A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

Renewable Energy Resources

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CONTENTS

Renewable Energy General Resources
Bioenergy or Biomass
Fuel Cells and Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Geothermal Energy
Global Warming (Climate Change)
Green Power
Hydrogen Energy or Hydrogen Power
Kyoto Protocol
Solar Energy or Solar Power
Water Power or Hydropower
Wave, Tidal, or Ocean Energy
Wind Energy or Wind Power

Division of categories are for convenience only. In many cases, topics will be overlapped.

The Renewable
Energy Handbook
A Guide to Rural
Energy Independence,
Off-grid and
Sustainable Living
by William H. Kemp


The Renewable Energy Handbook: A Guide to Rural Energy Independence, Off-grid and Sustainable Living by William H. Kemp
50
Simple Things
You Can Do
to Save the Earth
by John Javna,
Sophie Javna,
and Jesse Javna


50 Simple Things You Can Do to Save the Earth: Completely New and Updated for the 21st Century (Paperback) by John Javna, Sophie Javna, and Jesse Javna
Plan B:
Rescuing a Planet
under Stress and
a Civilization
in Trouble
by
Lester R. Brown


Plan B: Rescuing a Planet under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble by Lester R. Brown
Real Goods
Solar Living
Sourcebook - 12th ed.
Complete Guide to
Renewable Energy
Technologies &
Sustainable Living


Real Goods Solar Living Sourcebook

Renewable Energy General Resources

The Biggest Lie About Renewable Energy. YouTube video, 13:14 min. Published by AsapSCIENCE, Sep. 9, 2020. "Oil companies lied to you about renewable energy and it's time to fix it!"

2020: The Year Of Climate Extremes | Nightly News Films. YouTube video, min. Published by NBC News, Dec. 31, 2020. NBC News examines the devastating impacts of climate change, following a year of unprecedented climate and weather extremes.

2020 Energy Strategy. European Union has set itself the goal of raising the share of renewable energy sources in the final overall energy consumption of the Union from 8.5% in 2005 to 20% in 2020. All EU countries must also achieve a 10% share of renewable energy in their transport sector.

About.com: Environmental Issues: Renewable Energy. Links to renewable energy resources.

Alternative Energy Blog. News, views and strong opinions on alternate energy resources including solar energy, wind power, wave energy, geothermal & other renewable energy sources + news on other energy issues including the end of cheap gas & oil, plug-in hybrid cars, rising fuel prices, "clean" coal & nuclear power.

Alternative Energy News. The latest alternative and renewable energy news headlines, syndicated by rss from a variety of clean energy news sources. Alternative Energy News Site Map. Alternative Energy Resources.

Battery Reconditioning Experts. No matter if you need battery reconditioning advice, how-to's, service guide to recondition, or reviews - here you'll find everything you need to bring back your batteries to former glory.

BP Energy Outlook - Energy overview - the base case. The base case outlines the most likely path for global energy markets to 2035, including an expected 30% growth in consumption with a mix of fuels that becomes progressively lower in carbon.

The breakthrough in renewable energy - (VPRO documentary - 2016) YouTube video, 46:10 min. Published on May 5, 2016 by vpro documentary. Renewable energy is becoming cheaper than from fossil fuels. It means that progressively the choice for wind and solar energy is no longer an ethical one but an economic one. And this will speed up the transfer to renewable energy. In countries like Brazil, Australia, Chile and parts of the United States people consider renewable energy because of financial reasons. The price of solar and wind energy will continue to drop and in more countries renewable energy will occur.

Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing Back the Social. YouTube video, 9:55 min. Published on Jan 3, 2012 by UNRISD. Footage is based on recordings and interviews from the UNRISD conference "Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing back the Social Dimension" (2011).

Truly sustainable economic development: Ernesto Sirolli at TEDxEQChCh. YouTube video, 18:01 min. Published on Sep 18, 2012 by TEDx Talks.

Buildium's Green Building Resource Guide. Environmentally-friendly building tactics to help you save money.

California Renewable Energy Statistics & Data. Includes an Energy Glossary.

Canadian Renewable Fuels Association, Sustainable development - The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, environmental indicators, departmental strategy, IPPSO - Independent Power Producers' Society of Ontario, Government of Canada - Sustainable Development

Clean Air & Energy: Energy, Global Warming, Clean Water & Oceans, Toxic Chemicals & Health, Nuclear Weapons & Waste, Smart Growth - Solving Sprawl - Cities & Green Living, U.S. Law & Policy, International Issues, and other topics from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

Clean Energy from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, DC.

Energy and the Environment from EPA.

Energy Acronyms from California Energy Commission.

Energy Glossary from California Energy Commission.

Renewable Energy Resources from California Energy Commission.

What Is Clean Energy? How Does It Work? Why Is It So Important? From TWI Global. TWI=International Institute of Welding. Descended from the British Welding Research Association (BWRA), TWI-Global has grown into one of the foremost independent research and technology organisations. Benefits of Clean Energy. How can it be used to reduce global warming? Can it replace fossil fuels? How will it help our economy? How can we get clean energy? Is it really clean?

Clean-Energy-Ideas.com from a collection of publishers, merchants and environmentally concerned individuals. Site includes a database of:
Energy Articles from Clean Energy Ideas:
Solar
Wind
Geothermal
Recycling
Climate Change
Energy
Water

ClimateBiz. The business resource for climate management. Articles. "The use of renewable energy, also called green energy or green power, can be a key strategy for a company looking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Switching from a fossil fuel-based energy source to a renewable source instantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions, often by a significant amount."

Coal, Oil and Gas are called "Fossil Fuels" from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works - Coal is crushed to a fine dust and burnt. Oil and gas can be burnt directly. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Crude oil facts from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. Crude oil. What is crude oil? What are the oil sands? Shale oil and light tight oil. Shale and Tight Resources in Canada. Moving crude oil in Canada. Pipelines Across Canada.

Cybersecurity in the energy industry by Steven Bowcut, Cybersecurity Guide, June 25, 2021. Cybersecurity solutions for the energy industry. "The energy industry comprises thousands of companies that produce coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear power, and renewable fuels such as electricity from geothermal, hydropower, solar, and wind. This sector is responsible for creating, storing, transporting, and distributing energy through a complex network of dams, reservoirs, pipelines, and power grids ... Examining attacks and breaches that have occurred in the energy industry illustrates the importance of securing the energy industry's vast supply chain ecosystem ... The security of the nation's energy industry is vital to our economy and way of life."

DSIRE - Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. A comprehensive source of information on state, local, utility, and selected federal incentives that promote renewable energy. Contents include: State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Find Policies & Incentives by State.

Eating Fossil Fuels. Summary of Dale Allen Pfeiffer's article. Pfeiffer looks into what natural gas shortages would do to fertilizer production costs. 3 Oct. 2003.

Eco-Friendly Wedding: Sustainable Wedding Guide: How to Plan an Eco-Friendly Wedding by Anna Gionet, Shane Co. Article provides creative ideas and tips on reducing carbon footprint with weddings, including: Sustainable Wedding Supplies, Wedding Stationery, Wedding Cakes, Eco-Friendly Flowers (for Spring, Summer, Fall or Winter Weddings), Virtual Photo Album, Sustainable Wedding Decor, Sustainable Wedding Flowers, Green Table Decor, Miscellaneous Wedding Decor (Aisle decorations, Archway/altar, Cake toppers, etc.), Wedding Party Gifts, Wedding Guest Favors, Charity Wedding Favors, Seed Wedding Favors, Eco-Friendly Confetti Toss, Eco-Friendly and Ethically Sourced Wedding Attire, Sustainable Wedding Jewelry, Planning for a Sustainable Wedding, Eco-Friendly Wedding Guest List, Destination Wedding Tips, Eco-Friendly Wedding Menus, Eco-Friendly Registry, Planning an Eco-Friendly Honeymoon.

Energy & Environment from Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Bureau of Consumer Protection. Topics include carbon offsets and renewable energy certificates.

Energy efficiency basics from Government of Canada. Combine energy efficiency with energy conservation, Commit to an integrated design process for new buildings, Lower your building’s energy use over its life cycle, Energy management best practices, Energy benchmarking, Energy management training.
Why energy efficiency matters by EnviroVent.
The Eco-Friendly Guide for Airbnb Hosts by Dan Perlman, March 30, 2020. Although this article targets Airbnb hosts for rental purposes, it does contain many eco-friendly ideas for a more energy efficient home. Contents include: An Eco-Friendly Guest Experience, Other Eco-Friendly Ideas for Airbnb Hosts, Reduce Water Usage, Temperature Control, Energy Star Appliances. "If you have ceiling fans, during the summer, you should make sure they're running counter-clockwise to move the eye downward. In the winter they should run clockwise so they're pulling the air up and circulating the warm air that's available."
What Direction Should a Ceiling Fan Turn? Summer & Winter by Mara Bermudez in All. Video, 0:56 min. Published by Del Mar Fans & Lighting, June 18, 2013.
How To Change Your Ceiling Fan Direction For Summer and Winter. Video: 1:01 min. Published by Tom's Home Improvement Videos, March 4, 2018.
Ceiling Fan Direction Winter vs Summer. Remote control is used in this video. 4:11 min. Published by ModernFanOutlet.com, Nov. 8, 2017.

Energy Kid's Page. Energy facts on five renewable sources: hydropower (water), solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass. Includes a Glossary.

Energy Resources from Any Darvill's Science Site. Includes information: Introduction, How it works, Advantages, Disadvantages, Is it renewable? and quizzes.
Fossil Fuels: Coal, oil and gas.
Nuclear Power:Energy from splitting Uranium atoms.
Solar power: Energy from the Sun.
Wind power.
Tidal power: Energy from the sea.
Hydroelectric power: Energy from falling water.
Pumped Storage Reservoirs: Storing energy to cope with big demands.
Wave power.
Geothermal power: Heat from underground.
Biomass: Energy from organic materials.
● Check out Stuff to do: Quizzes (Frustrating for some students as clues are given but no correct answers provided. Main Quiz in 3 sectioncs, increasingly more difficult), Worksheets, Exam Style Questions.

Energy Science Quiz: You Should Know These Basic Energy Concepts by Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D., Chemistry Expert, ThoughtCo., Mar. 6, 2017.

Environmental History Timeline is partly based on original archival research in U.S. federal and industrial archives as well as the generally untapped mass media record.

Fossil Fuels: Petroleum, Coal, Gas Natural, Fossil Energy, and Fracking from Solar Energy. Contents: What Are Fossil Fuels? What Is the Origin of Fossil Fuels? Why Are Fossil Fuels Important? Effects of Fossil Fuels on the Environment, Ecological Damage, Spills of Petroleum, Changes in the Landscape, Air and Water Pollution, Types of Fossil Fuels, 1. Oil (in Liquid or Liquefied Gas Form). 2. Carbon (solid). 3. Gas Natural.

Geek Out with All Kinds of Alternative Energy from Alternative Energy Geek. Find answers to all things alternative energy: solar power, wind energy, geothermal, nuclear energy, tidal energy, wave energy, biomass energy, hydrogen energy, renewable energy, cold fusion energy, human energy, pumped storage, and more.

Google PowerMeter was launched on October 5, 2009 and ended on September 16, 2011, from Wikipedia. "If you cannot measure it, you cannot improve it." ~ Lord Kelvin. "How much does it cost to leave your TV on all day? What about turning your air conditioning 1 degree cooler?" Google aimed to "enable a future where access to personal electricity information helps everyone make smarter energy choices."

A Guide to Energy Efficiency Resources. Published by Furnace Compare, Apr. 21, 2017. Contents include:
● Air Conditioning Cost Calculators
● Heating Cost Calculators
● Swimming Pool Heating Cost Calculators
● Improving the Efficiency of Metal Buildings
● Pump Calculators
● Options for Utilities
● Energy Solutions Database
● Events, Employment, Training

Household Waste Management Guide for Parents from Saniflo Depot. Adopt the 3 R's. The three R's of waste management refers to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Proper Waste Segregation: Biodegradable, Non-Biodegradable. Adopt Composting.

How Carbon Footprints Work from HowStuffWorks.com. How China's Pollution Sniffers Work. How do you clean up an oil spill? How Recycling Works. How Do They Do It? - Airplane Recycling. YouTube video, 5:25 min.

How to Prepare Your Batteries for Recycling from Raw Materials Company (RMC) with photos. RMC recommends that precautionary measures be taken when recycling certain types of batteries to reduce any risk of short-circuit. Rechargeable Batteries, Primary Lithium "Button" Cell Batteries (non-rechargeable), Sealed Lead Acid Batteries (SLA), 6 Volt Batteries, All 9 Volt (Including Alkaline), Broken or Damaged Batteries, Securing the Positive Terminals on a Battery. All batteries should be kept safely out of reach of small children.

National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) - U.S. Department of Energy's effort to secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable. Research and developments areas: Solar, Wind, Biomass Energy Basics, Geothermal Technologies, Hydrogen & Fuel Cells, Sustainable Transportation Energy Basics (Text Version). This is the text version of the video "Sustainable Transportation Energy Basics.", Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation , Energy Analysis.

Natural Resources Canada.
What is Renewable Energy? Renewable energy is energy derived from natural processes that are replenished at a rate that is equal to or faster than the rate at which they are consumed.
● Browse by Technologies: Bioenergy
Geothermal Energy
Hydroelectricity - Hydro Energy
Ocean Energy
Solar Energy
Solar Thermal
Wind Energy - Wind Power.

Nuclear Age Timeline from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management, posted by Radiochemistry Society. Historical timeline traces the nuclear age from 1895-1993, from discovery of x-rays and radioactivity to the explosion of the first atomic bomb and subsequent clean up of the contamination from the last 50 years of the nuclear age.

Nuclear Power - energy from splitting Uranium atoms from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.
Uranium and nuclear power from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. Key facts. Supply and demand. Uranium production. Gross capacity of nuclear power plants in Canada. Uranium prices. Canadian nuclear research and development. CANDU nuclear reactors.

Peak oil from Wikipedia.
What Is Peak Oil? from Peak Oil Barrel.
No Peak Oil for America or the World by James Conca, Contributor, Forbes, Mar 2, 2017.
Peak Oil Theory by Christopher O'Leary, Encyclopedia Britannica.

Recycling and Disposal of CFLs and Other Bulbs that Contain Mercury from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA was created on Dec 2, 1970, by President Richard Nixon. EPA recommends that consumers take advantage of available local options for recycling CFLs, fluorescent bulbs and other bulbs that contain mercury, and all other household hazardous wastes, rather than disposing of them in regular household trash.

How to Dispose of Lightbulbs from Home Depot. How to Dispose of Incandescent Light Bulbs, How to Dispose of Halogen Bulbs, How to Dispose of CFL Bulbs, How to Dispose of LED Bulbs, How to Dispose of Fluorescent Tubes.

How to dispose or recycle light bulbs from The Waste Whiz App, Region of Waterloo. Incandescent light bulbs, LED light bulbs, and halogen light bulbs including those that are ultraviolet (non-mercury) go in the garbage. To ensure the safety of the collection crew, please wrap light bulbs in newspaper or other protective material before placing in the garbage bag or can. Compact fluorescent bulbs, fluorescent tubes or any light bulb containing mercury are hazardous waste and must be dropped off at the Region's Household Hazardous Waste program.

How to sort your waste: Compact fluorescent light bulb (CFLs) from Region of Peel. This item is household hazardous waste (HHW). Take this item to a Peel Community Recycling Centre (CRC) HHW Depot for safe disposal. This item may contain mercury, a toxic heavy metal that can impact the health of the environment. Exposure to mercury can also cause serious health problems. For safety reasons, do not attempt to remove mercury yourself. By bringing this item to a CRC, you can help reduce the amount of mercury in the environment.
Visit Mercury Roundup to learn more about how Peel Region is safely disposing of mercury. About Mercury. What Is Mercury? Impact on the Environment. Impact on Human Health. Managing Mercury. FAQ: How dangerous is mercury? How are mercury-containing products recycled?

What products contain mercury? Additional information: Never pour household hazardous waste (HHW) down the drain or put it at the curb for collection. HHW can be harmful to people, animals, and the environment if it isn't disposed of properly. Peel Community Recycling Centres (CRCs) accept HHW items free of charge from residents of Peel. (At entrance booth, show your Driver's License to prove that you are a resident of Peel). CRCs accept a maximum of 80 L of HHW per day. CRCs accept a maximum of 40 fluorescent bulbs and ballasts per day. Businesses must meet certain criteria to dispose of hazardous waste at a Peel CRC. Complete and submit a Business Hazardous Waste Program Online Application.

Canadian households get failing grade on throwing out fluorescent bulbs by Dani-Elle Dubé, Global News, Jan 28, 2015. A Statistics Canada study looked at Canadian disposing habits of florescent lights (CFLs), halogen lights and light-emitting diode (LED) lights, and found that half of the urban population simply throws them in the garbage.

Where to recycle compact fluorescent lights by David Shum, Global News, Jan 28, 2015. TORONTO - Most Ontarians are disposing their compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) improperly. The Recycling Council of Ontario says nearly 90 per cent of us are not recycling them and are rather throwing CFLs in the garbage instead.

Although the bulbs only contain about 4 milligrams of mercury each, Jennifer Baron, waste management consultant at Golder Associates, says mercury at any level is handled as a toxic substance. Baron warns that throwing fluorescent bulb in the trash the bulb, being glass, can break and allow the mercury to escape ... In higher concentrations, elemental mercury can cause damage to the mouth, respiratory tract and lungs and can lead to possible death from respiratory failure ...

Exposure to inorganic mercury can cause kidney failure and gastrointestinal damage, cause blisters and ulcers on the lips and tongue, rashes, weakness, high blood pressure and muscle twitching. The total amount of mercury emissions from humans around the world is thought to be approximately 2400 tons per year. In 2000, Canadians accounted for about 8 tons.

Guide for Deck Lights Disposal and Recycling from Decks Direct. Why is it important to recycle light bulbs? How to recycle light bulbs. Broken light bulbs. Old or burned-out lights.

Recycling Electronics - The Most Important Things You Should Know About Recycling Electronics from ICRFQ.

Renewable Electricity Generation from Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Renewable Power: Solar, Geothermal, Wind, Water.

Renewable Energy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

leaf Renewable Energy Basics from Re-Energy.ca.

Renewable Energy Calculators - App. This Renewable Energy Calculators application is meant for people who are interested in renewable energy sources like solar energy and wind energy.

Renewable Energy Directory

The Renewable Energy Portal. Relevant information for operating a power plant based on renewable energy.

Renewable & Alternative Energy Fact Sheets from Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences.

Renewable Energy Agency in Australia. What is renewable energy? Renewable energy is energy which can be obtained from natural resources that can be constantly replenished. Renewable energy technologies include technologies that use - or enable the use of - one or more renewable energy sources. Types of renewable energy technologies include: bioenergy, geothermal energy, hydropower, wave, ocean energy, solar energy, wind energy.

Renewable energy, explained from National Geographic. Solar, wind, hydroelectric, biomass, and geothermal power can provide energy without the planet-warming effects of fossil fuels.
Comparisons of various energy sources from Nuclear Tourist.
Renewable Energy: The Clean Facts from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
Ollie Saves the Planet from Ollie's World.

Renewable Energy Facts from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN).

Renewable Energy News. Latest research news from ScienceDaily.

Renewable Energy News from SourceGuides.com. Latest renewable energy news from over 4000 news sources worldwide.

Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP). Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology. Articles from Resource Recycling Magazine.

Renewable Energy Sources from Energy Kids, U.S. Energy Information Administration. Biomass, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Wind, Electricity, Hydrogen.
Recent Statistics (United States). U.S. total energy statistics, Crude oil and petroleum statistics, Natural gas statistics, Coal statistics, U.S. nuclear statistics, Fuel ethanol statistics, Biodiesel statistics.
What Is Energy?
Energy Sources.
Using and Saving Energy.
History of Energy.
Games and Activities.
Energy Calculators.
Glossary of Energy Terms.

Residential Energy Factsheets from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

The Source for Renewable Energy. A comprehensive online buyer's guide and business directory to more than 10,000 renewable energy businesses and organizations worldwide.

Small Business Energy Efficiency: The Complete Guide. A Guide to Energy Efficiency for Small Business from FSG. In case you're curious to find out what FSG stands for, see: The FSG Story. FSG History - Foundation Strategy Group (FSG).

What is Business Sustainability? By Anna Mar, April 10, 2013. Business sustainability is a strategy that prioritizes the long term survival of a business and connected ecological, social and cultural systems. Triple Bottom Line (TBL) is an accounting standard accepted by the United Nations that measures three aspects of organizational success: economic, ecological, and social. This is often rephrased "people, planet, profit". Mar provides examples that illustrate a few common sustainability strategies:
1. Energy Efficiency
2. Waste Reduction
3. Emissions Reduction
4. Toxic Substance Reduction
5. Sustainable Transport
6. Durable Products
7. Reusable Products
8. Fixable Products
9. Secondhand Sourcing
10. Recycling
11. Sustainable Supply Chain
12. Sustainable Architecture
13. Biodiversity
14. Sustainable Agriculture
15. Sustainable Processes
16. Renewable Energy
17. Social Responsibility
See also: 50 Sustainability Strategies You Can Implement Now.

What Does "Sustainability" Mean in Business? by Alexandra Spiliakos, Staff, Harvard Business School Online, Oct 10, 2018. In business, sustainability refers to doing business without negatively impacting the environment, community, or society as a whole. Sustainability in business generally addresses two main categories: The effect business has on the environment, and the effect business has on society. The goal of a sustainable business strategy is to make a positive impact on at least one of those areas. Examples of Sustainability in Business. Why Is Sustainability Important?

What Does It Mean to Lead a Sustainable Company? By Lily Cooper, GCU Blogs, Doctoral Journey, Grand Canyon University, July 5, 2018. The Many Facets of Business Sustainability. A Closer Look at Business Sustainability. The Many Benefits of Sustainable Practices.

Steel Sustainability from American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). Goal: Steel, Our Most Sustainable Material. North American Steel Industry Reduces Energy Intensity - Energy Reduction, CO2 Breakthrough Program, Minimizing the Life Cycle Impact of North American Steel. "Steel is the most recycled material on the planet, more than all other materials combined. The recycling chart ... reveals the extremely high overall recycling rate for steel, which in 2008, stood at over 83 percent."

Sustainable Consumption from Sierra Club. "Sustainable consumption is the use of goods and services that satisfy basic needs and improve quality of life while minimizing the use of irreplaceable natural resources and the byproducts of toxic materials, waste, and pollution." Articles include: Eating as Though the Earth Matters. "Mar 27, 2009. Yet, as environmental science has advanced, it has become apparent that the human appetite for animal flesh is a driving force behind virtually every major category of environmental damage now threatening the human future: deforestation, erosion, fresh water scarcity, air and water pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, social injustice, the destabilization of communities, and the spread of disease."

Forests, Food Security and Nutrition

Eat Locally, Ease Climate Change Globally from Washington Post.

A Caring and Sustainable Economy: A Concept Note from a Feminist Perspective by Cäcilie Schildberg, June 2014. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (Friedrich Ebert Foundation), International Policy Analysis. Contact: Dr. Cäcilie Schildberg, Caecilie.Schildberg@fes.de.

Sustainability from United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). What is Sustainability? Sustainability is based on a simple principle: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. To pursue sustainability is to create and maintain the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony to support present and future generations.

Sustainability in Action Video Series

Greener Living - Living Sustainably: Greener Lawn and Garden Care; Green Sports; Household Carbon Footprint Calculator; Watersense: Reduce Water Use.
Throw Away Less: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle; How do I Recycle? Reduce Food Waste; Electronics Management; Sustainable Materials Management (SMM); Responsible Appliance Disposal (RAD)
Being Green on the Road: Green Vehicle Guide; Fuel Economy; Clean Diesel; Clean School Bus; SmartWay.
Sustainable Marketplace: Greener Products and Services. Choosing Greener Products: Greener Products and Services; WaterSense Products; Safer Household and Industrial Chemicals; Safer Chemical Ingredients; Energy Star: Energy Efficient Products
Greening Industrial and Business Processes: Green Engineering; Environmental Management Systems; Green Chemistry; Greener Cleanups.
Cleaner Energy Choices: Energy and the Environment; E3: Economy, Energy and Environment; RE - Powering America's Land.

The Ultimate Home Energy Efficiency Guide by Lana Cooper, OnlyStitch, Feb 20, 2022. Contents:
What Is Energy Efficiency?
The Benefits of Being Energy Efficient
Your Guide for Energy Efficiency
1. Adjusting Your Daily Behavior
2. Change Your Light Bulbs
3. Use Programmable Thermostats
4. Use Power Strips
5. Weatherize
Choosing to Live with Energy Efficiency in Mind

What Is Renewable Energy? From Just for Kids, Department of Environmental Protection. Renewable energy is a source of energy that can never be exhausted. Renewable energy can be obtained from the sun (solar energy), water (hydropower), wind (windmills), hot dry rocks, magma, hot water springs (geothermal), and even firewood, animal manure, crop residues and waste (Biomass).

Why is Fuel Economy Important? Topics: Protect the Environment, Global Warming, Oil Spills, Air Pollution, Conserve Resources for Future Generations, Reduce Oil Imports, from U.S. Department of Energy.

World Energy Consumption by Country, U.S. Energy Consumption, World Energy Production from U.S. Debt Clock.org. Tables show current, up-to-the-second running statistics. Figures in Billion BTU's. Countries: United States, China, Russia, Japan, India, Germany, Canada, France, Brazil, Korea, plus World Total Consumption figures. Topics: Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Nuclear, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Biofuels, Geothermal, Wind, Solar, plus World Total Production figures.

Your One-Stop Guide to Renewable Energy from Northeast Battery. Includes some hard-to-ignore facts:
Solar panels do not require direct sunlight to operate
Solar power produces zero pollution
Solar energy is the most readily available and one of the cheapest sources of renewable energy today
Renewable energy sources are practically unlimited, such as the wind and sun
Biomass renewable energy is extracted from plants and animals - this type of renewable energy can be used to produce fuels and heating
Geothermal energy comes from geysers and hot springs - modern technology has found ways to generate power from the heat they give off
Hydroelectric power comes from moving water; it is not only one of the oldest and cheapest but also highly popular source of renewable energy ...

Zerofootprint. Mission: We Give you the Power to Create a Sustainable World. Zerofootprint believes that for sustainability, no action is insignificant. We should all drive, fly, and consume less and smarter. Zerofootprint is a registered Canadian not-for-profit organization. The goal is to mobilize and empower large groups of individuals and organizations worldwide, to reduce their collective carbon and ecological footprint.
Zerofootprint Kids Calculator. Footprint Calculator (Compare your footprints with national and international averages), Carbon Footprint, Ecological Footprint, Kids Calculator.
Carbon Footprint Calculator to measure your Carbon Footprint. Household Carbon Footprint Calculator from United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Bioenergy or Biomass

Biodiesel Basics from U.S. Department of Energy. Biodiesel is a renewable, biodegradable fuel manufactured domestically from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant grease.

Biodiesel Fuel News. Consolidated News about Biodiesel, Biofuel, Biomass and Biodiesel Production.

Bioenergy from U.S. Department of Agriculture: Economic Research Service. Bioenergy is renewable energy derived from biological sources, to be used for heat, electricity, or vehicle fuel. Biofuel derived from plant materials is among the most rapidly growing renewable energy technologies.

Bioenergy from U.S. Department of Energy. Bioenergy technologies use renewable biomass resources to produce an array of energy related products including electricity, liquid, solid, and gaseous fuels, heat, chemicals, and other materials. ... The term "biomass" means any plant derived organic matter available on a renewable basis, including dedicated energy crops and trees, agricultural food and feed crops, agricultural crop wastes and residues, wood wastes and residues, aquatic plants, animal wastes, municipal wastes, and other waste materials.

Bioenergy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Bioenergy 101 - in PDF. Bioenergy comes from organic biomass sources such as wood residue and agricultural waste.

Bioenergy Frequently Asked Questions from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy.

Energy 101 - Biofuels. YouTube video, 2:55 min. Published by U.S. Department of Energy, July 19, 2012. Biomass is an organic renewable energy source that includes materials such as agriculture and forest residues, energy crops, and algae. Scientists and engineers at the U.S. Department of Energy and its national laboratories are finding new, more efficient ways to convert biomass into biofuels that can take the place of conventional fuels like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. This edition of Energy 101 shows how biomass is broken down and refined into sustainable biofuels via biochemical and thermochemical processes.

Energy Sources from U.S. Department of Energy. Renewable Energy.

Biofuels emissions may be 'worse than petrol' by Jim Giles, NewScientist.com news service, EARTH 7 February 2008.

Biomass - energy from organic materials from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Build Your Own Biogas Generator from re-energy.ca. What Is Biogas? Biogas is actually a mixture of gases, usually carbon dioxide and methane. Biogas is a Form of Renewable Energy - Flammable biogas can be collected using a simple tank shown on this page. Tools and materials needed to build apparatus provided. Detailed instructions provided on:
A. Prepare the biogas collection system;
B. Prepare the manure mixture;
C. Final Set-up. Test It!

How to create a methane/ biogas generator? From Instructables.com.

Biofuel Basics from Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy.
Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is a renewable fuel that can be made from various plant materials, collectively known as "biomass."
Biodiesel is a liquid fuel produced from renewable sources, such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats and is a cleaner-burning replacement for petroleum-based diesel fuel.
Renewable Hydrocarbon "Drop-In" Fuels. Petroleum fuels, such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, contain a complex mixture of hydrocarbons (molecules of hydrogen and carbon), which are burned to produce energy.

How Biodiesel Worksby M. Scott Hess, HowStuffWorks.

IEA Bioenergy. An organisation set up in 1978 by the International Energy Agency (IEA) with the aim of improving cooperation and information exchange between countries that have national programmes in bioenergy research, development and deployment.

Planet Power: Energy and the Environment. Biomass Energy: A research commitment on Global Warming, Renewable Energy, and Reforestation by using Nature's own "power plants"... Trees! Brief discussion on: Biomass Energy & Air Pollution, Biomass Energy & Agriculture, Biomass Energy Engineering, and Biomass Energy & Native Habitats.

What Is BIOMASS? From Biomass Energy Centre, UK. "Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy this is often used to mean plant based material, but biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material." Chemical composition, Plant material, Fossil fuels, The difference between biomass and fossil fuels, Categories of biomass materials, Conversion technologies.
Why use biomass? Biomass is a renewable, low carbon fuel ... Correctly managed, biomass is a sustainable fuel that can deliver a significant reduction in net carbon emissions when compared with fossil fuels.
What are the major pros and cons of biomass energy? by NS Energy Staff Writer, 13 Nov 2020. A collective term for all plant and animal material, biomass can take many forms - from plants and wood, to animal and agricultural waste. In power generation, it is commonly used as wood pellets that are harvested from forests and burned to release energy.

Very easy to build biogas generator. Posted by Stephan.

Fuel Cells and Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Alternative Fuel Vehicles, Fuel Cell Vehicles, Advanced Technologies & Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficient Technologies, Why Is Fuel Economy Important? from United States Department of Energy.

Alternative Fuel Conversion from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Information for Consumers about Alternative Fuel Conversions, Environmental Impact and Benefits, Cost and Range, Fuel Availability, Warranty.

Alternative Fuels from Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN).
Ethanol
Biodiesel
Natural Gas
Petroleum Products Facts
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative - Eligibility

Alternative Fuels Data Center. Informative site with over 3000 documents. Alternative and Advanced Fuels: Biodiesel, Electricity, Ethanol, Hydrogen, Methanol, Natural Gas, Propane.

Cars and Light Trucks from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Information about controlling emissions from passenger cars and light trucks: consumer information, vehicle standards and regulations, certification and compliance, fuel economy, and test data.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle from EPA. Calculation Details and More Information about GHG Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle (PDF). A typical passenger vehicle emits about 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year.

The Edmunds Green Car Guide. Shop for fuel efficient cars, Alternative fuels - New technology, Hybrid cars, trucks and SUVs, Improve your gas mileage, Oil and oil prices.

How Hybrid Cars Work by Karim Nice and Julia Layton, HowStuffWorks.

How Hydrogen Fuel Cells Work to Power the Future from AngloAmerican, 30 April 2019. "Hydrogen fuel cell technology has the potential to reinvent the cars we drive, the rockets we send into space, how we transport our goods and the way we power cities across the globe."

Fuel cell from Wikipedia.
Fuel Cell Origins: 1840-1890
How Fuel Cells Work by KarimNice and Jonathan Strickland, HowStuffWorks.
Types of Fuel Cells from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE).
Hydrogen Basics from NREL - A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
Hydrogen Basics from Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA). Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, though it is not found naturally on Earth. Hydrogen must be extracted from other sources. In its purest form, hydrogen is a non-toxic colorless and odorless gas. Hydrogen (when used as a fuel), like electricity, is an energy carrier rather than an energy resource.
Fuel Cell Basics from Smithsonian: The National Museum of American History. A fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction. Every fuel cell has two electrodes called, respectively, the anode and cathode. The reactions that produce electricity take place at the electrodes.
Glossary of Fuel Cell Terms from Smithsonian: The National Museum of American History.
Fuel Cells from Hydrogenics. Hydrogen + Oxygen = Electricity + Water Vapor. A fuel cell is a device that converts chemical potential energy (energy stored in molecular bonds) into electrical energy.
How to Build a Hydrogen Fuel Cell. YouTube video, 1:54 min. Published on Aug 16, 2010 by Howcast. Generating pollution-free electricity, the hydrogen fuel cell is a promising renewable energy technology.

Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) have the potential to significantly reduce our dependence on foreign oil and lower harmful emissions that contribute to climate change, from U.S. Department of Energy. Why is fuel economy important? 1. Saves money. 2. Reduces climate change. 3. Reduces oil dependence costs. 4. Increases energy sustainability.

Fuels and Energy Sources from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International). History of Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Basics from Fuel Cell Store, How Fuel Cells Work from U.S. Department of Energy.

Green License Plates. and how to get them from Ontario Ministry of Transportation.

GreenerCars Ratings. How vehicles are rated. See also Rating the Environmental Impacts of Motor Vehicles: ACEEE's Green Book® Methodology, 2011 Edition from American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE).

How Fuel Cells Work from HowStuffWorks.com.

Hydrogen fuel enhancement from Wikipedia. Hydrogen fuel enhancement is the process of using a mixture of hydrogen and conventional hydrocarbon fuel in an internal combustion engine, typically in a car or truck, in an attempt to improve fuel economy, power output, emissions, or a combination thereof.

Is ethanol fuel really better for the environment than sticking with gas?

How Natural-Gas Vehicles Work by William Harris.

Hydrogen Cars. Site provides a long list of hydrogen concept automobiles and other vehicles in alphabetical order with photos, e.g. Audi A2H2 Car, BMW HR2 Race Car, BMW Hydrogen 7, Daihatsu Tanto FCHV, Fiat Panda Concept, Ford Airstream Concept, Ford Explorer Fuel Cell. Photos of Hydrogen Concept Cars and Prototypes. Also includes Hydrogen Highways with maps: BC Canada H2 Hwy, CA USA Hydrogen Hwy, Japan Hydrogen Hwy, Norway HyNor Project, as well as links to related resources.

Hybrid Cars News. Consolidated News: Hybrid Cars, Hybrid Vehicles and Hybrid Technologies.

Hydrogen Energy from Renewable Energy World. A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water. Fuel cells are often compared to batteries. Both convert the energy produced by a chemical reaction into usable electric power. However, the fuel cell will produce electricity as long as fuel (hydrogen) is supplied, never losing its charge. Fuel cells are a promising technology for use as a source of heat and electricity for buildings, and as an electrical power source for electric motors propelling vehicles. Fuel cells operate best on pure hydrogen.

Hydrogen Fuel News. Consolidated News: Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Energy Cells.

Hydrogen Program from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Contents include: Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Storage, Manufacturing, Conversion/Fuel Cells, Applications/Technology Validation, Safety, Codes and Standards, and more.

Natural gas explained from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Basics, Data and Statistics. What is natural gas? How did natural gas form? "Natural gas is a fossil energy source that formed deep beneath the earth's surface. Natural gas contains many different compounds. The largest component of natural gas is methane, a compound with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4). Natural gas also contains smaller amounts of natural gas liquids (NGL, which are also hydrocarbon gas liquids), and nonhydrocarbon gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor. We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals."

Geothermal Energy

Basics of Geothermal Energy from GEO (Geothermal Education Office). What is geothermal energy? How does a geothermal reservoir work? What are the different ways in which geothermal energy can be used? How does a geothermal power plant work?

Geothermal - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Geothermal Energy. Energy 101 Video: Geothermal Heat Pumps. Geothermal FAQs. Geothermal Technology Basics.

Geothermal Energy is energy from heat inside the Earth from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Geothermal Energy Slide Show from Geothermal Education Office, Tiburon, CA.

Geothermal Power News. Consolidated News: Geothermal Power and Geothermal Energy.

Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth, from Wikipedia.

What is the future of geothermal energy? By Brian Merchant, HowStuffWorks.

Global Warming (Climate Change)

Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast [ILLUSTRATED] (Paperback) by David Archer

Global Warming:
Understanding
the Forecast
[ILLUSTRATED]
(Paperback)
by David Archer
An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (Paperback) by Al Gore

An Inconvenient Truth:
The Planetary Emergency
of Global Warming and
What We Can Do About It
(Paperback)
by Al Gore
Unstoppable Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years (Paperback) by Dennis T. Avery (Author), S. Fred Singer (Author)

Unstoppable
Global Warming:
Every 1,500 Years
(Paperback)
by Dennis T. Avery
and S. Fred Singer
You Can Prevent Global Warming (and Save Money!): 51 Easy Ways (Paperback) by Jeffrey Langholz

You Can Prevent
Global Warming
(and Save Money!):
51 Easy Ways
(Paperback)
by Jeffrey Langholz

Climate Change from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Overview of Greenhouse Gases.
Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
Energy and the Environment. Measure your impact. Reduce your impact. Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator. March 2021. Did you ever wonder what reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 1 million metric tons means in everyday terms? This greenhouse gas equivalencies calculator can help you understand just that.

Climate change and the shift to net zero from IG Wealth Management, Mar 31, 2022. What is climate change? The global effort to mitigate the impact of climate change. What is net zero? Net zero commitments now represent: 90% of the global economy, 88% of global emissions, and 85% of the global population. Economic impact and opportunity. The world's largest greenhouse gas emitters (ranked) and their net-zero commitments: Country and Net-Zero Target Year - China 2060, United States 2050, India 2070, Russia 2060, Indonesia 2060, Brazil 2050, Japan 2050, Iran n/a, Germany 2045, Canada 2050.

Climate Change Science: Adapt, Mitigate or Ignore? By David A. King, Science, Jan. 9, 2004. From the Heat Is Online.

Climate change from Wikipedia. "Contemporary climate change includes both global warming and its impacts on Earth's weather patterns. There have been previous periods of climate change, but the current changes are distinctly more rapid and not due to natural causes. Instead, they are caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane. Burning fossil fuels for energy use creates most of these emissions. Agriculture, steelmaking, cement production, and forest loss are additional sources."

10 common myths about climate change - and what science really says by Jeff Berardelli, CBS News, Feb 27, 2020.

10 Myths about Climate Change from World Wildlife Fund, wwf.uk.

COP26: The truth behind the new climate change denial by Rachel Schraer and Kayleen Devlin, BBC Reality Check, Nov 17, 2021.

[The global climate summit wrapping up in Glasgow is known as COP26, with COP standing for Conference of the Parties. In diplomatic parlance, "the parties" refers to the 197 nations that agreed to a new environmental pact, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, at a meeting in 1992. The UK hosted the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 31 October - 13 November 2021.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established an international environmental treaty to combat "dangerous human interference with the climate system", in part by stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. It was signed by 154 states at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 3 to 14 June 1992.

The treaty itself set no binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual countries and contains no enforcement mechanisms. In that sense, the treaty is considered legally non-binding. Instead, the treaty provides a framework for negotiating specific international treaties (called "protocols") that may set binding limits on greenhouse gases. The UNFCCC was opened for signature on 9 May 1992, after an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee produced the text of the Framework Convention as a report following its meeting in New York from 30 April to 9 May 1992. It entered into force on 21 March 1994. As of December 2015, UNFCCC has 197 parties.]

How to Save the World: Everything You Need to Know About Climate Activism by Olivia Rosane, EcoWatch, Nov 22, 2021. What is Climate Activism? Climate activism is what happens when people from all over the world come together to put pressure on national and business leaders to take action to safeguard a liveable future. Solving the climate crisis requires making rapid social and technological change for which "there is no documented historic precedent," as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) put it.

Global Climate Indicators by Climate.gov Staff, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Jul 15, 2021.

The Science of Climate Change Explained: Facts, Evidence and Proof by Julia Rosen, New York Times, Nov 6, 2021. Ms. Rosen is a journalist with a Ph.D. in geology. Her research involved studying ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica to understand past climate changes.

Global Warming Current Status: Full Review from Tomorrow.io, Feb. 19, 2021.

Global Warming Index.org: Tracking progress to a safe climate. Human-induced warming: +1.247476752 °C on Thu, 07 Apr 2022 06:21:45 GMT. This number shows an up-to-the-second assessment of human-induced global warming since the second half of the 19th century. In the 2015 Paris Agreement, countries around the world agreed to work towards keeping global warming below 2 degrees - and ideally at 1.5 degrees - in order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

Global Warming Fact Sheet Series by Joe Buchdahl, Rebecca Twigg and Laura Cresswell. Contents:
1. What is Global Climate Change?
2. What are the Greenhouse Gases?
3. What are Atmospheric Aerosols?
4. How Do We Measure Climate Changes?
5. How Do We Predict Future Climate Changes?
6. The Effects of Global Warming on: Sea Level
7. The Effects of Global Warming on: Agriculture
8. The Effects of Global Warming on: Wildlife
9. The Effects of Global Warming on: Health
10. The Effects of Global Warming on: Water Resources
11. The Effects of Global Warming on: Storms, Floods & Droughts.

Global Warming. Consequences of Global Warming from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
10 things you can do to combat Global Warming from the City of West Hollywood (WEHO). Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Reduce waste by choosing reusable products instead of disposables.
California Solutions for Global Warming.
Causes of Global Warming: the Human Impact.
Consequences of Global Warming - Unless we act now, our children will inherit a hotter world, dirtier air and water, more severe floods and droughts, and more wildfires.
Energy and Global Warming from Center for Biological Diversity.
Global Warming from Sierra Club. Tilley's Track by Prof Allen Tilley.
Global Warming Basics from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). What it is, how it's caused, and what needs to be done to stop it.
Global Warming Fact Sheets.
Global Warming Impacts.
Global Warming Solutions. Solving Global Warming: It Can Be Done - A four-point plan to drastically cut global warming pollution.
How to Fight Global Warming. Steps to take to reduce global warming pollution.
Things You Can Do to Reduce Global Warming by Larry West, Environmental Issues Expert, Fact checked by Betsy Petrick, Treehugger, Nov. 23, 2020.
Top 50 Things to Do to Stop Global Warming.

Global Warming Current Status: Full Review with photos from Tomorrow.io, Feb 19, 2021. How Critical is Global Warming Now? Climate Change Issues, Global Temperature and Sea Level Rise, Ocean Warming and Acidification, Shrinking Ice Sheets, Glacial Retreat, Decreased Snow Cover, Declining Arctic Sea Ice, Extreme Weather Events, Wildfires, Hurricanes, Extreme Precipitation, Extreme Heat, Drought, Prevention Measures: How Can We Stop Climate Change? Facts About Global Warming You Need to Know.

Global Warming Science Update, July 2006 - in PDF, 11 pages by Daniel A. Lashof, Ph.D., Science director, Climate Center, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

How Global Warming Works from HowStuffWorks.com.

Hurricanes and Global Warming - Is There a Connection? by Stefan Rahmstorf, Michael Mann, Rasmus Benestad, Gavin Schmidt, and William Connolley, from RealClimate.org.

What is the Greenhouse Effect? By Larry West, Your Guide to Environmental Issues, from Environment.About.com. Top 10 Things You Can Do to Reduce Global Warming. Global Warming: FAQ - Detailed information about the causes and anticipated effects of global warming.

Green Power

The Story of Stuff performed by Annie Leonard. Video, 21:16 min. Written by Annie Leonard, Louis Fox, and Jonah Sachs, directed by Louis Fox and produced by Free Range Studios, Dec 2007.

5 Ways to Go Green at Home from Brookfield Residential, Apr 20, 2021.

40 Ways to Go Greener at Home (Besides Just Recycling) by Oxenreider, The Art of Simple, Sep 22, 2020. Tips include:
- Switch your lightbulbs to energy efficient types.
- When it's time, replace appliances to energy efficient models (look for the "energy star" label)
- Stop using disposable bags. Get some reusable bags.
- Wash laundry in cold water instead of hot.
- Turn off lights when you leave the room.
- Don't turn on lights at all for as long as you can - open your curtains and use natural light.
- Pay your bills online. Not only is it greener, it's a sanity saver.
- Reuse scrap paper. Print on two sides.
- Fix leaky faucets.
- Lower the temperature on your hot water heater.
- Unplug unused chargers and appliances.
- Use cloth napkins instead of paper.

100+ ways to make a difference from Earth First. Follow some of these simple green living tips to help reduce the environmental footprint and live a healthier life. Tips include:
- Avoid buying drinks in plastic bottles
- One of the easiest ways to reduce your environmental impact is to buy less.
- Don't buy bottled water
- Limit your meat intake to twice a week
- Get your bills delivered via email by going online and requesting no paper based bills.
- Walk short distances instead of using the car
- Try to remove as much plastic from your home. Its toxic to your body and the earth.
- Use rechargeable batteries
- Watch the documentary movie: "Who Killed the Electric Car"
- Install or upgrade to a dual flush toilet
- Insulate your home; keep heat out in the summer and warmth in during the winter
- Get some indoor plants - house plants improve your indoor air quality
- Recycle, reduce and reuse
- Become a vegetarian for a month
- Place a plant next to your computer to reduce the toxins you breathe in.
- Only boil the amount of water you need in your kettle
- Newspaper is a good deodorizer. Just place a crumpled sheet inside smelly shoes and leave overnight.
- Avoid frozen dinners and reduce the amount of take away meals you eat
- Spiders hate lemons. Add lemon oil to your broom bristles and sweep webs away. The lemon oil will keep spiders away for up to 3 months.

Benefits of Green Power. Australian Government accredited GreenPower website. GreenPower is renewable energy sourced from the sun, the wind, water and waste. Green Power Calculator.

Definitions of Green Power on the Web from Google.

The Definitive Guide to Saving Money by Going Green by The Ascent Staff, from The Motley Fool. Outlines 7 common sense steps to save money by going green: Replacing your appliances, Making smart food choices, Skipping single-use products, Saving on water, Reassessing your commute, Joining the sharing economy, and Cutting your energy bill.

Green energy and green power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sources of energy which are considered environmentally friendly, non-polluting.

Green Energy News. Covering Clean, Renewable and Efficient Energy, Technology, Issues, Policy, Business ... Since 1996.

The Green Power Network from U.S. Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).

Hydrogen Energy or Hydrogen Power

Hydrogen and Clean Fuels from Melbourne Energy Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Hydrogen Energy Center. Why Hydrogen? Hydrogen has three basic benefits that address these concerns: 1. Use of hydrogen greatly reduces pollution; 2. Hydrogen gas can be produced from methane, gasoline, biomass, coal or water; 3. If hydrogen is produced from water we have a sustainable production system. After the hydrogen is produced in an electrolyzer, it can be used in a fuel cell to produce electricity. The by products of the fuel cell process are water and heat.

Hydrogen explained from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Basics, Production of hydrogen, Use of hydrogen. What is hydrogen? Hydrogen is the simplest element. Each atom of hydrogen has only one proton. Hydrogen is also the most abundant element in the universe. Stars such as the sun consist mostly of hydrogen. The sun is essentially a giant ball of hydrogen and helium gases.

Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). "Hydrogen typically exists as a diatomic molecule, meaning each molecule has two atoms of hydrogen; this is why pure hydrogen is commonly expressed as 'H2'. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, accounting for 90 percent of the universe by weight."Hydrogen Basics.

Kyoto Protocol

Climate Change Information Kit in PDF, 64 pages, 3.86 MB. Contents: Understanding the climate system, Facing the consequences, The Climate Change Convention (Information Sheet 21: The Kyoto Protocol), Limiting greenhouse gas emissions, and Facts & Figures.

Kyoto Protocol from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Articles 1-28. Convention adopted in New York on 9 May 1992. Text of the Kyoto Protocal - 1997 in Arabic, Chinese, English, Español, Français, and Russian.

What is the Kyoto Protocol? By Larry West, Environment.About.com.

Solar Energy or Solar Power

Build a Solar Oven! From Home Science Tools.

CCTV-9 Report: Solar bottle lights in the Philippines. YouTube video, 3:14 min. Published by Ahmed Qureshi, Sep 3, 2011. "Equivalent to a 55 watt light bulb they say!"

Facts About Solar Energy.com. What is solar energy? Discover solar power: How it works. Interesting facts about solar energy. Pros and cons - Advantages and disadvantages of solar energy. Solar energy history. Build your own solar energy system. Solar energy cost. Solar energy for homes.

How does solar energy work? from CODESO Corporation for Sustainable Development.
How Does Solar Energy Work? - All the Basics on Solar Power That You Need from Alternate Energy Sources.
How Does Solar Energy Work? From eHow.
How do solar panels work? - Richard Komp. YouTube video, 5:58 min. Published by TED-Ed, Jan 5, 2016.
How Solar Panels Work from SaveOnEnergy.com.
9 Steps to Build a DIY Off-Grid Solar PV System by Debasish Dutta, Walden Labs, April 10, 2015.

How Solar Cells Work from HowStuffWorks.com.

How Solar Energy Works by Ksenya, from The Solar Tribune. See also:
Advantages of Solar Energy.
Components of a Home Solar Energy System.
Solar Radiation.
Solar Thermal Energy.
Solar Panels for Your Home includes everything you need to know before installing home solar panels: Types of Photovoltaic Solar Panels, Components of a Solar Energy System, Evaluating Your Home for Solar, Determining the Size of Your System, Calculating Your Payback Period, Introduction to Solar Water Heating, and more.

Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven. An engineering enterprise from Science Buddies, July 31, 2014.
How To Build a Solar Oven from Home Science Tools.
How to Turn a Pizza Box into a Solar Oven. YouTube video, 2:58 min. Published on Jun 22, 2009 by Howcast.
Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Background. Materials. Instructions. One page PDF.

Solar - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Concentrating Solar Power. Energy 101 Video: Solar Photovoltaics. Solar Energy Basics.

Solar Action Alliance is a group of environmentalists in the United States who want to spread the word about the cleanest, most reliable and abundant source of renewable energy: the sun. Contents include: Solar Energy (Pros and Cons), Solar 101/Basics, and a Map where you can click on a State for more information about solar energy in that particular State.

Solar Electricity from Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), a Research Institute of the University of Central Florida. Solar Hot Water.

Solar Energy from California Energy Commission. How Solar Works, Solar and Fire Safety.

Solar energy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Solar Energy by Robert English, Maryam Guerrab, Caitlyn Weems. Prezi.com, May 13, 2018.

Solar Energy Basics from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Solar energy is a powerful source of energy that can be used to heat, cool, and light homes and businesses. Learn more about solar technologies:
1. Solar Photovoltaic Technology - Converts sunlight directly into electricity to power homes and businesses.
2. Passive Solar Technology - Provides light and harnesses heat from the sun to warm our homes and businesses in winter.
3. Solar Water Heating - Harnesses heat from the sun to provide hot water for homes and businesses.
4. Solar Process Heat - Uses solar energy to heat or cool commercial and industrial buildings.
5. Concentrating Solar Power - Harnesses heat from the sun to provide electricity for large power stations.

Solar Energy in the United States from Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Solar Energy Technologies Office. How Does Solar Work. "The amount of sunlight that strikes the earth's surface in an hour and a half is enough to handle the entire world's energy consumption for a full year. Solar technologies convert sunlight into electrical energy either through photovoltaic (PV) panels or through mirrors that concentrate solar radiation. This energy can be used to generate electricity or be stored in batteries or thermal storage."
Solar Energy 101, Photovoltaics Basics, Concentrating Solar-Thermal Power Basics, Systems Integration Basics, Soft Costs Basics, Going Solar Basics, Solar Industry Basics, Dive Deeper.
Solar Energy Resources.

Solar Energy Maps Canada. Published by Rylan Urban on May 12, 2018. Last updated Jan 25, 2021. This page contains solar energy maps, along with monthly solar production estimates, for every province and territory in Canada. Solar energy maps show the amount of energy that a solar photovoltaic system can produce (in units of kWh/kW/yr), based on the intensity of light that reaches the Earth's surface.

Solar Energy Technologies Program. Concentrating Solar Power, Photovoltaics, Solar Heating, Solar Lighting.

Solar Panel Cost and Savings Calculator from Solar Reviews, Aug. 2, 2021. Using only your address and utility company, this solar calculator will provide you with an accurate solar savings analysis for your specific home.

Solar Power Answers - The Way to Green Power. A comprehensive guide to designing and installing solar electric power systems by Richard Stubbs. Includes: Basics of Solar Power. What is a solar cell and how does solar power work? Energy Efficiency, System Design, Wiring Tips.

Solar Power is energy from the Sun from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Solar Power News. Consolidated News: Solar Power, Solar Energy and Solar Electric Power.

Solar Water Heaters from Natural Resources Canada.
Solar Water Heaters from Energy.gov. Solar water heaters ... can be used in any climate, and the fuel they use - sunshine - is free. How They Work.
Solar water heating from Wikipedia.
A Consumer's Guide: Heat Your Water with the Sun from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. What is solar heating? What are the basic components of a solar thermal system? How have solar systems improved? ...

Videos from YouTube - Solar Power

How It's Made: Solar Panels. 4:36 min.
Hybrid Solar Lighting. 5:18 min.

Water Power or Hydropower

Build Your Own Hydroelectric Generator by GreenLearning Canada. Micro-Hydro Templates.

How Hydropower Plants Work - The Power of Water from HowStuffWorks.com.

How to Build a Small-Scale Hydroelectric Generator by Mircea Sandru.

Hydro-electric power is generated from falling water from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Hydroelectric Power Water Use from U.S. Geological Survey |(USGS).

Hydro Power: Generating Electricity from River Flow. Hydro power is generated by using electricity generators to extract energy from moving water.

Hydropower or Hydraulic power, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Hydropower Basics. How hydropower works, Advantages and disadvantages of its use, Hydropower use throughout history, U.S. hydropower resource potential, Current research and development.

Pharaoh’s Pump Foundation is an Oregon based, nonprofit organization dedicated to the development of decentralized, energy efficient, nonpolluting technologies. The primary goal is to research, develop and build the water pumping technology utilized by the Original Builders of the Great Pyramid. The organization intends to redevelop the type of water pump the Great Pyramid was originally designed to be. Rediscovering and utilizing this high technology of Ancient mankind will improve our world in modern times.

Pumped Storage Reservoirs - storing energy to cope with big demands from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Water - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Hydroelectric Power. Hydropower Basics.

Water conservation tips - How to conserve water at home. YouTube video, 3:18 min.
100+ Ways to Conserve Water from Water Use It Wisely.

Videos from YouTube - Water Power
Water Powered Vehicle. YouTube video, 2:39 min. (See also: Stanley Meyer's water fuel cell from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia).
Japanese Water Powered Car!!. YouTube video, 1:21 min.
How Can Water Be Turned Into Fuel? YouTube video, 3:46 min.

Water reclamation and reuse from Ontario, Canada. Water reuse encompasses both the direct use of STP effluent for beneficial purposes without further treatment, and the use of reclaimed water.
Water Recycling from Water Education Foundation. All water is recycled and reused as a part of natural water processes such as the hydrologic cycle. Man-made water recycling, also known as water reclamation or water reuse, centers on using treated wastewater.
Reclaimed water from Wikipedia. Water reclamation (also called wastewater reuse) is the process of converting municipal wastewater (sewage) or industrial wastewater into water that can be reused for a variety of purposes. Types of reuse include: urban reuse, agricultural reuse (irrigation), environmental reuse, industrial reuse, planned potable reuse, de facto wastewater reuse (unplanned potable reuse).
What Is Recycled Water? From Recycled Water in Australia. Water can be recycled from:
rainwater (rain caught from the roof or other direct methods of rain capture),
stormwater (rainwater that has reached the ground or other hard surfaces on the ground like roads, ovals, paddocks)
greywater (from the bath, shower, basin and maybe the kitchen)
treated effluent (from a sewage treatment plant).
Basic Information about Water Reuse from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Basics of Water Reuse, Types of Water Reuse, Uses for Recycled Water.

Wave, Tidal, or Ocean Energy

About Wave Energy. Waves are a free and sustainable energy resource created as wind blows over the ocean surface.

Renewable Energy - Exploring Ways to Use Ocean Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Includes info on tidal and wave power. Ocean Tidal Power. Ocean Wave Power. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion.

Tidal power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tidal power, sometimes called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that exploits the movement of water caused by tidal currents or the rise and fall in sea levels due to the tides.

Tidal power - energy from the sea from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Tidal Power News. Consolidated News: Tidal Power, Tidal Energy, Tidal Wave Energy and Wave Power.

Wave Power - energy from the wind on the sea from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Wind Energy or Wind Power

Building a Wind Turbine. YouTube video, 36:12 min. Barry demonstrates how to make a homemade wind turbine.

Energy Resources: Wind Power Quiz from Andy Darvill's Science Site.

Fact Sheet on Wind Power in Kansas. Prepared by Kansas Chapter, Sierra Club. Cost of Wind Power vs Burning Coal. Reliability of Wind Power. Need for Transmission Lines.

How Do Wind Turbines Work? from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy, USA.gov.

How Does a Wind Turbine Work? From Universe Today.

How Wind Power Works from HowStuffWorks.com.

Mother Nature Takes a Part: Wind Energy from PartSelect. Includes: History of Wind Energy, Generation of Electricity from Wind, Wind Farms, Offshore Wind Energy, Small-Scale Use of Wind Energy, Economics of Wind Energy, Environmental Impact, Wind Energy Research and Future Prospects, plus related links.

It's a Gas. An Educational Resource from BLM (Bureau of Land Management). Includes classroom activities.
Get Energized - Educator's Guide from Pinterest.
Powering the Planet: Renewable Energy. YouTube video, 40:43 min. Published by Nature Lab, Oct 8, 2020.
Renewable Energy 101 | National Geographic. YouTube video, 3:16 min. Published by National Geographic, Sep. 21, 2017.
Wind Energy includes Fact Sheet, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Geothermal Energy includes Fact Sheet, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Solar Energy from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Renewable Energy: Solar. BLM Fact Sheet from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Oil and Gas includes Oil and Gas Statistics, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Coal includes Coal Background and Laws, Coal Statistics, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Helium includes Helium Fast Facts, Helium Statistics and Information (USGS), Helium Resources in the U.S., from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
● See also Earth's energy budget from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Plan B: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble, Chapter 9. Cutting Carbon Emissions in Half.

Videos from YouTube - Wind Power
      Renewable Energy: Wind Power. 7:48 min.
      Building a Wind Turbine. 9:59 min.
      Wind Turbine - Rooftop 1:30 min.

Wind - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update. How Wind Turbines Work. Wind Energy Basics. Wind Energy FAQs.

Wind Energy and Wind Facts from Canadian Wind Energy Association. Contents include: How Wind is Produced: Like all forms of energy, wind is created as a result of the sun. How Wind Energy is Produced: Wind turbines capture the kinetic energy in surface winds and convert it into electrical energy in the form of electricity. Wind Energy Applications: There are two kinds of wind energy applications in Canada: large scale and small scale. Benefits of Wind Energy, Fact Sheets, and more.

Wind Energy Basics from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Wind Energy and Wind Power. Wind Turbines, Wind Energy Resources in the United States, Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind-Generated Electricity.

Wind Energy Benefits. Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series, April 2005. Source: U.S. Department of Energy, from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.
Wind Energy Benefits (Fact Sheet) from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI).
Factsheets and Statistics. Wind Energy by the Numbers. Source: American Wind Energy Association, from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.

Wind Energy Benefits - Fact Sheet from Department of Energy.
Wind Energy Basics from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
5 Things You Should Know About Wind Energy from Department of Energy, Aug 8, 2017.
Renewable Wind from EnergyKids.
Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development by Henrik Lund, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark. Published in: 3rd Dubrovnik conference on sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems, 2005.
QUIZ: Test your Wind Energy IQ.
Wind Energy: Multimedia. Photographs, videos, maps, and animations provide information about wind energy resources.
Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update. Video, 3:16 min. Published on May 6, 2014 by U.S. Department of Energy.
How Do Wind Turbines Work? From Wind Energy Technologies Office. Types of Wind Turbines. Sizes of Wind Turbines.

Wind explained from U.S. Energy Information Administraion (EIA). Basics, Electricity generation from wind, Where wind power is harnessed, Types of wind turbines, History of wind power, Wind energy and the environment.

Wind Energy by the Numbers: Factsheets and Statistics from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.
20% Wind Energy by 2030
Do wind turbines cause health problems? by Julia Layton, HowStuffWorks.
Attractiveness in Wind Power Value Chain.

Wind Energy for Electric Power. A REPP Issue Brief by Ari Reeves, with Fredric Beck, Executive Editor, July, 2003 (updated November 2003).

Wind Energy Myths from U.S. Department of Energy.

Wind power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Wind Power: Capacity Factor, Intermittency, and what happens when the wind doesn't blow? From Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst. What is a "capacity factor" and why does it matter?

Wind power - energy from the air from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Wind Power Myths vs. Facts from American Wind Energy Association.

Wind Power News. Consolidated News: Wind Power, Wind Energy and Wind Farms Generation.

Windfarms kill 10-20 times more than previously thought from Windmills Kill, an Initiative of Saint Francis Arboreal & Wildlife Association, Inc. "The Spanish Ornithological Society (SEO/Birdlife) reviewed actual carcass counts from 136 monitoring studies. They concluded that Spain's 18,000 wind turbines are killing 6-18 million birds and bats yearly. Extrapolating that and similar German and Swedish studies, 39,000 U.S. wind turbines would not be killing 'only' 440,000 birds or 'just' 573,000 birds and 888,000 bats (Smallwood, 2013), but 13-39 million birds and bats every year!"

World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) is an international non-profit association embracing the wind sector worldwide, with more than 600 members in 100 countries. WWEA works for the promotion and worldwide deployment of wind energy technology.
American Wind Energy Association (AWEA).
Australian Wind Energy Association - TETHYS. Tethys, named after the Greek titaness of the sea, was developed in 2009 by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Energy Technologies Office and Water Power Technologies Office.
British Wind Energy Association (BWEA).
Canadian Wind Energy Association (CANWEA).
European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).
German Wind Energy Association (BWE) - in English.
German WindEnergy Association (BWE = Bundesverband WindEnergie e.V.) - auf Deutsch.
Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).
World Wind Energy Association (WWEA).

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