy mid-stream if you are well prepared to do so. Remember that communication is the key to a successful presentation. If you are short of time, know what can be safely left out. If you have extra time, know what could be effectively added. Always be prepared for the unexpected.

Pause. Allow yourself and your audience a little time to reflect and think. Don't race through your presentation and leave your audience, as well as yourself, feeling out of breath.

Add humor whenever appropriate and possible. Keep audience interested throughout your entire presentation. Remember that an interesting speech makes time fly, but a boring speech is always too long to endure even if the presentation time is the same.

When using audio-visual aids to enhance your presentation, be sure all necessary equipment is set up and in good working order prior to the presentation. If possible, have an emergency backup system readily available.  Check out the location ahead of time to ensure seating arrangements for audience, whiteboard, blackboard, lighting, location of projection screen, sound system, etc. are suitable for your presentation.

Have handouts ready and give them out at the appropriate time. Tell audience ahead of time that you will be giving out an outline of your presentation so that they will not waste time taking unnecessary notes during your presentation.

Know when to STOP talking. Use a timer or the microwave oven clock to time your presentation when preparing it at home. Just as you don't use unnecessary words in your written paper, you don't bore your audience with repetitious or unnecessary words in your oral presentation. To end your presentation, summarize your main points in the same way as you normally do in the CONCLUSION of a written paper. Remember, however, that there is a difference between spoken words appropriate for the ear and formally written words intended for reading. Terminate your presentation with an interesting remark or an appropriate punch line. Leave your listeners with a positive impression and a sense of completion. Do not belabor your closing remarks. Thank your audience and sit down.

Have the written portion of your assignment or report ready for your instructor if required.


Public Speaking Links:

5 Body Language Tricks to Make Anyone Instantly Like You - Personality Development & English Lessons. YouTube video, 7:28 min. Published on Oct 27, 2014 by Learn English with Let's Talk - Free English Lessons with presenter Niharika. "There's no question that body language is important, you can capture - and hold - anyone's attention without even saying a word. We've selected some of the best body language techniques and shared them through this lesson: Flooding Smile, Sticky Eyes, Big-Baby Pivot, Limit the Fidget, Using Your Hands."

5 Tips to Improve Your Public Speaking - How to Speak Professionally - Speech Speaker Tips. YouTube video, 10:19 min. Published on May 24, 2012 by Real Men Real Style.

The 7 secrets of the greatest speakers in history | Richard Greene | TEDxOrangeCoast. YouTube video, 18:24 min. Published on Nov 5, 2014 by TEDx Talks. "Never give a 'Speech', says Richard Greene. In this masterful talk, he explains how the great speakers in history use 7 secrets and how we can all become a great speaker by following these secrets and by not just giving a 'speech' but rather creating 'conversations' from the heart."

10 Common Presentation Mistakes: Avoiding Common Pitfalls in Your Presentations from Mind Tools.

18 Public Speaking Tips by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd. From How Stuff Works.

The 10 Worst Body Language Presentation Mistakes from SOAP - State of the Art Presentation. YouTube silent video, 5:24 min. Learn: What gestures and positions to avoid. The Impact of body language mistakes on presentations. How to use non-verbal language in an impactful way.

The 25 Public Speaking Skills Every Speaker Must Have by Andrew Dlugan.

The 35 Greatest Speeches in History compiled by Brett and Kate McKay in A Man's Life, Manly Knowledge. Great oratory has three components: style, substance, and impact. Includes Worthy Excerpts.

Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in 1863. Lesson on learning from this speech by Ron Kurtus, School for Champions. How can I use this speech to improve my writing skills? How can I use this address to improve my speaking skills? What is its historical significance?

Winston Churchill's First Speech as Prime Minister in 1940: "Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat" from School for Champions by Ron Kurtus (revised 4 June 2015).

See more Presidential inaugural addresses and Other speeches of note.

Advanced Public Speaking Institute. Free Articles on Public Speaking. Include:

Public Speaking: The Differences Between a Man and a Woman . . . in the Audience that is . . .

Public Speaking: Pick Your Audience - Learn to pick the right audience for you.

Public Speaking: How to Close a Speech.

Public Speaking: Cool Color Commentary - Pay attention to color, Flip chart color ...

Public Speaking: Attention Gaining Devices.

Why Use Humor? and more.

American Rhetoric: Top 100 Speeches of the 20th Century by Rank. No. 1: Martin Luther King, Jr. - "I Have A Dream."

I HAVE A DREAM... MARTIN LUTHER KING - August 28, 1963. YouTube video, 17:28 min. Uploaded on Dec 16, 2010 by CESSqc. "On Wednesday, August 28, 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C., Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. created an electrifying and spectacular moment in human history when he delivered his internationally famous 'I Have a Dream' speech. Considered to be the best speech of the 20th century, it echoed throughout the entire world and continues to reverberate through time and the soul of humanity today!"

Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have A Dream Speech. YouTube video, 5:17 min. Published on Aug 28, 2013 by Ilya Gokadze. "Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor ..."

The Art of Public Speaking by Stephen E. Lucas, from Online Learning Center, McGraw-Hill. Listen to Top 100 Speeches - American Rhetoric. Rank, Speaker, Title/Text/MultiMedia, Audio, and Transcript.

The Art of Public Speaking with Connect Lucas by Stephen Lucas
The Art of Public Speaking with Connect Lucas by Stephen Lucas

Art of Speaking in Public by Mahavir Mohnot, India. Contents: Speaking in Public Confidently, Checklist for a Good Speaker, Tips to Prepare Your Speech, How to Deliver a Speech, More Tips for Effective Speaking, Formal Speeches, Motivational Speech, Rhyme & Chime of Public Speaking, Links to Famous Speeches: John F. Kennedy, Abraham Lincoln, Mother Teresa, Martin Luther King, Jr., Mark Anthony, and Nehru.

Basic Public Speaking, 2nd Edition (Paperback): The Roadmap to Confident Communications
by Douglas A. Parker, M.Ed.

Basic Public Speaking, 2nd Edition by Douglas Parker

Be a More Confident Public Speaker. YouTube video, 4:39 min. Published on Dec 14, 2012 by watchwellcast. "If public speaking sounds like your worst nightmare, you're not alone. You're one of the estimated 70 percent of the population that has an intense fear of public speaking. That's OK. On today's WellCast, we've got our Triple P method that will keep you calm during that next oral report ..."

Better Public Speaking & Presentation - Ensure Your Words Are Always Understood by Kellie Fowler, from Mind Tools.

● Keep the message clear.
● Be prepared.
● Keep the message simple.
● Be vivid when delivering the message.
● Be natural.
● Keep the message concise.
Being prepared: Guidelines for Thinking Ahead: Ask yourself: Who? What? How? When? Where? Why?

Big Dog's Leadership Page - Presentation Skills by Donald R. Clark. Contents: Introduction, The Voice, The Body, Active Listening, Nerves, Questions, Preparing the Presentation, Habits, Tips and Techniques for Great Presentations, Templates.

Bookending Your Speech: A Master Technique by Andrew Dlugan.

Brian Carter's Public Speaking Tips. Public speaking resource with articles, tips, sample topics, and speech examples.

Business: Public Speaking from The Sideroad. Includes:

Effective Public Speaking by Stephen D. Boyd, Ph.D., CSP, professor of speech communication at Northern Kentucky University in Highland Heights, Kentucky.

Getting Over Your Last Minute Fear of Public Speaking by Patricia Fripp.

Improve Your Public Speaking: Openers and Closers by Lillian D. Bjorseth.

Overcoming Last Minute Presentation Fear by Connie de Veer.

Presentation Skills: How to Improve by Kevin Eikenberry.

Speech Writing: Be Brief! by Stephen D. Boyd.

Using Quotations by Caterina Rando.

Cicero on the Genres of Rhetoric a translation by John F. Tinkler. "For every speech that is given by those who express an opinion, the end that it is appropriate to set forth is utility ... We shall use the parts of prudence in our speech if we compare advantages with disadvantages, and advise that one should be followed and the other avoided ... These are the kinds of virtues that should be amplified if we are arguing in their favor, but they should be diminished if we are arguing against them ..." Cicero from Wikipedia.

Confessions of a Public Speaker (English and English Edition)
Confessions of a Public Speaker (English and English Edition)

Don't Burn Your Toast by Gary Drevitch, FreelanceDad. Advice: No need to stress over a big speech. Brainstorm. Know your audience. Get it on paper. Enter laughing, leave 'em crying. Timing is everything.

Effective Speech Writing: The Importance of Theme,
Crafting an Inspiring Speech: Effective Speech Writing,
Example of an NHS Speech National Honor Society Induction Speech by Melissa Kelly, About.com Guide.

Elements of an Effective Speech by Lenny Laskowski. 1. Be Prepared. 2. Give of Yourself. 3. Stay Relaxed. 4. Use Natural Humor. 5. Plan Your Body and Hand Positions. 6. Pay Attention to All Details.

Essential Tips for Overcoming Performance Anxiety from Write-Out-Loud.com.
Be a Fact Finder.
Plan and Prepare.
Essential Aspects.

Five Ways to Make Your Body Speak. Lenny Laskowski gives great public speaking tips in a sensible and humorous manner.
1. Rid Yourself of Distracting Mannerisms.
2. Build Self-confidence by Being Yourself.
3. Let Your Body Mirror Your Feelings.
4. Build Self-confidence Through Preparation.
5. Use Your Everyday Speaking Situations.
Facial Expressions: "Leave that deadpan expression to poker players."
Eye Contact. How to Use Your Eyes Effectively.
Your Appearance. Walking Patterns.
"Remember it's not what you say it's how you say it, and your body does speak very loudly. Only when you marry your verbal message and your nonverbal message do you begin to command presence as a speaker."

Gifts of Speech: Women's Speeches from Around the World. Browse Alphabetically By Last Name, or Browse Chronologically By Year (1948-1979) to view Featured Speakers and their speeches.

The girl who silenced the world for 5 minutes. YouTube video, 6:41 min. Uploaded on Apr 18, 2008 by Kim Seong Lee. She addressed a UN Meeting on issue of environment.

Helping Students with Anxiety about Public Speaking - Reducing Anxiety from University Writing Center, Texas A&M University, Aggies helping Aggies write & speak well.

Hillary Clinton FULL Concession Speech | Election 2016. YouTube video, 24:11 min. Published on Nov 9, 2016 by ABC News. "Hillary Clinton formally and publicly conceded to Donald Trump this morning after an upset defeat in the presidential election. 'Last night I congratulated Donald Trump and offered to work with him on behalf of our country. I hope that he will be a successful president for all Americans,' she said this morning. 'This is not the outcome that we wanted ... and I'm sorry that we did not win this election. This is painful and it will be for a long time.' At one point, Clinton spoke to her younger supporters, saying that they may have career setbacks later, but to carry on. 'This loss hurts but please never stop believing that fighting for what's right is worth it,' she said.

How to Deliver Effective Speeches by Jason Belasco, eHow Contributor.

1. Know your audience.
2. Organize your speech.
3. Write your speech.
4. Practice correctly.
5. Know how to handle nervousness.

How to Do a Presentation - 5 Steps to a Killer Opener. YouTube video, 7:33 min. Published on Jul 26, 2013 by Rule The Room Public Speaking. "Watch public speaking and presentation skills expert Jason Teteak give a presentation modeling exact techniques for how to do an amazing presentation."

How to Develop Self-Confidence And Influence People By Public Speaking
by Dale Carnegie

How to Develop Self-Confidence And Influence People By Public Speaking by Dale Carnegie

How to Fight the Fear of Public Speaking. Blog posted by Kathrin Tschiesche. Why does 75% of population suffer from speech anxiety? Ways to transform the public speaking dear into excitement. Deep breathing. Focusing on facts, not fears. Building your speech on clarity, not complexity.

How to Give a Great Speech by Jacquelyn Smith, Forbes, 13 Aug 2013. See also 10 Tips on Giving a Great Speech in pictures.

How to open and close presentations? - Presentation lesson from Mark Powell. YouTube video, 7:36 min. Published on Sep 20, 2012 by Cambridge University Press ELT. Best practice tips for opening and closing presentations.

How to Overcome Your Fear of Public Speaking from WikiHow.

How to speak so that people want to listen | Julian Treasure. YouTube video, 9:58 min. Published on Jun 27, 2014 by TED. "Have you ever felt like you're talking, but nobody is listening? Here's Julian Treasure to help you fix that. As the sound expert demonstrates some useful vocal exercises and shares tips on how to speak with empathy, he offers his vision for a sonorous world of listening and understanding."

How to Start a Speech. YouTube video, 8:46 min. Published on Mar 11, 2012 by Conor Neill.

In The SpotLight, Overcome Your Fear of Public Speaking and Performing by Janet E Esposito
In The SpotLight, Overcome Your Fear of Public Speaking and Performing by Janet E Esposito

Killer Presentation Skills. YouTube video, 7:18 min. Uploaded on Oct 23, 2006 by J Douglas Jefferys.

Listen Up! Part II: 15 Techniques to Improve Our Listening from Art of Manliness. Including:

Listen with an open mind,
Listen to the entire message without judging or refuting,
Learn to adapt to the speaker's appearance, personality, and delivery,
Show the speaker you're listening,
Pay attention to both verbal and non-verbal messages,
Listen to silence,
Avoid faking attention and pretending to listen.

Magic of Impromptu Speaking:
Create a Speech That Will Be Remembered for Years in Under 30 Seconds
by Andrii Sedniev

Magic of Impromptu Speaking: Create a Speech That Will Be Remembered for Years in Under 30 Seconds by Andrii Sedniev

Magic of Public Speaking: A Complete System to Become a World Class Speaker
by Andrii Sedniev

Magic of Public Speaking: A Complete System to Become a World Class Speaker by Andrii Sedniev

Make Body Language Your Superpower. YouTube video, 13:17 min. Published on May 14, 2014 by Stanford Graduate School of Business. "Making Body Language Your Superpower - an instructional video on using body language effectively. Presented by Stanford graduate students Matt Levy, Colin Bailie, Jeong Joon Ha, and Jennifer Rosenfeld. Created as an exemplary final project in Lecturer JD Schramm's Strategic Communication course in March 2014. Body language - both the speaker's and the audience's - is a powerful form of communication that is difficult to master, especially if the speaker is nervous. This video will teach you how to use your body language effectively, even if you are nervous. This video will also show you how to read the audience's body language and what you should do when they look bored or disconnected from the presentation. Use these tools to enhance your nonverbal communication abilities and better connect with your audiences."

Motivational - Bill Gates Speech at Harvard. YouTube video, 5:55 min. Uploaded on Aug 24, 2011 by Dave Sheahan. "Be inspired by Bill Gates in this video - the most successful and the richest dropout in the world! We all know Bill Gates, but most of us don't know his ups and downs to success. This will definitely make a huge impact on your life. Just stay motivated and focused on your goals".

No Sweat Public Speaking! By Fred E. Miller
No Sweat Public Speaking! by Fred E. Miller

"Obama out:" President Barack Obama's hilarious final White House correspondents' dinner speech. YouTube video, 32:36 min. Published on Apr 30, 2016 by Global News. "President Barack Obama didn't hold back in his final speech at the White House correspondents' dinner firing barbs at himself, Donald Trump, Justin Trudeau, Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz."

Obama Yes We Can [FULL] - Famous Speech. YouTube video, min. Published on Aug 9, 2012 by Listitude. "The video shows the famous 'Yes We Can' speech by U.S. President Barack Obama, on January 8, 2008 in Nashua, New Hampshire - from before he was elected president."

On the Job: Public Speaking Tips - Twelve Steps to Great Presentations by Elise Bauer.

Overcoming Fear: The Ultimate Cure Guide For How To Overcome Fear Forever
(Anxiety, Worry, Fear of Failure, Fear of Death, Fear of Flying, Public Speaking, ... Darkness, Driving, Heights, Needles)
by Caesar Lincoln

Overcoming Fear: The Ultimate Cure Guide For How To Overcome Fear Forever (Anxiety, Worry, Fear of Failure, Fear of Death, Fear of Flying, Public Speaking, ... Darkness, Driving, Heights, Needles) by Caesar Lincoln

Presentation Helper. Help and advice for your presentations.

PRESENTATION MAGIC:
The quick and easy way to stand out right from the beginning (public speaking)
by Avi Salmon [Kindle Edition]

PRESENTATION MAGIC: The quick and easy way to stand out right from the beginning (public speaking) by Avi Salmon [Kindle Edition]

Presenting & Public Speaking Tips - How to improve skills & confidence. YouTube video, 6:10 min. Uploaded on May 19, 2011 by The Mobile Studio Company.

Presenting Smart: Keeping the Goal in Sight by John Windsor.

Presentation Tip: 3 Steps to Easily Introduce Yourself by Carl Kwan from PresentationExpressions.com. YouTube video, Uploaded on May 3, 2011.

Public Speaking - The Art of Speech Making. Hints and tips on public speaking, public speaking nerves and anxiety. From Impact Factory - the home of presentation skills, leadership development and communication training.

Public Speaking: An Online Resource Guide from Wise Old Sayings: Words to Live By.

Public Speaking. Links from Awesome Library.org.

Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach (8th Edition) by Steven A. Beebe and Susan J. Beebe
Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach (8th Edition) by Steven A. Beebe and Susan J. Beebe

Public Speaking Fears from Uncommon Knowledge. Other articles include: Public Speaking Anxiety, Exercise: Responding to Public Speaking with Calmness, not Fear, Avoiding Major Public Speaking Mistakes, Dealing with a Difficult Audience and Tough Questions when Speaking in Public, Public Speaking Preparation, Public Speaking Tips.

Public Speaking Is Not for Wimps by Kimberly Alyn
Public Speaking Is Not for Wimps by Kimberly Alyn

Public Speaking Panic Attacks: Say Goodbye to Public Speaking Anxiety Forever from Write-Out-Loud.com.

Public Speaking: Storytelling Techniques for Electrifying Presentations by Akash Karia (Kindle Edition)
Public Speaking: Storytelling Techniques for Electrifying Presentations by Akash Karia (Kindle Edition)</a></p>

<p><a rel=nofollow href=The Quick and Easy Way to Effective Speaking:
Modern Techniques for Dynamic Communication
by Dale Carnegie

The Quick and Easy Way to Effective Speaking: Modern Techniques for Dynamic Communication by Dale Carnegie [Mass Market Paperback]

Simple Steps to Master Public Speaking by Jared Bauman
Simple Steps to Master Public Speaking byJared Bauman

Speaker Tips: Change Your Attitude to Fight "Stage Fright" and The Three Fundamentals of Selling Your Message: Persuading your audience without tricking them by Ron Sathoff. (Scroll down page to view articles).

Speech & Video - Great Speeches. Famous speeches in history. Speeches available from the History Channel. Hear the Words that Changed the World. Listen to Audio. Vast collection of speeches drawn from famous broadcasts and recordings of the 20th century. Categories: Politics & Government; Science & Technology; Arts, Entertainment & Culture; War & Diplomacy.

The Speech that Made Obama President. YouTube video, 6:12 min. Published on Aug 30, 2012 by THNKR. "In 2004, a one-term senator from Illinois took the stage to deliver the keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention in Boston. By the time Barack Obama had finished speaking, Democrats across the country knew they had seen the future of their party."

Speech Tips. Speechwriting help. Public speaking advice.
Section 1 - How to write a speech.
Section 2 - How to deliver a speech.
Sample Speeches.

Speeches: Presentation from About.com. Use these tips and techniques to help with your speech presentations.

SpeechTips.com. Free guide to speech writing and public speaking. Step 1: Planning, Step 2: Writing, Step 3: Delivery.

Stay hungry...Stay foolish. Amazing Steve Jobs Speech at Stanford with English Subtitles. YouTube video, 14:33 min. Uploaded on Oct 6, 2011 by Ramesh Ramanujan.

Strategies to Succeed in Public Speaking from School for Champions. Includes:
Overcome the Fear of Speaking to Groups by Ron Kurtus,
A Short Guide to Effective Public Speaking by Stephen D. Boyd,
Succeed by Studying Great Speeches with links to great speeches from 1800s to 2000s,
Strategies to Succeed in Writing, and more.

Think Fast, Talk Smart: Communication Techniques. YouTube video, 58:19 min. Published on Dec 4, 2014 by Stanford Graduate School of Business. "Communication is critical to success in business and life ... Learn and practice techniques that will help you speak spontaneously with greater confidence and clarity, regardless of content and context." Speaker: Matt Abrahams is a lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, teaching strategic communication.

Timeless Public Speaking Laws by Nate Steere, from Men Article. Rules of Thumb:

1. Preview and review your main points.
2. Make eye contact.
3. Speak naturally.
4. Know the room.
5. Don't acknowledge mistakes.

Tips for Public Speaking. YouTube video, 1:36 min. 1. Be prepared. 2. Dress the part. 3. Good hygiene. 4. Use humor. 5. Speak with clarity and conviction.

Toastmasters Secret: A Practical Guide to Become a Competent Communicator in Public Speaking
Toastmasters Secret: A Practical Guide to Become a Competent Communicator in Public Speaking

Toastmasters: Public Speaking Tips. Topics include: Accepting Awards, Delivering Eulogies, Giving Sales Pitches, Introducing Speakers, Preparing a Speech, Presenting Awards, Speaking to Diverse Audiences, Visual Aids and Props, Gestures and Body Language.
Video Library with helpful videos: Great Icebreakers, Finding Speech Topics, How to Give a Toast, 5 Basic Public Speaking Tips.
Successful Speeches: 5 Easy Steps: Be prepared. Start strong. Be conversational. Speak with passion. Be patient.
World Championship of Public Speaking - List of winners from 1938 on.
Began in 1924 at the YMCA in Santa Ana, CA, Toastermaster International is Headquartered in Rancho Santa Margarita, California. The organization has over 313,000 memberships in more than 14,650 clubs in 126 countries. Find a Toastmasters Club Near You.

Top 10 Presentation Mistakes (and How to Avoid Them) Part 1 of 3 by Marc Corsini. YouTube video, 7:12 min. Published on Oct 4, 2013.
Part 2 of 3. YouTube video, 5:38 min.
Part 3 of 3. YouTube video, 10:00 min.

What Not to Do When Making a Keynote Presentation by Dr. Donald E. Wetmore.
1. Try to fool the audience.
2. Read it from your text.
3. Use inside stories.
4. Make your audience the butt of a joke.
5. Go over the time limit.

Contact Dr. Wetmore at ctsem@msn.com for a copy of 5 Things to Make a Keynote Sizzle and for permission to reprint the entire article.

5 Things to Make a Keynote Sizzle:
1. Prepare.
2. Arrive early.
3. Meet and greet.
4. Talk to their level.
5. Stay after.

Your body language shapes who you are | Amy Cuddy. YouTube video, 21:02 min. Published on Oct 1, 2012 by TED. "Body language affects how others see us, but it may also change how we see ourselves. Social psychologist Amy Cuddy shows how "power posing" - standing in a posture of confidence, even when we don't feel confident - can affect testosterone and cortisol levels in the brain, and might even have an impact on our chances for success."

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