Reference Library Sitemap
500 General science, science museums
500.2 Physical sciences
503 Science - Encyclopedias, Science - Dictionaries
507 Science - Experiments, (Scientific experiments)
507.8 Science projects, (Science fair projects), (School science projects), (Science exhibition projects)
508 Natural history
509.2 Scientists, (Astronomers), (Biologists), (Chemists), (Geologists), (Mathematicians), (Naturalists), (Physicists)
510.7808 Microsoft PowerPoint (Computer file)
512 Algebra, Number theory, Group theory, (Fibonacci numbers)
513 Roman numerals, Writing of numerals
523 523 Solar system, Asteroids, Planets, Stars, Sun, Meteorites, Galaxies, Milky Way, (Moon), (Solar eclipses), (Lunar eclipses)
527 Latitude, Longitude, Nautical astronomy
529 Time, Days, Night, Week, Months, Calendars, Chronology
530.8 Measurement, Weights and measures, Metric system, Volume (Cubic content), (Cubic measurement), (Conversions)
535 Optics, Light
538.768 Auroras, (Aurora borealis), (Northern lights)
539.7 Radioactivity, Atomic theory, (Radioactive substances), (Radiation)
540 Chemistry, Chemicals
540.1 Alchemy, (Hermetic art and philosophy), (Transmutation of metals), (Philosophers' stone)
546 Chemical elements
551 Icebergs, Glaciers, (Ice caps), (Ice sheets), Landforms, Geomorphology, Physical geography
551.21 Volcanoes, (Eruptions)
551.22 Earthquakes, (Seismography), (Seismology)
551.4 Water, Physical geography, Natural monuments, Landforms, Earth sciences
551.44 Caves, Cave diving, (Caves and Caverns)
551.46 Ocean, Oceanography, (Oceans), (Sea)
551.47 Tsunamis, Ocean waves, (Earthquake sea waves), (Seismic sea waves), (Tidal waves, Seismic)
551.55 Hurricanes, Cyclones, Storms, Tornadoes, Typhoons, (Winds), (Twisters)
551.6 Weather, Weather forecasting
553.8 Diamonds, Precious stones, (Gemstones), (Jewels)
560 Fossils, Prehistoric animals, Extinct animals, (Paleontology)
567.9 Dinosaurs, Fossil reptiles
570 Biology, Life sciences
572.8 Genetic code, Gene mapping, Recombinant DNA, (Genome mapping), (Genetics), (Genetic disorders)
574.5 Endangered species, (Rare animals), (Wildlife conservation)
574.87 Cells, DNA, Protoplasm, (D.N.A.), (Deoxyribonucleic acid), (Desoxyribonucleic acid)
576.8 Evolution, (Darwinism), (Origin of species), Mutation (Biology), Natural selection
580 Plants, Botany
582.13 Flowers, (Roses)
590.72 Aquariums, Aquarium fishes, Aquarium plants, Aquariums - Equipment and supplies
591.77 Marine animals (Aquatic animals), (Marine fauna), (Marine zoology), (Sea animals), (Water animals), (Marine mammals)
595.78 Butterflies, Moths
597 Fishes, Sharks, Rays (Fish)
597.8 Amphibians, Frogs, (Toads)
597.9 Reptiles, (Turtles), (Lizards), (Alligators), (Crocodiles), (Snakes)
599.9 Anthropology, Human origins, (Hominids), (Origin of man), (Human paleontology), Physical anthropology, (Biological anthropoloy)
Chem4Kids. Matter, Elements, Atoms, Math, and Reactions. Clear, simple explanations of each subject matter complete with colorful illustrations.
Chemical Achievers. Meet the Human Face of Chemical Achievement: Robert Boyle, Marie Curie, Wallace Carothers, Charles Chandler. Includes The Path to the Periodic Table.
Chemistry Biographies from AllRefer.com.
Chemistry of the Week. Fact sheets by Professor Bassam Z. Shakhashiri. Topics include Aluminum, Ammonia, Arsenic, Carbon Dioxide, Chlorophyll, Ethanol, Fats and Oils, Hydrogen, Lime, Liquid Crystals, Mercury, Methane, Ozone, Polymers, and many more.
EnvironmentalChemistry.com. Site includes over 300 pages of educational resources on chemistry, environmental and hazardous materials, anatomy of the atom, detailed periodic table of elements, geologic timeline, chemistry & environmental dictionary, Chernobyl, guide to handling household chemicals, and more.
Look up: Chemistry Dictionary from Babylon.com. Chemistry Dictionaries provide terms and definitions of all chemical terminologies. Including General Chemistry Glossary, Electrochemistry Dictionary, Chemistry of the Elements.
SparkNotes: Chemistry Study Guides. Contents: Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Units, Scientific Notation, and Significant Figures, The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure, Bonding, Stoichiometry (study of laws of chemical combination by weight & volume), Gases, Solutions, Acids and Bases, Electrochemistry, and Reaction Kinetics. Caution: Lots of popu-up ads.
Alchemy from Sacred-texts.com. Original documents of alchemy for the serious reader.
Alchemy Web Site. Alchemy is the medieval attempt to change base metals into gold. This massive site includes over 90 megabytes of information on alchemy in all its facets, with over 2000 images, over 200 complete alchemical texts. Includes 18 downloadable midi files of alchemical music.
A Brief History of the Development of Periodic Table from Western Oregon University. See also History of the periodic table from Wikipedia.
Chemical Elements.com - An Online Interactive Periodic Table of the Elements. Basic Info: Name, Symbol, Atomic number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, Boiling Point, Number of Protons/Electrons, Number of Neutrons, Classification, Crystal Structure, Density, Color. Atomic Structure (color diagram). Isotopes. Facts: Date of Discovery, Uses, Where obtained.
Chemistry Periodic Table. Chemicool.com provides chemical element facts, chemistry forum.
● Chemical Elements - Alphabetical List - List of the Chemical Elements and Atomic Numbers (The atomic number is the number of protons or electrons each element's atoms have).
● Chemistry Dictionary.
● Property Graphs.
It's Elemental - The Periodic Table of Elements from Jefferson Lab, Science Education. Check out the radioactive element Polonium - Po - Atomic Number: 84, Atomic Weight: 209. Polonium was discovered by Marie Sklodowska Curie, a Polish chemist, in 1898. Named for the country of Poland. Polonium is pronounced as peh-LOW-ni-em.
Periodic Table of the Elements from American Chemical Society - ACS Publications.
WebElements Periodic Table (Professional Edition) and WebElements Periodic Table (Scholar Edition). Allows you to view some Virtual Reality and Quick Draw 3D images both for element crystal structures and for periodic properties. Also allows viewing of various other kinds of 3D images, including molecules.
All About Glaciers from National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).
● Glacier Story: A Tour of the Life of a Glacier. "Most of the world's glaciers are found near the Poles, but glaciers exist on all of the world's continents, even Africa."
● Photo and Image Gallery. basic information on snow, ice, glaciers, sea ice, and other elements of the cryosphere. All About the Cryosphere, What is in the cryosphere? Snow, ice, sea ice, glaciers, ice shelves, icebergs, and frozen ground. Quick Facts on Icebergs. What is an iceberg? "Icebergs are pieces of ice that formed on land and float in an ocean or lake. . . The term "iceberg" refers to chunks of ice larger than 5 meters (16 feet) across." How do icebergs form, and where do they go? Why are icebergs important?
Geography Landforms. YouTube video, 3:04 min.
Geography Tutor: Earth's Physical Features. YouTube video, 3:46 min.
Glaciers from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Glaciers: Face of the Earth. "Ice sheets and glaciers form the largest component of perennial ice on this planet. Over 75% of the world's fresh water is presently locked up in these frozen reservoirs."
Ice sheet dynamics from Wikipedia.
Iceberg from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Icebergs - Just the Facts - In Depth from Canadian Geographic. "Icebergs are comprised of pure fresh water. The term 'iceberg' most likely originates from the Dutch term 'ijsberg', which means ice mountain . . . Between 10,000 to 15,000 icebergs are calved each year."
Icebergs of the Arctic and Antarctic from the Ozone Hole - solcomhouse.com. Photos and videos. What Is the Life Cycle of an Iceberg?
Incredible Icebergs. 37 pictures.
Plateau from Science Clarified. The shape of the land, forces and changes, spotlight on famous landforms.
How Volcanoes Work. Describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes.
Michigan Technological University Volcanoes Page. Purpose of this site is to provide scientific and educational information that can lead to hazard mitigation. Topics include: What is a volcano? Which are earth's active volcanoes? Volcanoes of Canada, Volcanic Hazards Mitigation, Remote Sensing of Volcanoes, Satellite Detection of eruptions, Volcanic Humor, and more.
Volcano World. Information on volcanoes from University of North Dakota. Includes: Current Volcanic Activity - Current Eruptions, World Volcanoes - Index by Region, Index by Country/Region, Index by Volcano Name, How do I become a volcanologist? Volcano Facts, Glossary - Volcanic and Geologic Terms.
Volcano from Australian Government, Geoscience Australia. Natural hazards: What is a volcano? Types of volcanoes, Predicting eruptions, Volcanoes in Australian territory, The Pago PNG volcano, Volcano facts, photos and links.
Earthquake from Australian Government, Geoscience Australia. Earthquake Basics. What is an Earthquake? Where do earthquakes occur? How are earthquakes detected? Measuring the size of an earthquake, Seismographs and seismograms, Australia on the move, and Australian earthquakes.
Earthquake Facts, Earthquake FAQs, Measuring Earthquakes (Richter Scale), Seismic Hazards, Historic Earthquakes & Earthquake Statistics, and more.
Earthquake Preparedness Guide: How to Stay Safe and Survive from Ammo.com. Contents include: Basic Earthquake Information, Earthquake Preparedness (Before, During, and After), FAQs, Earthquake Notification Service, Links and Resources for Earthquake Hazards and Preparedness.
Earthquakes. Defining an Earthquake from Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Earthquakes: Fast Facts, Why Earthquakes Occur, Your Earthquake Risk, Earthquake Legends Throughout the World, and more.
Earthquakes by Kaye M. Shedlock & Louis C. Pakiser. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) General Interest Publications. Contents: Introduction, Earthquakes in History, Where Earthquakes Occur, How Earthquakes Happen, Measuring Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Earthquakes, Predicting Earthquakes.
Earthquakes for Kids.
● Earthquake Glossary.
● Earthquake Preparedness.
● Earthquake Topics for Education.
● Recent Earthquakes in California and Nevada - Index Map.
Plate Tectonics, the Cause of Earthquakes.
The Science of Earthquakes by Lisa Wald. What is an earthquake? What causes earthquakes and where do they happen? Why does the earth shake when there is an earthquake? How are earthquakes recorded? How do scientists measure the size of earthquakes? How can scientists tell where the earthquake happened? Can scientists predict earthquakes? Can some animals or people tell when an earthquake is about to hit?
7 Phenomenal Wonders of the Natural World with photos and descriptions, from WebEcoist. 1. Sailing Stones. 2. Columnar Basalt. 3. Blue Holes. 4. Red Tides. 5. Ice Circles. 6. Mammatus Clouds. 7. Fire Rainbows.
7 (More!) Phenomenal Wonders of the Natural World with photos and descriptions, from WebEcoist. 1. Sinkholes. 2. Penitentes. 3. Lenticular Clouds. 4. Light Pillars. 5. Sundogs. 6. Fire Whirls. 7. Orange Moons.
Water and Water (molecule) from Wikipedia.
Water from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Regional and State Links - Water information across the United States. Water for Kids - Projects, Art and Experiments, Links to Water Sites.
Water conservation tips - How to conserve water at home. YouTube video, 3:18 min.
Water Science for Schools from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Site provides information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, data, maps, and an interactive center where you can give opinions and test your water knowledge.
10 Deepest Caves in the World.
Cave from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Cave diving from Wikipedia.
Cave Systems in United States. List of 248 cave systems from CaveAtlas.com.
Caves in Australia. List of caves in Australia, from Wikipedia.
Caves in China. List of caves in China, from Wikipedia.
Caves: Show Caves of the World. All Caves - Indexes. Listing some 810 caves from A-Z, with info on cave location, address, history, description, entrance fees, etc. Classification of Caves from Show Caves.
Earliest Traces of Humans in the Americas Found in a Submerged Caveby Michele Collet.
Hang Son Doong Cavern - Mountain River Cave. PowerPoint Presentation. Photos from the world's largest cavern discovered in Vietnam in 1991. Son Doong Cave is located in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh Province, Vietnam. Explored by joint Vietnamese-British cave scientists of the British Cave Research Association.
Lists of Caves from around the world, from Wikipedia.
Speleology is the science of exploring underground spaces. See also: Primary Caves: Blister Caves, Lava Caves, Lava Tubes, Tufa Caves, Reef Caves. Secondary Caves: Limestone Caves, Gypsum Caves, Salt Caves, Tectonic Caves, Neotectonic Caves, Talus Caves, Fissure Caves, Sea Caves. From Showcaves.
What are the Largest Caves in the World? From wiseGEEK. Topics: Underground Caves, Spelunk - "A spelunker is a person who explores caves as a hobby. Two other terms applied to those who partake in cave exploration are caver and speleologist", Aquarium Caves, Solution Caves, Caves Limestone.
Canada's Oceans Strategy is the Government of Canada's policy statement for the management of estuarine coastal and marine ecosystems.
Ocean Explorer. Explore the Ocean Realm with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Categories: Explorations, Projects, Gallery, Technology, Library, Education, and History. See also Timeline of ocean exploration 1807-1945.
Oceans Alive! All about oceans. Contents: The Water Planet (Physical Features of the Ocean, Changing Oceans, Water Cycle, Ocean Profiles), Oceans in Motion (Currents, Wind and Waves, Ebbs and Flows of the Sea), Life in the Sea (Predators and Prey), Scientist at Sea (Underwater Exploration, Remote Sensing, Satellite Images), plus Resources.
Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis - Emergency appeal n° M04EA028 Final report. "The Indian Ocean earthquake and Tsunami was the single most devastating natural disaster in recent history. On 24 December 2004, and over the subsequent days, the world watched in horror as the true scale of the disaster became apparent.
At least 226,000 lives were lost, millions of homes were destroyed and entire communities were swept away. The full extent of the Tsunami was felt along the coastlines of 14 countries and the trail of devastation left in the wake of the disaster stretched from Sumatra in Indonesia to the shores of Somalia."
Asia Quake Disaster - In Depth from BBC
Surviving a Tsunami - Lessons from Chile, Hawaii, and Japan from U.S. Geological Survey.
Tsunami Safety Tips from National Geographic Environment. Tsunamis can wreak havoc on coastal populations and landscapes. The December 26, 2004, tsunami in the Indian Ocean claimed some 150,000 lives and cleared the landscape on millions of acres of oceanfront terrain.
University of Southern California Tsunami Research Group: Locations of past tsunamis around the world - Click on a location on World Map to see details of each tsunami disaster, includes photos. Tsunami Videos and Animation - Simulations and footage of tsunami activity.
Glossary of Scientific Terms from University of Alberta, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences. Main reference: Glossary of Scientific Terms, American Meteorological Society, 1997.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO). A United Nations Specialized Agency. Topics range from weather prediction to air pollution research, include ozone layer depletion studies, tropical storm forecasting, and more.
See also 363.34 Disaster relief, (Disaster preparedness), (Emergency preparedness)
Before You Get Caught in a Hurricane by Rod Brouhard, About.com Guide. Hurricane Preparation Tips - Hurricane Survival Tips.
Flood on streets
in the Philippines
Family watching TV
in flooded room in India
Florida Hurricane Season Preparation Guide. Snowbird Resources.
Hurricane Basics from National Hurricane Center (NHC), National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Includes Hurricane History 1900-2004, Tornadoes, Inland Flooding, Forecast Process, Be Prepared - Hurricane Preparedness, and more.
Hurricane Preparedness. Be Prepared: Preventing the loss of life and minimizing the damage to property from hurricanes.
Hurricane Preparedness. Information on hurricanes, recovery preparation, planning emergencies, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Hurricanes ... Unleashing Nature's Fury. A Preparedness Guide from U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, Revised August 2001.
IBISEYE Hurricane Tracking Service - Your Hurricane Information Center. Contents include: Paths, Neighborhoods, Active Weather Alerts (across the United States), Storm Tracks (1851-2006), Florida Storms, This Season's Storms.
Typhoon from Wikipedia.
Worldwide Tropical Cyclone Names from National Hurricane Center, Miami, FL. Atlantic Names 2005-2010, Eastern North Pacific Names 2005-2010, Central North Pacific Names Lists 1-4, Western North Pacific Names - List of Country Contributors and Name Lists I-V, Australian Region Names, Fiji Region Names Lists A-E (Standby), Papua New Guinea Region Names Lists A-B, Philippine Region Names Lists 1-4 rotate from 2001-2016 plus an Auxiliary List, Southwest Indian Ocean Names 2004-2005, 2005-2006.
Kids' Lightning Information and Safety by Sabrina, a child who was hit by lightning along with her parents. Topics covered: What is lightning? What does it feel like to be hit by lightning? Where can lightning strike? How can you tell how far away a storm is? Learn also about lightning safety at home and at school.
Current Conditions and Forecasts from World Weather Server. Site provides current weather information with an easy-to-browse list of locations around the world. Live Weather Images. Provides Current Weather Images (USA), Forecast Maps, European Images, Bodies of Water, Hurricanes/Tropical Storms, Seismic Activity, Storm Warnings, and more. Interactive Weather Page allows you to calculate sunrise and sunset times, heat index, wind chill values, etc. Includes links to weathercams worldwide and weather jokes. Look up: Weather Terms from Babylon.com. Dictionaries related to Weather and Meteorology with meteorological terms and phrases from the world of weather forecasting explained. Include: Weather & Meteorology, A Comprehensive Glossary of Weather. NOAA National Weather Service. Weather across the United States, from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Includes Warnings, Observations, Forecasts, Weather Safety, Past Weather, Glossary, and more. The Weather Underground. Find the Weather for any City, State or ZIP Code, or Airport Code or Country. Click on a map of your choice for current weather conditions and forecasts. Features include: Wunder Photo Galleries, NEXRAD Radar, Regional Radar, Zoom Satellite, Maps, Trip Planner, Tropical / Hurricane, Marine Weather, U.S. Severe Weather Map, Astronomy (Enter the zip code where you will be star gazing), Ski (Snow Conditions & Ski Report - U.S., Canada, International), Wunderground Educational Resources, Wunder Blog Directory, Favorites. WW2010 - The Weather World 2010 Project. A massive site. Popular features include Hurricanes, Clouds and Precipitation, and El Niño. From the Current Weather section you can view forecasts for the United States and print out weather maps with exquisite colors. An Index helps you find weather topics from A-Z quickly. World Weather Information Service. Site presents OFFICIAL weather forecasts and climatological information for selected cities supplied by National Meteorological Services (NMSs) worldwide.
Current Conditions and Forecasts from World Weather Server. Site provides current weather information with an easy-to-browse list of locations around the world.
Live Weather Images. Provides Current Weather Images (USA), Forecast Maps, European Images, Bodies of Water, Hurricanes/Tropical Storms, Seismic Activity, Storm Warnings, and more. Interactive Weather Page allows you to calculate sunrise and sunset times, heat index, wind chill values, etc. Includes links to weathercams worldwide and weather jokes.
Look up: Weather Terms from Babylon.com. Dictionaries related to Weather and Meteorology with meteorological terms and phrases from the world of weather forecasting explained. Include: Weather & Meteorology, A Comprehensive Glossary of Weather.
NOAA National Weather Service. Weather across the United States, from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Includes Warnings, Observations, Forecasts, Weather Safety, Past Weather, Glossary, and more.
The Weather Underground. Find the Weather for any City, State or ZIP Code, or Airport Code or Country. Click on a map of your choice for current weather conditions and forecasts. Features include: Wunder Photo Galleries, NEXRAD Radar, Regional Radar, Zoom Satellite, Maps, Trip Planner, Tropical / Hurricane, Marine Weather, U.S. Severe Weather Map, Astronomy (Enter the zip code where you will be star gazing), Ski (Snow Conditions & Ski Report - U.S., Canada, International), Wunderground Educational Resources, Wunder Blog Directory, Favorites.
WW2010 - The Weather World 2010 Project. A massive site. Popular features include Hurricanes, Clouds and Precipitation, and El Niño. From the Current Weather section you can view forecasts for the United States and print out weather maps with exquisite colors. An Index helps you find weather topics from A-Z quickly.
World Weather Information Service. Site presents OFFICIAL weather forecasts and climatological information for selected cities supplied by National Meteorological Services (NMSs) worldwide.
Diamond Basics. Why Are Diamonds So Valuable? from Diamond Trade.
History of Diamonds. Loose diamonds were first mined in India thousands of years ago. However, most diamonds are found in Africa today. Learn about Popular Diamond Shapes, seven different types of Diamond Settings, The Four C's: Carats, Clarity, Color and Cut, as well as how to buy and care for diamonds.
The Nature of Diamonds. Excellent resource from American Museum of Natural History with color illustrations, photos, charts, tables. Contents: What is diamond? Diamond: Vital Statistics, Origins, History, Mining & Distribution, Industry & Technology, and Bibliography.
Frequently Asked Questions about Paleontology. Questions include: What is paleontology? What are the practical uses of paleontology? How can I find fossils in my area? Plus links to other paleontology sites. See: Learning from the Fossil Record for related articles and additional resources.
Age of the Dinosaurs from BBC.co.uk. Rise and Fall of the Dinosaurs. Were Dinosaurs Endotherms (warm-blooded) or Ectotherms (cold-blooded)? What Really Killed the Dinosaurs?
The BEST of Discovery's Dinosaurs. YouTube video, 56:31 min. Published on Jul 3, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Enter the prehistoric world when dinosaurs ruled the Earth. See them hunt and battle. See them roam in massive herds. Go back in time and experience what dinosaur life was like."
● The BEST of Discovery's Dinosaurs 2. YouTube video, 51:51 min. Published on Jul 3, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Some dinosaurs had brightly colored feathers. Some dinosaurs were attentive parents. Some dinosaurs gave birth to live young rather than hatching them in eggs."
Dinosaur from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Dinosaur Pictures. Find illustrations of dinosaurs.
Dinosaurs. Millions of years ago, long before there were any people, there were dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were one of several kinds of prehistoric reptiles that lived during the Mesozoic Era, the "Age of Reptiles" - from Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board, Nova Scotia. Contents include Dinosaur Species with artwork copyrighted by Joe Tucciarone.
Dinosaurs: A Guide for Children from CBBC Newsworld. What is a dinosaur? What types of dinosaur were there? What's in a name? Could Jurassic Park really happen? Why did they become extinct?
How Dinosaurs Went Extinct! YouTube video, 2:20 min. Published on Jun 25, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Meteors came hurtling to Earth and stopped life as they knew it for the dinosaurs. Complete and instantaneous extinction is no longer the theory."
Zoom Dinosaurs from Enchanted Learning. All about dinosaurs: What is a Dinosaur? Dinosaur Information Pages, including Apatosaurus, T. rex, Triceratops, Velociraptor, and more! Dinosaur Print-outs, How Dinosaurs Are Named, What Do Dinosaur Names Mean, Evolution of Dinosaurs ...
BIODIDAC. A bank of digital resources for teaching biology. Excellent collection of over 5000 digital images (line drawings and photographs), videos, and animations. Use of material must be non-commercial, acknowledged and registered. Categories: Organismal Biology, Human Biology, and Histology.
Biology 100 On-Line Course Materials from Wayne's Word. Numerous topics covered, include exercises and illustrations: The Cell, Cell Division, Mitosis & Meiosis, DNA & RNA, Genetic Corn, Polygenic Inheritance, Genetic Drift, Life Cycles, Population Growth, Biomes of North America, Five Kingdoms of Life, Major Divisions of Life, Diversity of Flowering Plants, Chemicals of Living Systems, Red-Green Color Blindness Table, Determining A-B-O Blood Types, plus links to DNA, and Plant Genetics.
Biology Websites recommended by Access Excellence, The National Health Museum Resource Center.
BioMed Central: The Open Access Publisher. Over 100 Open Access journals covering all areas of Biology and Medicine.
CELLS alive! Video library relates to microbiology, cell biology, aquatic protozoa, water-borne parasites, infectious disease, and immunology.
Cellular Biology. Contents: Cell Structures & Functions, Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes (characteristics of two cell classifications), Types (moneran, protist, fungi, plant, animal), Reproduction (Mitosis & Meiosis), Cell Theory, and Glossary.
Characteristics of life - a very brief introduction.
Classification of Living Things. Contents: Introduction to the Linnaean system of classification used in biological sciences to categorize all living things, the five kingdoms (Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia), phylum, subphylum, class (includes info on the 7 living classes of vertebrates), subclass, infraclass, quiz at the end of each section, Web expeditions, related Internet sites, and a glossary of terms with sound and color images.
Look up: Biology Terms from Babylon.com. Comprehensive Biology related dictionaries and glossaries dealing with a vast range of topics: Ecology, Paleontology, Genetics, Climate Change, etc. including: EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Terms of Environment, Bioglossary, BioProcess International™ Glossary, Common Terms in Evolutionary Biology and Genetics, Ornitho-Birds, Prehistoric World Images, EPA Glossary of Climate Change Terms, Glossary of Marine Biology.
Natural Perspective. This site is dedicated to the beauty and science of nature and to the joys nature brings to those who explore it. Material is organized according to the biological principles of Taxonomy, or classification. Visit a Kingdom: Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, and Protoctista.
PLOS (Public Library of Science) - Biology. A non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. The internet and electronic publishing enable the creation of public libraries of science containing the full text and data of any published research article, available free of charge to anyone, anywhere in the world.
SparkNotes: Biology Study Guides. Contents: Cell Structure, Cell Respiration, Cell Reproduction, Molecular Biology, Plants, Microorganism, Evolution, and Animal Behavior.
The Tree of Life Web Project. A collaborative Internet project containing information about phylogeny and biodiversity by biologists around the world. Over 2600 Web pages, site provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their history, and characteristics. Lots of color photos and links. For a start, go to Popular Groups on the Tree of Life.
Cloning: How It Works. Special Reports from Guardian Unlimited. See also How Cloning Works from howstuffworks.
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid):
● DNA 50 - DNA at 50 from BBC News, InDepth.
● How DNA Works.
● DNA in 3D.
● DNA Analysis - History Detectives from Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
● DNA in the News from Forensic Bioinformatics.
● The Use of DNA Typing in Forensic Science from University of California, Irvine.
● Forensic DNA Analysis: Technology and Application by Thomas Curran, Science and Technology Division, September 1997, Library of Parliament, Canada.
● The Great DNA Hunt from Archaeology.
● Tools of DNA Analysis - Internet Lesson from Professor Karen M. Kiser, Clinical Laboratory Technology/Phlebotomy, St. Louis Community College, MO.
Genes from BBC - Science & Nature. Contents: Who am I? (Inheriting genes, Nature / nurture, Behaviour, Human genome ...), Modifying life (Extreme GM, Bioweapons, Designer Babies, Cloning, Breeding ...), Future human, Genetically-modified food (Risks & Benefits ...), DNA detectives.
Genetic Fact Sheets from Centre for Genetics Education, Sydney, Australia. Topics include: Genes and Chromosomes, When Genes Are Faulty (Mutations), Genetic Disorders, What are Chromosomes? and more.
Genetics Home Reference: Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions. Contents: Help Me Understand Genetics, Browse Genes and Conditions, and What's New. You can Search the entire site, or Browse Genetic Conditions by Name or Category, or Browse Genes by Name or Category. Includes a Glossary and links to Educational Resources.
The Genographic Project. Human Migration, Population Genetics, Maps, DNA, from National Geographic. Includes Genetics Overview - Anatomy of Our Genes, Genetic Signposts (DNA Recombination, Y Chromozome, Mitochrondrial DNA - mtDNA), Populations Genetics (Mutation, Genetic Diversity, Natural Selection, Genetic Drift, Human Family Tree), Genetics Glossary, Atlas of the Human Journey.
Glossaries of Genome / Human Genetics Terms from University of Kansas Medical Center. See also Genetics Education Center and Genetic and Rare Conditions Information Site.
How Stem Cells Work from howstuffworks.com. Includes Cloning Image Gallery.
Human Genome Project Information. Site Index.
New Genome Comparison Finds Chimps, Humans Very Similar at the DNA Level from National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI).
Stem cell from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Includes photos.
Stem Cell Information from National Institutes of Health (NIH) resource for stem cell research. Stem Cell Basics - What Are Stem Cells?
Taiwan breeds green-glowing pigs by Chris Hogg, BBC News, Hong Kong. "The pigs are transgenic, created by adding genetic material from jellyfish into a normal pig embryo. The researchers hope the pigs will boost the island's stem cell research, as well as helping with the study of human disease."
Baby Eye Color Predictor Calculator from BabyMED. "In general, children inherit their eye color from their parents, the eye colors of the mother and father. But the parents' eye color is not the only determining factor. Inheritance of eye color is also considered 'polygenic'."
Eye & Hair Color Prediction Quiz. Fun quiz, not to be taken seriously. Answer 5 simple questions and the quiz will predict your baby's hair and eye color. Must leave email address and expected due date of baby to have answer emailed to you.
Genetic Heredity Calculator. Quick Trait: Eye Color Calculator: "The pigmentation of the iris in humans varies from light brown to black, depending on the concentration of melanin in the iris pigment epithelium (located on the back of the iris), the iris stroma and the cellular density of the stroma. Eye color is an inherited trait influenced by more than one gene. This calculator uses a two-genes (brown vs non-brown and blue vs green) co-dominance model."
What Color Eyes Will Your Children Have? From The Tech Museum of Innovation. Before using the Eye Color Calculator, you need to know the terms: Genotype and Phenotype.
Biodiversity Hotspots. Conservation International (CI) focuses on the 35 richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life around the world, in the hope that decision-makers will make informed decisions influencing conservation in these hotspots. What is a Hotspot? "Around the world, 35 areas qualify as hotspots. They represent just 2.3% of Earth's land surface, but they support more than half of the world's plant species as endemics - i.e., species found no place else - and nearly 43% of bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species as endemics."
ARKive -Images of Life on Earth. An online Noah's Ark of digital multimedia portraits of the world's endangered species. Lots of colorful still photo images, movies, and information on many different species of Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish, Invertebrates - terrestrial & freshwater, Invertebrates - marine, Plants & algae, and Fungi (including lichen).
Endangered species from Wikipedia.
Endangered Species from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). "As the principal federal partner responsible for administering the Endangered Species Act (ESA), we take the lead in recovering and conserving our Nation's imperiled species by fostering partnerships, employing scientific excellence, and developing a workforce of conservation leaders. Our two major goals are to: 1) Protect endangered and threatened species, and then pursue their recovery; and 2) Conserve candidate species and species-at-risk so that listing under the ESA is not necessary."
Endangered Species: The Rarest Info Around. Causes of Endangerment, Why Save Endangered Species? Facts About Endangered Species, Endangered Mammals, Birds & Fish, and more.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 in PDF.
Especies Fact Sheets from KidsPlanet.org. Electronic fact sheets on over 50 species. For each species info includes: Status, Description, Size, Population, Lifespan, Range, Habitat, Food, Behavior, Offspring, Threats, and Protection. Learn about The Endangered Species Act from Wikipedia.
Giant Panda from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Giant Pandas at the National Zoo. Info on Habitat. Giant Pandas Photo Gallery from Smithsonian National Zoological Park.
Saving Valentina: A Humpback's Tale. YouTube video, 8:21 min. On Valentine's Day 2011, in the Sea of Cortez, the life of a young humpback whale, tangled in fish nets and nearing death, was saved. Photographed by Heather Watrous and Whitney Brasington. Written by Michael Fishback and Gershon Cohen. Directed by Eli Noyes. Copyright 2011: Great Whale Conservancy.
Cell Structure. Concepts in Biochemistry - Interactive Animations. Objectives of online lesson: Recognize differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, differences between animal and plant cells, and understand function of organelles in these cells.
DNA Learning Center's Gene almanac: Source for timely information about genes in education. Keyword Search box. BioServers: Sequence Server helps you compare and analyze DNA sequences, Allele Server compares and analyzes human populations, Simulation Server lets you examine fluctuations of genotypes. Bioforms help you solve biological problems using real DNA sequences to solve mysteries of the Romanovs and the Neanderthals.
DNA from the Beginning. A simple introduction to DNA giving the basic concept of DNA, with animation, picture gallery, audio/video glossary covering: gene, inherited, and life of Mendel, links to biography of Johann Gregor Mendal (1822-1884), including access to Mendel's original 1865 paper and pictures of Mendel's pea traits.
On the Origin of Species:
The Illustrated Edition
by Charles Darwin
Your Inner Fish:
A Journey into the
of the Human Body
by Neil Shubin
The First Four
and Joseph Travis
of the Fittest:
and the Ultimate
by Sean Carroll
Evolution for Everyone:
How Darwin's Theory
Can Change the Way
About Our Lives
by David Sloan Wilson
Ape to Man: Evolution Documentary History Channel. YouTube video, 1 hr. 29:54 min. Published on Apr 18, 2014 by ScienceNET.
Becky Sigmon. Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto. "As a paleoanthropologist, Becky Sigmon has done field work in Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa on australopithecine fossils that represent the earliest stage of human evolution. At this time, around 204 million years ago, our fossil antecedents had attained the first of the humanizing adaptive plateau, upright bipedalism, that would enable them to evolve further in the human lineage. Dr. Sigmon’s research interests have focused on major adaptive stages in human evolution ..." Homo Erectus: Papers in Honor of Davidson Black (Symposia of the Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology; V. 1) by Davidson Black, Becky A Sigmon, and Jerome S Cybulski.
The Best Documentary Ever!! - The Story of Earth and Life . YouTube video, 1 hr. 30:00 min. Published on Oct 18, 2013 by Highble. "Explore every aspect of our world; learn how water first arrived on Earth, discover the vital role oxygen played as life forms began to evolve, and find out how land mammals evolved into dinosaurs and other giant beasts, before becoming extinct 65 million years ago. Cutting-edge imagery also reveals how humans first began to walk on two feet and looks into the future to see what may be in store for our home over the next five billion years."
The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online from University of Cambridge, UK. Site contains Darwin's complete publications and many of his handwritten manuscripts. There are over 50,000 searchable text pages including descriptions of the Beagle specimens, as well as 40,000 images. Free audio mp3 versions of his works are also available.
● Biography of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882).
● Major Works of Charles Darwin include Darwin's most famous work: 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life.
● See complete site listings in Table of Contents.
Darwin Manuscripts Project: The Scientific Papers of Charles Darwin. Based at the American Museum of Natural History Library, the Work of Charles Robert Darwin is the main focus of this site. Site includes the world's first & only large collection of full colour, high-resolution images of faithfully transcribed Darwin manuscripts.
● Darwin's Evolution Papers.
● Charles Darwin's Beagle library. "The voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) was one of the most important scientific expeditions in history. On board was the young naturalist Charles Darwin."
● Illustrations in the Beagle Library. "The Beagle library was also a rich visual gallery of illustrations and maps. Many of the works were beautifully illustrated with woodcuts or engravings of animals or scenes of exotic lands. The online Beagle library now allows anyone to see the amazing range of images that Darwin poured over during the voyage of the Beagle."
● Special Collections: Children's Drawings & Stories, and Surviving Origin 1st Draft.
● See also: The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, First Edition by Charles Darwin. Complete text from Talk.Origins Archive, a collection of articles and essays that explore the creationism/evolution controversy from a mainstream scientific perspective.
Evolution from Australian Museum Online. Contents include: What is Evolution? How do species evolve, Evidence for Evolution (Genetics and Molecular Biology, Fossils, Living Species, Humans Speeding Up Nature), Speciation - Evolution of New Species, Inventing Skeletons, Becoming Multicellular, and more.
Evolution by Paul Lutus, arachnoid.com. "This article reveals our connection with evolution, and through that connection, with all life on earth ... Evolution is just such a theory - it uses a small handful of principles to explain a great deal of nature. Which leads me to this closing remark - if religious fundamentalists actually understood evolution, they would try to give God credit for it."
Evolution from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Extreme Mammals. American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) "explores the surprising and often extraordinary world of extinct and living mammals. The exhibition examines the ancestry and evolution of numerous species, ranging from huge to tiny, from speedy to sloth-like, and displays animals with oversized claws, fangs, snouts, and horns." Meet some of your extreme relatives. What is a mammal? What is extreme? What makes a mammal extreme? Extreme extinction. See a demo of Extreme 3D.
An Introduction to Evolutionary Biology. What is Evolution? Genetic Variation, Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, Genetic Drift, Mutation, Mutant Alleles, Recombination, Gene Flow, Development of Evolutionary Theory, Macroevolution, Speciation, Extinction, plus A Brief History of Life.
The Talk.Origin Archive - Must Read Files. Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy. Articles include: Evolution is a Fact and a Theory, Observed Instances of Speciation, Fossil Hominids, plus the complete text online of On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, 1st ed. by Charles Darwin.
Timeline of Discoveries from the Leakey Foundation which mission is to increase scientific knowledge and public understanding of human origins and evolution. Contributions from archaeology, anthropology, primatology, and paleoanthropology representing multidisciplinary research on human origins from 1840 to present.
Understanding Evolution from University of California Museum of Paleontology. What is evolution and how does it work? Explore the theory of evolution (Charles Darwin's writing). Learn about the history of evolutionary thought. Browse the Talk Origins Archive, a rich source of information about evolution and the evolution/creation controversy.
Biology of Microorganisms
by Michael T. Madigan,
John Martinko, and Jack Parker
Biology of Microorganisms
and Student Companion
Website Access Card
Microbes.info: The Microbiology Information Portal. Excellent site containing a vast collection of resources including articles, news, frequently asked questions, and quality links pertaining to the field of microbiology. Resources include: General Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Food Microbiology, Industrial Microbiology, Medical Microbiology, Veterinary Microbiology, and more.
Virtual Microbiology from East Carolina University. Microbes in the News, Microbial Links, Links to games, animations and videos.
Botany.com the Encyclopedia of Plants, provides information regarding the general description of plants, various methods of cultivation, indoor or outdoor planting, soil and temperature requirements, pruning, and other important details, means of propagation, and the different varieties and hybrids. Includes a Directory of Plants.
Diseases of Urban Plants. Adapted by Mary Olsen, Plant Pathologist. Publication originally written by Richard Hine, Plant Pathologist (retired) from Arizona. Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, The University of Arizona. See also A-Z list of emergency plant pests and diseases from Queensland, Australia.
eNature Field Guides. Complete guide to over 4,800 North American plants and animals, with detailed descriptions and photographs. Trees. Wildflowers.
Garden Forums. The largest community of gardeners on the Internet.
Meet the Plants - National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG) Plant Database. NTBGl and its gardens are located in the only tropical climate zones in the United States (Southern Florida and Hawaii). Photo Gallery consists of a selection of beautiful plants from NTBG Gardens. Choose a Plant from A-Z with photos and detailed info on each plant: Indigenous Practices, Taxonomy, Description, Geographic Distribution, and Species Interconnections and Interdependencies.
Plants Database from National Plant Data Center, United States Department of Agriculture. Contents: Over 100 Plant Characteristics, Plant Classification allows you to generate a hierarchical classification beginning at any taxonomic level, Plant Guides & Fact Sheets, Find Federal and State Threatened and Endangered Plants by Family, Genus, and/or State, plus other related topics.
Writeups and illustrations of economically important plants by Professor Arthur C. Gibson who teaches a course on economic botany entitled "Plants and Civilization" at University of California, Los Angeles. List of 94 plants include: Avocado, Bamboo, Banana, Chili peppers, Cranberry, Date, Fig, Ginger, Jojoba, Kiwifruit, Mango, Marijuana, Olive, Papaya, Quinine, Soybean, Sunflower, Taro, Yams, and others. See also General Botany, Life Forms and Major Plant Groups including Ant Plants, Aquatic Plants, Climbing Plants, Insectivorous plants, Parasitic plants, and others, Major Types of World Vegetation (Biomes).
Photosynthesis. Presentation of 21 color slides, 24 Mar. 2014. Introduction to Photosynthesis by Kerigan Sullivan, Meredith Jones, and Ashley Davis.
Photosynthesis. YouTube video, 12:26 min. Published on Apr 3, 2012 by Bozeman Science. "Paul Andersen explains the process of photosynthesis by which plants and algae can convert carbon dioxide into useable sugar. He begins with a brief description of the chloroplast. He describes the major pigments in a plant (like chlorophyll a and b). He then describes both the light reaction and the Calvin cycle ..."
Photosynthesis from Sambal's Science Web, UK. Photosynthesis is the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into a sugar called glucose using sunlight energy. Oxygen is produced as a waste product.
Photosynthesis: Crash Course Biology #8. YouTube video, 13:14 min. Published on Mar 19, 2012 by CrashCourse."Hank explains the extremely complex series of reactions whereby plants feed themselves on sunlight, carbon dioxide and water ..."
What is Photosynthesis? Links to articles that discuss photosynthesis. Levels indicated, e.g. elementary, high school, undergraduate, college. Articles include: Introduction to photosynthesis and its applications, Photosynthetic pigments, The photosynthetic process, Bacterial photosynthesis, and Everyday photosynthesis.
Why Do Leaves Change Color in the Fall? Simple explanation of photosynthesis with color illustrations. The way plants turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar is called photosynthesis. That means "putting together with light." A chemical called chlorophyll helps make photosynthesis happen.
Rose Gardening Tips and Tricks from Planet Natural. Collection of 25 rose gardening tips.
● Gardening Tips for Growing Roses from Sheridan Nurseries.
● How to Plant, Grow and Care for Roses from the Old Farmer's Almanac.
● Rose Gardening Tips for Growing Beautiful Roses by Helpful Gardener.
● Rose Gardening 101: Tips for Choosing and Growing Roses in Your Garden, from About.com.
● Ultimate Rose Care Guide from Better Homes & Gardens.
● 10 Easy Tips for Growing Roses. YouTube video, 3:00 min. Published on Feb 26, 2013 by Sensible Gardening.
EveryRose.com. The Rose Reference Database. Search for roses by name, colour and other characteristics. Or Browse database of over 7,150 roses and 2,500 photos. (Slow loading).
Fabulous Flowers from Flowers and Plants Association, UK. Site provides a wealth of fascinating information alongside a multitude of stunning flower pictures. Flower Facts: Flower Factfiles, Flowers by Month, Flowers by Colour, Botanical and Common Flower Names. Flower Trivia: UK's Top Ten Cut Flowers, Feng Shui and Flowers, Scented Flowers & Foliages, Black Roses : Magic and Mysticism, and other interesting articles. Site also includes Flower Trends, Flowers for all occasions, Care and conditioning tips for cut flowers, Foliage & Fillers.
Flower Arrangements from Better Homes and Gardens. Floral Arrangements: Silk Flowers, Hand-Tying Floral Stems, Wall Flowers, Flowers as Gifts, Dried Flowers, Ikebana Arrangements, Floating Flowers, Artificial Flowers, Miniature Roses, and many others, Centerpieces from Home and Garden Television (HGTV). How-to Videos.
Flower Library: Flower & Plant Varieties from AboutFlowers.com. Fresh Cut Flowers, Green & Blooming House Plants, Meanings of Flowers, Flowers for Holidays and Special Occasions, Decorating and Entertaining trends and ideas. Excellent photos.
Flowers of Marin. Plant of the Day Blog by Jacoba Charles: "My goal is to learn about one new plant EVERY DAY for a year. Common name, scientific name, plus whatever fun facts I stumble across. And I’ll be writing about what I learn here."
Gyönyörü orchideák, csodaszép zene!!. (Translated from Hungarian: "Beautiful orchids, beautiful music!!") YouTube video, 5:03 min.
Identify and Name 100 Common Trees of the North American Forest from About.com.
The Life of Flowers / La vida de Las flores. Video by Vorobyoff Production, from Vimeo.com: 2:29 min. Each flower is filmed for two days and photos are collated within 7 minutes to get the effect you see in this remarkable video. See also: The Beauty of Flowers from Vimeo.
Life of Flowers. Video by Vorobyoff Production, from Vimeo.com: 2:29 min.
Seldom Seen Flowers from Google Groups.
Time Lapse: Hermosas flores abriendose... HD. Translated from Spanish: Beautiful blooming flowers. YouTube video, 2:34 min.
16 of the Most Magnificent Trees in the World from EarthPorm.com.
eNature Field Guides. Select a type of tree leaf. Detailed descriptions, excellent photographs, and other pertinent information on 906 North American trees. Photographs may be enlarged.
HortiPlex Plant Database contains plant images and data as well as links to information sources, images and vendors at other sites.
SelecTree. Maintained by Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute at Cal Poly State University. An interactive program designed to match specific tree species to particular sites based on compatible characteristics. SelecTree presently searches a database of 1,481 trees and provides 49 selection criteria to choose from. Lists of trees generated by SelecTree should be viewed as a guide, not as the final authority in a tree search. Over 6,050 photos for 1,068 trees are now linked from the tree's detailed record.
Animal Sounds, Animal Commands, Animal Pet Names by Dr Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide, Australia. How we mimic animal sounds, command animals, and give pet names to different animals in different languages (where available): Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Portugese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, & Urdu.
Digital Morphology from University of Texas, Austin. Digital library provides information on high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of biological specimens. Browse through the site and see spectacular imagery and animations and details on the morphology of many representatives of the Earth's biota. Popular Pages include: Alligator, Dinosaurs, Tapirs, Mata Mata turtle, Elephant Bird Egg, Bats! Primates, House Mouse, and Platypus.
Electronic Zoo / NetVet - Animal Image Collection. Select topics in alphabetical order from "African Wildlife Pictures" to "www.dogphoto.com."
eNature Field Guides. Complete guide to over 5,500 North American plants and animals. Includes detailed descriptions and photographs of amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, shells. You can send eNature species image as an eCard.
Look up: Zoology from Babylon.com. Zoology glossaries provide compendium of zoological terms from the world of both wild and domestic animals. Include: Fishery Glossary, PetSmart.com, Dictionary of Farrier Terms, Owls of the World, Prehistoric World Images, Ornitho-Birds, Glossary of Entomology and Crop Protection, The Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE), Tortoise and Turtle.
North American and Central American Animals from EnchantedLearning.com with hundreds of living creatures from the animal kingdom. Included for each is a clearly labeled black and white drawing for coloring, a brief description of its physical appearance, anatomy, diet, reproduction, and other relevant information for each animal, bird, fish, insect, worm, amphibian, or reptile.
Aquarium and Fish Tank Volume Calculator from FishLore.com.
Aquarium Water Chemistry.
Beginners Fish Care Guides for Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums.
Fish Game - Aquarium Game.
Fish Pictures - Fish Lore's Aquarium Fish Picture Gallery.
Freshwater Aquarium Plants.
Tropical Fish Anatomy.
Tropical Fish Articles & Aquarium Articles.
Tropical Fish Breeding.
Betta Fish Guru - Expert Tips & Advice. All about the Siamese Fighting Fish. Betta fish care, Betta fish tank, Aquarium filters & heaters, Breeding fish sucessfully, Changing your tank water, Check water temperature, Choosing aquarium plants, Common diseases & cures, Expert tips on fish feeding, FAQ's.
e-Aquarium - Buy Aquarium Guide. Choose wisely. Glass aquariums. Acrylic aquariums. Size.
Discount Aquariums. Buying second hand, Make your own fish tank, Repaired tanks, Cheap alternatives.
e-Aquarium - Siamese Fighting Fish. Betta Splendens. Siamese fighting fish have the ability to breathe oxygen from the atmosphere. Siamese Fighting Fish Variations. Veil Tail Siamese Fighting Fish (Video). More Siamese Fighting Fish Varieties (Photos).
Fishkeeping from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Contents include: Types of fishkeeping, Origins of fishkeeping, Aquarium maintenance, Water conditions, Nitrogen cycle, Calculating aquarium capacity, Fishkeeping industry, Fish breeding.
Freshwater aquarium from Wikipedia.
List of freshwater aquarium fish species from Wikipedia. Including: Bichirs and reedfish, Catfish, Characins, Cichlids, Cyprinids, Labyrinth fish, Loaches, Neotropical electric fish, Pufferfish, Rainbowfish, Spiny eels, Gar.
List of freshwater aquarium plant species from Wikipedia. Contents include: Aquarium plants listed alphabetically by scientific name, False aquatics or pseudo-aquarium plants, Freshwater Plant Images Gallery, Photos, and Illustrations.
List of marine aquarium fish species from Wikipedia. Including: Angelfish, Boxfish & Pufferfish, Butterflyfish, Clownfish, Dartfish, Dragonets, Eels, Flatfish, Frogfish, Rays, Seahorse, Sharks.
Tim's Tropical Fish and Aquariums. Information about freshwater and saltwater tropical fish, aquarium maintenance, species profiles, fish facts and compatibility, aquarium care and maintenance.
Tropical Fish and Aquarium Questions. Frequently asked fish questions. How often should I change the water? How often should I feed my tropical fish? What should the fish tank temperature be set at? Can I leave my aquarium lights on 24 hours?
Zoos Worldwide - Zoos, Aquariums, Animal Sanctuaries and Wildlife Parks. Find a zoo in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia and Oceania. Includes Zoo News, Animal of the Month 2000-2004, Zoo Cams, and other links. The Zookeeper is seeking assistance to add more info to Zoo Reviews.
Marine Mammals of Canada. Site provides scientific and common names for each marine animal, related photographs, plus detailed information on the description, distribution, reproduction, ecology and behaviour of each species.
Ocean Animals Label Me! Printout. Ocean animals to label: conch, great white shark, jellyfish, horseshoe crab, lobster octopus, orca (killer whale), scallop, sea cucumber, seahorse, sea star (starfish), sea urchin, squid, and swordfish. Includes Answers.
BugBios - insects.org. Insects on the Web. Site aims to help you really see insects for the miniature marvels they represent and to understand how intertwined our cultures have become with these alien creatures.
eNature Field Guides: Insects and Spiders. Detailed descriptions and photographs of 288 North American insects and spiders. Photographs may be enlarged. You can also send any eNature species image as an eCard.
Insect Company. Over 1,600 specimen photographs. Insect lists for Butterflies - Lepidoptera, Moths - Lepidoptera, Beetles - Coleoptera, Spiders, Scorpions, Preying Mantids, Stick and Leaf Insects, Cicadas and Lantern Flies. View Insect Rarities and Oddities - photographs of gynandromorphs and other insect defects, and Photo Gallery of groups of insects. Includes Starting a Collection: How to - Preparing your insect specimens.
Insect Printouts. Insect means "segmented" in Latin. There are about a million different types of insects.
Insectclopedia. All about the study of insects (entomology). Species covered include: Antlions, Ants, Arachnids, Bees, Beetles, Butterflies, Cicadas, Cockroaches, Dragonflies, Fleas, Flies, Mayflies, Mites, Mosquitoes, Moths, Praying Mantids, Termites, Ticks, Wasps and Others which include Aphids, Centipeds, Grasshoppers, etc. Site includes superb illustrations and photos, with name of species, size, color, description, habitat, life cycle, type of damage or benefit, insect control, and interesting facts, and links to numerous resources.
Insects. How Insects Fly. Butterflies and Moths. Butterfly Migration. Ancient Insects. Fossil insects – 400 million years of evolution.
Insects All Year. University of Kentucky Entomology for Kids.
Insects and Their Allies. All insects are invertebrates! Invertebrates are a group of animals that have no backbone. Contents also include: Most diverse insect orders in Australia, Spiders and their relatives, Insects with aquatic larvae, Insects without wings, The pseudo insects, Other insect orders, and Other non-insect invertebrates.
Portraits of giant insects ... that are actually stunning close-ups of tiny creepy-crawlies, by Mike O'Brien, DailyMail.co.uk. Stunning set of macro-photographs, including a fly lounging on a piece of pink wool, and a dragonfly cradling a raindrop.
State Insects from BugInfo. Currently, 41 states in the United States have officially designated State Insects.
Thailand's Amazing Insects. Photographed in the forests around Chiang Mai. Including audio clips, video clips and slide show. Over 3000 photographs of Thai insects, mostly in their natural habitat: ants, antlions, bees, beetles, bugs, butterflies, caterpillars, centipedes, cicadas, crickets, damselflies, dragonflies, fire flies, flies, grasshoppers, ladybirds, mantids, millipedes, moths, owlflies, pillbugs, scorpions, spiders, stick insects, wasps, snakes, frogs, lizards.
Wonderful World of Insects: The Most Successful Lifeform on the Planet. There are well over 1 million different known species of insects in the world, and some experts estimate that there might be as many as 10 million. All these species are divided up into about 32 orders, depending on whose taxonomic system you use, of which, the largest is the Beetles, or Coleoptera, with 125 different families and around 500,000 species they are an incredibly diverse group of animals. In fact, one in every four animal species on this planet is a beetle.
Art Shapiro's Butterfly Site. This website describes over 34 years of data collected by Dr. Arthur Shapiro, professor of Evolution and Ecology at the University of California, Davis, in his continuing effort to regularly monitor butterfly population trends across central California.
Berkeley's Anise Swallowtail Caterpillars and Butterflies. Photographs, detailed descriptions and explanations of anise swallowtail caterpillars and butterflies from newborn to emergence of the butterfly. Includes close-up photos showing the difference between a male and a female butterfly.
The Butterfly Life Cycle from the Butterfly Site. Photographs, detailed descriptions and explanations from newborn to emergence of the butterfly. including all four stages of life. All butterflies have "complete metamorphosis." To grow into an adult they go through 4 stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The King of Butterflies: The Monarch Butterfly: Life cycle, migration, pictures, news. Fun Butterfly Facts.
Butterfly Rainforest from Florida Museum of Natural History. Includes Butterfly Q & A, Butterfly Discovery Game, Butterfly Facts.
TheButterflySite.com. Contents: Butterfly Gardening, Butterfly Biology, Butterfly Rearing, Butterfly Houses and Farms, Monarch Butterfly Page, Butterfly Pictures, Fun Butterfly Activities, Fun Butterfly Facts, Live Butterfly Releases for Weddings and Events, Butterfly Specimens, and more.
The Butterfly Website. Contents include:
● Photo Gallery
● Butterfly Gardening
● Butterfly Checklists
● Priority Butterflies: The world's most endangered butterflies
● Butterfly Quotes
● Butterfly Glossary
● FAQ: Butterfly and Moth Questions
● Butterfly Inspirational Stories ... and more.
Butterflies and Moths. Biology and ecology of butterflies and moths by Jeroen Voogd. Contents: Differences between butterflies and moths, temperature, hearing, feeding, communication, metamorphosis: egg stage, larval stage, chrysalis or pupal stage, moth index, butterfly index, unknown species, and links to other butterfly and moth sites.
Butterflies and Moths. Links from Tree of Life Project.
Butterflies and Moths of North America. A searchable database of butterfly and moth records in the United States and Mexico. Occurrence maps, species accounts, checklists, and photographs.
Butterfly Conservatory is a Nature Regeneration Project dedicated to the preservation, growth, and study of the rainforest; with focus on butterflies and other tropical rainforest species of the Arenal region of Cost Rica. The project contains the largest exhibition of butterflies in Costa Rica with interactive educational demonstration of how butterflies and nature are being regenerated.
Butterfly Convervatory, Niagara Parks with over 2,000 colourful tropical butterflies, made up of 45 different species, floating freely among lush, exotic blossoms and greenery. Located on the grounds of the Niagara Parks Botanical Gardens, 10 minutes north of Niagara Falls. Explore 180 meter pathway, winding through a lush, tropical environment, including a beautiful waterfall.
The Butterfly Farm and Costa Rica Entomological Supply. Our Butterfly Species. The Butterfly Farm is located in La Guácima de Alajuela, Costa Rica.
TheButterflySite.com. Explore 12 butterfly topics with pages packed full of butterfly information: Butterfly Biology, Butterfly Rearing, Butterfly Pictures plus numerous butterfly links.
The Butterfly Website. Lots of beautiful pictures of butterflies for free download. Includes: World Atlas of Butterflies and Moths, Butterflies and Moths of the United States, by State; Butterflies of England, Scotland, and Wales, by Postcode; Web Images of North American Moth Species, Photo Gallery of Butterflies, Moths and Caterpillars, FAQ, Links to related sites, and more.
Cambridge Butterfly Conservatory in Cambridge, Ontario. This Conservatory replicates a tropical rainforest and the temperature ranges between 24° - 28° C with high humidity. It has a great educational program with all materials provided. Students will participate in a round robin rotation of 4 Learning Centres: Classroom, Insects of the World Gallery, Wings of Discovery Gallery and Conservatory. Butterflies are sun lovers and fly very little on cloudy days. On cloudy days, look for butterflies resting on plants.
David's Butterflies and Moths. Information includes Quick facts about Canadian butterflies, Stages, Anatomy, Mimicry, Larvae, color pictures of butterflies, as well as links to related Websites. For moths: in addition to information about the Stages, Anatomy, Mimicry, color photos of moths, you can learn to Blacklight and Sugar for moths. Excellent site for information and lots of beautiful photos which may be enlarged from thumbnails.
Magic Wings: Butterfly Conservatory and Gardens. The Lepidoptera source in Western Massachusetts, featuring an 8,000-square foot indoor conservatory, home to nearly 4,000 exotic and domestic butterflies in a tropical environment. Magic Wings focuses on butterfly-related education, recreation, entertainment and gardening needs.
The Monarch Butterfly in North America. A gateway to news, information, activities, and resources about the biology and conservation of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus).
Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. Click on a Family to see color photos of various species. Excellent site. Includes an extensive list of links to other Lepidoptera sites around the world, e.g. Israel, Ireland, Japan (and Hawaii), Mexico, Arizona, Honduras, French Antilles, United Kingdom, Maltese Islands, and others.
Web Images of North American Moth Species. Links to over 4,100 photos of moth species by John Snyder, Department of Biology, Furman University, Greenville, SC.
Fish from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
● All About Fish from KidZone, with photos.
● Shark Facts, Shark Pictures.
● About Fishes.
● Fish Base - Online fish encyclopedia.
Shark from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
● Shark and Rays from Encyclopedia of New Zealand. New Zealand’s sharks, Maori and sharks, Sharks as food, Unusual sharks, Dangerous sharks, Conservation, Rays and skates, Chimaeras (ghost sharks).
AmphibiaWeb. Search and retrieve information relating to amphibian biology and conservation. Complete a form to access species data from an amphibian database.
Amphibians and Frogs. Links to Information on the Internet from Tree of Life Project.
Frogs. Site features the Amazing and Adaptable Frog, Cold-Blooded Solutions to Warm-Blooded Problems. Read about Frog Myths across different cultures. Frog Tracker lets you listen to the calls of different North American frogs. View the Disappearing Act interactive exhibit to understand how camouflage is used. Frog Links take you to other great frog sites.
Frogs. And More Frogs at frogs.org.au. The Amphibian Research Centre (ARC) was established as a centre dedicated to research and conservation of Australia's unique frogs. Keeping Frogs - How to care for your frogs - includes photos of frogs. Care Sheets in PDF. Frogs to Colour in PDF.
Frogs of Australia from Amphibian Research Centre.
The Center for North American Herpetology. Links to North American Herpetology Web Sites, e.g. Links by Taxonomy: Amphisbaenians, Crocodilians, Frogs, Lizards, Salamanders, Snakes, Turtles, and General Herpetology. Online Collections include Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, California Academy of Sciences, Field Museum of Natural History, and Texas Memorial Museum, University of Texas. Also includes Current News, New Species, etc.
Lizards and Snakes: Alive! An exhibition organized by the American Museum of Natural History, New York. Contents include: Supersize Squamates: Komodo Dragon - World's largest lizard species, Marine Monster such as the Tylosaurus, a Mosasaur.
All About Birds from Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Includes: Online Bird Guide, How to ID Birds, Species Accounts, Video Gallery, Feeding Wild Birds, Gear Guide, Attracting Birds, Bird Conservation, Modern Extinctions, Understanding Bird Data, Studying Birds - What is Ornithology? Why Study Birds? See also Beautiful Birds: Masterpieces from the Hill Ornithology Collection, Cornell University Library.
Audubon's Birds of America. Contents include: John James Audubon as Artist, Alphabetical List of Bird Image Plates, Birds Listed by Family, State Birds (United States), Extinct Birds, List of Figures (e.g. drawings of digestive tracts of various birds), The Life of John James Audubon. See also Bird Resources, State of the Birds USA, Bird Feeding Basics, Birding Basics, and more.
The Beauty of Pollination. YouTube video, 4:23 min.
Birds of Stanford. Hosted by Stanford University and based on The Birder's Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds by Paul Ehrlich, David Dobkin, and Darryl Wheye. Includes: Alphabetized Species List, Check List Species in Taxonomic Order, Helping to Conserve Birds - Local Level, and more.
Bird Songs: Songs and calls of some New York State birds. A delightful site offering you World's best singers, World's otherwise most remarkable, Songs in slow motion, and Bird Songs in Musical Notation with options to Hear bird song, Hear song at half speed, Hear music, or Hear music at half tempo. Includes Links to other Birdsong and Birding Sites.
BirdCentral.net. Lots of beautiful color photos and information about 406 species of birds in the United States. Includes lesson plans for K-12 and a glossary.
Birds n Ways: The Library. Articles & FAQs, General Bird Topics: Bird Terms & Definitions, Selecting & Buying a Bird, Pet Bird Care, Parrotology, Endangered Conservation, Bird Stories, Poems & Humor, and more. Site includes guide to pet parrots & exotic birds, parrots classifieds, bird magazine, breeders, chats, birds supplies, shows, bird care information.
Birds of the World on Postage Stamps. One amazing site. Select a country from A-Z and view postage stamps featuring birds of that country. Click on flag or name of country to access additional information on that country as well as any available postal and philatelic Websites. Click on color photo of bird stamp and map shows where the same species of bird may be found in the world. Bird name given in both English and Latin (species and genus).
An Emerald Bird Called Emi. A story from the very jungles of Costa Rica by Sonia Faruqi, January 22, 2017.
Hummingbirds. 20 Vivid Hummingbird Close-Ups (Photos) Reveal Their Incredible Beauty, by Lina D.
CONEs: Collaborative Observatory for Natural Environments. "By incorporating advances in robotic cameras, long-range wireless networking, and distributed sensors, it is possible to create "Collaborative Observatories for Natural Environments" (CONEs) that allow human volunteers to observe and record detailed animal behavior in remote settings." Conceived by Ken Goldberg, artist and professor of engineering at UC Berkeley, and Dezhen Song, professor of computer science at Texas A&M University.
Life Histories of Familiar North American Birds by Arthur Cleveland Bent (1866-1954), one of America's greatest ornithologists. Familiar Birds listed in alphabetical order by common names. See Contents for species listed in taxonomic order. Text only, original black and white illustrations not included in this e-book.
Patuxent - Tools for Learning About Birds. From Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Contents include: Pictures of Common U.S. and Canadian Birds, Songs of Common U.S. and Canadian Birds (WAV files), Identification Tips for U.S. and Canadian Birds, Pictures and Songs of Central American Birds, Play the Patuxent Bird Quiz, and more.
Peacock Lover. Filmed at the Ngatea Water Gardens on New Zealand's North Island, Allendale Gardens Edith Creek Tasmania's North-West Coast, and the Cataract Gorge Launceston Tasmania. YouTube video, 3:57 min. Includes India Blue Peacock, Pied Peacock and White Peacock. Posted by Bellamoonnature. Published on May 23, 2012.
● Pied Peacock. Filmed at the beautiful Allendale Gardens, Edith Creek on Tasmania's North West Cost, on the edge of the Tarkine. YouTube video, 4:36 min. Posted by Bellamoonnature. Published on Dec 6, 2011. "PEAFOWL - native to the jungles of India and Sri Lanka, have for centuries led a semi-domesticated existence in parks and gardens of the world. Peacocks use their beautiful tail feathers to attract the females (peahens) in breeding season .... They raise and fan the feathers out, prance and strut while intermittently shaking their wing and tail feathers rapidly which make a loud rustling sound as they pose and show off their striking plumage. Generally, the males and females lead separate lives. In the breeding season, however, the males are polygamous and mate with four or five females each breeding season. Although they are ground-living birds, they flap up into trees or other roosting spots off the ground away from predators.
PIED PEACOCK appear like regular India blues, except that they are speckled and splotched with white. Exceptional birds will have white on their backs and in their train." ~ Bellamoonature.
● The Most Magnificent Peacock Dance Display Ever - Peacocks Opening Feathers HD & Bird Sound. YouTube video, 1:54 min. Posted by Paul Dinning. Published on Feb 14, 2011.
● Peacock in the Yard - 001.MP4. Peacock 2 year-old Male and Father-Black wing. YouTube video, 6:29 min. Posted by moonboss455's channel. Published on Apr 28, 2012.
● Glamorous Indian Peacock | Pavo Real Glamuroso. Shows that a peacock can flap and fly a bit. Discover the mating ritual of the Indian Peafowl! YouTube video, 1:52 min. Posted by New Atlantis WILD. Published on Nov 26, 2013.
● Indian peafowl from Wikipedia. "The Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is a large and brightly coloured bird of the pheasant family native to South Asia ... The species was first named and described by Linnaeus in 1758. The name Pavo cristatus is still in use now."
● Peafowl from Wikipedia. "Peafowl include two Asiatic species (the blue or Indian peafowl originally of India and Sri Lanka and the green peafowl of Burma, Indochina, and Java) and one African species (the Congo peacock native only to the Congo Basin) of bird ... the pheasants and their allies, known for the male's piercing call and, among the Asiatic species, his extravagant eye-spotted tail covert feathers which he displays as part of a courtship ritual. The male is properly called a peacock, the female a peahen, and the immature offspring peachicks."
Top 1000 Birding Websites. "Ranking by traffic" site for birders all over the world.
Basic Facts About Penguins from Defenders of Wildlife.
Penguin from Wikipedia. "Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers . . . They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans."
Penguins. Video, 5:10 min.
Penguins at the Edge by by Yva Momatiuk and John Eastcott, Defenders of Wildlife.
All About Mammals from EnchantedLearning.com.
All About Mammals from Kidzone. "Mammals are one of the 6 main classes of animals . . . Mammals are the animal class that people belong to. There are only about 4,000 kinds of mammals."
All About Mammals: Your Mammal Reference Center from About.com. Mammals 101 Topics: Introduction to mammals, Mammal adaptation, Mammal classification, Research topics, and Conservation.
The Bear. Film by Jean-Jacques Annaud, 3:55 min. A cougar relentlessly hunts down a young bear, see how the brave little bear survives.
Elephant from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "Elephants are the largest land animals now living. The elephant's gestation period is 22 months, the longest of any land animal." View Riski Business: Birth of a Baby Elephant. Video, 6:04 min. Elephant Safari Park, Taro, Bali, 9 September 2009.
The Hall of Mammals from University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), Berkeley. Divided into 4 groups: Eutheria (placental mammals), Marsupials, or Metatheria (pouched mammals), Monotremes (egg-laying mammals), and Multituberculata (extinct mammals).
Mammal Family Reunion! Find out who's come and who's gone over the past 220 million years. What makes a mammal? How did mammals evolve? Where do mammals live?
Mammal Species of the World (MSW) from Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Systematic Biology. Site contains names of 4,629 currently recognized species of mammals, in a taxonomic hierarchy that includes Order, Family, Subfamily, and Genus. Database can be used as a convenient on-line reference for identifying or verifying recognized scientific names and for taxonomic research. Records include the following fields: Scientific name, Author's name and year described, Original publication citation, Common name, Type Species, Type Locality, Distribution, Comments, Status, Synonyms.
Mammals - A-Z list from Canadian Museum of Nature.
See also 301 Anthropology, (Cultural anthropology), (Social anthropology), (Archaeology), (Linguistics), (Ethnology), (Ethnography), (Indigenous peoples)
Becoming Human. See and hear the journey through the story of human evolution. Extremely well done interactive documentary produced by paleo-anthropologist Donald C. Johanson. High speed Internet connection required. Includes news and views, glossary and related links.
Biographies: A Selection of Biographies of Influential Anthropologists from Indiana.edu.
Category: Anthropologists from Wikipedia. Include: Anthropologists by nationality, Anthropologists by field of research, 20th-century anthropologists, Anthropology educators, Fictional anthropologists, Women anthropologists.
What Does It Mean To Be Human? The Smithsonian Institution Human Origins Program. In Search of What Makes Us Human. Learn about 5 million years of human evolution in the Hall of Human Ancestors. Climate and Human Evolution. Anthropocene: The Age of Humans. What's Hot in Human Origins? Review major issues and current topics in paleoanthropology. Links to related resources. Fossil Forensics: Interactive. Bones contain evidence of how early humans lived, died, and interacted with other organisms. Explore what kinds of important clues scientists can find on bones.