A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

Virtual Library of Useful URLs
Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification

400 Language

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400 Language and languages
403 Encyclopedias and dictionaries
411 Acronyms, Abbreviations, Alphabet, Hieroglyphics, Picture writing, Writing, (Emoticons), (Smileys), (Online shorthand), (Computer jargon), (Chat acronyms), (E-mail shorthand), (Writing systems)
414.6 Accents and accentuation
418 Modern languages - Conversations and phrases, Translating and interpreting, (Translation), (Translations), (Machine translating), (Mechanical translating)
419 Sign language, Deaf - Means of communication, Signs and symbols, (Nonverbal communication), (Language and languages)
420.7 English as a second language, (ESL), (English as a foreign language), (EFL), (English for foreigners)
421 English language - Spelling
422 English language - Etymology, (English language - History)
423 English language - Dictionaries, (Dictionary), English language - Synonyms and antonyms, (Synonym), (Antonym), (Thesaurus), (Thesauri), English language - Homonyms, (Homonym), (Homophones), English language - Terms and phrases
425 English language - Grammar, (English grammar)
427 English language - Slang
428 English language - Errors, English language - Idioms
428.3 English language - Usage dictionaries, (Pun)
430 German language
437.947 Yiddish language
439.7 Swedish language
439.8 Danish language, Norwegian language
440 French language
450 Italian language
460 Spanish language
469 Portuguese language
470 Latin language
491.55 Persian language
495.1 Chinese language
495.6 Japanese language

400 LANGUAGE

400 Language and languages

Antosch and Lin Online Language Learning. Learn languages online using an effective Flashcard System. Available languages: Chinese (Mandarin), Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, and Other. Practice and test your vocabulary, various exercises (multiple choice tests, writing exercises and listening exercises). Words and sentences in high audio quality. Suitable for all levels: Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced. Study words and sentences by one daily lesson via a free newsletter.

BBC Languages. Choose a language: French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Greek, Chinese. Latest in Languages. Learn Online.

Before You Know It: Learn a Language with Perfect Recall. Free Language Software Downloads include a full working copy of Before You Know It Lite, plus a collection of lists for your chosen language. Languanges include: Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belorussian, Bulgarian, Chinese (Mandarin), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Farsi, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Latin, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (brazilian), Portuguese (European), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog (Filipino), Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World from SIL International (formerly Summer Institute of Linguistics). Here you will find 6,809 languages spoken in 228 countries.

Forvo: the pronunciation guide. All the words in the world pronounced by native speakers.

TheFreeDictionary.com. Contents include: English Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical Dictionary, Legal Dictionary, Financial Dictionary, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia, The Free Library, plus More Languages: Spanish Dictionary, German Dictionary, French Dictionary, Italian Dictionary, Arabic Dictionary, Chinese Dictionary (Simplified), Polish Dictionary, Portuguese Dictionary, Dutch Dictionary, Norwegian Dictionary, Greek Dictionary, Russian Dictionary, Turkish Dictionary, Hebrew Dictionary.

Free Online Language Courses. Choose from 118 languages in alphabetical order from Abenaki to Xhosa.

Hello-World. Learn English, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Italian, Mandarin Chinese, Indonesian and Computers Online. Games, activities, and songs with Native Speakers.

iLoveLanguages: Your Guide to Languages on the Web. Formerly known as The Human-Languages Page. The purpose of this site is to list, categorize, and promote Internet resources related to language learning, education, and use.

"I Love You!" in Many Languages.

Indo-European Languages. Free language tutorials: Basic phrases, vocabulary and grammar in 15 languages. 12 Indo-European: French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese. Slavic Languages: Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian. 3 Non-Indo-European Languages: Finnish, Turkish, Indonesian.

The Internet Picture Dictionary - English. Also available for: French, German, Italian, Spanish. browse by Letter A-Z, or by Category.

Language and Culture Pages. Select one of the following languages: Arabic, brazilian Portuguese, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (European), Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, and Ukrainian to learn about its origin, forms of address, and grammar. Survival Phrases provide Basic Phrases as well as a sample Dialog. Click on the phrase to hear a native speaker's voice. Check out Word of the Day and an excellent section on Web Proficiency Tests that provide instant evaluation, scores, and answers.

Language Course Finder. Search over 10,000 Language Schools teaching 88 Language courses in 115 Countries.

Language Dictionaries and Translators. Links to numerous language dictionaries from Abadani to Zarma, plus links to Multiple Language Dictionaries and Additional Dictionary Indexes.

LanguageGuide.org. English - Español (Spanish) - Français (French) - Deutsch (German) - pǔ tōng huà (Mandarin Chinese) - Русский (Russian) - עברית (Hebrew) - and (Hindi). Select a language, then mouse over the word to hear its proper pronunciation.

Languages Online. Free language tutorials online. Available for French, Spanish, Portuguese, and German.

Loecsen Orizon: Travel with Languages. Site provides conversational essential phrases in English - German, French, Italian, Chinese (Mandarin), Japanese, and Korean for travellers, and more. Each expression is presented with an audio recording and an illustration. See also: Useful Chinese Expressions, Useful French Expressions, Useful German Expressions, Useful Japanese Expressions.

Omniglot: Language index. Omniglot (the online encyclopedia of writing systems and languages) bySimon Ager from Bangor, Wales, is one of the most amazing sites on the Internet today. Here is an alphabetical index of all the languages featured on Omniglot. Search from A to Z. See also: What is writing? | Abjads | Alphabets | Syllabic Alphabets | Syllabaries | Semanto-phonetic scripts | Undeciphered scripts | Alternative scripts | Your con-scripts | Writing direction index | Languages by writing system | Languages by family | A-Z index | Site map | Search this site.

Omniglot: Useful foreign phrases. Site maintained by Simon Ager. A collection of useful phrases in many different languages, some with sound files. Search Index by phrase, by language, or by language family.

The Pimsleur Method. Dr. Paul Pimsleur devoted his life to language teaching and testing and was one of the world's leading experts in applied linguistics. He was fluent in French, good in German, and had a working knowledge of Italian, Russian, Modern Greek, and Mandarin Chinese. Each lesson is approximately 30 minutes long. Available languages range from Albanian to Vietnamese.

Pro-Tran: Language Information. Pro-Tran's database of world languages contains around 4500 languages, separated into "primary" (left of screen - language selection) and "secondary" (right of screen - language selection). Languages are classified as "primary" if they are spoken by more than one million persons. Includes links to online translation, dictionaries, and more.

Language Courses Abroad provides cultural immersion based language courses in Europe (French, Spanish, German and Italian). Visit TellusLanguagesAbroad.com for a selection of 100+ language programmes in some of the best language schools in Europe. Learn French in Brittany or Perpignan, Learn Spanish in Barcelona, Granada and Almuñécar, or San Sebastian, Learn German in Berlin, Learn Italian in Florence.

Text to Speech from SitePal. You Type ... She speaks ... This is amazing. Try it just for fun and see. Her eyes follow your cursor. She even blinks. Turn up the volume. She will say anything you type in any of the 27 languages listed. Example: Enter Text: "Guten Tag". Select Language: "German". Click the "Say It" button, and she will say it for you in German!

"Thank you" in over 465 languages. See also how to say: hello, good morning, good afternoon, good evening and good night, how are you? welcome, goodbye, please, what is your name? my name is..., do you speak English? yes, no, and I don't understand in many different languages. Includes great links to Dictionaries, Grammars, and other online language resources.

World Languages Homework Help from Discovery Education.

403 Encyclopedias and dictionaries

See also 423 English language - Dictionaries, (Dictionary), English language - Synonyms and antonyms, (Synonym), (Antonym), (Thesaurus), (Thesauri), English language - Homonyms, (Homonym), English language - Terms and phrases

britannica Concise Encyclopedia. A one-volume encyclopedia that includes 25,000 short entries.

Columbia Encyclopedia - Bartleby.com. (May contain offensive pop-up or banner ads).

 Search:   for    

Dictionaries from yourDictionary.com. Including Multiple Dictionary Search Engines and numerous links to other Vocabulary Aids: Abbreviations & Acronyms, Synonym Dictionaries, Thesauri, Phrase Dictionaries, Quotations, Lexicography and Lexical Databases, Pronunciation and Rhyming Dictionaries, Writing Systems, and Miscellany. See also Scrabble Links, Scrabble Cheat Sheet - Word lists adapted from SCRABBLE? Wordbook by Mike Baron. Cliché Finder, Clichés by Letter - Largest collection of cliches, phrases and sayings, A Little Etymology, and others).

Dictionaries for Kids. Lookup forms for major Internet Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, and Thesauri.

Encarta Encyclopedia 2012. Free download. Encyclopedia, dictionary, and atlas online.

Encyclopedia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Encyclopedia.com. Because knowledge is cool - powered by eLibrary.

TheFreeDictionary.com. English, Medical, Legal, and Computer Dictionaries, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, a Literature Reference Library, and a Search Engine all in one!

Online Dictionary
Word:
by:

Free Online Encyclopedias. Search over 100 encyclopedias and dictionaries. Get facts, information, biographies, and definitions with online encyclopedias and dictionaries at Encyclopedia.com.

Free-Translator.com - Translators. Free downloads from TUCOWS, including translators and dictionaries. Includes links to online dictionaries.

OneLook Dictionary Search. General dictionaries and glossaries indexed by the OneLook® search engine. Some 6,081,414 words in 966 dictionaries indexed. Specialized dictionaries include Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Technology dictionaries. Multilingual dictionaries also included.

Enter word or phrase:

Online Dictionaries. Free! Bible dictionary, Business dictionary, Chinese dictionary, Computer & Internet dictionary, Crossword dictionaries, Danish dictionary, Dream interpretation dictionary, Symbolism dictionaries, Drug dictionaries, English dictionary, Finnish dictionary, French dictionary, German dictionary, Greek dictionary, Hebrew dictionary, Italian dictionary, Japanese dictionary, Latin dictionary, Law & Legal dictionary, Medical dictionary (diseases), Occupational titles, Polish dictionary, Philippine dictionary, Rhyming dictionary, Russian dictionary, Science dictionary, Sign language dictionary, Slang dictionary, Spanish dictionary, Swedish dictionary, Technical dictionaries, Turkish dictionary, Vietnamese dictionary, Yiddish dictionary, and others.

Power Thesaurus. Crowdsourced. Straightforward. User-friendly.

travlang's Translating Dictionaries. On-line translating dictionaries from English (and vice versa) to German (Deutsch), Dutch (Nederlands), French (Francais), Spanish (Espanol), Portuguese (Portugues), Italian (Italiano), Danish (Dansk), Swedish (Svenska), Latin (Latina), Finnish (Suomi), Norwegian (Norsk), Frisian (Frysk), Afrikaans, Hungarian (Magyar), Czech (C^esky), Polish, Esperanto, and Turkish. Other on-line dictionaries include: Albanian, Arabic, Bulgarian, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Farsi, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, and Yiddish.

Visual Dictionary Online from Merriam-Webster. 20,000 terms with contextual definitions, 15 major themes to access 6,000 full-color images, enter a word at the Index to search. This Visual Dictionary is filled with illustrations labeled with terminology in up to six languages. Includes audio pronunciation for terms.

WordReference Online Language Dictionaries. WordReference Dictionaries are free online translation dictionaries. English to French, Italian, German, Spanish & Russian Dictionaries and vice versa: French, Italian, German, Spanish & Russian to English Dictionaries, plus English to English - definitions.

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Available in some 40 languages including English.

yourDictionary.com. A powerful and very useful language resource. Links to over 1,800 dictionaries in 260 languages.

411 Acronyms, Abbreviations, Alphabet, Hieroglyphics, Inscriptions, Picture writing, Writing, (Emoticons), (Smileys), (Online shorthand), (Computer jargon), (Chat acronyms), (E-mail shorthand), (Writing systems)

See also Common, Uncommon and Specialized Abbreviations

Acronym Finder. Over 376,000 acronyms, abbreviations and their meanings in the database and growing.

Acronym Finder

Acronym or abbreviation to find:

Acronym Search. Some 50,530 acronyms and abbreviations in the database. Includes a Reverse Lookup.

Acronyms, Abbreviations, Definitions. A listing of Non-Technical Acronyms, Technical Acronyms, First Level Domain Acronyms for Internet Addresses, Abbreviations including @, Bcc:, Cc:, and Definitions of words commonly heard on the Internet, found in E-Mail messages and Newsgroup postings. Includes some Latin Abbreviations.

Acronyms & Shorthand - Chat Acronyms and Shorthand from YouthTech. Includes List of Shorthand A-Z, Smileys, More Smileys, Larger Smileys, Animals, and more.

AncientScripts.com. Excellent site on writing systems of the world with explanations of pertinent historical facts in plain English. Includes images, diagrams, charts, and drawings where relevant, as well as links.

Google Glossary - Search for Definitions and Acronyms on the Web. In the Google search box, type: define: dragon or define dragon, hit ENTER key to see the difference a colon makes in your search results.

Google glossary  

Hieroglyphic Directory. The ancient Egyptian picture language. Contents: Hierophyphs, Hieroglyphic Alphabet, Biliteral Hieroglyphs, Triliteral glyphs, Determinative glyphs - symbols that help to define a word, Number glyphs, AEL (Ancient Egyptian Language), and Egyptian Name Translator.

Hieroglyphs. Contents: Ancient Egyptian Writing, Numbers, Eye of Horus, and Learn More (links). Excellent illustrations.

How to Understand Acronyms by Sandy Berger, AARP (American Association of Retired Persons). Includes Farewell: BBL - Be Back Later, BFN - Bye For Now ... , Interjections: BTW - By The Way, IMO - In My Opinion ... , Chat Room Talk, Laughing, Common Responses: NBD - No Big Deal, NOYB - None Of Your Business, OIC - Oh, I See ...

Official Abbreviations from United States Postal Service. States and Possessions, Street Suffixes (AVE, BLVD, GDNS, ...), and Secondary Unit Designators (APT, BSMT, DEPT, RM, ...).

Smileys and Emoticons from NetLingo.com. A smiley is a sequence of characters typed using the computer keyboard. Colon represents the eyes, dash represents the nose, and right parenthesis represents the mouth.

Unofficial Smiley Dictionary (including Asian Smilies) from LaPoin's World of the Internet.

414.6 Accents and accentuation

Speech Accent Archive. Site examines the accented speech of speakers, both male and female, from many different language backgrounds reading the same English sample paragraph. Listen to 252 speech samples arranged alphabetically by language.

418 Modern languages - Conversations and phrases, Translating and interpreting, (Translation), (Translations), (Machine translating), (Mechanical translating)

Dictionary.com Translator. Type in plain text or URL of Webpage and translate it for free. Your choice of translation: 1) from English to French, German, Italian, Portuguese, or Spanish; 2) from French to English or German; 3) from German to English or French; 4) from Italian to English; and 5) from Portuguese to English.

Foreign Languages for Travelers. Translate from one language to another. Basic words, Numbers, Shopping/Dining, Travel, Directions, Places, Time and Dates. Listen to every word with RealAudio. English, Esperanto, Estonian, Farsi, Finnish, French, Frisian, Galician, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Ido, Indonesian, Interlingua, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Malaysian, Mandarin, Marshallese, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russky, Serbian, Sesotho, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Taiwanese, Thai, Turkish, Ukranian, Vietnamese, Welsh, Xhosa, Yiddish, Zulu.

FreeTranslation.com. Fastest, free Web-based machine translation. Translates from Spanish, French, and German to English, as well as from English to Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Norwegian.

Google Language Tools. Search Specific Languages or Countries, Translate Text or Translate a Webpage by typing in the URL, Use the Google Interface in Your Choice of Language, or Visit Google's Site in Your Local Domain.

Google Translate - beta. Translate text or webpage. About 41 languages available for translation: Albanian, Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese. See also How to Use Google Translate by eHow Internet Editor.

Language Dictionaries and Translators. Links to numerous language dictionaries from Abadani to Zarma, plus links to Multiple Language Dictionaries and Additional Dictionary Indexes.

Majstro: a multilingual translation dictionary. Choose a Source language, a Target language, and whether you wish the translation precision to be high or low. Majstro is able to recognize alternative spellings, e.g. color or colour, as well as frequently misspelled words. Site provides other useful information including official names of countries and their national languages, counting from 1 to 10 in different languages, and more.

travlang's Translating Dictionaries. On-line translating dictionaries from English (and vice versa) to German (Deutsch), Dutch (Nederlands), French (Francais), Spanish (Espanol), Portuguese (Portugues), Italian (Italiano), Danish (Dansk), Swedish (Svenska) Finnish (Suomi), Norwegian (Norsk), Frisian (Frysk), Afrikaans, Hungarian (Magyar), Czech (C^esky), Esperanto, and Latin (Latina). Other on-line dictionaries include: Albanian, Arabic, Bulgarian, Greek, Korean, Latvian, Farsi, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Turkish, and Yiddish.

419 Sign language, Deaf - Means of communication, Signs and symbols, (Nonverbal communication), (Language and languages)

ABC of American Sign Language image from Wikipedia
Alphabets in ASL
Click to enlarge

 

American Sign Language Numbers 1 to 10 Google image from http://www.lifeprint.com/asl101/pages-signs/n/numbers.htm
Numbers 1-10 in ASL
Click to enlarge

About American Sign Language by Karen Nakamura.

American Sign Language (ASL) browser from Michigan State University. Here you can click on a letter then look up the word to view color videos of thousands of hand signs online. browser must be able to run QuickTime movies.

American Sign Language University (ASLU) is a sign language resource site for ASL students and teachers. Here you will find information and resources to help you learn ASL and improve your signing. Excellent site by Dr. William G. Vicars, providing free online ASL lessons and curriculum resources for American Sign Language students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. Site includes:
American Sign Language: Fingerspelling & Numbers: Introduction.
American Sign Language Lessons
Index of Signs
Why Study ASL?
Library of many interesting and useful links.
Baby's First 100 Signs/Concepts, Newsletter, ASL Font, Jokes.
Glossary, and more.

A Basic Dictionary of ASL Terms. Also included is the basic alphabet and numbers 1-10. Dictionary has both animated and text definitions.

Handspeak: ASL/Sign Dictionary. View samples of American Sign Language in action. Sample definitions and meanings: analyze, basketball, book, curious, encourage, government, Handspeak, heart, koala, kumari, music, night, perspective, reach, sports, volunteer.

Look up: American Sign Language Dictionary from Babylon.com. This American Sign Language Dictionary is a manual of the basic American Sign Language (ASL), with easy-to-follow illustrations of the hand movements and clear commentary. A Basic Guide to ASL.

Numbers in ASL. American Sign Language Numbers 1-10 / 11-20 / 21-30 / 31-40 / 41-50 / 100-900 / 1000 and up / Fractions.

Rob Nielson's Sign Language Lessons:
See ASL with Rob Nielson - Learn American Sign Language (ASL) online!

1. Sign Language Lessons - The ABC's - Lesson on the ASL Alphabet (American Sign Language) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 3:31 min. Sign Language Lessons - The ABC's - Quick review of ASL Alphabet (American Sign Language) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 0:50 min.

2. Sign Language Lessons - Numbers 1 - 20 - Lesson in ASL (American Sign Language) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 1:33 min. Numbers 1 - 20 - Review in ASL (American Sign Language) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video. 0:47 min.

3. Sign Language Lessons - ASL Greetings and Introductions (American Sign Language) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 1:53 min.

4. Three-Letter Word Practice for American Sign Language Alphabet (ABC, ASL, fingerspelling) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 5:55 min.

5. Four-Letter Word Practice for American Sign Language Alphabet (ABC, ASL, fingerspelling) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 6:10 min.

6. Sign Language Lessons - Colors! (ASL Snippets #4) by Rob Nielson. YouTube video, 5:41 min.

420.7 English as a second language, (ESL), (English as a foreign language), (EFL), (English for foreigners)

1-language.com - The ESL Site. A fabulous English as a Second Language site by Jeremy Patton. Includes many high quality online learning activities and articles, e.g. ESL Activities - A collection of ESL teaching ideas, ESL Alphabet Worksheets, ESL Flash Games - Memory & Match, ESL Flashcards, ESL Grammar Quizzes - will tell you what questions you got right and wrong, and provide you with a score, ESL Hangman, ESL Idioms, ESL Literature Library includes 350 Aesop's Fables in full text, Selected Works of Shakespeare, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, World Fables and Folk Tales, ESL Phonics Worksheets, ESL Wordsearches.

Best TESOL/ESL/TESL Resources from University of Northern Iowa (UNI), maintained by Jim Becker, Webmaster.

breaking News English.com. Excellent ready-to-use ESL/EFL current affairs lesson plans with choice of Easier or Harder versions. Each lesson plan contains a news article, an MP3 file for listening, communication activities, pair work, discussion, reading and vocabulary exercises. Everything can be downloaded in Word or PDF. Students can listen to the MP3 file as the news story is read and follow the words in the article at the same time. Includes archives of past lesson plans. Webmaster and author: Sean Banville, U.K.

English Daily. An English site for non-English speakers. Conversation, Common Mistakes in English, Download English Books, Learn American Idioms by Examples, Ancient Stories and Song Lyrics, Learn Grammar by Examples, Proverbs for Daily Conversation, American Slang Expressions.

ESL - English as a Second Language. Links to popular ESL sites, Today's Proverb, ESL Jobs.

EFL/ESL Lessons and Lesson Plans from The Internet TESL Journal.

The ESL Area - Online Quizzes. Choose by topic, grammar or type (matching, multiple choice, etc.). Includes links to other quizzes.

ESL/EFL Grammar Activities and ESL/EFL Writing Activities. Pages maintained by Pat Byrd, Department of Applied Linguistics & ESL, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

How to Improve English from EnglishLeap.com. Contents include: Learn English Grammar, Improve English Vocabulary, Punctuation, Common Mistakes in English, Exercises.

How to Improve Spoken English Blog by Alex John Sweeney, an English teacher working in Vietnam, who has a good understanding of how students learn English as a Second Language. Site provides animated diagrams, games, advice, as well as links to other online resouces to help students improve their spoken English for free. Categories include: Pronunciation, Fluency, Listening, Rhythm and Intonation, Blog, and Glossary.

Idiom Site. Idiom: a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language. Find idioms A-Z. See also: Idioms from English the International Language. Play the Idiom Buster game to test your knowledge of 30 idioms. Lessons of basic building blocks of English including: Rules, the Tenses, the Future, Reported Speech, Relative Clauses, and Phrasal Verbs. Practice activities, Advice and Tips for improving your English and Other ESL Resources.

Learning Vocabulary Can Be Fun. Excellent site to learn English. Includes Interactive Crossword Puzzles, Word Search Game, Hangman, Match Game, and Vocabulary Quiz, all with a choice of levels of difficulty. Where applicable, users can hear words pronounced.

Look up: English Idioms Dictionary from Babylon.com. Find idioms and slang words. English Idioms and Slang dictionaries include: English Idioms 2nd ed (with examples), Wayne Magnuson English Idioms, Sayings and Slang Version: 1.3a, Queen's English - American English Glossary.

Vocabulary Builder. Build vocabulary with flash cards, dynamic test and games, for SAT, TOEFL, GMT, GRE and general vocabulary.

421 English language - Spelling

Canadian, British and American Spelling.

Complete List of Spelling Rules for Nouns and Verbs by Susan Jones.

Spell Checker Online. Free Spell Checker. Enter the word you want checked for spelling mistake and click on ABC button. Click the underlined word to see correct spelling. Example: ebook - Hyphen required for correct spelling: e-book. Click on correct spelling, copy and paste to your document.

Spelling Bee Contest Rules from National Spelling Bee. Origin of the term Spelling Bee.

Wikipedia: Manual of Style (spelling). Guideline page, a handy reference for editors.

422 English language - Etymology

Online Etymology Dictionary. Includes a list of related Abbreviations.

What's the meaning of this? Origin of phrases and idioms.

Wordorigins.org. Lists 400 words and phrase origins.

Words of the Year from American Dialect Society.

Words Words Words: Etymology of the Week by Dr. Cecelia Eaton Luschnig, Professor Emerita of Classics, Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Idaho.

423 English language - Dictionaries, (Dictionary), English language - Synonyms and antonyms, (Synonym), (Antonym), (Thesaurus), (Thesauri), English language - Homonyms, (Homonym), (Homophones), English language - Terms and phrases

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed.. Over 90,000 entries, 70,000 audio word pronunciations, 900 full-page color illustrations, language notes and word-root appendixes. Easy to use Search box.

Cambridge Dictionaries Online

Definitions of Words. More available from ButlerWebs.com - Word Humor and Funny Definitions:

• Atom Bomb: An invention to end all inventions.
• Boss: Someone who is early when you are late, and late when you are early.
• Classic: Books, which people praise, but do not read.
• Committee: Individuals who can do nothing individually and sit to decide that nothing can be done together.
• Compromise: The art of dividing a cake in such a way that everybody believes he got the biggest piece.
• Conference: The confusion of one man multiplied by the number present.
• Conference Room: A place where everybody talks, nobody listens, and everybody disagrees afterwards.
• Doctor: A person who kills your ills by pills, and kills you by bills.
• Etc.: A sign to make others believe that you know more than you actually do.
• Experience: The name men give to their mistakes.
• Father: A banker provided by nature.
• Lecture: An art of transferring information from the notes of the Lecturer to the notes of the Students without passing through the minds of either.
• Life Insurance: A contract that keeps you poor all your life so that you can die rich.
• Marriage: An agreement in which a man loses his bachelor's degree and a woman gains her master's.
• Nurse: A person who wakes you up to give you sleeping pills.
• Office: A place where you can relax after your strenuous home life.
• Philosopher: A fool who torments himself during life, to be wise after death.
• Politician: One who shakes your hand before elections and your confidence after.
• Smile: A curve that can set a lot of things straight.
• Tears: The hydraulic force by which masculine will-power is defeated by feminine water-power.
• University: A place where Papa pays and Son plays.
• Yawn: The only time some married men ever get to open their mouth.

~ Author unknown.

Definitions.net. Browse thousands of dictionary definitions. To Search for Dictionary Definitions, simply type in a word. Site provides not only definitions of the term you typed, but graphic images of the word you typed. Click on the Speaker icon to hear the English pronunciation of the word you selected. Browse Alphabetically (A-Z plus #), Browse Definitions by Categories: People, Nature, History, Places, Technology, or Miscellaneous. Surprise yourself with Random Definitions, Check out today's Featured Definition. You can also translate any definition from English to 20 other languages ranging from Arabic to Turkish. Site provides a ready citation for your research paper: "Add this definition to your bibliography" using MLA, Chicago or APA style. To further your research, use "Alternative search options" provided for your definition.

Dictionary of Newfoundland English. Database contains 5524 entries. Purpose of the dictionary is to present the regional lexicon of one of the oldest overseas communities of the English-speaking world: the lexicon of Newfoundland and coastal Labrador.

Google Glossary - Search for Definitions and Acronyms on the Web. In the Google search box, type: define: dragon or define dragon, hit ENTER key to see the difference a colon makes in your search results.

Google glossary  

Homonym from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
    ● Homophones/Homonyms from Enchanted Learning.
    ● Alan Cooper's Homonym List.
    ● All About Homonyms
    ● Homonyms from Fun with Words. Site includes 88 groups of three or more English homonyms, listed in alphabetical order, plus a Homonym Poem (Oronym).
    ● Some Examples of Commonly Muddled Homonyms (Homophones) by Anne Hickley, EzineArticles.com.
    ● Homonyms - Exercise for Elementary school students from RHL School.
    ● Sense and Nonsense - Find the homophone in each sentence. Student activity from Scholastic Spelling, Grade 5, includes Answer Key.
    ● Word Confusion Game. Choice of Easy or Hard levels, from Funbrain.
    ● Homonym Concentration Game from Sadlier-Oxford.

Homophone from Wikipedia.
    ● Homophones from English Club. What Are Homophones? Common Homophones List. Homophones List for Elementary, Pre-Intermediate, Intermediate, Upper-Intermediate, Advanced, Alphabet Homophones, Homophones List ~ Contractions, ~ by Vowel Sound, Plurals and Third Person S, ~ Past Simple/Past Participle, and ~ Magic E.
    ● Homophones. A list of homophones by Rick Sutcliffe, Opundo.com.
    ● A Complete Homophone List by Alfred J. Aloisi. "What is a Homophone? Words that sound alike but with different meanings and spellings . . . Why do Homophones exist at all? . . . Homophone sentence examples."
    ● Homophone Machine from All About Homophones.
    ● English Homophones from Learn English.
    ● List of Homophones from All About Spelling.

Online Dictionaries and other English resources.

LookWAYup. Online English dictionary and thesaurus, capable of correcting minor spelling errors, and can be installed on browsers, Web sites, PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants, i.e. electronic handheld information devices), and mobile phones.

Memidex. Free online dictionary, thesaurus, and more. The Internet's first definition, audio, and etymology index of its kind. Audio provides your choice of British English or North American pronunciation of your word. A very thorough site providing audio references, definition references, class (noun, verb, etc.), derivatives, plurals, examples, etymology references, and more.

Search Memidex Dictionary/Thesaurus:

MetaGlossary.com. Find meaning, not just links. Site defines over 2,000,000 terms, phrases and acronyms.

A Sampling of New Words and Senses from the New 2006 Copyright of Merriam-Webster's Collegiate® Dictionary, Eleventh Edition.

Merriam-Webster's
Collegiate
Dictionary,
11th Edition
(Book Only)


Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition (Book Only)

Merriam-Webster's
Collegiate Dictionary,
11th Edition
(Book with CD-ROM
and Online Subscription)


Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition (Book with CD-ROM and Online Subscription)

Franklin
Merriam-Webster
Dictionary
& Thesaurus
downloadable content


Franklin Merriam-Webster Dictionary & Thesaurus, downloadable content

Franklin
MWS-1840
Speaking
Merriam Webster
Dictionary
and Thesaurus


Franklin MWS-1840 Speaking Merriam Webster Dictionary and Thesaurus

Merriam-Webster

 



  



Roget's II: The New Thesaurus, 3rd ed. Contains 35,000 synonyms. Easy to use Search box. Includes a hyperlinked category index for words related in meaning (synonyms) and words opposite in meaning (antonyms). An alphabetical index is also included.

Synonyms.net is the web's most comprehensive synonyms resource. Synonyms are different words with identical or at least similar meanings. Search for Synonyms (type in a word) and results will show Synonyms, Thesaurus & Antonyms of the word you typed, plus graphic images of your synonym. Click on the Speaker icon to hear the English pronunciation of the synonym you typed. You can search a synonym alphabetically (A-Z, plus #), Check out the Random Synonym feature, Translate your synonym from English to 20 other languages ranging from Arabic to Turkish. Site also provides you with ready citation "Add this synonym to your bibliography" using MLA, Chicago or APA style. To further your research, use "Alternative search options" provided for your synonym. See also:
Synonym: Free Online English Dictionary from Memodata.
Synonym Games. Select your game - 3rd-5th Grade Synonyms Games: Bridge To Terabithia ? Synonym Pick, Elementary: Find the Synonym, Elementary: Synonym or Antonym? Intermediate Adjective Synonyms.
● Select your game - 6th-8th Grade Synonyms Games: 6th-8th Grade Homophone Synonyms, Basal Reader Word Synonym Match.
● Select your game - 9th-12th Grade Synonyms Games: 9th-12th Homophone Synonyms, High School Synonym Match, Pick the Synonym ? College Prep, SAT Word Synonyms.
Synonym Finder. Find synonyms, antonyms, and definition for (almost) any word.

Thesaurus.com.
Thesaurus - Synonyms, Antonyms, and Related Words. Free thesaurus from The Free Dictionary by Farlex.

Wordsmyth: The Educational Dictionary-Thesaurus. A fantastic word lookup dictionary where you can look up the definition of a word by using the "exact" or "broad" button to narrow or broaden your search.

425 English language - Grammar, (English grammar)

10 Commonly Misused Words in Writing by Marianne Stenger, Australian College of Journalism. Meaning of each word is provided and explanation given for correct usage. 1. Affect vs. Effect. 2. Accept vs. Except. 3. Breath vs. Breathe. 4. Beside vs. Besides. 5. Compliment vs. Complement. 6. Clinch vs. Clench. 7. Disinterested vs. Uninterested. 8. Denote vs. Connote. 9. Emigrate vs. Immigrate. 10. Elicit vs. Illicit.

The American Heritage® Book of English Usage. A Practical and Authoritative Guide to Contemporary English.

The Basic Elements of English. Grammar tutorials offered by the English Department, University of Calgary, Canada. Four sections: Parts of Speech, Sentence Elements, Punctuation and Word Use. Test your grammar skills and get immediate feedback by trying the interactive exercises at end of tutorials.

Capital Letters: the committee or the Committee? by Robert B. Parkinson. When to use capital letters - examples: Proper Nouns and Common Nouns, Titles of Office, Organizations, Documents (Ad Hoc Documents, Nicknames, All Capitals in Titles and Headings), Acronyms, Conferences and Meetings, Programs, Generic Short Forms.

Capitalization from Wikipedia.

Capitalization in Titles. Writing Tips from Writer's Block.

Rules for Capitalization in Titles Daily Writing Tips by Carla Lowe.

How to Write in Title Case: Rules for Capitalizing and Lowercasing Words in Titles and Subtitles from Editing: Suite101.

Common Errors in English - based on Common Errors in English Usage: Third Edition by Dr. Paul brians, Professor of English, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. This excellent and very helpful site includes: List of Errors, More Errors, Other Commonly Misspelled Words, as well as Non-Errors.

Daily Grammar. Free service. Sends you emails with a grammar lesson 5 days of the week and a quiz on the 6th day. Grammar Lesson Archives (Lessons 1-300) cover Parts of Speech, Parts of the Sentence, and Sentences. Includes Glossary of Terms, e.g. adjectives, adverbs, noun, metaphors, similes, verbs, etc.

English Grammar 101. Free, online, interactive English grammar tutorials for language arts classes, alternative education settings, home schooling, adult study, and ESL courses. Instructions and Study Directions are provided for students and teachers. Divided into 4 volumes each with clearly stated goals as well as exercises for students to learn and practice.

English Grammar Guide, English Idioms, English Vocabulary Lists, English Quotes, English Test,English Names from EF - Education First.

English Grammar Placement Test.
Test Your Knowledge of English Grammar.
Upper Intermediate Level Test.
Grammar Quizzes.
Idiom & Expression Quizzes.

English Portal - The Better Way to English.

Grammar from EnglishLeap.com. Important Buillding Blocks of Grammar: Nouns, Pronouns, Articles, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections with definitions and examples.

Grammar Girl: General Grammar Tips.
Everybody: Singular or Plural. Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing.
Affect Versus Effect
Who Versus Whom
Whoever or Whomever?
Lay Versus Lie. "It's pretty easy; you lay something down, and people lie down by themselves." See also: Lay Versus Lie in the Past Tense.
Capitalizing Titles
"A Historic " Versus "An Historic"
I.e. Versus E.g. by Mignon Fogarty. "I.e. and e.g. are both abbreviations for Latin terms. I.e. stands for id est and means roughly 'that is.' E.g. stands for exempli gratia, which means 'for example' . . . Don't italicize i.e. and e.g.; even though they are abbreviations for Latin words, they've been used for so long that they're considered a standard part of the English language. Also, remember that they are abbreviations, so there is always a period after each letter.?
Ending a Sentence With a Preposition by Mignon Fogarty.
Oddness When You Start a Sentence with "There Is".

Grammar Resources include grammar links for students to read online, grammar handouts available as PDF files, powerpoint demonstrations on grammar, and more.

Grammar Rules for the Unenlightened - (Or: How to Write Good).

Highschooldiploma.co has created a free study guide for students to prep prior to taking the online high school program. This study guide is interactive and has a sample problem with outcome for every question covered in the course. Students can enroll for free and take the entire exam at no cost; either for test prep for the GED or to further their high school education online.

HyperGrammar from Writing Centre, University of Ottawa. Contents include: Parts of Speech, Sentence, Punctuation, Pronouns, Verbs, Modifiers, Phrases, Clauses, Building Sentences, Writing Paragraphs, Diction, Spelling, and Miscellaneous Topics.

The Internet Grammar of English. An online course in English grammar written primarily for university undergraduates, it does not assume any prior knowledge of grammar. From University College London - London's Global University.

Lists of Grammar Lists prepared by ESL/EFL teachers. Links to English Irregular Verbs, List of Spelling Rules for Nouns and Verbs, List of American vs. british Spelling, List of Verb + Preposition Combinations, List of Linking Verbs, Count and NonCount Nouns, Noun Sypelling - Regular and Irregular Noun Forms, and List of Conjunctions.

Online English Grammar. Adjectives, Adverbs, Direct and Indirect Speech, Nouns, Passive, Relative Clauses, Infinitive, Verbs and Verb Tenses, and more. Site explains simply and clearly what each term means, when and how to use the structure, and provides many examples illustrating its use in sentences.

427 English language - Slang

Aussie Slang. Australian Slang Dictionary with unique Aussie phrases and Australian Slang words.

Australian Slang Vocabulary. This website is entirely informational in nature. It's not an online educational language website.

Australian Slang. "G'day, mate! Learn these Australian slang words and phrases and you'll feel at home on your first day Down Under."

Slanguage.com. Pick a place or topic from A-Z and learn about slangs in a humorous manner. Places or topics include: Anchorage, Boston, Buffalo, Calgary (Canada), Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Detroit, Dublin (Ireland), Honolulu, Houston, Johannesburg (South Africa), Las Vegas, Little Rock, London (England), Los Angeles, Miami, and others.

Surfing for Slang: English and Scandinavian. Links to American, Canadian, british, Irish, Australian, and New Zealander slang dictionaries, Scandinavian slang: Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, plus guides to trucker jargon and other specialized idioms.

428 English language - Errors, English language - Idioms

Anguished English: An Anthology of Accidental Assaults Upon Our Language [Mass Market Paperback] by Richard Lederer
Anguished English:
An Anthology of
Accidental Assaults
Upon Our Language
by Richard Lederer
More Anguished English: an Expose of Embarrassing Excruciating, and Egregious Errors in English by Richard Lederer
More Anguished English:
an Expose of Embarrassing
Excruciating, and Egregious
Errors in English
by Richard Lederer
The Bride of Anguished English: A Bonanza of Bloopers, Blunders, Botches, and Boo-Boos by Richard Lederer
The Bride of Anguished English
A Bonanza of Bloopers, Blunders,
Botches, and Boo-Boos
by Richard Lederer

Bad Knowledge of English. Examples taken from Anguished English by Richard Lederer. Excerpts include signs and notices posted in non-English speaking countries. Very funny.

Banished Words List from Lake Superior State University, Sault Ste. Marie, MI. Annual List of Words Banished from the Queen's English for Mis-Use, Over-Use and General Uselessness. Site includes Archived Banished Word List Posters from 1979 to 1999 in PDF.

Common Errors in English by Dr. Paul Brians, Professor of English, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, based on Common Errors in English Usage: The Book. See also List of Errors, More Errors, Other Commonly Misspelled Words, and Non-Errors.

English Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions from UsingEnglish.com. "An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words . . ." Site provides a dictionary of 3,222 English idiomatic expressions with definitions.

GoEnglish.com: Pocket English Idioms. Most popular idioms list. Idioms from A to Z.

Idiom from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "An idiom is a phrase whose meaning cannot be determined by the literal definition of the phrase itself, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is known only through common use."

Idiom Origins. The Phrase Finder. find meanings of phrases, sayings, idioms and expressions. Idioms & Axioms currently used in America (Meanings and Origins) provided by Pride UnLimited. Etymology: Word Origins. Etymology of Phrases.

Idiom Site. Idiom: a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language. Find idioms A-Z. Idioms from English the International Language. Play the Idiom Buster game to test your knowledge of 30 idioms.

Look up: English Idioms Dictionary from Babylon.com. Find idioms and slang words. English Idioms and Slang dictionaries include: English Idioms 2nd ed (with examples), Wayne Magnuson English Idioms, Sayings and Slang Version: 1.3a, Queen's English - American English Glossary.

Phrases.net. Common phrases, casual expressions and idioms. Type a phrase in Search for Phrases, e.g. "tee off". Click on the phrase to find its meaning. Click on the Speaker icon or Say it! to hear it said in English. Translate the phrase into 20 other languages. Browse Alphabetically or try a Random Phrase just for fun or to learn new phrases. Citation is provided for your research paper: "Add this phrase to your bibliography" in your choice of MLA, Chicago or APA style.

428.3 English language - Usage dictionaries, (Pun)

Pun from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "The pun, or paronomasia, is a form of word play which suggests two or more meanings, by exploiting multiple meanings of words, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. These ambiguities can arise from the intentional use and abuse of homophonic, homographic, metonymic, or metaphorical language."

Pun and Funny English: Funny Puns and Other Humorous Use of English Language. Have a laugh. Funny punny examples collected from various emails and websites. List includes quotations, proverbs, wise sayings, newspaper headline bloopers, strange facts, useless knowledge, etc. not in any particular order. Original sources indicated where available. For more Pun and Funny English, see Pun and Funny English, Part 2.

Pun of the Day. Examples of Puns. Each example of a pun has been submitted by punsters all over the world, from Alaska to Zimbabwe.

What Is a Pun? From SIL International, Partners in Language Development. "A pun is a variety of a usually humorous play on words involving the multiple meanings of an expression, or two expressions that sound similar . . . Kinds of puns: antanaclasis, paronomasia, syllepsis."

What Is a Pun? from wiseGEEK. Includes links (mostly ads) to: Pun, Funny Pun, Pun Examples, Pun Ideas, Pun Play on Words, Pun of the Day, Good Pun.

430 German language

About.com - German Language. Essentials: Daily German, German for Beginners - free online German course with Study Tips, Dictionaries & Glossaries, Grammar Guide, Audio Lab, and more.

Academic Subjects : World Languages : German - Free Instructional Sites from WannaLearn.com.

Animated German Grammar Tutorials.

Antosch and Lin Online Language Learning. (Formerly German-FlashCards). German language learning website! Audio. Practice words, practice sentences, multiple choice. Automatically add words, add sentences. You can edit your setting to suit your level of German knowledge. Here you can learn German from home with an effective Flashcard System. Only 10 minutes a day will help you speak German in a shorter time.

Augsburger Deutschkurse - Learning German in Augsburg. (Augsburg is a city located in Bavaria, largest state of Germany). German Intensive Course, Learning German in Summer (ages 14-18), Learn german in Germany: Group stays/class trip, Business German, German University entrance exam: DSH-/TestDaf-preparation Course. Evaluation Test.

Basic German Lessons for Beginners - Learn How to Speak German. Free online Basic Lessons 1-24. See Index - Basic German Online Lessons for topics covered. Click the Play Button and Listen. Site includes Tips for Learning Vocabulary. You can also join the FREE email German Course and download some of the lessons.

Before You Know It - Free Language Software: German from BKYI.com.

Beolingus: German Dictionary / Wörterbuch. A Chemnitz University online German - English, English - German dictionary. Use your default MP3 player, click to hear correct pronunciation of words in English or German.

Best Wishes in German for Any Occasion by Ingrid Bauer, German Language Expert. Here is a sample of a few General Expressions of Good Wishes:
● Congratulations! - Gratulation! Ich gratuliere! Wir gratulieren!
● All the best! - Alles Gute!
● Best wishes! - Herzlichen Glückwunsch!
● Good luck! - Viel Glück!
● We are so happy for you. - Wir freuen uns sehr/ Wir sind hocherfreut!
● I wish you success! - Viel Erfolg!
● A big congratulations on your ... - Ich gratuliere Ihnen herzlich zu ...
● I wish you health and happiness! - Ich wünsche Ihnen Gesundheit und Freude!
● Best wishes for the future. - Die besten Wünsche für die Zukunft.

DAAD - Learning German from Der Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst (DAAD). Learn German, Why learn German, Where can I learn German, How can I learn German, Test your German! Summer schools in Germany, FAQ, Links.

Deutsch – Warum nicht? Each of the four series contains 26 lessons with dialogue, exercises and audios. Course produced by Deutsche Welle and Goethe Institute.

dict.cc. Online English-German Dictionary. This is my favorite online German dictionary because it gives you examples of German phrases and sentences (where available). You can also listen to pronunciation of the entire phrase or sentence in English or German.

English-German Dictionary.

English-German Online Dictionary. Free German English Online Dictionary - a Bilingual Dictionary from LingvoSoft

dict.tu-chemnitz.de - BEOLINGUS - Your Online Dictionary: German-English, English-German

dict.cc - English-German Dictionary, English-German Translation

ego4u.com - German-English Dictionary

dict.leo.org - German-English On-line Dictionary from LEO - Link Everything Online. An excellent free Online Service from Informatik der Technischen Universität München. Besides dictionary and audio pronunciation of German-English and English-German search words with examples of phrases and sentences, LEO dictionary translation is also available for French, Spanish, Italian, Chinese and Russian.

dicionary.reverso.net - German-English Dictionary, English-German Dictionary from HarperCollins

Beilstein German-English Dictionary from SULAIR = Stanford University Libraries & Academic Information Resources.

quickdic.org - German English, English German Dictionary

dictionary.reference.com - Translator: German to English, English to German Dictionary

linguatec.net - LinguaDict Online Dictionary - German-English

utils.ex.ac.uk - The Maschler German-English Online Dictionary. Adapted from German-English Internet Dictionary at the Technical University of Chemnitz, Germany.

woerterbuch.info - German-English Dictionary: Deutsch - Englisch Übersetzungen und Synonyme.

English-German Translation or German-English Translation.

          ● Babel Fish - Text Translation and Web Page Translation

          ● Free English Translation Service with audio - Click on microphone to hear computer generated pronunciation by native speaker. (Voice service available for major languages only).

          ● FreeTranslation.com

          ● Google Translate

11:21 PM 18/05/2015

Foreign Service Institute German Basic Course with mp3 sound files. From Indo-European Languages, free online tutorials and exercises.

German Business Vocabulary. Repetition Business Units include: Accounting, In the Office, Job / Work.

German Coats of Arms and Flags T-Shirts.

Shea WQs and Komm Mit Level One WQs: German Webquests. 1. Berlin, Munich, and Schleswig-Holstein 2. German Food 3. German Homes 4. German Schools 5. Weather 5. Frau Bryant's Komm Mit resources and chapter objectives 6. 2006 World Cup in Germany 7. What's News in Germany? Differentiated. 8. Holidays Webquest. Adaptable.

German-English Dictionary. Dictionary with approx. 220,000 entries + number generator from English Grammar Online 4U - ego4u.com.

German for Beginners from BabelNation.com: German Language and Culture. Study German online for free. German - English Bidirectional Dictionary and Grammar Engine, German Verb Conjugator.

German for Everyone. Deutsche Welle's individualized German language courses. Multimedia offer includes audios, videos and texts covering all aspects of language learning from listening comprehension to speaking and pronunciation. Including: Deutsch Interaktiv - This online German Course is for everyone. It is accessible to all and FREE of charge. Each chapter is available as a text in PDF format and as an audio file in MP3 format. Beginner: Deutsch – warum nicht? Intermediate: Wieso nicht? Business German: Marktplatz.

German Games and Quizzes from About.com.

Word of the Day Quiz. Vocabulary Quiz 2 for Beginners. Choose to test yourself on 5, 10, or 20 items.

German Preposition Quiz 1. German Prepositions in the Dative and Accusative.(Multiple choice, 20 questions, get score, correct answers given).

Preposition Quiz 2. Two-Way Prepositions - Akkusativ/Dativ-Präpositionen. (Multiple choice, 20 questions, get score, correct answers given).

A German Grammar Review. Excellent site "noch im bau" - still being built by Department of German Studies, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH. Contents: Adjectives and Adverbs, Nouns and Pronouns, Strong Verbs: By Category, Alphabetically, Verb Tenses: Present, Simple Past, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future, Future Perfect, Word Order, and more.

German International School Toronto. German International School Toronto is the city's only full-time German-speaking school and offers a truly international learning experience for both German- and English-speaking children. The German International School Toronto is a not-for-profit corporation under Ontario law and is one of the 130 recognized German schools abroad, supported by the Federal Office of Administration-Central Agency for Schools Abroad located in Cologne, Germany. Contact www.gistonline.ca for more info.

The German Language from Vistawide. Why Learn German? How to type German special characters, Free software for learning German, Free German fonts, Mark Twain's "The Awful German Language". German Speaking Culture: Oktoberfest, Christmas in Germany, German music, German film, and more.

German Newspapers. German Magazines. German Radio Stations. German Television.

German Noun Chart: English-German Plural and Singular Differences from About.com.

German Pronunciation from dict.cc - English-German Dictionary, English-German Translation. Audio pronunciation is repeated nonstop until you click on another letter in the alphabet.

German Pronunciation Guide from German.About.com. Download and hear the entire 15-minute segment in German as streamed audio. Listen and follow along with German text.

German Pronunciation Tutorial from YouTube. 10:09 min.

German Realia. Click on thumbnail to view original size image. Authentic German language resources: train ticket, S-Bahn ticket, parking ticket, museum ticket, pizza menu, receipts, etc. All images may be downloaded.

German Recipes and Top 20 German Recipes from Allrecipes.

German Christmas Recipes - Weihnachtsrezepte from About.com. A German-English Guide to Christmas Cuisine, German Christmas Drinks. Recipes in German and English.

German Recipes - Kochrezepte. A German-English Guide to the Cuisine of Austria, Germany and Switzerland, from About.com. Recipes in German and English.

German Cooking Glossary from About.com. Recipe Terms - Kochglossar A-L. German-English Baking and Cooking Vocabulary.

German Recipes in English and Recipes in German from Travel Through Germany.

German Food and Recipes from Germany and Top-Tasty German Recipes from German Culture.

German Cuisine, Cooking & Recipes from Knowledge Hound.

German Recipes from Recipes4us.co.uk.

German Recipes from German Deli.

1658 German Recipes from Recipezaar.

German Recipes: Favorite German Dishes from German Grocery.

Our German Recipe Collections from GermanFoods.org - The Taste of Germany.

German Short Stories from Learn How to Speak German - Leicht Deutsch lernen.

German Steps. German for Beginners from BBC Languages. A free online course for beginners: Meeting people, Getting around in Berlin, Food and drink, Taking holiday, Making arrangements, Shops and services. Vocabulary list, Grammar tips, Cultural notes, Pronunciation, Syllabus, Learning Log, User guide, Fast Track.

German Test - Short (Deutschtest Online) from Deutsch-Lernen.com.

German Language Tutorial. Free online tutorials. Include: Greetings, German Cases, Subject Pronouns, Colors, Vocabulary: Family, Simple Present Temse, Vocabulary: Human Body, Vocabulary: Clothing, Vocabulary: Calendar Terms, Numbers, Vocabulary: Around the House, Future Tense, Vocabulary: At School, Vocabulary: Restaurant Terms.

German Tutorials Index from Indo-European Languages. Free online tutorials and exercises: Basic German Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar.

German verb conjugation described precisely with a mechanical tool. Gremple is a German verb conjugation tool. Its purpose is to help non-native speakers to learn to conjugate German verbs, from Cambridge Clarion Group.

German Websites. German Courses & Grammar Aids

German Word of the Day. Daily German vocabulary: For Beginners - Wort des Tages für Anfänger, German Word of the Day - Advanced Level (Das Wort des Tages) from German.About.com.

Goethe-Institut. Placement Test or Einstufungstest. This test has 30 questions and will give an approximate placement in one of the six levels of the Common European Framework.

A Guide to German Pronunciation. An online guide to German pronunciation designed by the German Department of the University of Exeter in the UK. Includes exercises and sound files.

A Guide to German Pronunciation by Paul Joyce.

Hansa Haus - Deutsch Kanadischer Verein Hansa - German Canadian Club Hansa. Located at 6650 Hurontario St. Mississauga, Ontario L5W 1N3 Canada. Directions to Hansa Haus. Phone: 905-564-0060. German classes available. Upcoming Events include German festivals, special events and seasonal celebrations. Hansa also offers facilities for weddings, receptions, functions of all sizes from 25 to 600, full catering services, sporting events, outdoor functions, etc.


View Larger Map of Hansa Haus

Hello-World: German. Learn German with games, activities, and dialogs. Includes German for Children. Games and activities to help kids learn German at home or at schoo. Animal Bingo in German and other Bingo games.

Holidays in German-Speaking Europe. Traditional Holidays and Religious Celebrations. Customs in the German-Speaking World with English-German Glossaries. Holidays in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. See also: German Customs and Holidays in March (Tag der Kranken - Frauentag) by Hyde Flippo, German Language Expert.

The Internet Picture Dictionary: German. browse by Letter or by Category.

Intensive German Courses in Germany from Language Institute TREFF PUNKT.

Language Guide: German Pictorial Vocabulary Guide. Mission is to develop free resources for learning languages and promote cultural understanding. Deutsch: Vokabelführer.

Languages Online - Topics: German for beginners, with exercises, online and print activities, answers and translations, illustrated, interactive animation, sound and songs in German. Free resources for language teachers and students from Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, State of Victoria, Australia.

Learn German. Free lessons from Deutsch-Lernen.com. Beginner's German Lessons (10 Lessons, German Exercises, Example Sentences, Alphabetical Word List, Dictionary), Advanced German Lessons, Test Your German, Study Tips, Quotations, Jokes, Dictionary.

Learn German Easily. Learn how to speak German. Learn easily and with a lot of fun. Site includes only lessons for beginners (German from the very start), with audio. One new lesson will be published every week. See also Leicht Deutsch Lernen. Mixed lessons for beginners and advanced learners.

Learn German in Canada. Throughout Canadian provinces, many German language schools offer classes in the evenings or on Saturdays. They are partly supported by the German government and are either part of the heritage programs of their provinces or run as private schools.

Learn German in Regensburg, Germany. Offers a wide-ranging programme of high quality German language courses all year round for people ages 17 - 77.

Learn German on Saturday Mornings. The Toronto District School Board has an Elementary International Language Program (ILP), which is free for students in Junior Kindergarten through to Grade 8. These heritage programs take place outside the regular school hours and run for two and a half hours each week.

Learn German Online. Free Online German Course from DeutschAkademie. More than 20,000 grammar and vocabulary exercises. Over 800-hour interactive German course designed by experienced German teachers.

Learn German Online. Free Internet German course. Learn German online and for free: 10 German lessons for total beginners and 24 German grammar lessons for advanced learners.

Learn German with Songs from Learn to Speak German.de.

Learn the German Language and Culture from Transparent Language. Learn German and speak German language with free lessons, games and software.

Learn to Speak German Online from eLanguageSchool.net.

The Learning Traveller - 50 Plus Learn German in Germany. Ellwangen - 50 Plus Immersion Program. Language Immersion Programs for 50+. Besides Learn German, also includes: Learn French, Learn Spanish, Learn Italian, Learn Chinese.

LEO English-German Dictionary. Lots of examples. Listen to pronunciation.

Look up: English German Dictionary from Babylon.com.

My German Music Groups, Websites, and Webrings from the German Oom-pah Band Ring.

The New English-German Dictionary. Shareware software.

Online German Video Immersion by Yabla. Demo video. Yabla German is an online video magazine for German learners who wish to improve their language skills. Subscription cost approximately $10 per month.

Passwort Deutsch. Klett Edition Deutsch. Deutsch Lernen: Online-Aktivitäten. Deutsch lehren: Unterrichtstipps Unterrichtsmaterial Aufgabenzettel Forum. Passwort Deutsch - Free Online Materials.

Pimsleur Method: German.

Populearn by Jeremy Peters. Learn German online with FREE German lessons. Learn to read German and see your results in real time. Learn to speak German by listening to the pronunciation of each word. Learn to understand German by building on each previous lesson. Simply read and follow the instructions and type in what's asked. You can learn many German words very well and very quickly because you are actually typing in the words in German yourself repeatedly.

Prepositions - Praepositionen from University of Michigan. Accusative, Dative, Two-Way Prepositions Exercises and Examples.

Pronouns and Possessive Articles. Basic forms of der, das, die, ein-words. Examples and mnemonic advice from University of Michigan.

Resume Templates in German - 275 professionelle Lebenslauf Muster Vorlagen. English version: Free Resume Templates: 279 professional resume samples in Word from Hloom.com.

Step Into German focuses on the German music scene. Oriented towards high school students. Includes Contests, German Cities, German Music, German Music Videos, Music Quiz, Why German is 4U, German is easy.

Web German. German Online Interactive. A fantastic site with numerous links, organized in 22 categories. "This website is for people who want to learn German online; for teachers who want materials and webexercises to supplement their teaching curriculum; for speakers of German to find resources for news, humor, travel, and business events; and for anyone interested in the use of the Internet to learn and maintain German as a foreign language."

I. German Internet Communications
II. Grammar Help
III. Learning the Language Online
IV. German Texts (online in full)
V. German History
VI. Resources for Germanistik Studies
VII. Reference Materials
VIII. Business German
IX. Politics and Current Events
X. German Internet Directories
XI. Teaching Resources
XII. Link Compilations (other pages like this one)
XII. Link Compilations (other pages like this one)
XIII. Language Organizations
XIV. Humor, Games, Puzzles, Comics
XV. Culture, Leisure and Travel
XVI. CyberMagazines
XVII. Musik
XVIII. Audio Sites
XIX. Video
XX. Virtual Reality
XXI. Other Germanic Language Sites
XXII. Miscellaneous

Auf Deutsch: Chatting / Online Lernwelten / Grammatik / Texte / Geschichte / Germanistik / Nachschlagewerke / Lehrquellen / Kataloge / Suchmaschnen / Politik u. Aktuell / Humor, Spiele, Raetzel, Comics / Audio / Video / Musik / Virtuelle Wirklichkeit / Kultur, Freizeit u. Reisen / Cyber-Zeitschriften / andere germanistische Sprachen / Sprachvereine / Geschäftsdeutsch / Sonstiges.

Where Can I Learn German? from German Consulate General - Toronto.

Learning German at the Goethe-Institut in Toronto.

Test Your German / Testen Sie Ihr Deutsch from Goethe Institut.

Learn German in Germany from Goethe Institut.

Links to German Language Schools / German Saturday Schools in Ontario, Canada:

German Language School Halton (Oakville, Burlington, Milton area) - Deutsche Sprachschule Halton. German Classes for K - Grade 12. Accepts adult students. Beginner adults start in Grade 9 class. Special discounts apply for 2 or more registrations from the same family.

German Friedrich Schiller Language School - Deutsche Sprachschule Friedrich Schiller. Classes for all ages (children and adults) are held each Saturday from 9:15am to 12:30pm, from September till June, in Mississauga. New students are welcomed even during the year. All classes are small (6-12 students only).

Germania Language School, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Canada's oldest German language school - 143 years 1864-2007. Classes for K - Grade 12.

German Language School, London, Ontario - Deutsche Sprachschule London. Classes from K to Grade 12.

German Language Schools in Brampton and Learn German on Saturday Mornings. Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board provides Secondary International Languages credit courses in German, Croatian, Hindi, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Spanish, and Ukrainian at no cost to high school students and adults. Students may earn up to three credits in an International Languages Program towards their secondary school diploma. Programs run on Saturdays, from September 17, 2016 to May 13, 2017, 8:45 am to 12:32 pm. Registration forms are available through Guidance offices and the Adult & Continuing Education office (870 Queen Street West, Suite 100, Mississauga, 905-891-9263). Dufferin-Peel CDSB also has an Elementary International Languages Program available for students from JK to Grade 8. Courses will run subject to sufficient enrolment. Check website for updated info.

German Language School Ottawa. Classes for JK to Grade 12.

German International School Toronto. Founded as the "Deutsche Schule Toronto" in 2000, the German International School Toronto has grown steadily from one Kindergarten class and one Grade 1 class to its current offering of Kindergarten through Grade 8 and Grade 10 in the German stream. The school was renamed the German International School Toronto in 2010 to reflect both the current vision and the diversity of the school community. How to Apply. Tuition and Fees. Location: 980 Dufferin Street, Toronto ON M6H 4B4 Canada. Phone: (416) 922-6413. Fax: (416) 922-6413.

German Language Schools in Toronto - Learn German on Saturday Mornings. The Toronto District School Board has an Elementary International Language Program (ILP), which is free for students in Junior Kindergarten through to Grade 8. These heritage programs take place outside the regular school hours and run for two and a half hours each week.

Why learn German? 12 great reasons from Vistawide.com, World Languages and Cultures.

437.947 Yiddish language

Alef-Beyz: The Yiddish Alphabet, A Few Useful Yiddish Words. Yiddish Language and History.

Free Yiddish Lessons.

List of Yiddish Words and Expressionsby Michael D. Fein.

Yiddish Expressions.

Yiddish Dictionary - A short one.

Yiddish Dictionary Online.

439.7 Swedish language

Look up: Swedish English Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Swedish English dictionaries provide translations for terms and definitions in both languages.

Swedish Alphabets. Listen to pronunciation of single and compound Swedish alphabets, common Swedish colors, count in Swedish from 1 to 1000.

Swedish - English Dictionary. Translate words from Swedish to English, or English to Swedish.

Swedish Grammar. Site is maintained by Leif Stensson of Linköping University in Linköping, Sweden.

A Swedish Language Course. Svenska, as the Swedes call their language, is spoken by the approximately 8 million inhabitants of Sweden, as well as another 300,000 people in Finland. Contents: Alphabet and Pronunciation, Lessons 1-4. More lessons under construction.

439.8 Danish language, Norwegian language

Learn Danish Essentials.

Look up: Danish from Babylon.com. These bi-directional Danish English dictionaries and glossaries provide translations of terms and definitions in both languages. Contents include: John Madsen's Danish-English Dictionary, English-Danish Online Dictionaries, Danish-English Online Dictionaries.

Online English to Danish, Danish to English Dictionary.

Speak Danish. Teach Yourself Danish. Danish course with audio. Online Danish Pronunciation. Danish Phrases. Danish Grammar. Lesson: Day 1. Listen to samples only.

Teach yourself Danish part 01. Radek Tkacz. YouTube video, 1:00 min.

440 French language

English-French On-line Dictionary and French-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

French for Beginners. Free Internet online instruction from About.com.

French Language Course. Lessons plus Additional Vocabulary, French Expressions and Idioms.

French: Top 50 Activities from Quia (Quintessential Instructional Archive). French numbers, French foods, Basic French vocabulary, Days, Months, Food and Drink, Irregular verbs, and other Java games, quizzes, and learning activities.

Learn French with Alexa Polidoro Free french Lesson 1. YouTube video, 18:44 min.

Look up: French Dictionary from Babylon.com. This combined French Dictionary Lookup not only comprises general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms but also covers a wide range of professional fields.

450 Italian language

English-Italian On-line Dictionary and Italian-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Italian for Beginners. Free Internet online instruction from About.com. Lessons (Simple, direct lessons in grammar, spelling, pronunciation, and vocabulary), Audio Phrasebook, Exercises, Buon Divertimento (Italian jokes, riddles, and puns), Verbs (Italian verb formation, tenses, conjugation charts, and usage), Study Guides (Test your knowledge of various Italian language topics), Audio Lab (Word of the day, survival phrases, pronunciation guide. Listen to native Italian speaker), Articles About Italian (Italian language, culture, history, current events), Italian Proverbs (with English translations), Abbreviations and Acronyms (Glossary of Italian abbreviations, acronyms, and initials).

Italian for Children from About.com. ABC's (Illustrated alphabet - listen to both the letter and word). Numbers (1,2,3 - counting exercises in Italian. With audio!) Conversation (An afternoon at the beach, a birthday party, and more!) Colors (Hear green, white, red, and all the other colors!)

Look up: Italian Dictionary from Babylon.com. This comprehensive Italian Dictionary Lookup, English to Italian and Italian to English, is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms and covers a wide range of professional fields.

460 Spanish language

About.com: Spanish Language. Include: Spanish Verb Conjugation and Auxiliary Verb by Gerald Erichsen, About.com Guide. Other topics include: Learn Spanish Grammar, Spanish Pronunciation, Written Spanish, Spanish Vocabulary, Spanish for Travelers, Tips for Learning Spanish, and more.

English-Spanish On-line Dictionary and Spanish-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Learn Spanish. Includes a vocabulary list section where permission is granted for you to print any of the free material listed for you personal use, links to other resources, plus Espanglish chat - a place to practise your Spanish with Spanish speakers online.

Learn Spanish: A Free Online Spanish Grammar Tutorial for English-speaking learners.

Learn Spanish Free Online. Free Interactive Spanish lessons from Spanish Learning Center.

Look up: Free English Spanish Dictionary from Babylon.com. This collection of English to Spanish and Spanish to English dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms, covering a wide range of professional fields.

Online Spanish Dictionary. Free online English Spanish Dictionary with translations, synonyms, definitions and usage examples.

Spanish Dictionary. Dictionary of Spanish and English from SpanishDict.com.

Web Spanish Lessons. Spanish lessons to teach basic knowledge, grammar, and vocabulary for Mexican Spanish. Links to English-Spanish and Spanish-English Dictionaries, and other useful sites.

469 Portuguese language

English-Portuguese On-line Dictionary and Portuguese-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Learn Portuguese with free online lessons from BBC. Learn how to speak Portuguese with lessons, audio and video, including the alphabet, phrases, vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, activities and tests.

Look up: English to Portuguese Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Portuguese to English and English to Portuguese dictionaries provide general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms, covering a wide range of professional fields.

Portuguese Language. Portuguese Language schools, grammar, words and other resources.

470 Latin language

English to Latin Dictionary, Latin to English Dictionary from www.freedict.com.

Latin from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid from University of Notre Dame, IN.

Latin-English Dictionary from Research Centre for Humanities Computing, Chinese University of Hong Kong.

The Latin Library at Ad Fontes Academy. Index of Latin Texts includes: Magna Carta. See also Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum - a digital library of Latin literature.

Look up: Latin Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Latin dictionaries, Latin to English and English to Latin, feature terminology and phraseology and most widely used Latin words and expressions from legal and scientific jargon. Contents include: John Madsen's Latin-English Dictionary, Latin-English (AZAD), English-Latin Online Dictionary, Latin-English Online Dictionary, Improve Your Latin Terminology, Animal names in Latin and English, Ornitho-Birds.

Perseus Project Online Latin Lexicon - Search for Dictionary Headwords in Greek, Latin, Italian, English. Search for English Words in Latin (or Greek) Dictionaries.

491.55 Persian language

English to Persian Dictionary. Persian to English Dictionary.

Farsi-Persian Dictionary.

Look up: English Persian Dictionary from Babylon.com. Selection of English Persian dictionaries and glossaries.

495.1 Chinese language

BBC - Learn Chinese. Quick Fix - Essential holiday phrases. Include: Basic Chinese phrases in mp3.

Before You Know It - Free Language Software: Chinese (Mandarin).

Chinese Lessons. Includes free, interactive online Cantonese lessons, Mandarin lessons, and Chinese characters lessons, plus comments on Chinese culture, a discussion board, and Chinese culture - Religion and Philosophy, Customs, Lunar Calendar, Holidays and Festivals, Music.

Chinese Number Converter from Chinese Tools.eu. This program understands various number inputs in English and converts them to a Chinese character string complete with Mandarin pronunciation written in English. Can type in date, month, year in English and Arabic numbers for conversion to written Chinese.

Chinese Numbers, Frequently Asked Chinese Characters: Chinese Character Index: A-Z. Includes:

Origin of Chinese Characters

Chinese Names

Top Ten Lucky Symbols (Chinese Characters)

Double Happiness

Chinese Idioms from About.com.

Chinese Pronunciation Tool from Chinese-Tools.com. Paste a Chinese text and get the Pinyin pronounciation of all the characters. Free online tool.

Learn Cantonese. Chinese (Cantonese) Help Sheets for Absolute Beginners, Beginners, Intermediate, Just for Fun. Includes: CantoDict: Online Cantonese-English Dictionary (13644 compound words), Master List of Chinese Characters, How to Write Chinese Characters, Chinese Tones, Online Cantonese Quiz, Chinese Word Quiz, view high score table, and more.

Learn Mandarin Chinese. Now it's within everyone's grasp! Learn Chinese Online. Learn Chinese for Free. 10 Free Chinese Lessons. Multimedia lessons are based on scenarios that one would encounter on a trip to China, and aim to recreate an immersion experience. The first 10 lessons and accompanying multimedia exercises are entirely free to use, with no signup required.

WannaLearn: Learn Chinese with links to some free instructional sites:

Chinese Multimedia Tutorial by Dan Cabirac

Chinese Pronunciation Guide from Instructional Computing Group (ICG) Harvard College

Conversational Mandarin Chinese Online by Tianwei Xie.

Learn Chinese Online: Free Beginner's 'Introduction to Mandarin' Tutorial

Learn to Speak Mandarin. Language Exchange via Email, Text Chat and Voice Chat

On-line Chinese (Mandarin) Tools - Get a Chinese Name.

495.6 Japanese language

Japanese Language. Contents include: Japanese Dialects, Japanese Dictionaries, Japanese Language Facts, Japanese Forum, Japanese Grammar, History of the Japanese, Japanese language jobs, Language Newsletters, Language Schools, Japanese Literature, Japanese Phrases, Japanese Products, Japanese Sign Language, Japanese Slang, Teaching Japanese (Associations of Japanese teachers), Japanese translation, and Japanese Words.

Learn Japanese - Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com, free daily podcasts. Goal of this site is to make Japanese easy and fun, while incorporating culture and current issues into the lessons.

Step Into German focuses on the German music scene. Oriented towards high school students. Includes Contests, German Cities, German Music, German Music Videos, Music Quiz, Why German is 4U, German is easy.

Web German. German Online Interactive. A fantastic site with numerous links, organized in 22 categories. "This website is for people who want to learn German online; for teachers who want materials and webexercises to supplement their teaching curriculum; for speakers of German to find resources for news, humor, travel, and business events; and for anyone interested in the use of the Internet to learn and maintain German as a foreign language."

I. German Internet Communications
II. Grammar Help
III. Learning the Language Online
IV. German Texts (online in full)
V. German History
VI. Resources for Germanistik Studies
VII. Reference Materials
VIII. Business German
IX. Politics and Current Events
X. German Internet Directories
XI. Teaching Resources
XII. Link Compilations (other pages like this one)
XII. Link Compilations (other pages like this one)
XIII. Language Organizations
XIV. Humor, Games, Puzzles, Comics
XV. Culture, Leisure and Travel
XVI. CyberMagazines
XVII. Musik
XVIII. Audio Sites
XIX. Video
XX. Virtual Reality
XXI. Other Germanic Language Sites
XXII. Miscellaneous

Auf Deutsch: Chatting / Online Lernwelten / Grammatik / Texte / Geschichte / Germanistik / Nachschlagewerke / Lehrquellen / Kataloge / Suchmaschnen / Politik u. Aktuell / Humor, Spiele, Raetzel, Comics / Audio / Video / Musik / Virtuelle Wirklichkeit / Kultur, Freizeit u. Reisen / Cyber-Zeitschriften / andere germanistische Sprachen / Sprachvereine / Geschäftsdeutsch / Sonstiges.

Where Can I Learn German? from German Consulate General - Toronto.

Learning German at the Goethe-Institut, Toronto.

Test Your German.

Learn German in Germany - Goethe Institutes in Germany.

Links to German Language Schools / German Saturday Schools in Ontario, Canada:

German Language School Halton (Oakville, Burlington, Milton area) - Deutsche Sprachschule Halton - Classes for K - Grade 12.

German Friedrich Schiller Language School - Deutsche Sprachschule Friedrich Schiller. Classes for all ages (children and adults) are held each Saturday from 9:15am to 12:30pm, from September till June, in Mississauga. New students are welcomed even during the year. All classes are small (6-12 students only).

Germania Language School, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Canada's oldest German language school - 150 years 1864-2014. Classes for K - Grade 12.

German Language School, London, Ontario - Deutsche Sprachschule London. Classes from K to Grade 12.

German Language School Ottawa. Classes for JK to Grade 12.

437.947 Yiddish language

Alef-Beyz: The Yiddish Alphabet, A Few Useful Yiddish Words. Yiddish Language and History.

Free Yiddish Lessons.

List of Yiddish Words and Expressionsby Michael D. Fein.

Yiddish Expressions.

Yiddish Dictionary - A short one.

Yiddish Dictionary Online.

439.7 Swedish language

Look up: Swedish English Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Swedish English dictionaries provide translations for terms and definitions in both languages.

Swedish Alphabets. Listen to pronunciation of single and compound Swedish alphabets, common Swedish colors, count in Swedish from 1 to 1000.

Swedish - English Dictionary. Translate words from Swedish to English, or English to Swedish.

Swedish Grammar. Site is maintained by Leif Stensson of Linköping University in Linköping, Sweden.

A Swedish Language Course. Svenska, as the Swedes call their language, is spoken by the approximately 8 million inhabitants of Sweden, as well as another 300,000 people in Finland. Contents: Alphabet and Pronunciation, Lessons 1-4. More lessons under construction.

439.8 Danish language, Norwegian language

The Danish Page - Language.

Look up: Danish from Babylon.com. These bi-directional Danish English dictionaries and glossaries provide translations of terms and definitions in both languages. Contents include: John Madsen's Danish-English Dictionary, English-Danish Online Dictionaries, Danish-English Online Dictionaries.

Online English to Danish, Danish to English Dictionary.

Speak Danish. Teach Yourself Danish. Danish course with audio. Online Danish Pronunciation. Danish Phrases. Danish Grammar. Lesson: Day 1. Listen to samples only.

440 French language

English-French On-line Dictionary and French-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

French for Beginners. Free Internet online instruction from About.com.

French Language Course. Lessons plus Additional Vocabulary, French Expressions and Idioms.

French: Top 50 Activities from Quia (Quintessential Instructional Archive). French numbers, French foods, Basic French vocabulary, Days, Months, Food and Drink, Irregular verbs, and other Java games, quizzes, and learning activities.

Look up: French Dictionary from Babylon.com. This combined French Dictionary Lookup not only comprises general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms but also covers a wide range of professional fields.

450 Italian language

English-Italian On-line Dictionary and Italian-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Italian for Beginners. Free Internet online instruction from About.com. Lessons (Simple, direct lessons in grammar, spelling, pronunciation, and vocabulary), Audio Phrasebook, Exercises, Buon Divertimento (Italian jokes, riddles, and puns), Verbs (Italian verb formation, tenses, conjugation charts, and usage), Study Guides (Test your knowledge of various Italian language topics), Audio Lab (Word of the day, survival phrases, pronunciation guide. Listen to native Italian speaker), Articles About Italian (Italian language, culture, history, current events), Italian Proverbs (with English translations), Abbreviations and Acronyms (Glossary of Italian abbreviations, acronyms, and initials).

Italian for Children from About.com. ABC's (Illustrated alphabet - listen to both the letter and word). Numbers (1,2,3 - counting exercises in Italian. With audio!) Conversation (An afternoon at the beach, a birthday party, and more!) Colors (Hear green, white, red, and all the other colors!)

Look up: Italian Dictionary from Babylon.com. This comprehensive Italian Dictionary Lookup, English to Italian and Italian to English, is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms and covers a wide range of professional fields.

460 Spanish language

About.com: Spanish Language. Include: Spanish Verb Conjugation and Auxiliary Verb by Gerald Erichsen, About.com Guide. Other topics include: Learn Spanish Grammar, Spanish Pronunciation, Written Spanish, Spanish Vocabulary, Spanish for Travelers, Tips for Learning Spanish, and more.

English-Spanish On-line Dictionary and Spanish-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Learn Spanish. Includes a vocabulary list section where permission is granted for you to print any of the free material listed for you personal use, links to other resources, plus Espanglish chat - a place to practise your Spanish with Spanish speakers online.

Learn Spanish: A Free Online Spanish Grammar Tutorial for English-speaking learners.

Learn Spanish Free Online. Free Interactive Spanish lessons from Spanish Learning Center.

Look up: Free English Spanish Dictionary from Babylon.com. This collection of English to Spanish and Spanish to English dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms, covering a wide range of professional fields.

Online Spanish Dictionary. Free online English Spanish Dictionary with translations, synonyms, definitions and usage examples.

Spanish Dictionary. Dictionary of Spanish and English from SpanishDict.com.

Web Spanish Lessons. Spanish lessons to teach basic knowledge, grammar, and vocabulary for Mexican Spanish. Links to English-Spanish and Spanish-English Dictionaries, and other useful sites.

469 Portuguese language

English-Portuguese On-line Dictionary and Portuguese-English On-line Dictionary from travlang.

Learn Portuguese with free online lessons from BBC.co.uk.

Look up: English to Portuguese Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Portuguese to English and English to Portuguese dictionaries provide general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms, covering a wide range of professional fields.

Portuguese Language. Portuguese Language schools, grammar, words and other resources.

470 Latin language

English to Latin Dictionary, Latin to English Dictionary from www.freedict.com.

Latin from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid from University of Notre Dame, IN.

Latin-English Dictionary from Research Centre for Humanities Computing, Chinese University of Hong Kong.

The Latin Library at Ad Fontes Academy. Index of Latin Texts includes: Magna Carta. See also Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum - a digital library of Latin literature, Armarium Labyrinthi: Labyrinth Latin Bookcase - Collection of ancient and medieval Latin texts, from the Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies, sponsored by Georgetown University.

Look up: Latin Dictionary from Babylon.com. These Latin dictionaries, Latin to English and English to Latin, feature terminology and phraseology and most widely used Latin words and expressions from legal and scientific jargon. Contents include: John Madsen's Latin-English Dictionary, Latin-English (AZAD), English-Latin Online Dictionary, Latin-English Online Dictionary, Improve Your Latin Terminology, Animal names in Latin and English, Ornitho-Birds.

Perseus Project Online Latin Lexicon - Search for Dictionary Headwords in Greek, Latin, Italian, English. Search for English Words in Latin (or Greek) Dictionaries.

491.55 Persian language

Look up: English Persian Dictionary from Babylon.com. Selection of English Persian dictionaries and glossaries.

Online English - Persian Dictionary. Search the meaning of English words in Persian.

495.1 Chinese language

BBC - Learn Chinese. Quick Fix - Essential holiday phrases. Include: Basic Chinese phrases in mp3.

Before You Know It - Free Language Software: Chinese (Mandarin).

Chinese Lessons. Includes free, interactive online Cantonese lessons, Mandarin lessons, and Chinese characters lessons, plus comments on Chinese culture, a discussion board, and Chinese culture - Religion and Philosophy, Customs, Lunar Calendar, Holidays and Festivals, Music.

Chinese Numbers, Frequently Asked Chinese Characters: Chinese Character Index: A-Z. Includes:

Origin of Chinese Characters

Chinese Names

Top Ten Lucky Symbols (Chinese Characters)

Double Happiness

Chinese Idioms from About.com.

Chinese Pronunciation Tool from Chinese-Tools.com. Paste a Chinese text and get the Pinyin pronounciation of all the characters. Free online tool.

Forvo: Chinese pronunciation guide. All the words in the world. Pronounced by native speakers.

Learn Cantonese. Chinese (Cantonese) Help Sheets for Absolute Beginners, Beginners, Intermediate, Just for Fun. Includes: CantoDict: Online Cantonese-English Dictionary (13644 compound words), Master List of Chinese Characters, How to Write Chinese Characters, Chinese Tones, Online Cantonese Quiz, Chinese Word Quiz, view high score table, and more.

Learn Mandarin Chinese. Now it's within everyone's grasp! Learn Chinese Online. Learn Chinese for Free. 10 Free Chinese Lessons. Multimedia lessons are based on scenarios that one would encounter on a trip to China, and aim to recreate an immersion experience. The first 10 lessons and accompanying multimedia exercises are entirely free to use, with no signup required.

WannaLearn: Learn Chinese with links to some free instructional sites:

Chinese Pronunciation Guide from Instructional Computing Group (ICG) Harvard College

Conversational Mandarin Chinese Online by Tianwei Xie.

Learn Chinese Online: Free Beginner's 'Introduction to Mandarin' Tutorial

Learn to Speak Mandarin. Language Exchange via Email, Text Chat and Voice Chat

On-line Chinese (Mandarin) Tools - Get a Chinese Name.

495.6 Japanese language

Japanese Language. Contents include: Japanese Dialects, Japanese Dictionaries, Japanese Language Facts, Japanese Forum, Japanese Grammar, History of the Japanese, Japanese language jobs, Language Newsletters, Language Schools, Japanese Literature, Japanese Phrases, Japanese Products, Japanese Sign Language, Japanese Slang, Teaching Japanese (Associations of Japanese teachers), Japanese translation, and Japanese Words.

Learn Japanese - Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com, free daily podcasts. Goal of this site is to make Japanese easy and fun, while incorporating culture and current issues into the lessons.


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