A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

Sample Endnotes in MLA Style

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1. How to Format a Research Paper in MLA Style, 7th ed
2. How to Format a Research Paper in MLA Style, 6th ed
3. Quoting Passages Using MLA Style, 7th ed.
4. Quoting Passages Using MLA Style, 6th ed.
5. Content Notes and Bibliographic Notes in MLA Style, 7th ed
6. How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed.
7. Footnotes and Endnotes - Examples in MLA Style, 6th ed.
8. Footnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
9. Endnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
10. How to Write Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 7th ed.
11. How to Write Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 6th ed.
12. Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 7th ed. Sample Page
13. Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 6th ed. Sample Page
14. Works Cited, References, and Bibliography: What's the Difference? MLA Style, 7th ed.
15. Works Cited, References, and Bibliography: What's the Difference? MLA Style, 6th ed.
16. Guidelines on Writing a Bibliography or Works Cited Page in MLA Style, 7th ed
17. Guidelines on Writing a Bibliography or Works Cited Page in MLA Style, 6th ed.
18. How to Write a Bibliography or Works Cited Page - Examples in MLA Style, 7th ed.
19. How to Write a Bibliography or Works Cited Page - Examples in MLA Style, 6th ed.
20. Works Cited in MLA Style, 7th ed. - Sample Page
21. Works Cited in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
22. Research, Writing, and Style Guides (MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, CGOS, CBE)


If you indent your paragraphs, the entire essay is typed double-spaced. Title of essay centered, 1” (2.5 cm) margin on all four sides, page number at upper right hand corner ½” (1.25 cm) down from the top.

If your instructor prefers that you do not indent your paragraphs, you must still double-space your lines, but you will need to quadruple-space between paragraphs.

Endnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Endnote citation. Endnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space.

Endnotes must be added on a separate Endnotes or Notes page at the end of your essay just before the Works Cited or Bibliography page. All first Endnote references must be cited in full. Subsequent references of the same work may be shortened to include only the author's last name and page number. If the source cited has no author stated, use whatever minimal information is needed to identify the same work previously cited, e.g. short title and page number. Formerly, the Latin terms ibid. and op. cit. were used but they are no longer preferred.

It is recommended that you use Endnotes in place of Footnotes. This will eliminate the need to allow sufficient space to accommodate all the required Footnote entries at the bottom of the same page where your citations occur. If your instructor has no preference, use the much simpler Parenthetical Documentation in place of Footnotes or Endnotes.


Jones 1

Tracy Jones

Mr. K. Smith

ENG-4GN-01

26 May 2012

The Many Facets of Taboo

        The World Book Encyclopedia defines Taboo as "an action, object, person, or place forbidden

 by law or culture."1 

        An encyclopedia of the occult points out that taboo is found among many other cultures

including the ancient Egyptians, Jews and others.2

         Mary Douglas has analyzed the many facets and interpretations of taboos across

various cultures. She points out that the word "taboo" originates from the Polynesian

languages meaning a religious restriction.She finds that "taboos flow from social

boundaries and support the social structure."4

           Robert Deliège points out that as early as 1777, Captain James Cook reported

that some chiefs in Tonga were taboo and were not allowed to behave like common

people, and that the first European observers were not quite sure whether "taboo" meant

"sacred" or "defiled."5

         In traditional British East Africa, between the time of puberty and marriage, a young

Akamba girl must maintain an avoidance relationship with her own father.6

         Looking at taboo in a modern society, Marvin Harris gives an interesting example of the

application of cultural materialism to the Hindu taboo against eating beef.7


Begin your Endnotes page by centering the title Endnotes or Notes 1" (2.5 cm) or about 6 lines from the top of the page. Double-space your entries, indent each Endnote citation 1/2" (1.25 cm) or 5 spaces from the left margin, do not indent subsequent lines, add a superscripted Endnote citation number at the beginning of each citation, leave one space after the superscripted number, and list entries in the same numerical order as they appear in the text of your paper.

For samples of numerous other Endnote citations, please see pages 270-284 in:

MLA Handbook 6th ed.

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003.


 

Endnotes 

          1Alan Dundes, "Taboo," World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed.

          2 "Taboo," Occultopedia: Encyclopedia of Occult Sciences and Knowledge,

Site created and designed by Marcus V. Gay, 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.occultopedia.com/

t/taboo.htm>.

          3 Mary Douglas, "Taboo," Man, Myth & Magic, ed. Richard Cavendish,

new ed., 21 vols. (New York: Cavendish, 1994) 2546.

        4 Douglas 2549.

        5 Robert Deliège, "Untouchability - Taboos - Bibliography," Science Encyclopedia, 2010,

4 Nov. 2010 <http://science.jrank.org/pages/8139/Untouchability-Taboos.html>.

          6 Sigmund Freud, Totem and Taboo (New York: Random, 1918) 17.

          7 Marvin Harris, "The Cultural Ecology of India’s Sacred Cattle," Current

Anthropology 1992, 7:51-66, qtd. in McGrath, "Ecological Anthropology," Anthropological

Theories: A Guide Prepared by Students for Students 19 Oct. 2001, U. of Alabama,

4 Nov. 2010 <http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/Murphy/ecologic.htm>.


If your instructor considers your Endnotes to be adequate documentation, you may not be required to complete a Works Cited, References or Bibliography page. Otherwise, a separate page must be added at the end of your paper entitled: Works Cited, References, or Bibliography to include all of the citations already listed on your Endnotes or Notes page. See example below.


This Works Cited uses MLA 6th ed. format.

 

Works Cited

Deliège, Robert. "Untouchability - Taboos - Bibliography." Science Encyclopedia, 2010,

          26 May 2012 <http://science.jrank.org/pages/8139/Untouchability-Taboos.html>.

Douglas, Mary. "Taboo." Man, Myth & Magic. Ed. Richard Cavendish. New ed.
          
          21 vols. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1994. 2546-2549.

Dundes, Alan. "Taboo." World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed.

Freud, Sigmund. Totem and Taboo. New York: Random, 1918.

McGrath, Stacy. "Ecological Anthropology." Anthropological Theories: A Guide

          Prepared by Students for Students. 19 Oct. 2001. U. of Alabama. 26 May 2012

          <http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/Murphy/ecologic.htm>.

"Taboo." Occultopedia: Encyclopedia of Occult Sciences and Knowledge. Site created

          and designed by Marcus V. Gay. 26 May 2012 <http://www.occultopedia.com/t/

          taboo.htm>.

 
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