A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

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Christmas Trees from Around the World,
Twelve Days of Christmas, and
Christmas at Arlington National Cemetery

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Christmas Trees from Around the World
Twelve Days of Christmas
Christmas at Arlington National Cemetery

Christmas Trees from Around the World

Capitol Christmas tree in Washington, D.C.

1. The Capitol Christmas tree in Washington, D.C. is decorated with 3,000 ornaments that are the handiwork of U.S. schoolchildren. Encircling evergreens in the 'Pathway of Peace' represent the 50 U.S. states.

Slopes of Monte Ingino outside of Gubbio, in Italy's Umbria Region.

2. The world's largest Christmas tree display rises up the slopes of Monte Ingino outside of Gubbio, in It'saly's Umbria region. Composed of about 500 lights connected by 40,000 feet of wire, the 'tree' is a modern marvel for an ancient city.

Tokyo's night time neon display of a Christmas tree.

3. A Christmas tree befitting Tokyo 's night time neon display is projected onto the exterior of the Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka.

Prague's Old Town Square Christmas market.

4. Illuminating the Gothic facades of Prague's Old Town Square, and casting its glow over the manger display of the famous Christmas market, is a grand tree cut in the Sumava mountains in the southern Czech Republic.

Artistic Christmas tree on Venice's Murano Island

5. Venice's Murano Island renowned throughout the world for its quality glasswork is home to the tallest glass tree in the world. Sculpted by master glass blower Simone Cenedese, the artistic Christmas tree is a modern reflection of the holiday season.

Moscow celebrates Christmas according to the Russian Orthodox calendar on January 7.

6. Moscow celebrates Christmas according to the Russian Orthodox calendar on Jan. 7. For weeks beforehand, the city is alive with festivities in anticipation of Father Frost's arrival on his magical troika with the Snow Maiden. He and his helper deliver gifts under the New Year tree, or yolka, which is traditionally a fir.

The largest Christmas tree in Europe can be found in the Praça do Comércio in Lisbon, Portugal.

7. The largest Christmas tree in Europe (more than 230 feet tall) can be found in the Praça do Comércio in Lisbon, Portugal. Thousands of lights adorn the tree, adding to the special enchantment of the city during the holiday season.

A Christmas tree aglow beside a tiny chapel in Germany's Karwendel mountains.

8. 'O Christmas tree, O Christmas tree': Even in its humblest attire, aglow beside a tiny chapel in Germany's Karwendel mountains, a Christmas tree is a wondrous sight.

Ooh la la Galeries Lafayette! In Paris, even the Christmas trees are chic.

9. Ooh la la Galeries Lafayette! In Paris, even the Christmas trees are chic. With its monumental, baroque dome, plus 10 stories of lights and high fashion, it is no surprise that this show-stopping department store draws more visitors than the Louvre and the Eiffel Tower.

Vatican's heavenly evergreen Christmas tree, St. Peter's Square, Rome.

10. In addition to the Vatican's heavenly evergreen, St. Peter's Square in Rome hosts a larger-than-life nativity scene in front of the obelisk.

A Christmas tree greets revelers at the Puerta del Sol in Madrid.

11. The Christmas tree that greets revelers at the Puerta del Sol is dressed for a party. Madrid's two-week celebration makes millionaires along with merrymakers. On Dec. 22, a lucky citizen will win El Gordo (the fat one), the world's biggest lottery.

12. A token of gratitude for Britain's aid during World War II, the Christmas tree in London's Trafalgar Square has been the annual gift of the people of Norway since 1947.

A Christmas tree at the holiday market, Romer, Frankfurt's city hall.

13. Drink a glass of gluhwein from the holiday market at the Romer Frankfurt's city hall since 1405 and enjoy a taste of Christmas past.

A rainbow trio of 
Christmas trees lights up the night (location unknown).

14. Against a backdrop of tall, shadowy firs, a rainbow trio of Christmas trees lights up the night (location unknown).

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The Story behind the Twelve Days of Christmas

Google image from http://www.wisdomportal.com/Christmas/12DaysOfChristmasCards.html

There is one Christmas Carol that has always baffled me.

What in the world do leaping lords, French hens, swimming swans, and especially the partridge who won't come out of the pear tree have to do with Christmas?

This week, I found out.

From 1558 until 1829, Roman Catholics in England were not permitted to practice their faith openly. Someone during that era wrote this carol as a catechism song for young Catholics. It has two levels of meaning: the surface meaning plus a hidden meaning known only to members of their church. Each element in the carol has a code word for a religious reality which the children could remember.

● The partridge in a pear tree was Jesus Christ.

● Two turtle doves were the Old and New Testaments.
Old Testament vs. New Testament - What are the differences?

● Three French hens stood for faith, hope and love.
Faith, hope and charity.

● The four calling birds were the four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke & John.
The Four Gospels Comparative Chart.

● The five golden rings recalled the Torah or Law, the first five books of the Old Testament.
Torah: First five books of Moses.

● The six geese a-laying stood for the six days of creation.
The Creation - Children's Bible Stories (YouTube video, 4:37 min.)

● Seven swans a-swimming represented the sevenfold gifts of the Holy Spirit:
1. Wisdom
2. Understanding
3. Right Judgment [Counsel]
4. Courage [Fortitude, Strength]
5. Knowledge
6. Reverence [Piety]
7. Wonder and Awe [Fear of the Lord].
Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.

● The eight maids a-milking were the eight beatitudes.
The Eight Beatitudes of Jesus.

● Nine ladies dancing were the nine fruits of the Holy Spirit
1. Love
2. Joy
3. Peace
4. Patience
5. Kindness
6. Goodness
7. Faithfulness
8. Gentleness
9. Self-Control.
Fruit of the Holy Spirit.

● The ten lords a-leaping were the ten commandments.
10 Commandments - Dr. Jan Garrett's Short Version:

(1) You shall worship no other gods.

(2) You shall not make yourself a graven image, or any likeness of anything . . . ; you shall not bow down to them or serve them . . .

(3) You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.

(4) Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy.

(5) Honor your father and your mother.

(6) You shall not commit murder or manslaughter.

(7) You shall not commit adultery.

(8) You shall not enslave [another free Israelite].

(9) You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

(10) You shall not make a wrongful attempt to acquire your neighbor's possessions, including his servants, his animals, or his wife.

The Ten Commandments. Site includes printable versions of the Ten Commandments, and The Jewish and Hebrew Ten Commandments.

● The eleven pipers piping stood for the eleven faithful disciples.
11 Faithful Apostles:

(1) Simon Peter

(2) Andrew

(3) James

(4) John

(5) Philip

(6) Bartholomew

(7) Matthew

(8) Thomas

(9) James son of Alphaeus

(10) Simon the Zealot

(11) Judas son of James (Thaddaeus).

Judas Iscariot was the twelfth disciple but since he betrayed Jesus he is not considered as one of the 11 faithful.

● The twelve drummers drumming symbolized the twelve points of belief in The Apostle’s Creed.

1. I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and earth.

2. and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord

3. who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary,

4. suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried: He descended into Hell:

5. the third day He rose again from the dead.

6. He ascended into Heaven,

7. and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty.

8. From thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.

9. I believe in the Holy Spirit,

10. one holy Christian Church, the fellowship of saints,

11. the forgiveness of sins,

12. the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting.

* * * * * * * * * * * *

Remember: the Twelve Days of Christmas are the 12 days following December 25th. The Christmas Season runs until Epiphany, January 6.

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Christmas at Arlington Cemetery image from http://www.thetroubleshooters.com/80th/arlington01.html

Christmas at Arlington Cemetery image from http://www.thetroubleshooters.com/80th/arlington01.html
Arlington National Cemetery

Rest easy, sleep well my brothers.
Know the line has held, your job is done.
Rest easy, sleep well.
Others have taken up where you fell, the line has held.
Peace, peace, and farewell ...

Readers may be interested to know that these wreaths (over 5000) are donated by the Worcester Wreath Co. of Harrington, Maine. The owner, (his name is actually Morill Worcester, not Merrill), Christmas Wreaths at Arlington Cemetery - Truth! Merrill Worcester, not only provides the wreaths, but covers the trucking expense as well. He's done this since 1992. A wonderful guy. Also, most years, groups of Maine school kids combine an educational trip to DC with this event to help out. Making this even more remarkable is the fact that Harrington is in one the poorest parts of the state.

Christmas Wreaths - from Snope.com.

YouTube video, 7:10 min.
Arlington Wreath Project and Wreaths Across America.
Song: "For My Country" sung by writer/musicians

The Right Brothers: Aaron Sain and Frank Highland.

The Right Brothers "For My Country" - YouTube video, 5:07 min.

Read Article and View Video (3:26 min.)
Family Members, Volunteers Remember Fallen Heroes
at Arlington Cemetery, Virginia.

View Google Map for Arlington National Cemetery
McNair Rd, Arlington, VA 22211.

Arlington National Cemetery - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Arlington National Cemetery is a military cemetery in the United States of America, established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House . . .
The cemetery is situated directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., and near The Pentagon . . .
In an area of 624 acres (2.53 km2), veterans and military casualties from each of the nation's wars are interred in the cemetery, ranging from the American Civil War through to the military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq."
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