A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

A Virtual Library of Useful URLs
Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification

100 Philosophy and Psychology

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100 PHILOSOPHY and PSYCHOLOGY - Subject Headings 100-199

100 Philosophy
113 Life - Origin
129 Reincarnation, (Rebirth)
133 Aura, (Color - Psychic aspects), (Color - Therapeutic use), Typology (Psychology) - Miscellanea
133.5 Astrology, Horoscopes, Zodiac
133.6 Palmistry, Palmists
142 Existentialism, (Philosophers, Modern)
150 Psychology
152.14 Optical illusions, (Psychophysiology)
152.4 Attitude (Psychology), Emotions, Prejudices, (Prejudice), (Discrimination)
153.1 Memory, Psychology of Learning, (Thought and thinking), (Intellect), (Mind), (Understanding)
153.93 Intelligence tests, (IQ tests)
155.2 Personality, Body image, Self-esteem, Self-acceptance, Self-perception, Self-confidence, Self-consciousness, Self-realization
158 Happiness
158.5 Negotiation (Psychology)
174 Bioethics, Medical ethics, (Biological ethics), (Biology - Ethics), (Biomedical ethics), (Life sciences ethics), (Moral issues)
179.7 Euthanasia, Right to die, Suicide
181 Chinese philosophy, Hindu philosophy

100 Philosophy

American Philosophy Study Guide by Ralph Dumain.

Ancient, Medieval & Oriental Philosophy from New World Encyclopedia.

Biographies. The Philosophers.

EpistemeLinks: Philosophy Resources on the Internet including thousands of sorted links to philosophy resources on the internet. Features include "What's New" for the latest additions of philosophy links, and "Gem of the Web" for the best of the best philosophy sites. Check out the "Gems Archive" for past Gems. This site is highly recommended for student research as it provides some of the best links to philosophy resources currently available online.

ErraticImpact.com: Philosophy Research Base. Categorized by history, subject and author. Features thousands of annotated links, text resources and community services for students and teachers of philosophy.

In Our Time's Philosophy Resource from BBC Radio. Very brief notes on Philosophers of the Ancient World, Medieval and Renaissance, Enlightenment, Nineteenth Century, Twentieth Century.

Guide to Philosophy on the Internet by Peter Suber, Earlham College, Richmond, IN. Contents include:
General Guides includes philosophy guides in different languages
Philosophers and Philosophies - biographies of major philosophers
Philosophical Topics
Philosophy Dictionaries and Glossaries
Philosophy Quotations
Philosophy Miscellany - Humor, News, Philosophy for Children, Portraits, Timelines, and more.

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Choose a letter to search from Table of Contents A-Z. Also searchable by Timeline, Philosophy Text Collection, or Key Words.

The Ism Book. A brief guide to philosophy in the form of a dictionary. From A to Z: absolutism to Zoroastrianism. Branches of Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics, and Politices. Types of Isms: Tradition, Movement, School, Doctrine, Principle, Idea, Theory, System, Approach.

Librarians' Index to the Internet: Philosophy. Lists Best of Philosophy sites on the WWW: Philosophy Directories, Philosophy Databases, and Specific Philosophy Resources. Links to websites on: Aesthetics, General Resources, American Indian Philosophy, Humanism, Ancient Greek Philosophy, Objectivism, Chinese Philosophy, Philosophers, Deconstruction, Political Theory, Dictionaries & Encyclopedias, Pragmatism, Eastern Philosophy, Secularism, Ethics, Stoics, Existentialism, Transcendentalism, Futurism, Utopias.

Look up: Philosophy Dictionary from Babylon.com. Resourceful Philosophy Dictionaries of the most important terms and concepts used by Kant and other philosophers throughout the ages. Including Theological and Philosophical Biography and Dictionary, Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind, Kant Glossary, Glossary of Kant's Technical Terms.

Modern Western Philosophy. A citizen version of twelve prominent figures in the annals of modern philosophy. Remarks concerning twelve modern philosophers, from Francis Bacon to Bertrand Russell. Copyright © 2014 Kevin R.D. Shepherd.

Philosophers. From Eric Weisstein's World of Biography.

Philosophy Study Guides from SparkNotes. Include Apology, Phaedo, Republic, etc. by Plato, Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, On Liberty by John Stuart Mill, Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli, Utopia by Sir Thomas More, and other major works.

Plato / Aristotle Study Guides from About.com. Study Guides, outlines, summaries, and commentary on Aristotelian and Platonic philosophy. See also Aristotle Texts - Works by Aristotle, Quotations by Artistotle, Aristotle: Works, Philosophy - Theories and writings of the philosopher Aristotle, and Overcome Your Fear of Ancient Philosophy.

The Ten Big Questions from Pathways to Philosophy. Ten of the most frequently asked questions about the nature of the universe and our place in it: ● Big Bang Theory - how and why did the universe begin? ● Time Travel - is time travel physically or logically possible? ● Meaning of Life - what's the point of living? why are we here? ● Creation vs. Evolution - are we descended from apes? ● Artificial Intelligence - could a computer have a mind? ● Extraterrestrial Life - are we alone in the universe? ● Cultural Relativism - are moral values relative or absolute? ● Ethical Dilemmas - how do we decide between right and wrong? ● Social Justice - should the rich help the poor?

TPM Online. The Philosophers' Magazine on the Net. Articles organized into categories: News and Reports, Feature articles, Essays, Conference Reports, Open Debate, Primers (short articles set out the basics, e.g. snapshots of philosophers), Reviews.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Search Table of Contents A to Z of philosophers, theories, and terms. A developing dynamic encyclopedia with each entry maintained and kept up to date by an expert or group of experts.

113 Life - Origin

The Best Documentary Ever!! - The Story of Earth and Life. YouTube video, 1 hr. 30 min. Published on Oct 18, 2013 by Highble. "A photographic journey through time from the violent birth of our planet four and a half billion years ago, through ice-ages, massive volcanic eruptions and the dinosaurs' reign to the first humans." ~ Same as The History of Earth (HD - 720P). Published on Jun 5, 2012 by Science For the Win.

History of the Universe in 10 Minutes. YouTube video, 9:54 min. Published on Mar 9, 2012 by bdwilson1000. A brief history of the universe, from the big bang to the origin of mankind.

History of the World in Two Hours (Full Documentary). YouTube video, 1 hr. 28:02 min. Published on Nov 1, 2015 by History World. "A rapid-fire history of our world, from the beginning of time as we know it to present day."

129 Reincarnation, (Rebirth)

The Buddhist Concept of Karma. Meaning of Karma. What goes around comes around.

The Law of Karma. BuddhaNet Basic Buddhism Guide.

The law of Karma: how it works. Whatever you do to others - will be done to you, in this or any future incarnation of your soul.

The Law of Karma teaches that responsibility for unskillful actions is born by the person who commits them.

Afterlife 101 - Chapter 5. Reincarnation. Purpose of reincarnation. When reincarnation takes place. Goals of reincarnation. Karma. Reincarnation in same family. Group reincarnation. Reincarnation as animals. And more.

Reincarnation: Its meaning and consequences. Reincarnation in world religions, Past-life recall as proof for reincarnation, Reincarnation and cosmic justice, Reincarnation and Christianity.

133 Aura, (Color - Psychic aspects), (Color - Therapeutic use), Typology (Psychology) - Miscellanea

Aura Color Quiz from Aura Colors by Pamela Oslie.
The Aura Colors. Common aspects and personality traits of the various aura colors: Reds, Oranges, Magentas, Yellows, Abstract Tan, Environmental Tan, Logical Tan, Sensitive Tan, Greens, Crystal, Blues, Violets, Lavenders, Indigos and Red Overlay.

How to See and Read the Aura from Thiaoouba.com.
Conscious Control of Human Aura by Dr Tom J. Chalko, Melbourne, Australia.
How to pronounce "Thiaoouba".

133.5 Astrology, Horoscopes, Zodiac

Astrology: Science or Superstition? Page answers some common questions about astrology: How does astrology work? What is astrology? Is it more than Sun signs?

Birthstones, Zodiac Stones and Birthstone Colors. Modern and Traditional Birthstones. Click on any link for more information on birthstones, history, photos, properties, etc.

Chinese Astrology. Chinese Zodiac consists of twelve animal signs with each related to a year. By clicking any of the animals' images, you could get your personality traits, lucky elements, suitable jobs, compatibility with others and future predictions.

Chinese Astrology from Astrology.com.au. Reveal Your Zodiac in Chinese Astrology. Discover more about yourself according to ancient Chinese tradition.

Chinese Zodiac. Detailed info on Chinese horoscope, e.g. Metal Rat 1900, 1960, Water Rat 1912, 1972, Wood Rat 1924, 1984, Fire Rat 1936, 1996, Earth Rat 1948, 2008.

Chinese Zodiac from China Highlights Travelguide. The 12 Animals of the Chinese Zodiac. In order, the 12 animals are: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, Pig. Each year is associated with a zodiac animal.

Look up: Occult Sciences from Babylon.com. Glossaries of astrology and astronomy terms with information about planets, zodiac signs and other less known astrological data. Includes a guide to the world of occult and magic with concise explanations of related names and symbols, and a Tarot card glossary.

Tour of the Planets - Interactive Tour of the Solar System from NinePlanets.org. See also: Tour of the Planets. YouTube video, 1 hr. 3:28 min. Uploaded on Apr 18, 2011. This is from the early 1990's.

133.6 Palmistry, Palmists

Mark Seltman Both Hands image from http://blog.markseltman.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/hold-up-hands-2.jpg
Mark Seltman
Johnny Depp Right Palm image from http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_AJqACZ2ubek/TUHfUj8VkhI/AAAAAAAAAB0/Q3h3woMRPx8/s1600/johnny%2Bdepp1.jpg
Johnny Depp
Prince William Left Hand image from http://celebritypalms.blogspot.ca/2011/12/prince-william-duke-of-cambridges-palm.html
Prince William
Susan Doyle Both Hands Google image from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pPmS-ZxQcKw/Tc9Pq2pWpXI/AAAAAAAAAFg/7ZyjyYZbyFM/s400/susan%2Bdoyle.jpg
Susan Doyle
Dalai Lama Both  Hands Up image from https://i1.wp.com/www.handresearch.com/thumbs-up/dalai-lama-hands-up.jpg
Dalai Lama
Brad Pitt Right Hand Google image from http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-tEtBAVfJtUM/TfQKmRhm8jI/AAAAAAAAAHA/ZFevHNvMG9c/s400/brad-pitt-right-new-11790-4.jpg
Brad Pitt
David Beckham Right Hand Google image from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-gEBdNxSVJu4/T06BJAPKNLI/AAAAAAAAAVc/-xcYulcIWek/s1600/davidbeckham.jpg
David Beckham
Mother Teresa Both Hands Google image from http://palm-reading.org/images/mother-teresa2.jpg
Mother Teresa
Sylvester Stallone Right Hand image from http://palmistryforyou.com/2013/01/ben-afflecks-hand-reading.html
Sylvester Stallone
Oprah Winfrey Left Hand image from http://www.handresearch.com/thumbs-up/oprah-winfrey-left-hand.jpg
Oprah Winfrey
George Clooney Both Hands Google image from http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-od2LkxLnI28/Tf_f-4AzptI/AAAAAAAAAHM/DwqxEyMYf9s/s1600/george%2Bclooney.jpg
George Clooney
Sarah Jessica Parker Left Hand image from http://celebritypalms.blogspot.ca/2011/02/sarah-jessica-parker_23.html
Sarah Jessica Parker
Michael Jackson Left Hand image from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Zbrt9HKx0jA/UhbSRisQbdI/AAAAAAAABlM/3dNoPpx3Hbw/s320/Michael+Jackson.jpg
Michael Jackson
Phyllis Diller Right Hand image from http://media.nbcdfw.com/images/1200*675/Phyllis-Diller-P1.jpg
Phyllis Diller
Harrison Ford Right Hand image from https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/ed/ee/e9/edeee9f25ba05c871d8d9c8046aace14.jpg
Harrison Ford
Donald Trump Both Hands image from https://specials-images.forbesimg.com/imageserve/d26c45be51374ae2b9e4142915ecc658/960x0.jpg?fit=scale
Donald Trump
Donald Trump http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5309515/Trump-says-hes-looking-forward-talking-Mueller.html
Donald Trump
Mike Pence Right Hand image from https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/5a/43/8b/5a438b7d62ec9d949130d8d9bb04886c.jpg
Mike Pence
Vladimir Putin Right Hand image from http://www.pdc.co.il/putin2.jpg
Vladimir Putin
Nelson Mandela Left Hand image from http://www.handresearch.com/thumbs/nelson-mandela-left-hand.jpg
Nelson Mandela
Osama Bin Laden Right Hand image from http://i21.servimg.com/u/f21/15/61/76/03/osama_10.jpg
Osama Bin Laden
Hillary Clinton Right Hand image cropped from http://www.miamiherald.com/news/politics-government/election/hillary-clinton/j1fs4p/picture105071676/ALTERNATES/LANDSCAPE_1140/ClintonTrayvonMH plus https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/c7/d5/2b/c7d52b9c39c7ef0d22ab83121789cbec.jpg
Hillary Clinton
Barack Obama Left Hand Google image from http://blog.markseltman.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/barack-obama-left-hand-gesture.jpg
Barack Obama
Warren Buffet Both Hands image from https://specials-images.forbesimg.com/imageserve/492446712/640x0.jpg?fit=scale
Warren Buffet
Bill Gates Right Hand image from http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/files/2011/12/115970610.jpg
Bill Gates
James Comey Right Palm Photo Credits: Pablo Martinez Monsivais AP 2017
James Comey

James Comey
Robert Mueller Right Palm AP 2017 Google image from https://taskandpurpose.com/robert-mueller-marine-vietnam-leadership/
Robert Mueller

Decoding the Language of the Hand with Science! From Hand Research. TIP: The table shows how to find 42 conditions via hand sign combinations (featuring in total 56 hand signs).

Hand Readings of Famous People from Palmistry for You.

How to Read Palms from Wikihow.

I Will Read Your Palm and Tell You What It Means. YouTube video, 2:51 min. Published on Jun 29, 2017 by Mind Your Idiot.

Top 10 Things Palm Reading Says About You. YouTube video, 7:50 min. Published on Jun 12, 2017 by Be Amazed. "The ancient practice of palm reading and palmistry can tell us who you are as a person and what your life will be like. Personality, relationships, health, career, travel ... none of these can escape the eye of a palm reader."

Palmistry from Wikipedia.

Palmistry Room from Psychic Library.

Single transverse palmar crease from Wikipedia.

142 Existentialsm, (Philosophers, Modern)

Existentialism: An Introduction. Contents of Existential Primer: Basic Existentialism, Famous Names (Biographies of Fyodor Dostoevsky, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Georg W.F. Hegel, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Franz Kafka, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Albert Camus, and Karl Jaspers), Definitions, Existential Ethics, Shared Values, Religion & Faith, The Individual, Divisions in Thought, Metaphysicians, Politicians, Existentialism in Context, Philosophical Evolution, World History, and Existential Resources.

150 Psychology

Look up: Psychology Dictionary from Babylon.com. A selection of Psychology dictionaries and glossaries including Dream Symbols, Phobia, and Glossary of Significant Concepts in Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory.

Psych Web contains lots of psychology-related information for students and teachers of psychology.

Spark Notes: Psychology. Study guides on: Developmental Psychology, Personality Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, and Neuropsychology.

Surveys and Psychology Tests from BBC Science & Nature. Tests include: Explore your memory, Art and personality, Personality type, Spot the fake smile, Face perception, Million, Morals, Self-control, Perfectionism, Careers, and others.

152.14 Optical illusions, (Psychophysiology)

Akiyoshi's Illusion Pages by Professor Akiyoshi Kitaoka, Department of Psychology, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan. Warning: This page contains some works of "anomalous motion illusion", which might make sensitive observers dizzy or sick. Should you feel dizzy or unwell, immediately cover one eye with your hand and leave the page. View Latest Works.

The Brain / At the Museum / Illusions Exhibition from Bloomfield Science Museum Jerusalem. Illusions - Mind-boggling! The exhibition presents four categories of illusions: 1. The Sensitive Brain - Change and contrast illusions. 2. The Interpretive Brain - Illusions that depend on prior knowledge. 3. The Selective Brain - Ambiguous illusions. 4. The Expert Brain - Illusions of face and motion expertise.

Criss Angel Cell Phone in Beer Bottle.

Mighty Optical Illusions. Visual phenomena, real life illusions, magic tricks, and puzzles.

Optical illusion from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Optical Illusions. Funny, scary and amazing magic to fool your eyes. A selection of the most popular optical illusions. Archive includes: Color Illusions, Image Flips, Hidden Pictures, Weird Lines, Strange Circles, Impossible Objects, Appearing and Disappearing Objects, Word Games and Riddles.

Optical Illusions. Spinning Disks - Java-powered pattern, Color Wheels, and Moir? Pattern Generator.

Optical Illusions presented by Colorcube.com. Includes Color Blindness images - part of The Series of Plates Designed as a Test for Colour-Deficiency by Shinobu Ishihara, M.D.

Optical Illusions - NIEHS Kids Page. Fun illusions for children from National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. If you find a man's face among the coffee beans in 3 seconds or less, the right half of your brain may be more well developed than most.

Optical Illusions to Perfection from illusionworks.com.

Optical Illusions & Visual Phenomena 131 opticall illusions by Michael Bach. See also Visual Neuroscience: Optical Illusions - Primer in PDF, 2 pages by Professor Michael Bach, Ph.D. and Dr. Charlotte M. Poloschek, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Freiburg, Germany.

Optical Illusions Etc. Free, scary, word & picture optical illusions.

152.4 Attitude (Psychology), Emotions, Prejudices, (Prejudice), (Discrimination)

Discrimination at work: understanding the Equality Act by Philip Landau, The Guardian. "Whether based on sex, race, sexual orientation, disability, age, gender identity or religion - know your rights."

Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC): Policy and guidelines on racism and racial discrimination.
● Purpose of OHRC Policies
● Part 1 - Setting the context: understanding race, racism and racial discrimination
● Part 2 - The policy framework
● Part 3 - Guidelines for implementation: monitoring and combating racism and racial discrimination
● Appendix - Workplace policies, practices and decision-making processes and systemic discrimination.

Prejudice and Discrimination from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Bookshelf. Book: Understanding Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life: A Research Agenda.

The Psychology of Prejudice: An Overview. The article is adapted from Plous, S. (2003). The psychology of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination: An overview. 27 pages. As part of an American Psychological Association initiative known as "Prejudice in Any Language: The Prejudice Translation Project": this article is available in the following languages: Arabic, Armenian, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, German, Spanish, French, Hebrew, Russian, and Turkish.

Understanding Prejudice. Hundreds of Prejudice-Related Bibliographies, links to books, research journals, magazines, e-zines, newsletters, special reports, articles, essays, and more. Exercises and Demonstrations include Slide Tour of Prejudice, Implicit Association Test (Race Test, Gender Test) - Test Yourself for Hidden Biases, and other tests.

153.1 Memory, Psychology of Learning, (Thought and thinking), (Intellect), (Mind), (Understanding)

The Memory Prescription:
Dr. Gary Small's
14-Day Plan to Keep
Your Brain and Body Young

The Memory Prescription: Dr. Gary Small's 14-Day Plan to Keep Your Brain and Body Young
          Searching for Memory:
The Brain,
the Mind,
and the Past
by Daniel L. Schacter

Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past, by Daniel Schacter

Five Simple Techniques to Improve Your Memory by Ajan Raghunathan, Psychology4all.com.

Brain Hacks: How to Improve Memory & Learn Faster by IvyPanda, Sep 4, 2021. Memory in a Nutshell, How to Improve Memory, 7 Apps for Memory, 7 Tips to Learn Faster.

7 ways to keep your memory sharp at any age from Harvard Health Publishing (HHP), the consumer health education division of Harvard Medical School (HMS), under the direction of Dr. David H. Roberts, Dean for External Education, Mar 30, 2020. Keep learning, Use all your senses, Believe in yourself, Economize your brain use, Repeat what you want to know, Space it out, Make a mnemonic.

How to improve your memory: 8 techniques to try from Medical News Today, . Train your brain, Exercise, Meditate, Sleep, Sugar, Calories, Caffeine, Chocolate. Risk factors - There are risk factors a person has no control over, such as genetics. Some people may be more predisposed to conditions, such as Alzheimer's, which greatly affect the brain and memory ... Eating a rounded, healthful diet and exercising regularly may contribute to keeping the mind sharp and reduce memory loss.

11 Methods for Improving Your Memory for Students, by Kendra Cherry, VeryWellMind. Medically reviewed by Amy Morin, LCSW, Sep 30, 2019. Focus Your Attention, Avoid Cramming, Structure and Organize, Utilize Mnemonic Devices, Elaborate and Rehearse, Visualize Concepts, Relate New Information to Things You Already Know, Read Out Loud,Pay Extra Attention to Difficult Information, Vary Your Study Routine, Get Some Sleep.

Brain Games, Activities, and More: Resources for Preventing Memory Loss from WordFinder Team, Feb 2, 2022. The reasons behind memory loss can vary from person to person. For some, it may be due to natural signs of aging, while for others, it may be correlated with early signs of Alzheimer's or dementia. Memory loss is common and can happen at multiple stages of life. Luckily, there are various exercises and brain games to improve working memory.

How to Improve Your Memor. Co-authored by Zora Degrandpre, ND, WikiHow, Aug 25, 2021. Dr. Degrandpre is a Licensed Naturopathic Physician in Vancouver, Washington. 1 Repeat important information out loud. 2 Create notable associations in your head. 3 Focus on one thing at a time. 4 Take notes and write things down. 5 Take a short walk. 6 Change your routine to memorize important information. 7 Drink some coffee or tea to jog your memory - Caffeine will help you remember things from you past, but it won't help you form new memories. 8 Cut back on the sweets. 9 Do puzzles and play strategy games. 10 Meditate a few times a week. 11 Exercise more often. 12 Get plenty of sleep every night. 13 Note those moments where you remember something - Remembering something once makes it easier for your brain to remember it in the future.

14 Natural Ways to Improve Your Memory from Healthline. 1. Eat Less Added Sugar. 2. Try a Fish Oil Supplement. 3. Make Time for Meditation. 4. Maintain a Healthy Weight. 5. Get Enough Sleep. 6. Practice Mindfulness - Mindfulness is a mental state in which you focus on your present situation, maintaining awareness of your surroundings and feelings. 7. Drink Less Alcohol. 8. Train Your Brain - Exercising your cognitive skills by playing brain games is a fun and effective way to boost your memory. 9. Cut Down on Refined Carbs - Consuming large amounts of refined carbohydrates like cakes, cereal, cookies, white rice and white bread may be damaging to your memory. 10. Get Your Vitamin D Levels Tested. 11. Exercise More. 12. Choose Anti-Inflammatory Foods. 13. Consider Curcumin. 14. Add Some Cocoa to Your Diet.

Hidden Memories: Fact or Fantasy? by Barry L. Beyerstein and James R. P. Ogloff. Issue: "hidden" or "repressed" memories of child abuse or child sexual abuse. From Science & Pseudoscience Review in Mental Health -- Resource Archive hosted by The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice (SRMHP).

How to Improve Your Memory. Healthy Aging tips from Helpguide.org.

Memoryfrom Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by Metaphysics Research Lab, Department of Philosophy, Stanford University, Apr 24, 2017. Memory plays important roles in many areas of philosophy. It is vital to our knowledge of the world in general and of the personal past in particular. Kinds of Memory: Declarative memory and Nondeclarative memory. Other kinds of memory: Working memory, Prospective memory, Autobiographical memory.

Memory from Skeptic's Dictionary. "Memory is the retention of, and ability to recall, information, personal experiences, and procedures (skills and habits). There is no universally agreed upon model of the mind/brain, and no universally agreed upon model of how memory works." Contents include: a popular model of memory; forgetting; source memory; amnesia and implicit memory; semantic, procedural, and episodic memory; accuracy of memory; How does memory work? See also false memory.

Memory from Wikipedia. Memory is the faculty of the brain by which data or information is encoded, stored, and retrieved when needed. It is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. Sensory memory, Short-term memory, Long-term memory, Study techniques, Failures, Physiology, Cognitive neuroscience, Genetics, In infancy, Aging, Disorders, Influencing factors, Stress, Sleep.

Five Reasons That Memory Matters: The cure for a generation of lazy minds by William R. Klemm Ph.D., Memory Medic, Psychology Today, Jan. 12, 2013.

How Does Memory Work? from Bok Center, Harvard University. "Memory is the ongoing process of information retention over time. Because it makes up the very framework through which we make sense of and take action within the present, its importance goes without saying. But how exactly does it work?

Human memory: How we make, remember, and forget memories by Michael Greshko, National Geographic, Science. Human memory happens in many parts of the brain at once, and some types of memories stick around longer than others.

Memory loss: 7 tips to improve your memory by Mayo Clinic Staff.
1. Include physical activity in your daily routine
2. Stay mentally active
3. Socialize regularly
4. Get organized
5. Sleep well
6. Eat a healthy diet
7. Manage chronic conditions.

What is de ja vu? from howstuffworks.

Memory Improvement Tools. Improve your memory techniques from Mind Tools. Include: How to... Learn a Foreign Language, How to... Remember Information for Exams, How to... Remember People's Names, How to... Remember Lists and Long Numbers, and more.

Memory Loss from MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.

Alzheimer's Disease Basics from Alzheimer's Association. Articles include:
● Know the 10 Signs - A list to help you recognize the warning signs of Alzheimer's (8 pages)
● Alzheimer's Disease: The Basics - Symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and more. (28 pages)
● Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease - Information about FDA-approved drugs. (3 pages)
● What Do We Know About Preventing Alzheimer's Disease?
● 10 Ways to Love Your Brain that can reduce risk of cognitive decline. (5 pages)

Memory Loss With Aging: What's Normal, What's Not from Dementia.com. Topics include: How does the brain store information? How does aging change the brain? What are some other causes of memory problems? How does Alzheimer's disease change memory?

Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past by Daniel Schacter - Book Review by Bob Carroll. Topics covered include: daily amnesia, dream amnesia, limited amnesia, effects of alcohol, brain injuries and physical or psychological traumas on memory, repressed memories, memory distortion, memory in children, hypnosis and memory, emotions in memory, flashbacks (deja vu), photographic memory, and more.

153.93 Intelligence tests, (IQ tests)

Intelligent Tests Classic 1-12 from Mike's Computer Info.

Mensa Workout. Quiz provided by Mensa International for entertainment purposes only. This is not an IQ test. You have 30 minutes to answer 30 questions.

Puzz.com. This 200+ page site hosts IQ tests, puzzles, games, trivia, freebies, a webmaster affiliate program, and contests for prizes.

155.2 Personality, Body image, Self-esteem, Self-acceptance, Self-perception, Self-confidence, Self-consciousness, Self-realization

Our Bodies, Ourselves:
A New Edition for a New Era

Our Bodies, Ourselves : A New Edition for a New Era

Body image from Wikipedia.

Body Image from Good Therapy. "Body image, in most modern definitions, involves two key elements: a mental picture of one's physical body (including size, shape, and appearance), and one's attitude toward the physical self (such as thoughts, feelings and beliefs about one's body) ... A negative or unhealthy body image can contribute to low self-esteem and affect well-being."

Body Image from Teen Talk. "Body image is about how you feel about your body, not about how your body looks."

Body Image. Book excerpt from Our Bodies, Ourselves : A New Edition for a New Era. Chapter 1. Body Image - Life is a Beauty Pageant: "Our individual experiences also affect how we feel about our bodies. If we have experienced violence or abuse, we may feel unsafe in our bodies. ... How do we nurture a positive body image ..." The Media Lies: "It's hard to imagine a world where idealized female imagery is not plastered everywhere. ... The image of "perfection" we see in the media excludes women with disabilities."

Body Image from Psychology Today. "Body image is the mental representation one creates, but it may or may not bear close relation to how others actually see you. Body image is subject to all kinds of distortion from internal elements like our emotions, moods, early experiences, attitudes of our parents, and much more."

BodyPositive? Boosting body image at any weight. Site designed for educational purposes by Debora Burgard, Ph.D., a licensed psychologist practicing in Los Altos, CA. "BodyPositive looks at ways we can feel good in the bodies we have. Remember, your body hears everything you think." Table of Contents includes A BodyPositive Approach, Why Weight Neutrality? The Emotional Immune System - "... you can be any size and hate your body, and you can be any size and accept your body. You can also be any size and be vulnerable to the assumptions made by the public about you based on your body's appearance ..." and much more.

Encouraging a Healthy Body Image from KidsHealth.

Personality Quiz. A variety of fun personality tests that provide analysis and advice by interpreting the user's answers to various questions and events.

Personality Test Center. Discover your personality type.

Personality Tests and Tools. Include Global Personality Test, Right Left Brain Tests, Enneagram Tests, Myers-Briggs-Jung Tests, Jung Typology Test, The Big Five Personality Test, Personality Disorder Test, Compatibility Tests, Word Association Test, and more.

158 Happiness

Authentic Happiness:
Using the New
Positive Psychology
to Realize Your Potential
for Lasting Fulfillment
by Martin Seligman

Authentic Happiness : Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment (Paperback) by Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman

Learned Optimism:
How to Change
Your Mind
and Your Life
by Martin Seligman

Learned Optimism : How to Change Your Mind and Your Life (Paperback) by Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman
What You Can Change
and What You Can't:
The Complete Guide to
Successful Self-Improvement
Learning to Accept
Who You Are
(Fawcett Book)
by Martin E. Seligman

What You Can Change and What You Can't : The Complete Guide to Successful Self-Improvement Learning to Accept Who You Are (Fawcett Book) (Paperback) by Martin E. P. Seligman, Ph.D.

Dr. Martin Seligman Google image from www.ecplanet.com
Dr. Martin Seligman

Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology. Dr. Martin Seligman, University of Pennsylvania, is the founder of Positive Psychology, a new branch of psychology which focuses on the empirical study of such things as positive emotions, strengths-based character, and healthy institutions. His research has demonstrated that it is possible to be happier regardless of one's circumstances. Register for free and try scientifically tested questionnaires online.

Happiness from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Societal theories of happiness: Western society. Psychological view. Mechanistic view. Biological basis. Mystical (religious, spiritual, and mythological) view. Positive effect study. Recent Developments.

Happiness Quotes from BrainyQuote.
35 Happiness Quotes - Feel Good About Your Life by Chaymaaon, Best Life Hayat, Jan. 6, 2021.
101 Inspiring Happiness Quotes by Henrik Edberg.
Happiness Quotes from Pinterest.
Happiness Quotes from Wisdom Quotes.
Quotes About Happiness from GoodReads.

Happiness Quiz: Test Your Emotional Intelligence Quotient What Makes Us Happy? What Is Your Emotional Intelligence? From WebMD.

Happiness Test - Test Your Happiness from BBC News. Psychologists say it is possible to measure your happiness. This test designed by psychologist Professor Ed Diener from the University of Illinois, takes just a minute to complete. The Happiness Formula Site also includes: Is there a happiness formula? Does diversity make us unhappy? What makes you happy? Videos: What is happiness, Happy tips, Recipe for happiness, Think yourself happy, The power of happiness, What really motivates us, Politics of happiness, The Bhutanese formula for happiness.

158.5 Negotiation (Psychology)

Make the Most of Online Negotiations. Free copy of report from the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School. Master the art of virtual negotiation.

Negotiation Skills Explained: Tips & Success Strategies from Custom Writing, June 14, 2021.

Top 10 Negotiation Skills You Must Learn to Succeed by Katie Shonk, Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School, Oct. 5, 2020. Absorb these integrative negotiation skills to improve your outcomes. [In negotiation, BATNA refers to your "best alternative to a negotiated agreement," or the best outcome you can expect if you fail to reach agreement at the bargaining table with your counterpart. An evaluation of your BATNA is critical if you are to establish the threshold at which you will reject an offer. Effective negotiators determine their BATNAs before talks begin.]

174 Bioethics, Medical ethics, (Biological ethics), (Biology - Ethics), (Biomedical ethics), (Life sciences ethics), (Moral issues)

Bioethics.net. Moral implications of science, medicine and research. Topics covered: Bioethics for beginners, Cloning and genetics, ER (TV drama) bioethics, Assisted suicide, Links to journal articles.

BioethicsWeb offers free access to a searchable catalogue of Internet sites and resources covering biomedical ethics.

Medical Ethics from American Medical Association (AMA). Includes: AMA's Code of Medical Ethics - For more than 155 years, the AMA Code of Medical Ethics has been considered the most comprehensive ethics guide for physicians on a wide range of patient-physician issues.

179.7 Euthanasia, Right to die, Suicide

Assisted Suicide or Assisted Dying. News articles, blogs, links to television videos related to assisted suicide from Guardian.co.uk.

Doctor-Assisted Suicide by Sid Bernstein, Esq. An act of mercy or murder? The controversy rages on as laws spring up legalizing doctor-assisted suicide, from Aish.com.

Ethnic Suicide Rates in the United States from DetoxRehabs.net. Certain ethnic groups have higher rates of both suicide and substance abuse. Suicide is the leading cause of death for individuals with a substance use disorder.

Euthanasia from Wikipedia, the free encylopedia.

Euthanasia.com. Information for research on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, living wills, and mercy killing. This site is committed to the belief that the direct killing of another person is wrong. Contents include: Euthanasia Facts, Legal Articles, USA Articles, World Articles.

Laws Concerning Euthanasia. Laws, Oregon's New Law, The Act in Full, Court Opinions - NY & WA.

Suicide from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also:

Suicide Facts from Waterloo Region Suicide Prevention Council.

Suicide Facts

11 Facts About Suicide from DoSomething.org.

Suicide Facts and Myths from Square.org.au.

HuntDiseaseFAQS. Teen Suicide ~ Let's Talk Facts, Teen Suicide.

Prevalence and Incidence of Suicide from Wrong Diagnosis.

Suicide Prevention from National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Suicide Statistics from American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.
● The annual age-adjusted suicide rate is 12.93 per 100,000 individuals.
● Men die by suicide 3.5x more often than women.
● On average, there are 117 suicides per day.
● White males accounted for 7 of 10 suicides in 2014.
● Firearms account for almost 50% of all suicides.
● The rate of suicide is highest in middle age - white men in particular.

Whose Right to Die? by Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, Director of the Clinical Bioethics Department at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Article is against legalization of physician-assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia.

181 Chinese philosophy, Hindu philosophy

Chinese Religion and Philosophy from Chinasage, with images. Confucius (23 Aug 0551 - 479 BCE). Mencius (372 BCE - 289 BCE). Daoism. Lao Zi (604 BCE - 531 BCE). Zhuangzi (369 BCE - 286 BCE). Mozi (470 BCE - 391 BCE). Buddhism. Xuanzang (602 - 664). Legalism. Christianity. Matteo Ricci (6 Oct 1552 - 11 May 1610). Islam. Ancestor Veneration.

Feng Shui as defined by the Skeptic's Dictionary. Includes links to Feng Shui FAQ, Fengshui Gate: Essays on the origin of Feng Shui, Feng Shui Society: Practical application of Feng Shui, Pronunciation of Feng Shui, Feng Shui strands, Feng Shui consultations, and a Feng Shui glossary. See also What is Feng Shui? A Brief Feng Shui Introduction.

Taoism Virtual Library. Links to Taoism Information: Introductions to Taoism, Chinese language and culture, Tao Te Ching, I Ching, The Sun-tzu Art of War, Alchemy and Feng Shui, Buddhism and Confucianism, Chinese Philosophy, Taoism and Martial Arts, Taoism and Modernity. Links to Asian Studies, Religion, and China Studies.

World of Feng Shui. Feng Shui as it relates to Career, Children, Education, Fame, Family, Health, Love, Mentors, Networking, Wealth, plus Astrology, Colors, Feng Shui Almanac, Celebrity, Tip of the Month, as well as Feng Shui around the world: Feng Shui Australia, Brunei, Hawaii, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, UK and USA.