A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

Renewable Energy Resources

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Renewable Energy General Resources
Bioenergy or Biomass
Fuel Cells and Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Geothermal Energy
Global Warming
Green Power
Hydrogen Energy or Hydrogen Power
Kyoto Protocol
Solar Energy or Solar Power
Water Power or Hydropower
Wave, Tidal, or Ocean Energy
Wind Energy or Wind Power

Division of categories are for convenience only. In many cases, topics will be overlapped.

The Renewable
Energy Handbook
A Guide to Rural
Energy Independence,
Off-grid and
Sustainable Living
by William H. Kemp

The Renewable Energy Handbook: A Guide to Rural Energy Independence, Off-grid and Sustainable Living by William H. Kemp
Simple Things
You Can Do
to Save the Earth
by John Javna,
Sophie Javna,
and Jesse Javna

50 Simple Things You Can Do to Save the Earth: Completely New and Updated for the 21st Century (Paperback) by John Javna, Sophie Javna, and Jesse Javna
Plan B:
Rescuing a Planet
under Stress and
a Civilization
in Trouble
Lester R. Brown

Plan B: Rescuing a Planet under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble by Lester R. Brown
Real Goods
Solar Living
Sourcebook - 12th ed.
Complete Guide to
Renewable Energy
Technologies &
Sustainable Living

Real Goods Solar Living Sourcebook

Renewable Energy General Resources

20% Renewable Energy by 2020 - Video from YouTube. 3:54 min. Global Warming - Point of No Return? - Video from YouTube, 6:57 min. 2020 Energy Strategy. European Union has set itself the goal of raising the share of renewable energy sources in the final overall energy consumption of the Union from 8.5% in 2005 to 20% in 2020. All EU countries must also achieve a 10% share of renewable energy in their transport sector.

About.com: Environmental Issues: Renewable Energy. Links to renewable energy resources.

Alternative Energy Blog. News, views and strong opinions on alternate energy resources including solar energy, wind power, wave energy, geothermal & other renewable energy sources + news on other energy issues including the end of cheap gas & oil, plug-in hybrid cars, rising fuel prices, "clean" coal & nuclear power.

Alternative Energy News. The latest alternative and renewable energy news headlines, syndicated by rss from a variety of clean energy news sources. Alternative Energy News Site Map. Alternative Energy Resources.

BP Energy Outlook - Energy overview - the base case. The base case outlines the most likely path for global energy markets to 2035, including an expected 30% growth in consumption with a mix of fuels that becomes progressively lower in carbon.
BP's role in a lower carbon future.

The breakthrough in renewable energy - (VPRO documentary - 2016) YouTube video, 46:10 min. Published on May 5, 2016 by vpro documentary. Renewable energy is becoming cheaper than from fossil fuels. It means that progressively the choice for wind and solar energy is no longer an ethical one but an economic one. And this will speed up the transfer to renewable energy. In countries like Brazil, Australia, Chile and parts of the United States people consider renewable energy because of financial reasons. The price of solar and wind energy will continue to drop and in more countries renewable energy will occur.

Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing Back the Social. YouTube video, 9:55 min. Published on Jan 3, 2012 by UNRISD. Footage is based on recordings and interviews from the UNRISD conference "Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing back the Social Dimension" (2011).

Truly sustainable economic development: Ernesto Sirolli at TEDxEQChCh. YouTube video, 18:01 min. Published on Sep 18, 2012 by TEDx Talks.

Buildium's Green Building Resource Guide. Environmentally-friendly building tactics to help you save money.

California Renewable Energy Statistics & Data. Includes an Energy Glossary.

Canadian Renewable Fuels Association, CREST - Center for Sustainable Technology, IPPSO - Independent Power Producers' Society of Ontario, Government of Canada - Sustainable Development?

Clean Air & Energy: Energy, Global Warming, Clean Water & Oceans, Toxic Chemicals & Health, Nuclear Weapons & Waste, Smart Growth - Solving Sprawl - Cities & Green Living, U.S. Law & Policy, International Issues, and other topics from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

Clean Energy from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Energy and You. Glossary. Definition of Renewable Energy.

Clean-Energy-Ideas.com from a collection of publishers, merchants and environmentally concerned individuals. Site includes a database of :
Energy Articles from Clean Energy Ideas:
Climate Change

ClimateBiz. The business resource for climate management. Articles. "The use of renewable energy, also called green energy or green power, can be a key strategy for a company looking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Switching from a fossil fuel-based energy source to a renewable source instantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions, often by a significant amount."

Climate Change - New Scientist Special Report.

Coal, Oil and Gas are called "Fossil Fuels" from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works - Coal is crushed to a fine dust and burnt. Oil and gas can be burnt directly. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Crude oil facts from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. Crude oil. What is crude oil? What are the oil sands? Shale oil and light tight oil. Shale and Tight Resources in Canada. Moving crude oil in Canada. Pipelines Across Canada.

DSIRE - Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. A comprehensive source of information on state, local, utility, and selected federal incentives that promote renewable energy. Contents include: State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Find Policies & Incentives by State.

Eating Fossil Fuels. Summary of Dale Allen Pfeiffer's article. Pfeiffer looks into what natural gas shortages would do to fertilizer production costs. 3 Oct. 2003.

Energy & Environment from Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Bureau of Consumer Protection. Topics include carbon offsets and renewable energy certificates.

Energy Efficiency Know-How from Brilliency.
Why energy efficiency matters by EnviroVent.
Why Making Your Home Energy Efficient Matters by Tate Walker, 12 Nov. 2009. What are the environmental costs of energy waste in U.S. homes?

Energy Kid's Page. Energy facts on five renewable sources: hydropower (water), solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass. Includes a Glossary.

Energy Quest. Colorful, award winning educational site from California Energy Commission for K-12. Includes: Ask Professor Quester (energy Q&A), Devoured by the Dark (energy "horror" story), Energy Story (what is energy), Games, puzzles and jokes, Glossary, How Things Work, Saving Energy (tips), Science Projects, Super Scientists (biographices), Time Line of Energy History, and Transportation Energy (how energy is used by vehicles).

Energy Resources from Any Darvill's Science Site. Includes information: Introduction, How it works, Advantages, Disadvantages, Is it renewable? and quizzes.
Fossil Fuels: Coal, oil and gas.
Nuclear Power:Energy from splitting Uranium atoms.
Solar power: Energy from the Sun.
Wind power.
Tidal power: Energy from the sea.
Hydroelectric power: Energy from falling water.
Pumped Storage Reservoirs: Storing energy to cope with big demands.
Wave power.
Geothermal power: Heat from underground.
Biomass: Energy from organic materials.
● Check out Stuff to do: Quizzes (Frustrating for some students as clues are given but no correct answers provided. Main Quiz in 3 sectioncs, increasingly more difficult), Worksheets, Exam Style Questions.

energy revolution - a sustainable global energy outlook. "energy [r]evolution ... provides a practical blueprint for how to half global CO2 emissions, while allowing for an increase in energy consumption by 2050. By dividing the world into 10 regions ... it explains how existing energy technologies can be applied in more efficient ways."

Environmental History Timeline is partly based on original archival research in U.S. federal and industrial archives as well as the generally untapped mass media record.

Flex Your Power. California Energy Efficiency and Conservation campaign. Energy saving tools and information. Energy News including Archive: Renewable Energy.

Fossil Energy: Learning About Fossil Fuels. Learn all about Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas.

Geek Out with All Kinds of Alternative Energy from Alternative Energy Geek. Find answers to all things alternative energy: solar power, wind energy, geothermal, nuclear energy, tidal energy, wave energy, biomass energy, hydrogen energy, renewable energy, cold fusion energy, human energy, pumped storage, and more.

Google PowerMeter was launched on October 5, 2009 and ended on September 16, 2011, from Wikipedia. "If you cannot measure it, you cannot improve it." ~ Lord Kelvin. "How much does it cost to leave your TV on all day? What about turning your air conditioning 1 degree cooler?" Google aimed to "enable a future where access to personal electricity information helps everyone make smarter energy choices."

A Guide to Energy Efficiency Resources. Published by Furnace Compare, Apr. 21, 2017. Contents include:
● Air Conditioning Cost Calculators
● Heating Cost Calculators
● Swimming Pool Heating Cost Calculators
● Improving the Efficiency of Metal Buildings
● Pump Calculators
● Options for Utilities
● Energy Solutions Database
● Events, Employment, Training

How Carbon Footprints Work from HowStuffWorks.com. How China's Pollution Sniffers Work. How do you clean up an oil spill? How Recycling Works. How Do They Do It? - Airplane Recycling. YouTube video, 5:25 min.

How Clean Energy Benefits You, What Is Natural Gas? from Clean Energy.

National Energy Foundation: Student Links.

National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) - U.S. Department of Energy's effort to secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable. Research and developments areas: Solar, Wind, Biomass Energy Basics, Geothermal Technologies, Hydrogen & Fuel Cells, Advanced Vehicles and Fuels Basics, Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure: A Foundation for Electrified Transportation , Energy Analysis.

Natural Resources Canada.
What is Renewable Energy? Renewable energy is energy derived from natural processes that are replenished at a rate that is equal to or faster than the rate at which they are consumed.
● Browse by Technologies: Bioenergy
Geothermal Energy
Hydroelectricity - Hydro Energy
Ocean Energy
Solar Energy
Solar Thermal
Wind Energy - Wind Power.

Nuclear Age Timeline from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management, posted by Radiochemistry Society. Historical timeline traces the nuclear age from 1895-1993, from discovery of x-rays and radioactivity to the explosion of the first atomic bomb and subsequent clean up of the contamination from the last 50 years of the nuclear age.

Nuclear Power - energy from splitting Uranium atoms from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.
Uranium and nuclear power from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. Key facts. Supply and demand. Uranium production. Gross capacity of nuclear power plants in Canada. Uranium prices. Canadian nuclear research and development. CANDU nuclear reactors.

Odysen Renewable Energy Portal. Renewable energy calculators, directory, events, games, news archive, and location specific information for U.S. as well as International locations in Africa, Asia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America, Oceania, and South America. Use the calculators to estimate a renewable energy system.

Peak oil from Wikipedia.
What Is Peak Oil? from Peak Oil Barrel.
No Peak Oil for America or the World by James Conca, Contributor, Forbes, Mar 2, 2017.
Peak Oil Theory by Christopher O'Leary, Encyclopedia Britannica.

Renewable Electricity Generation from Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Renewable Power: Solar, Geothermal, Wind, Water.

Renewable Energy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

leaf Renewable Energy Basics from Re-Energy.ca.

Renewable Energy Directory

Renewable & Alternative Energy Fact Sheets from Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences.

Renewable Energy Agency in Australia. What is renewable energy? Renewable energy is energy which can be obtained from natural resources that can be constantly replenished. Renewable energy technologies include technologies that use - or enable the use of - one or more renewable energy sources. Types of renewable energy technologies include: bioenergy, geothermal energy, hydropower, wave, ocean energy, solar energy, wind energy.

Renewable Energy Facts from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN).

Renewable Energy News. Latest research news from ScienceDaily.

Renewable Energy News from SourceGuides.com. Latest renewable energy news from over 4000 news sources worldwide.

Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP). Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology. Articles from Resource Recycling Magazine.

Renewable Energy Source from renewable-energy-source.info. Brief information on various topics: Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Hydropower, Wave Power, Tidal Power, Biofuel, Salinity Gradient Power, Geothermal Power, Fuel Cell, Energy Conservation, Green Energy, plus Article: Affordable Renewable Energy for Everyone.

Renewable Energy Sources from Energy Kids, U.S. Energy Information Administration. Biomass, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Wind, Electricity, Hydrogen.
Recent Statistics (United States). U.S. total energy statistics, Crude oil and petroleum statistics, Natural gas statistics, Coal statistics, U.S. nuclear statistics, Fuel ethanol statistics, Biodiesel statistics.
What Is Energy?
Energy Sources.
Using and Saving Energy.
History of Energy.
Games and Activities.
Energy Calculators.
Glossary of Energy Terms.

Renewable Energy Sources. Site developed and maintained by Carol Grantham, Coordinator of Information Services, Catherine McAuley Library, St Aloysius College, 2017.
Comparisons of various energy sources from Nuclear Tourist.
What Is Renewable Energy from Alliant Energy Kids.
Ollie Saves the Planet from Ollie's World.

Residential Energy Factsheets from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

The Source for Renewable Energy. A comprehensive online buyer's guide and business directory to more than 10,000 renewable energy businesses and organizations worldwide.

Steel Sustainability from American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). Goal: Steel, Our Most Sustainable Material. North American Steel Industry Reduces Energy Intensity - Energy Reduction, CO2 Breakthrough Program, Minimizing the Life Cycle Impact of North American Steel. "Steel is the most recycled material on the planet, more than all other materials combined. The recycling chart . . . reveals the extremely high overall recycling rate for steel, which in 2008, stood at over 83 percent."

Sustainable Consumption from Sierra Club. "Sustainable consumption is the use of goods and services that satisfy basic needs and improve quality of life while minimizing the use of irreplaceable natural resources and the byproducts of toxic materials, waste, and pollution." Articles include: Eating as Though the Earth Matters. "Mar 27, 2009. Yet, as environmental science has advanced, it has become apparent that the human appetite for animal flesh is a driving force behind virtually every major category of environmental damage now threatening the human future: deforestation, erosion, fresh water scarcity, air and water pollution, climate change, biodiversity loss, social injustice, the destabilization of communities, and the spread of disease."

Forests, Food Security and Nutrition

Eat Locally, Ease Climate Change Globally from Washington Post.

A Caring and Sustainable Economy: A Concept Note from a Feminist Perspective by Cäcilie Schildberg, June 2014. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (Friedrich Ebert Foundation), International Policy Analysis. Contact: Dr. Cäcilie Schildberg, Caecilie.Schildberg@fes.de.

What Is Renewable Energy? From Just for Kids, Department of Environmental Protection. Renewable energy is a source of energy that can never be exhausted. Renewable energy can be obtained from the sun (solar energy), water (hydropower), wind (windmills), hot dry rocks, magma, hot water springs (geothermal), and even firewood, animal manure, crop residues and waste (Biomass).

Why is Fuel Economy Important? Topics: Protect the Environment, Global Warming, Oil Spills, Air Pollution, Conserve Resources for Future Generations, Reduce Oil Imports, from U.S. Department of Energy.

World Energy Consumption by Country, U.S. Energy Consumption, World Energy Production from U.S. Debt Clock.org. Tables show current, up-to-the-second running statistics. Figures in Billion BTU's. Countries: United States, China, Russia, Japan, India, Germany, Canada, France, Brazil, Korea, plus World Total Consumption figures. Topics: Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Nuclear, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Biofuels, Geothermal, Wind, Solar, plus World Total Production figures.

Zerofootprint. Mission: We Give you the Power to Create a Sustainable World. Zerofootprint believes that for sustainability, no action is insignificant. We should all drive, fly, and consume less and smarter. Zerofootprint is a registered Canadian not-for-profit organization. The goal is to mobilize and empower large groups of individuals and organizations worldwide, to reduce their collective carbon and ecological footprint.
Zerofootprint Kids Calculator. Footprint Calculator (Compare your footprints with national and international averages), Carbon Footprint, Ecological Footprint, Kids Calculator.
Carbon Footprint Calculator to measure your Carbon Footprint. Household Carbon Footprint Calculator from United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Bioenergy or Biomass

BC's Bioenergy Strategy: Examining Progress and Potential in the Province. Canadian Institute's BC Power Conference, January 2010. "We need to aggressively move BC towards being a global leader in the development and commercialization of new and existing biomass technologies and create hosting conditions that will allow the bioenergy industry to flourish in BC."

Biodiesel Fuel News. Consolidated News about Biodiesel, Biofuel, Biomass and Biodiesel Production.

Bioenergy from U.S. Department of Agriculture: Economic Research Service. Bioenergy is renewable energy derived from biological sources, to be used for heat, electricity, or vehicle fuel. Biofuel derived from plant materials is among the most rapidly growing renewable energy technologies.

Bioenergy from U.S. Department of Energy. Bioenergy technologies use renewable biomass resources to produce an array of energy related products including electricity, liquid, solid, and gaseous fuels, heat, chemicals, and other materials. ... The term "biomass" means any plant derived organic matter available on a renewable basis, including dedicated energy crops and trees, agricultural food and feed crops, agricultural crop wastes and residues, wood wastes and residues, aquatic plants, animal wastes, municipal wastes, and other waste materials.

Bioenergy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Bioenergy 101 - in PDF. Bioenergy comes from organic biomass sources such as wood residue and agricultural waste.

Bioenergy Frequently Asked Questions from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy.

Energy Sources from U.S. Department of Energy. Renewable Energy.

Biofuels emissions may be 'worse than petrol' by Jim Giles, NewScientist.com news service.

Biomass - energy from organic materials from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Build Your Own Biogas Generator from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). What Is Biogas? Biogas is a Form of Renewable Energy. Build It! The apparatus you are going to build uses a discarded 18 litre water container as the "digester." A mixture of water and animal manure will generate the methane, which you will collect in a plastic balloon ...

How to create a methane/ biogas generator? From Instructables.com.

Getting Real About Biofuels from Rainforest Action Network (RAN). "Agribusiness, oil, energy and auto companies are deceiving consumers and profiting by furthering the myth of a biofuel solution to global warming."

How Biodiesel Worksby M. Scott Hess, HowStuffWorks.

IEA Bioenergy. An organisation set up in 1978 by the International Energy Agency (IEA) with the aim of improving cooperation and information exchange between countries that have national programmes in bioenergy research, development and deployment.

Planet Power: Energy and the Environment. Biomass Energy: A research commitment on Global Warming, Renewable Energy, and Reforestation by using Nature's own "power plants"... Trees! Brief discussion on: Biomass Energy & Air Pollution, Biomass Energy & Agriculture, Biomass Energy Engineering, and Biomass Energy & Native Habitats. See also Quick Facts on Biomass Energy Crops.

What Is BIOMASS? From Biomass Energy Centre, UK. "Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy this is often used to mean plant based material, but biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material." Chemical composition, Plant material, Fossil fuels, The difference between biomass and fossil fuels, Categories of biomass materials, Conversion technologies.
Why Use BIOMASS? "Correctly managed, biomass is a sustainable fuel that can deliver a significant reduction in net carbon emissions when compared with fossil fuels." The problem with burning fossil fuels, Using biomass to achieve a carbon balance, Why biomass is not carbon neutral, Benefits of using biomass as a sustainable fuel.

Very easy to build biogas generator. Posted by Stephan.

Fuel Cells and Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Alternative Fuel Vehicles, Fuel Cell Vehicles, Advanced Technologies & Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficient Technologies, Why Is Fuel Economy Important? from United States Department of Energy.

Alternative Fuel Conversion from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Alternative Fuels from Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN).
Natural Gas
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Resources - Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels Data Center. Informative site with over 3000 documents. Alternative and Advanced Fuels: Biodiesel, Electricity, Ethanol, Hydrogen, Methanol, Natural Gas, Propane.

Cars and Light Trucks from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Information about controlling emissions from passenger cars and light trucks: consumer information, vehicle standards and regulations, certification and compliance, fuel economy, and test data.

How Hybrid Cars Work by Karim Nice and Julia Layton, HowStuffWorks.

The Edmunds Green Car Guide. Shop for fuel efficient cars, Alternative fuels - New technology, Hybrid cars, trucks and SUVs, Improve your gas mileage, Oil and oil prices.

Fuel cell from Wikipedia.
Fuel Cell Origins: 1840-1890
How Fuel Cells Work by KarimNice and Jonathan Strickland, HowStuffWorks.
Types of Fuel Cells from U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE).
Hydrogen Basics from NREL - A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
Hydrogen Basics from Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA). Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, though it is not found naturally on Earth. Hydrogen must be extracted from other sources. In its purest form, hydrogen is a non-toxic colorless and odorless gas. Hydrogen (when used as a fuel), like electricity, is an energy carrier rather than an energy resource.
Fuel Cell Basics from Smithsonian: The National Museum of American History. A fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction. Every fuel cell has two electrodes called, respectively, the anode and cathode. The reactions that produce electricity take place at the electrodes.
Glossary of Fuel Cell Terms from Smithsonian: The National Museum of American History.
Fuel Cells from Hydrogenics. Hydrogen + Oxygen = Electricity + Water Vapor. A fuel cell is a device that converts chemical potential energy (energy stored in molecular bonds) into electrical energy.
How to Build a Hydrogen Fuel Cell. YouTube video, 1:54 min. Published on Aug 16, 2010 by Howcast. Generating pollution-free electricity, the hydrogen fuel cell is a promising renewable energy technology.

Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) have the potential to significantly reduce our dependence on foreign oil and lower harmful emissions that contribute to climate change, from U.S. Department of Energy. Why is fuel economy important? 1. Saves money. 2. Reduces climate change. 3. Reduces oil dependence costs. 4. Increases energy sustainability.

Fuels and Energy Sources from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International). History of Fuel Cells, How Fuel Cells Work.

Green License Plates. and how to get them from Ontario Ministry of Transportation.

GreenerCars Ratings. How vehicles are rated. See also Rating the Environmental Impacts of Motor Vehicles: ACEEE's Green Book® Methodology, 2011 Edition from American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE).

How Fuel Cells Work from HowStuffWorks.com. How a Hydrogen-Boosted Gasoline Engine Works by the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide and Bob Brooks. Is ethanol fuel really better for the environment than sticking with gas? How Natural-Gas Vehicles Work by William Harris.

Hydrogen Cars. Site provides a long list of hydrogen concept automobiles and other vehicles in alphabetical order with photos, e.g. Audi A2H2 Car, BMW HR2 Race Car, BMW Hydrogen 7, Daihatsu Tanto FCHV, Fiat Panda Concept, Ford Airstream Concept, Ford Explorer Fuel Cell. Photos of Hydrogen Concept Cars and Prototypes. Also includes Hydrogen Highways with maps: BC Canada H2 Hwy, CA USA Hydrogen Hwy, Japan Hydrogen Hwy, Norway HyNor Project, as well as links to related resources.

Hybrid Cars News. Consolidated News: Hybrid Cars, Hybrid Vehicles and Hybrid Technologies.

Hydrogen Energy from Renewable Energy World. A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water. Fuel cells are often compared to batteries. Both convert the energy produced by a chemical reaction into usable electric power. However, the fuel cell will produce electricity as long as fuel (hydrogen) is supplied, never losing its charge. Fuel cells are a promising technology for use as a source of heat and electricity for buildings, and as an electrical power source for electric motors propelling vehicles. Fuel cells operate best on pure hydrogen.

Hydrogen Fuel News. Consolidated News: Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Energy Cells.

Hydrogen Program from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Contents include: Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Storage, Manufacturing, Conversion/Fuel Cells, Applications/Technology Validation, Safety, Codes and Standards, and more.

Natural Gas Power from BP. While solar and wind are expected to continue growing rapidly, their energy sources will always be intermittent - the sun does not always shine and the wind does not always blow. That's why the world will continue to rely on fossil fuels as its main source of energy for decades to come. Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel available. When used to create electricity, gas-fired power produces up to 55% less carbon dioxide than traditional coal-fired power. Watch a natural gas power flash movie: Natural Gas Power: How Does It Work?

Geothermal Energy

Basics of Geothermal Energy from GEO (Geothermal Education Office). What is geothermal energy? How does a geothermal reservoir work? What are the different ways in which geothermal energy can be used? How does a geothermal power plant work?

Geothermal - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Geothermal Energy. Energy 101 Video: Geothermal Heat Pumps. Geothermal FAQs. Geothermal Technology Basics.

Geothermal Energy is energy from heat inside the Earth from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Geothermal Energy Slide Show from Geothermal Education Office, Tiburon, CA.

Geothermal Power News. Consolidated News: Geothermal Power and Geothermal Energy.

Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth, from Wikipedia.

What is the future of geothermal energy? By Brian Merchant, HowStuffWorks.

Global Warming

Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast [ILLUSTRATED] (Paperback) by David Archer

Global Warming:
the Forecast
by David Archer
An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (Paperback) by Al Gore

An Inconvenient Truth:
The Planetary Emergency
of Global Warming and
What We Can Do About It
by Al Gore
Unstoppable Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years (Paperback) by Dennis T. Avery (Author), S. Fred Singer (Author)

Global Warming:
Every 1,500 Years
by Dennis T. Avery
and S. Fred Singer
You Can Prevent Global Warming (and Save Money!): 51 Easy Ways (Paperback) by Jeffrey Langholz

You Can Prevent
Global Warming
(and Save Money!):
51 Easy Ways
by Jeffrey Langholz

California Solutions for Global Warming.Global Warming Impacts. Global Warming Fact Sheets.

Climate Change Science: Adapt, Mitigate or Ignore? By David A. King, Science, Jan. 9, 2004. From the Heat Is Online.

Global Warming Fact Sheet Series by Joe Buchdahl, Rebecca Twigg and Laura Cresswell. Contents:

1. What is Global Climate Change?
2. What are the Greenhouse Gases?
3. What are Atmospheric Aerosols?
4. How Do We Measure Climate Changes?
5. How Do We Predict Future Climate Changes?
6. The Effects of Global Warming on: Sea Level
7. The Effects of Global Warming on: Agriculture
8. The Effects of Global Warming on: Wildlife
9. The Effects of Global Warming on: Health
10. The Effects of Global Warming on: Water Resources
11. The Effects of Global Warming on: Storms, Floods & Droughts.

Global Warming. Consequences of Global Warming from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
Energy and Global Warming from Center for Biological Diversity.
Global Warming from Sierra Club. Tilley's Track by Prof Allen Tilley.

10 Ways to Reduce Global Warming from UK.
Top 10 Things You Can Do to Reduce Global Warming by Larry West, Environmental Issues Expert, About.com.
Top 50 Things to Do to Stop Global Warming.
Global Warming Basics from Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). What it is, how it's caused, and what needs to be done to stop it.
Causes of Global Warming: the Human Impact.
Consequences of Global Warming - Unless we act now, our children will inherit a hotter world, dirtier air and water, more severe floods and droughts, and more wildfires.
Global Warming Solutions. Solving Global Warming: It Can Be Done - A four-point plan to drastically cut global warming pollution.
How to Fight Global Warming. Steps to take to reduce global warming pollution.

Global Warming Kids Site from EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. What is Global Warming, Climate & Weather, Greenhouse Effect, and more.

Global Warming Science Update, July 2006 - in PDF, 11 pages by Daniel A. Lashof, Ph.D., Science director, Climate Center, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

How Global Warming Works from HowStuffWorks.com.

Hurricanes and Global Warming - Is There a Connection? by Stefan Rahmstorf, Michael Mann, Rasmus Benestad, Gavin Schmidt, and William Connolley, from RealClimate.org.

What is the Greenhouse Effect? By Larry West, Your Guide to Environmental Issues, from Environment.About.com. Top 10 Things You Can Do to Reduce Global Warming. Global Warming: FAQ - Detailed information about the causes and anticipated effects of global warming.

Green Power

Definitions of Green Power on the Web from Google.

Green energy and green power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sources of energy which are considered environmentally friendly, non-polluting.

Green Energy News. Covering Clean, Renewable and Efficient Energy, Technology, Issues, Policy, Business ... Since 1996.

Green Power. Australian Government accredited GreenPower website. GreenPower is renewable energy sourced from the sun, the wind, water and waste. Green Power: Your Questions Answered. How green power works. What is global warming? What are the predicted impacts of global warming? How does standard electricity generation affect global warming?

The Green Power Network from U.S. Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).

Hydrogen Energy or Hydrogen Power

Hydrogen and Clean Fuels from National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) owned and operated by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Molecular hydrogen does not occur naturally on Earth but must be produced from hydrogen-containing materials. This process requires a primary energy source, such as fossil fuels, nuclear, or renewable sources.

Hydrogen Energy Center. Why Hydrogen? Hydrogen has three basic benefits that address these concerns: 1. Use of hydrogen greatly reduces pollution; 2. Hydrogen gas can be produced from methane, gasoline, biomass, coal or water; 3. If hydrogen is produced from water we have a sustainable production system. After the hydrogen is produced in an electrolyzer, it can be used in a fuel cell to produce electricity. The by products of the fuel cell process are water and heat.

Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). "Hydrogen typically exists as a diatomic molecule, meaning each molecule has two atoms of hydrogen; this is why pure hydrogen is commonly expressed as 'H2'. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, accounting for 90 percent of the universe by weight."Hydrogen Basics.

Hydrogen Power - Hydrogen Energy from BP. Hydrogen Power works by 'decarbonising' a fossil fuel (such as coal, oil or natural gas). This process would strip the fuel's carbon from its hydrogen atoms. The clean hydrogen is then burned to make electricity in a specially modified gas turbine, while capturing the carbon dioxide and sequestering it in depleted underground gas and oil fields or coal beds. By using hydrogen as a fuel virtually no greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are produced; the main by-product is water.

Kyoto Protocol

Climate Change Information Kit in PDF, 64 pages, 3.86 MB. Contents: Understanding the climate system, Facing the consequences, The Climate Change Convention (Information Sheet 21: The Kyoto Protocol), Limiting greenhouse gas emissions, and Facts & Figures.

Kyoto Protocol from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Articles 1-28. Convention adopted in New York on 9 May 1992. Text of the Kyoto Protocal - 1997 in Arabic, Chinese, English, Espa˝ol, Franšais, and Russian.

What is the Kyoto Protocol? By Larry West, Environment.About.com.

Solar Energy or Solar Power

Average Daily Solar Radiation Per Month - Annual Map. A color map showing general trends in the amount of solar radiation received in the United States - showing energy from the sun on a surface directly facing the sun.

Build a Solar Oven! From Home Science Tools.

CCTV-9 report: Solar bottle lights in the Philippines. YouTube video, 3:16 min. "Equivalent to a 55 watt light bulb they say!"

Facts About Solar Energy.com. What is solar energy? Discover solar power: How it works. Interesting facts about solar energy. Pros and cons - Advantages and disadvantages of solar energy. Solar energy history. Build your own solar energy system. Solar energy cost. Solar energy for homes.

How does solar energy work? from CODESO Corporation for Sustainable Development.
How Does Solar Energy Work? - All the Basics on Solar Power That You Need from Alternate Energy Sources.
How Does Solar Energy Work? From eHow.
How Solar Energy Panels Work. YouTube video, 1:15 min.
How Solar Panels Work from SaveOnEnergy.com.
Learn how to Build Solar Energy Systems from Facts About Solar Energy.

How Solar Cells Work from HowStuffWorks.com.

How Solar Energy Works by Ksenya, from The Solar Tribune. See also:
Advantages of Solar Energy.
Components of a Home Solar Energy System.
Solar Radiation.
Solar Thermal Energy.
Solar Panels for Your Home includes everything you need to know before installing home solar panels: Types of Photovoltaic Solar Panels, Components of a Solar Energy System, Evaluating Your Home for Solar, Determining the Size of Your System, Calculating Your Payback Period, Introduction to Solar Water Heating, and more.

Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven. An engineering enterprise from Science Buddies, July 31, 2014.
How To Build a Solar Oven from Home Science Tools.
How to Turn a Pizza Box into a Solar Oven. YouTube video, 2:58 min. Published on Jun 22, 2009 by Howcast.
Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Background. Materials. Instructions. One page PDF.

Robert English's Solar Energy Home. Take a tour of this solar home designed and built by Robert who studied electrical engineering at the University of Massachusetts. Electric power for this house is generated primarily by photovoltaic panels installed on the roof. Other information provided includes: Solar Greenhouse, Solar Heating, Solar Hot Water, and Passive Ice Box.

Solar - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Concentrating Solar Power. Energy 101 Video: Solar Photovoltaics. Solar Energy Basics.

Solar Action Alliance is a group of environmentalists in the United States who want to spread the word about the cleanest, most reliable and abundant source of renewable energy: the sun. Contents include: Solar Energy (Pros and Cons), Solar 101/Basics, and a Map where you can click on a State for more information about solar energy in that particular State.

Solar Electricity from Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), a Research Institute of the University of Central Florida. Solar Hot Water.

Solar energy from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Solar Energy Technologies Program. Concentrating Solar Power, Photovoltaics, Solar Heating, Solar Lighting.

Solar Power USA from BP - Renewable Energy Rebates and Incentives available in many states. How Does Solar Power Work?

Solar Power Answers - The Way to Green Power. A comprehensive guide to designing and installing solar electric power systems by Richard Stubbs. Includes: Basics of Solar Power. What is a solar cell and how does solar power work? Energy Efficiency, System Design, Wiring Tips.

Solar Power is energy from the Sun from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Solar Technology from Arizona Solar Center. Contents include: Passive Solar Energy, Solar Cooking, Solar Hot Water, Photovoltaics (PV), Solar Architecture in Arizona, Quick Facts: Solar Hot Water Economics, and Quick Facts: Solar Electric Economics.

Solar Power News. Consolidated News: Solar Power, Solar Energy and Solar Electric Power.

Solar Water Heaters from Natural Resources Canada.
Types - solar water heaters. In most of Canada, for year-round water heating, it is important to pick a system that can be protected from freezing. Solar domestic hot water (SDHW) systems come in a variety of designs with different types of collectors and circulation systems.
Solar Water Heaters from Energy.gov. Solar water heaters ... can be used in any climate, and the fuel they use - sunshine - is free. How They Work.
Solar water heating from Wikipedia.
A Consumer's Guide: Heat Your Water with the Sun from Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. What is solar heating? What are the basic components of a solar thermal system? How have solar systems improved? ...

Videos from YouTube - Solar Power

How It's Made: Solar Panels. 4:36 min.
Hybrid Solar Lighting. 5:18 min.

Water Power or Hydropower

Build Your Own Hydroelectric Generator by GreenLearning Canada. Micro-Hydro Templates.

How Hydropower Plants Work - The Power of Water from HowStuffWorks.com.

How to Build a Small-Scale Hydroelectric Generator by Mircea Sandru.

Hydro-electric power is generated from falling water from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Hydroelectric Power Water Use from U.S. Geological Survey |(USGS).

Hydro Power: Generating Electricity from River Flow. Hydro power is generated by using electricity generators to extract energy from moving water.

Hydropower or Hydraulic power, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Hydropower Basics. How hydropower works, Advantages and disadvantages of its use, Hydropower use throughout history, U.S. hydropower resource potential, Current research and development.

Pharaoh’s Pump Foundation is an Oregon based, nonprofit organization dedicated to the development of decentralized, energy efficient, nonpolluting technologies. The primary goal is to research, develop and build the water pumping technology utilized by the Original Builders of the Great Pyramid. The organization intends to redevelop the type of water pump the Great Pyramid was originally designed to be. Rediscovering and utilizing this high technology of Ancient mankind will improve our world in modern times.

Pumped Storage Reservoirs - storing energy to cope with big demands from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Water - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Hydroelectric Power. Hydropower Basics.

Water conservation tips - How to conserve water at home. YouTube video, 3:18 min.
100+ Ways to Conserve Water from Water Use It Wisely.

Videos from YouTube - Water Power
Water Powered Vehicle. 2:39 min. (See also: Stanley Meyer's water fuel cell from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia).
Japanese Water Powered Car!!. 1:21 min.
Water as Fuel (via ZPE). 3.14 min.

Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Wave, Tidal, or Ocean Energy

About Wave Energy. Waves are a free and sustainable energy resource created as wind blows over the ocean surface.

Renewable Energy - Exploring Ways to Use Ocean Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Includes info on tidal and wave power. Ocean Tidal Power. Ocean Wave Power. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion.

Tidal power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tidal power, sometimes called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that exploits the movement of water caused by tidal currents or the rise and fall in sea levels due to the tides.

Tidal power - energy from the sea from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Tidal Power News. Consolidated News: Tidal Power, Tidal Energy, Tidal Wave Energy and Wave Power.

Wave Power - energy from the wind on the sea from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Wind Energy or Wind Power

Building a Wind Turbine. YouTube video, 36:12 min. Barry demonstrates how to make a homemade wind turbine.

Energy Resources: Wind Power Quiz from Andy Darvill's Science Site.

Fact Sheet on Wind Power in Kansas. Prepared by Kansas Chapter, Sierra Club. Cost of Wind Power vs Burning Coal. Reliability of Wind Power. Need for Transmission Lines.

How Do Wind Turbines Work?<.a> from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy, USA.gov.

How Does a Wind Turbine Work? From Universe Today.

How Wind Power Works from HowStuffWorks.com.

Mother Nature Takes a Part: Wind Energy from PartSelect. Includes: History of Wind Energy, Generation of Electricity from Wind, Wind Farms, Offshore Wind Energy, Small-Scale Use of Wind Energy, Economics of Wind Energy, Environmental Impact, Wind Energy Research and Future Prospects, plus related links.

It's a Gas. An Educational Resource from BLM (Bureau of Land Management). Includes classroom activities.
Get Energized - Educator's Guide.
Get Energized. An Energy Snapshot video, Powering Our Planet, What Do You Know?
Wind Energy includes Fact Sheet, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Geothermal Energy includes Fact Sheet, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Solar Energy from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Renewable Energy: Solar. BLM Fact Sheet from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Oil and Gas includes Oil and Gas Statistics, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Coal includes Coal Background and Laws, Coal Statistics, from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
Helium includes Helium Fast Facts, Helium Statistics and Information (USGS), Helium Resources in the U.S., from U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
● See also Earth's energy budget from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Plan B: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble, Chapter 9. Cutting Carbon Emissions in Half.

Videos from YouTube - Wind Power
      Renewable Energy: Wind Power. 7:48 min.
      Building a Wind Turbine. 9:59 min.
      Wind Turbine - Rooftop 1:30 min.

Wind - Renewable Energy from U.S. Department of Energy. Energy 101 Video: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update. How Wind Turbines Work. Wind Energy Basics. Wind Energy FAQs.

Wind Energy and Wind Facts from Canadian Wind Energy Association. Contents include: How Wind is Produced: Like all forms of energy, wind is created as a result of the sun. How Wind Energy is Produced: Wind turbines capture the kinetic energy in surface winds and convert it into electrical energy in the form of electricity. Wind Energy Applications: There are two kinds of wind energy applications in Canada: large scale and small scale. Benefits of Wind Energy, Fact Sheets, and more.

Wind Energy Basics from U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Wind Energy and Wind Power. Wind Turbines, Wind Energy Resources in the United States, Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind-Generated Electricity.

Wind Energy Benefits. Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series, April 2005. Source: U.S. Department of Energy, from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.
Benefits of Wind Energy from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.
Factsheets and Statistics. Wind Energy by the Numbers. Source: American Wind Energy Association, from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.

Wind Energy Benefits - Fact Sheet from Department of Energy.
5 Things You Should Know About Wind Energy from Department of Energy, Aug 8, 2017.
QUIZ: Test your Wind Energy IQ.
Wind Energy: Multimedia. Photographs, videos, maps, and animations provide information about wind energy resources.
Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update. Video, 3:16 min. Published on May 6, 2014 by U.S. Department of Energy.
How Do Wind Turbines Work? From Wind Energy Technologies Office. Types of Wind Turbines. Sizes of Wind Turbines.

Wind Power from BP. Wind power has the potential to make a major difference in addressing climate change. We estimate that if 10% of the world’s power came from wind, it would cut CO2 emissions by one billion tonnes a year. How Does Wind Power Work?

Wind Energy by the Numbers: Factsheets and Statistics from Pennsylvania Wind Working Group.
20% Wind Energy by 2030
Do wind turbines cause health problems? by Julia Layton, HowStuffWorks.
Attractiveness in Wind Power Value Chain.

Wind Energy for Electric Power. A REPP Issue Brief by Ari Reeves, with Fredric Beck, Executive Editor, July, 2003 (updated November 2003).

Wind Energy Myths from U.S. Department of Energy.

Wind power from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Wind Power: Capacity Factor, Intermittency, and what happens when the wind doesn't blow? From Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst. What is a "capacity factor" and why does it matter?

Wind power - energy from the air from Andy Darvill's Science Site. How it works. Details. Advantages. Disadvantages. Is it renewable? Summary. Quiz.

Wind Power Myths vs. Facts from American Wind Energy Association.

Wind Power News. Consolidated News: Wind Power, Wind Energy and Wind Farms Generation.

World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) is an international non-profit association embracing the wind sector worldwide, with more than 600 members in 100 countries. WWEA works for the promotion and worldwide deployment of wind energy technology.
American Wind Energy Association (AWEA).
Australian Wind Energy Association - TETHYS. Tethys, named after the Greek titaness of the sea, was developed in 2009 by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Energy Technologies Office and Water Power Technologies Office.
British Wind Energy Association (BWEA).
Canadian Wind Energy Association (CANWEA).
European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).
German Wind Energy Association (BWE) - in English.
German WindEnergy Association (BWE = Bundesverband WindEnergie e.V.) - auf Deutsch.
Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).
World Wind Energy Association (WWEA).