Useful Links 1
Useful Links 2
902 Historical chronology, (History - Chronology), (Dates, Historical), (Timeline), (Timelines)
909 World history, World politics
909.07 Crusades, (Church history - 600-1500, Middle Ages)
909.08 Modern history
909.09 Medieval civilization, (Medieval history), Middle Ages - History
910 Geography, Travel
911 Historical atlases, (Historical maps), (Historical geography - Maps)
912 Maps, Atlases
912.73 United States - Maps (includes topographic maps)
917.1 Canada - Description, National parks and reserves - Canada, (Canada - Travel)
917.3 United States - Description, National parks and reserves - United States, (United States - Travel)
920 Biography, (Biographies), (Autobiographies), Athletes, Celebrities, (Famous people), Millionaires, (Billionaires)
920.071 Canada - Biography
920.073 United States - Biography
929 Genealogy, (Ancestry), (Descent), (Family histories), (Family trees)
929.4 Names, Personal names, Pseudonyms, Nicknames, (Baby names), (Proper names), (Christian names), (Family names), (Forenames), (Surnames), (Fictitious names), (Pen names), (Anonyms)
929.6 Heraldry, (Coats of Arms), (Coat of Arms), Tartans, (Scottish tartans)
929.9 Flags, National emblems, State emblems - For National songs see National Anthems
930 Ancient history, Ancient civilization
930.1 Archeology, Archaeology
932 Egypt - Antiquities, (Ancient Egypt), (Egyptology)
937 Rome, (Roman Empire)
940.2 Renaissance, (Early modern period)
940.3 World War I, 1914-1918
940.53 World War II, 1939-1945, Jewish holocaust (1933-1945)
940.547271 World War, 1939-1945 - Personal narratives, Japanese, Japanese - Canada - Biography, Japanese - Canada - Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945, World War, 1939-1945 - Evacuation of civilians - British Columbia, (Japanese internment - Canada)
941 Great Britain, Great Britain - History, (British history), (British empire), (England - Social life and customs), (United Kingdom), (War memorials - Great Britain)
941.081 Great Britain - History - Victoria, 1837-1901, Great Britain - History - 1800-1899 (19th century)
941.084 Great Britain - History - 1936-1945
941.092 Great Britain - s and rulers, (Queens), (Princes and princesses), (Royalty), (Monarchs), (Sovereigns), (Diana, Princess of Wales)
951.93 North Korea
951.95 South Korea
956 Arab countries, Iraq War, 2003, War on Terrorism, 2001-2009, Afghan War, 2001, Afghanistan - History - 2001, United States - Politics and government - 2001-2009
958.1 Afghanistan, Islamic fundamentalism - Afghanistan
959.704 Vietnamese War, 1961-1975, (Vietnam War)
965.04 Israel-Arab conflicts, Jewish-Arab relations, (Arab-Israeli conflicts), (Palestinian-Israeli conflicts)
966 West Africa - Social life and customs
970.004 Indians of North America, (North American Indians), Inuit - Canada
971 Canada, Canada - Civilization, Canada - History, (War memorials - Canada)
971.004 Indians of North America - Canada, Native peoples - Canada, Métis, (Metis)
973 United States, United States - History - Chronology, United States - Politics and government, Americana, United States - Civilization, (American history), (American government), (American politics), (United States - Government), (United States - Time capsule)
990 Pacific rim, Islands of the Pacific, (Pacific Ocean Islands)
1927 London in Color. Video from Big Geek Daddy, 5:47 min.
British History Online. Digital library of British historical sources. Site consists of text and information about people, places and businesses from the medieval and early modern period, built by the Institute of Historical Research (University of London) and the History of Parliament Trust.
Collect Britain: Putting History in Place from the British Library. Website moved to Online Gallery. More are being added. Current collections include: Streets of London (1200 maps chart 300 years of the capital's history), Read all about it! (selected drawings from The Penny Illustrated Paper depicting Victorian life from 1861 to 1913), Sing Along (Victorian popular music - Illustrated sheet music of 188 songs and piano pieces from the heyday of the Music Hall), and other Collections, plus Virtual Exhibitions, such as Literary Landscapes, and Theme Tours.
History of the World in 100 Objects from BBC. The 100 objects divided into 10 main themes - from leaders and government to sport and entertainment.
Imperial War Museum Collections. Includes: Collections Online, plus brief descriptions of collections housed at the Imperial War Museum in London: Art Collection, Documents, Exhibits and Firearms, Film and Video Archive, Photograph Archive, Printed Books (on the economic, social and cultural aspects of war), Sound Archive, and UK National Inventory of War Memorials. Search around 800,000 items that tell the story of modern war and conflict, collected by the museum since 1917.
Life in Elizabethan England: A Compendium of Common Knowledge 1558-1603. Contents: Games, Food, Money, Religion, Language, Weddings, Masters & Servants, Occupations, The Peers, London, Fashion, Children, Household Management, Pastimes, Names, The Queen's Suitors, Education, Christmas, Heraldry, Maps.
United Kingdom - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).civil
United Kingdom Coats of Arms. Civil Heraldry of the United Kingdom.
Heraldry in England
Heraldry in Scotland
Heraldry in Wales
Heraldry in Northern Ireland
Ecclesiastical heraldry of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Gazettes. London, Edinburgh, and Belfast Gazettes are the official newspapers of record in the United Kingdom.
A Vision of Britain through Time. Historical information about Britain. Includes British census data 1801-2001, three complete sets of 1 mile to 1 inch maps of Britain, three 19th century gazetteers and a large on-line collection of British travel writing searchable by placename and clickable maps. Assembled by a team at University of Portsmouth, funded by UK National Lottery.
The Life & Issue of Queen Victoria.
The Victorian Era (1837 - 1901) from About Britain. "When Queen Victoria ascended the British throne in 1837, it marked the beginning of a promising new age - the Victorian era. The preceding Georgian era had lasted from 1714 to 1830, from the reign of George I through George IV. Those who could see into the future would have been excited to see the dawn of a long period of peace and prosperity in England under Queen Victoria. As the British Empire expanded to cover more than a quarter of the globe, it made Britain the most powerful nation in the world."
Queen Victoria. The Victorian Web - literature, history, & culture in the age of Victoria by Dr. David Cody, Associate Professor of English, Hartwick College, Oneonta, NY.
Queen Victoria's Empire from PBS. History of a Reign, Her Majesty (Victoria and her family), The Changing Empire (people, places and events, includes a timeline), Secrets of the Empire (interactive game), plus Screensavers and related Resources.
Victoria and Albert (V&A) Access to Images. Search over 16,000 works and over 20,000 images from the V&A collections. Database covers a wide range of objects, including ceramics, fashion, furniture, glass, metalwork, paintings, photographs, prints, sculpture, and textiles.
The British Monarchy - The Official Web Site. Site includes collection of photographs of the Royal Family - Photos belong to the British Monarchy's photostream.
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge
with Prince George and Princess Charlotte
in Canada, 2016
Cambridge Family 2019
Photo source: Benjamin Wareing on Twitter, Dec 18, 2019
Cambridge Household family Christmas card 2019
Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with
Prince Louis, Prince George and Princess Charlotte
See more photos by Benjamin Wareing.
Harry: The Mysterious Prince (British Royal Family Documentary) | Timeline. YouTube video, 49:42 min. Published by Timeline - World History Documentaries, Sep. 26, 2019. "Who is the 'real' Prince Harry? A feckless playboy partying at nightclubs with a blonde on his lap? Or a physically brave young man destined to distinguish himself in unexpected ways? Despite relentless media scrutiny, much of it negative, Harry remains a tantalising, elusive mystery."
Henry VIII from National Archives, UK. Exhibition presents key documents from King Henry VIII's reign to celebrate the 500th anniversary of his accession to the throne. Documents arranged in 3 themes: Power, Passion and Parchment. Images of Henry VIII: A 500th Anniversary Exhibition from the Royal Collection depicting the personal tastes of kings and queens over 500 years. The Royal Collection includes paintings, drawings and watercolours, furniture, ceramics, clocks, silver, sculpture, jewellery, books, manuscripts, prints and maps, arms and armour, fans, and textiles. Henry VIII: Man and Monarch from British Library. Documents from life and times of Henry VIII, "the pious yet bloodthirsty king whose reign forever changed the nature of England." Includes video extracts from David Starkey's Channel 4 series 'Henry VIII: The Mind of a Tyrant'.
Monarchies of Europe. Genealogical tables of British Royal Family and other European Royal Families. Site began with Author Allan Raymond's interest in the inter-marriages between Queen Victoria's descendants and other European Royal Families.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (10 June 1921 - 9 April 2021) from Wikipedia. "Born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, he was a member of the British royal family as the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Philip was born into the Greek and Danish royal families. He was born in Greece, but his family was exiled from the country when he was eighteen months old. After being educated in France, Germany and the United Kingdom, he joined the British Royal Navy in 1939, aged 18. From July 1939, he began corresponding with the thirteen-year-old Princess Elizabeth, whom he had first met in 1934. During the Second World War he served with distinction in the Mediterranean and Pacific Fleets.
After the war, Philip was granted permission by George VI to marry Elizabeth. Before the official announcement of their engagement in July 1947, he abandoned his Greek and Danish titles and styles, became a naturalised British subject, and adopted his maternal grandparents' surname Mountbatten. He married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947. Just before the wedding, he was granted the style His Royal Highness and created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich by the King."
● Prince Philip's childhood by Christopher Wilson, Daily Mail, 9 Apr. 2021. "Exiled, orphaned, homeless, alone: Prince Philip's childhood featured a runaway adulterous father, a mentally unstable mother and sisters who married Nazis. Prince Philip was born just as Greek royal family fell to a military dictatorship and spent childhood on the run. By the time he wed Princess Elizabeth in 1947, he had little more than the clothes he wore and loose change. By the time Philip was eight, a strain of madness which visited his mother occasionally had taken a firmer grip ..."
Diana, Princess of Wales from Wikipedia. "Diana Frances; née Spencer; 1 July 1961 - 31 August 1997, was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II."
● Princess Diana Biography from Biography Online. "Lady Diana Frances Spencer, (July 1, 1961-August 31, 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. From her marriage in 1981 to her divorce in 1996 she was called "Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales". After her divorce from the Prince of Wales in 1996, Diana ceased to be the Princess of Wales and also lost the resulting Royal Highness style. After her divorce, officially, she was called Diana, Princess of Wales."
● Princess Diana (1961-1997) from IMBd. Includes photos, news articles and Full Biography.
● Princess Diana Biography. Princess, Children's Activist (1961-1997), a biography from Biography.com. (Annoying auto video popup ads).
● Princess Diana Biography: Life and Death. YouTube video, 5:10 min. Published by WatchMojo.com, Aug 31, 2012.
● Diana: Story of a Princess - part 2 - first hand accounts of Princess of Wales. YouTube, 1 hr. 35:55 min. Uploaded on Apr 23, 2011 by PublicEnquiry. Four-part biographical documentary series about Diana Princess of Wales, looking at her life, marriage, relationships and death. "Documentary that provides first-hand accounts of Diana Spencer as she was before, during and after her marriage to Prince Charles."
● My Mother Diana. YouTube video, 47:13 min. Uploaded on Jul 25, 2011 by MrHowzTrix. "My Mother Diana is the story of Charles and Diana's marriage from a new and revealing point of view. It's the story of how their marriage shaped William."
● Biography: Diana, The Princess No One Really Knew.... Baba-Mail video, 1 hr. 16:32 min. "Princess Diana is one of the most captivating personalities of our time. This video presents a remarkable feature-length documentary that reveals a side of Diana we have never seen before."
Queen Elizabeth II - Biography from Biography.com.
Queen Elizabeth II - Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II (morph sequence) (Larger screen) from SafeShare.tv.
Queen Elizabeth II - Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II (morph sequence)(Smaller screen) from YouTube.com. "Published on Jun 18, 2012 by HerBunk. This is a video tribute to Queen Elizabeth II on achieving 60 years as the constitutional monarch of the Commonwealth realms, and head of the Commonwealth of Nations, head of state of the Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories, Supreme Governor of the Church of England and in many of her realms she carries the title Defender of the Faith."
The role of the Monarchy from Royal.uk, The home of the Royal Family. The Queen Mother, 1900-2002, Princess Margaret, 1930-2002, The Queen's Golden Jubilee, 2002, King Edward Renounces the Throne, 1936, The Accession of Queen Victoria, 1837, and other Archived Articles.
Special Report: The Queen At 90. YouTube video, 43:44 min. Published on Apr 20, 2016 by Sky News. As the Queen celebrates her 90th birthday, Sky News takes a look back at her reign.
deutschland.de. Official portal of the Federal Republic of Germany, provides access in Arabic, English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish to link lists for all areas of society. See also: Federal Republic of Germany.
10 Interesting Facts About Germany
30 interesting facts about Germany from Expatica. Test yourself with these top 30 German facts on how well you know the Germans.
44 Interesting Facts About Germany from Studying in Germany.
50 Fascinating Facts about Germany from Nation Facts.
65 Interesting Facts about Germany by Jill Bartholomew, Junior Writer, Fact Retriever, January 30, 2017.
Germany Facts from National Geographic.
German Federal Statistical Office. Official Website in English and German.
Germany - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Germany: The Travel Destination in English and German. The erman National Tourist Board Web site offers a wide range of details on Germany as a holiday destination.
Lecture Notes, Germany and Eruope, 1871-1945 by Raffael Scheck, Associate Professor and Chair of History Department, Colby College, Waterville, Maine. Contents: Introduction, Second Empire until 1914, First World War, 1914-1918, Weimar Republic, Third Reich, Aftermath of the War.
Asia from the Guardian.
Asia Times Online established in 1995. Topics: China, Northeast Asia (Japan, South Korea, North Korea), Southeast Asia, South Asia, Middle East, World, Opinion, Newsletters (You can subscribe to Weekly Report and/or Daily Report), and Asia Times Financial.
PAIR - Portal to Asian Internet Resources. Site provides over 6,000 professionally selected, cataloged and annotated online resources with direct access to online information across Asia in native languages and scripts. A few sites available in English.
Aging Mother. A touching essay on the love of a 75-year-old traditional Chinese mother. Written in Chinese by an overseas student returning home after many years of absence studying abroad. English translation of essay follows the Chinese version.
Beijing: How to Pronounce. How to say Beijing correctly: the first syllable sounds like American "bay", and the second syllable is like the first syllable of "jingle": bay-jing. If you try to make it sound more foreign or exotic by pronouncing the "j" in Beijing as "z" in "seizure", such as "Beizhing" - that would be incorrect. The correct pronunciation of Beijing is "Bay-jing" with "j" pronounced as in plain Jane. How to Pronounce Beijing. Hear several versions of proper pronunciation of Beijing from Forvo.com. Note: People who pronounce 'Beijing' with a French 'j' sound are pronouncing it wrongly. The French 'j' sound does not occur in Chinese.
[English version] China's 60th National Day Military Parade - 1. Troop Formation. YouTube video, 6:07 min. Published by Kang Kai, Oct. 3, 2009.
● China Celebrates 60 Years Photo Gallery from Boston.com, Oct. 1, 2009.
● China - Hell March - the largest army in the world - FULL (Official). YouTube video, 10:07 min. Published by madboyfull, Nov. 8, 2011.
● China Female Military Parade HD Soveit March Red Aler 3M. YouTube video, 5:58 min. Published by Chorinis, Apr. 7, 2015.
● 1,000 foreign troops participate in China's military parade. YouTube video, 7:46 min. Published by CCTV English, Sep. 3, 2015.
● Highlights: China celebrates 70th anniversary with biggest ever military parade. YouTube video, 8:39 min. Published by CNA, Oct. 1, 2019.
● China 70th anniversary parade and celebrations | FULL. YouTube video, 2 hrs. 41:00 min. Published by Global News, Sep. 30, 2019.
China - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
China Commodity Imports & Exports: How China Continues to Dominate World Trade from Commodity.com. China's GDP is estimated at $11,795,297 billion, which ranks it at number 2 in the world behind the United States at $19,417,44 billion. China has ranked as the world's biggest exporter of goods since 2009. Official estimates put Chinese annual exports in the region of $1.904 trillion, and the country took over from the U.S in 2013 as the largest trading nation in the world.
China Discovery. Contents include:
● China: General Information, Geography, Climate, History, Chinese National Identity
● Religions and Beliefs - Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism
● Cuisine and Drink - Chinese Cuisine, Chinese Tea, Chinese Alcohol
● Education - Ancient Education, Universities List
● Arts and Crafts - Bronze Vessels, Chinese Folk Toys, Embroidery, Calligraphy, Music, Chinese Opera, Painting, Cloisonne, Jade, Kites, Lacquer Ware, Paper-Cut, Porcelain, Pottery, Seals, Silk
● Chinese Literature - Classical Literature, Contemporary Literature, Modern Literature, Present Day Literature
● 55 Chinese Ethnic Groups
● Chinese Medicine - Brief Introduction, Herbal Medicine, Acupuncture, Massage
● Ancient Chinese Architecture - Feature, Styles, Culture
● Chinese Festivals - National Festivals, Ethnic Group Festivals, Tourism Festivals
● Focus On - Ancient Chinese Currency, Beijing Opera, Chinese Zodiac, Chinese Calendar, Chinese Traditional Weaponry, Dragon and Lion, Lucky Number, Marriage Custom, Martial Arts (Wushu), Nuo Drama, Traditional Sports and Activities, Traditional Furniture, The Four Great Inventions, Shadow Puppetry, Sichuan Opera.
China History Timeline. Online Exhibition from Smithsonian Institution. This timeline introduces a few facts about Chinese history from the Late Neolithic Period (5000 to 2000 BCE) through the end of the Imperial Age (1911). Select a symbol to learn about a Chinese dynasty.
China National Tourist Office in Canada - Official Website. Facts About China, General Information, Major Attractions, Travel Tips, Visa Information (Visa Application Form in PDF), Travel Professionals section includes Statistics on China's Tourism, and Photo Gallery.
China: Power and Prosperity -- Watch the full documentary. YouTube video, 1 hr. 44:29 min. Published by PBS NewsHour, 22 Nov. 2019. "'China: Power and Prosperity' covers the country's powerful leader, his signature foreign policy, U.S.-China trade and technology wars, how Chinese technology helps stifle dissent, and more. A collaboration with the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, PBS NewsHour conducted more than 70 on-camera interviews in eight Chinese cities and across eight countries."
China's "Social Credit System" Will Rate How Valuable You Are as a Human by Dom Galeon and Brad Bergan, Futurism, December 2, 2017. A Citizen Score in China.
● China banned millions of people with poor social credit from transportation in 2018 by Shannon Liao, Mar 1, 2019.
● Big data meets Big Brother as China moves to rate its citizens from WIRED. The Chinese government plans to launch its Social Credit System in 2020. The aim? To judge the trustworthiness - or otherwise - of its 1.3 billion residents.
● Social Credit System from Wikipedia. "The Social Credit System is a proposed Chinese government initiative for developing a national reputation system. It has been reported to be intended to assign a "social credit" rating to every citizen based on government data regarding their economic and social status. It works as a mass surveillance tool and uses big data analysis technology. In addition, it is also meant to rate businesses operating on the Chinese market." Planning Outline for the Construction of a Social Credit System (2014-2020).
● Propaganda Games: Sesame Credit - The True Danger of Gamification - Extra Credits. Published on Dec 16, 2015 by Extra Credits. China has gamified being an obedient citizen with the creation of Sesame Credit. It creates a social score that pushes people to behave the way the government wants. Though currently opt-in, it will become mandatory in 2020.
ChinaSite.com: The Complete Reference to China and Chinese-Related Web Sites. Over 8500 links. Updated daily.
China Vitae. A resource of biographical information on more than 3000 Chinese leaders in government, politics, the military, education, business, and the media. China Vitae also tracks the appearances and travel of up to 200 leading Chinese officials.
China Window: The Best Way to China. China portal with a wealth of basic information on China: Introduction, business, market, travel, economics and culture.
Chinese Culture. An annotated collection of links to selected resources on Chinese culture (proverbs, fables, legends, Chinese zodiac, Chinese New Year, holidays, Chinese weddings), art, business, facts, language, Chinese studies (religion, philosophy), health (acupuncture, Chinese chess, game of Go, Chinese food and recipes), travel, and other aspects.
Chinese Culture from Yutopian Online. Consists of 21 main sites: Art, Cooking, Entertainment, Games, Genealogy, Health, History, Literature, Music, News, Religion, Sports, Tea, Travel, Zodiac, and more. Pages provide interesting information plus images on various aspects of Chinese Culture but are tedious to view as they are too wide for the normal screen setting.
Free Mandarin Chinese Online Lessons from China Education Center. "The free online Mandarin Chinese lesson is to give a glimpse of some basic pronunciation to total novices who are interested in learning Mandarin Chinese. By completing all 32 lessons provided here, you should be able to manage basic pronunciation of most of the Chinese characters covered, learn some vocabularies and acquire certain simple Chinese sentence structure."
● Types of Chinese Characters.
● A Brief History of Chinese Characters by Chairman's Bao. The earliest Chinese characters were created using pictures or pictographs, which were originally inscribed on bone and then later on bronze and other metals. These characters eventually developed into the calligraphic style that we see today.
● The Ideographic Myth.
● Ancient Scripts - Chinese.
● Real Chinese - Mini-guides - Chinese characters from BBC.
● Chinese Numbers. Page will convert your Arabic numbers into Chinese Pictures, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Pinyin, or Formal Chinese, works for numbers up to 1 billion.
Chinese Lessons. Site is dedicated to the promotion of friendship and cultural exchanges between Chinese and Westerners. Includes free, interactive online Cantonese Lessons, Mandarin Lessons, Chinese Characters, Chinese Culture: Religion and Philosophy, Chinese Customs, Lunar Calendar, Holidays and Festivals, Chinese Music and Chinese related links.
Chinese Music. Chinese Embroidery, Chinese Calligraphy, Chinese Opera, Chinese Painting, and more.
Chinese Paper Gods. 231 images in this collection were assembled by Anne S. Goodrich (1895?2005) in 1931, when as a Christian missionary in Peking, she became interested in local folk religious practices.
Chinese Symbols from What's Your Sign.com: The Doorway to Symbolism by Avia Venefica. Information plus numerous images of signs and symbols on: Chinese Animal Symbols, Chinese Dragon Symbols, Chinese Flower Symbols, Chinese Symbol for Longevity, Chinese Symbols and Meanings, Chinese Meaning of Numbers, Chinese Symbol Writing, Chinese Zodiac or Astrology Signs, Chinese Yin Yang Symbols.
Chinese Characters and Vocabulary from Pinterest.
Chinese Converter - Chinese Tools. Chinese Converter has nearly 40 tools for learning Chinese:
● Chinese IME - Type in Chinese! You can type in simplified or traditional Chinese and choose font size, font colour.
● Find your Chinese Name
● Change Chinese text orientation
● Chinese Numbers to English word numbers
● Change Chinese Character Colour by Tone - red (1st tone), yellow (2nd tone), green (3rd tone), blue (4th tone) and black (neutral tone).
● Enter Chinese and hear the sound - Cantonese text read aloud tool.
● Learn Chinese Discounts - Some great learn Mandarin Chinese discounts.
● Find the stroke order for a Chinese character - See stroke order for each character as an animation. Choose text colour and speed of display.
● Create Chinese New Year Scrolls - Create sets of 春联 (3 banners) with lots of different options.
● Convert Arabic numbers into Chinese numbers, and vice versa - Turn Arabic numbers (i.e. 1234) into Chinese numbers or Chinese formal numbers (used in banks) and add the pinyin.
● Simplified-Traditional convert - Useful tool to convert from simplified (简体) to traditional (繁體), and vice versa.
● Chinese text to image - Choose the font and then choose the colours and enter the text, and you can see Chinese character as an image. This is useful for people who want to print their Chinese name or their computer can't show Chinese characters.
● Pinyin convert - Converts Chinese characters to pinyin. This tool converts simplified (简体) and traditional (繁體) Chinese characters to pinyin. In some cases where there is a dual pronunciation of the pinyin, it may give the wrong pronunciation but all the other cases, it should be accurate. Pinyin is the romanisation used by Chinese learners in China and most of the world.
● Zhuyin tool - Converts Chinese characters to zhuyin (also known as bomopofo). Zhuyin is the phonetic alphabet used in Taiwan. You can also convert zhuyin to pinyin (Chinese romanisation).
● Unicode tool - Converts Chinese characters (hanzi) to unicode, Unicode to Chinese, pinyin to unicode and unicode to pinyin. Unicode is used for displaying Chinese text online.
● Pinyin tone convert - Converts pinyin with numbers to pinyin with tones and pinyin with tones to pinyin with numbers.
● Convert Chinese characters to Hangul - With this Chinese tool, if you enter Chinese characters then you'll see the Hangul version. This doesn't translate from Chinese to Korean but phonetically will spell out the Chinese. You also have the option to add tones to the Hangul. You can enter Chinese or pinyin.
● Convert Chinese characters to Katakana - Enter Chinese characters and you'll see the Katakana version. This doesn't translate from Chinese to Katakana but phonetically will spell out the Chinese. Option to add tones to the Katakana. This tool can convert to Zenkaku, Hankaku and Hiragana.
● Chinese characters to Cyrillic - Enter Chinese characters and you'll see the Cyrillic (Russian) version. This doesn't translate from Chinese to Cyrillic but phonetically will spell out the Chinese. Option to add tones to the Cyrillic.
● Chinese Family Relations - It is difficult to know exactly how to correctly refer to someone who is related to you using the Chinese language. With this tool, you can select the relative and their link to you and see the Chinese name.
● Find out if text is in simplified or traditional Chinese - Paste in Chinese and we'll tell you which type of Chinese character it is.
● Count Chinese Characters - Paste in hanzi and you'll see how many Chinese characters in a text.
● Change Wade-Giles/Pinyin and Chinese/Wade-Giles - Wade-Giles is an older system used before pinyin and you can convert using this handy tool.
● Chinese Astrological Year - Find out what Chinese astrological year you were born in by entering your birthdate.
● Chinese Subtitles Converter - Convert subtitles (SRT) from simplified to traditional Chinese.
● Chinese Text TXT Converter - Convert text files (TXT) from simplified to traditional Chinese.
● Create Word Searches with Chinese Stroke Order
● Create Empty Spaces in Chinese Sentences
● Chinese Number Bingo Sheet Creator
● Create Chinese Random Number Bingo Sheet Creator
● Jumble Up Chinese Sentences
● Create Chinese Character Practise Writing Sheets
● Flag Emoji look up
● Chinese Antonym Search
● Look up Chinese chengyu (idioms)
● Periodic Table - Chinese periodic table where you can search and find the Chinese names for the elements.
Chinese Text Initiative from University of Virginia Library. Texts and images in the Chinese Text Initiative may be downloaded or copied only with permission from the Electronic Text Center. Contents include: 300 Tang Poems, Gu Yao Yan, Shi Jing, Hong Lou Meng, and Yu Xuan Ji.
Compass, China, 220 BCE by Susan Silverman, Smith College Museum of Ancient Inventions.
Daily Life in Ancient China. Explores daily life in 4 different Chinese dynasties. Categories include: People/Places/Festivals, Daily Life/Culture, Philosophies/Religion. A simple, delightful site. Interesting factual information is presented with clarity and a deep understanding of Chinese philosophy and culture. Includes Ancient History, Ancient China for Teachers, Ancient China for Kids (Cheat Sheet: 11,000 years of ancient Chinese history in a nutshell), Free PowerPoint presentations, Free Games, and Free Video Clips.
English Tools. Over 25 useful tools for learning English.
● Cantonese Tools: Arabic Numbers to Cantonese Numbers and vice versa.
Arabic number (Input) with Cantonese character (Output). Example: Convert "2022" to Cantonese character (Output) with or without jyutping: 二ji6 千cin1 零ling4 二ji6 十sap6 二ji6 or 二千零二十二
GRAMMAR AND IPA TOOLS:
● Conjugate English Verbs
● Type IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)
● Convert English Words Into IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)
Hong Kong: City on Fire. "To the Barricades" a review of Antony Dapira's book by Linda Jaivinon, Sydney Review of Books. The Sydney Review of Books is an initiative of the Writing and Society Research Centre in Australia.
● City on Fire: the fight for Hong Kong by Antony Dapira. 54 reviews on Amazon.ca. "City on Fire by Antony Dapiran, a lawyer and writer, offers a firsthand analysis and description of one of the 21st century's most significant struggles. China's authoritarian interference in Hong Kong was met by a unique and unprecedented popular uprising. This book provides a clear narrative and frontline perspective of a complex issue. It is the most comprehensive book about the Hong Kong protests from a professional observer." ~ Ai Weiwei.
● The lettering "Free Hong Kong" is written on the base of the Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen after it has been exposed to vandalism early Monday [January 13, 2020] - Image source: Thomas Sjoerup/Ritzau Scanpix/AFP via Getty Images
● 'Free Hong Kong' graffiti spray-painted onto famous Little Mermaid statue in Denmark by David Matthews, New York Daily News, January 13, 2020. "The message 'Free Hong Kong' was written twice, once in red, once in white, on the rock upon which the bronze figure sits. According to Copenhagen Police, the area was searched after the pre-dawn vandalism was reported and officers are now reviewing CCTV footage for clues and to identify possible suspects. Pro-democracy protests have riled Hong Kong for months after kicking off in June  and show no signs of letting up."
IMF: The era of cheap labor in China may be ending posted by Howard Schneider, Washington Post, Feb. 1, 2013.
Life in China's last dynasty: Rare images taken by one of the first British photographers to explore the far eastern nation 150 years ago go on sale for £20,000 by Harry Howard, History Correspondent for MailOnline, Sep 29, 2021. John Thomson travelled to the Far East in 1868, establishing a studio in the Commercial Bank building in Hong Kong. He used it as a base to explore remote parts of the vast country for the next four years, photographing landmarks, scenery and the native population.
Mah Jong - How to Play Mahjong for Beginners from Cool Old Games.
● Mahjong from Wikipedia.
● Hong Kong Mahjong scoring rules from Wikipedia.
● FAQ 10: "Simplified Mah-Jongg Rules for Beginners". Chinese Mah=Jongg Simplified, by Tom Sloper.
● How to Play Mahjong. YouTube video, 5:58 min. Published by Asia Pacific Mahjong, Oct. 22, 2013.
Morning Sun. A Film and Website about Cultural Revolution in China. A range of techniques and perspectives are used to reflect on the origins and history of the Cultural Revolution (c.1964-1976). Morning Sun is a production of the Long Bow Group, Inc., Brookline, MA.
Religion in China from the Pew Forum on religion and public life. Issues include: Bioethics, Death Penalty, Gay Marriage, Religion & Politics, Religion & Public Schools, Religion & Social Welfare, Religion & the Law, Religion & World Affairs.
A Scholar's Garden. Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden, a virtual museum website includes Feng Shui and Garden Design, Daoism, Mountain and Water, Symbolism, Seasons, Ask the Scholar, Who was Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, Activities, Gallery, Festivals, and more. Site is accessible in English, French and Chinese.
Tiananmen Square, 1989: The Declassified History. Includes Selected Documents from the Microfiche Collection: China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement, 1960-1998.
U.S. Commercial Service: China! has six offices in China - Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, Guangzhou and Hong Kong (expanding to include a total of 19 Chinese cities) - offering customized solutions to help U.S. companies enter and expand in the China market. Contents include: Free China market entry strategy consultations, Target trade opportunities with world-class research, Participate in American Pavlions at China's Best shows, Top 10 Tips for Doing Business in China, Latest News and Events, and more.
Western-Chinese Calendar Converter. Convert between Solar and Lunar Calendars.
Yin Yu Tang: A Chinese Home. Beginning in June 2003, at the Peabody Essex Museum in Massachusetts, you will be able to physically walk through a replica of this magnificent home built by a wealthy merchant over 200 years ago in southeastern China. Explore the house online here.
Portals to the World: North Korea. Resources selected by Library of Congress Subject Experts. Contents: General Resources, Business, Commerce, Economy, Geography, Government, Politics, Law, Recreation and Travel, Media and Communications, Science and Technology, and Search Engines (including a Korean Search Engine).
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement (CKFTA). This landmark agreement constitutes Canada's first free trade agreement in the Asia-Pacific region and will provide new access for Canadian businesses and workers to the world's 15th-largest economy and the fourth-largest in Asia. In fact, the Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement is projected to create thousands of jobs for hardworking Canadians by boosting Canada's economy by $1.7 billion and increase Canadian exports to South Korea by 32 percent. Final Agreement Summary.
Canada-South Korea relations from Wikipedia.
Canada's Merchandise Trade with South Korea from Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada - created by an Act of Parliament in 1984, is an independent, not-for-profit think-tank on Canada's relations with Asia.
South Korea, Canada reach free trade agreement by Staff, The Canadian Press, Global News, March 11, 2014.
Bank of Japan. Includes About Money (Japanese Currency, Bank Notes), Monetary Policy, and more.
Birth of the Constitution of Japan from the National Diet Library's Online Exhibition. Contents: Outline, Documents with Commentaries, Main Issues, and Archives.
Cultural Japan from Japan Zone: Japan
travel guide, information on Japan and Japanese culture. Contents include: Kabuki, Instruments, Tea
Ceremony, Ikebana, Bonsai, Origami, Literature, Festivals, Costume: Kimono, etc.
● Culture of Japan
● 10 Most Famous Japanese Painting Masterpieces posted by Lorenzo Pereira, Widewalls, July 3, 2016.
● IJC Museum - Is Japan Cool Museum of Japanese Art.
● Virtual Japanese Museums Online from Tokyo Weekender.
● Modern Japan - Entertainment, Famous People, Japan Inc: Economy, Fortune Global 500, Japanese Companies A-Z,
● New to Japan - Visas, Accommodation, Welfare, Transport, Money, Etiquette, Language, Alphabets, Kanji, Useful Expressions, Employment, and more.
Explore Japan. From Japan National Tourist Organization. Guide to Japan.
Japan from CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) - The World Factbook.
Japan. The government of Japan. Learn about the basic information about Japan as well as cultural and useful travel information for Japan.
Japan. Lonely Planet Travel Guide.
Japan from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Japan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan Web Site. Foreign Policy (Archive of Japan's diplomatic documents), Economic Affairs (Archive of official documents and reports on Japan's contribution to the world economy), Culture, Visa, and more.
Japan - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Japan In Depth. History & Culture, Traditional Annual Events.
Japan Today. Japan's largest English news and information portal.
Japanese e-resources from Stanford Libraries. This guide provides a list of Japanese-language e-resources for a variety of subject areas.
Japanese Language. Contents include: Japanese Dialects, Japanese Dictionaries, Japanese Language Facts, Japanese Forum, Japanese Grammar, History of the Japanese, Japanese language jobs, Language Newsletters, Language Schools, Japanese Literature, Japanese Phrases, Japanese Products, Japanese Sign Language, Japanese Slang, Teaching Japanese (Associations of Japanese teachers), Japanese translation, and Japanese Words.
Japanese Pottery Information Center. Contents include: A to Z Listing of Artists or Potters, A to Z Listing of Pottery Topics, Exhibitions, Galleries, Museums, Antiques, Festivals, plus Styles (over 40 ceramic styles and 200 photos), Timeline, Clays, Glazes, Keshiki (Ceramic Landscapes), Kilns, Techniques, and more.
JP Net. Japanese Language and Culture Network.
Japan facts for kids. All about Japan: History, Geography, Science and technology, Society and culture, Cities, Territorial problem, Public transportation, Sports, Related pages, Images for kids.
Kabuki from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The highly stylized classical Japanese dance-drama.
Kimono from Japan Zone. There are different types of kimono for different occasions and seasons, including those worn by men.
Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet - Official Website. Profile of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, List of Koizumi Cabinet Members, Previous Cabinets, List of Previous Prime Ministers, Constitution and Government of Japan, Cabinet System of Japan, Central Government Reform, and more.
Transportation - Japan. From rickshaws pulled by humans to a 155mph bullet train in just 100 years: Amazing transformation of transport in Japan in pictures.
Web Japan. Trends in Japan, Nipponia: A quarterly magazine introducing contemporary Japanese culture and society, Kids Web Japan, Japan Video Topics, Japan Fact Sheet, Regions & Cities, Japan Links, Archives.
Happens Only in India - Interesting Collection of Photos from India. Google Web Album.
India. World news from guardian.co.uk.
India - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The Salt March. On March 12, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi, then aged 61, started walking with a band of 78 handpicked volunteers. They walked 241 miles in 24 days to Dandi in the south, with thousands more joining them en-route. This Salt March of non-violent foot soldiers, a freedom movement of India, a battle of "right against might", was an event that shook the British Empire to its core.
Bangladesh from Wikipedia. "Bangladesh is the world's eighth-most populous country, with over 160 million people, and among the most densely populated countries."
End of Ramadan rush-hour in Bangladesh - no comment. Published on Aug 8, 2013. YouTube video, 1:53 min. "Thousands of Bangladeshis crammed ferries and trains, leaving Dhaka on Thursday to return to their home villages and celebrate Eid al-fitr, which marks the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan."
A Country Study: Iran from Federal Research Division, Library of Congress.
Iran from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Iran--NDE - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Arab Gateway. Arab A-Z. Information about Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE, and Yemen. Arab Art/architecture, Calligraphy, Cinema, Documents (primary-source documents on Arab politics and history), Economy, Food, History, Literature, Maps, Media, Music, Science, Women, and much more.
Costs of War. Human costs. Economic costs. Social and political costs. Did the wars bring democracy to Afghanistan and Iraq? Did the wars liberate Afghan and Iraqi women? Alternatives to a Military Response to 9/11. Recommendations. See also: Bill Moyers: The Real Costs of War.
Hezbollah (a.k.a. Hizbollah, Hizbu'llah) from Council on Foreign Relations - CFR.org. What is Hezbollah? What are Hezbollah's origins? Who are Hezbollah's leaders? Where does Hezbollah operate? How big is Hezbollah? What major attacks is Hezbollah responsible for? Does Hezbollah play an active role in the Lebanese politics?
Middle East and North Africa from Council on Foreign Relations - CFR.org. Contents include: Egypt, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen.
The Partisans of Ali: A History of Shia Faith and Politics from NPR (National Public Radio), by Mike Shuster. Listen to NPR audio with Real Player or Windows Media Player.
● The Partisans of Ali: A Series Overview
● Part 1: The Origins of the Shia-Sunni Split
● Part 2: Shia Rise Amid Century of Mideast Turmoil
● Part 3: Export of Iran's Revolution Spawns Violence
● Part 4: Iraq War Deepens Sunni-Shia Divide
● Chronology: A History of the Shia-Sunni Split
● Profiles: Key Individuals in the Shia-Sunni Divide: Including The Prophet Muhammad , Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Saddam Hussein, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Muqtada al-Sadr, Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, and others.
● One Thousand Years of Shiite History.
● Suggested Reading: The Shia-Sunni Conflict.
Akhlah: Israel - The Jewish Children's Learning Network. Israel Facts, Israel Timeline, Places in Israel, Maps of Israel, Presidents of Israel, Prime Ministers of Israel, Israeli Money.
Israel from Wikipedia.
Israel - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Academic Info: Afghanistan Studies. Information on the Islamic State of Afghanistan. Indexes & Directories, Digital Library, News & Media Sources, Taliban, bin Laden, Al-Quida, Women in Afghanistan, Organizations, plus U.S. Department of State: Response to Terrorism.
Afghanistan from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Afghanistan - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Afghanistan Online. The biggest, most visited Afghan web site on the Internet. Contents: General Info, News (AOP), Shop, Culture, Economy, Kabul Museum, Photo Gallery, Geography, Languages, Government / Politics, History, Flags, Anthem, Stamps, Afghan Woman, Travel, Health, Biographies, Sports, Publications, Bookstore, Plants / Animals, Islam, Links, Games, Awards, Forums, Chat Room, and Weather.
Analysis: Who are the Taleban? (Taliban). News item with photos from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) providing information on the origin of this Islamic fundamentalist group which permits Osama bin Laden to stay in their country, Afghanistan.
100 Best Things to Do in Thailand. Reviews by Jen Miller. Contents include: Visit Grand Palace, Elephant Trekking, Have a Thai Massage, Climb the Sathorn Unique Tower, Take a trip to Koh Phi Phi, Have a Water Fight during Songkran, Take a Trip to WatArun, Visit Chiang Mai Night Bazaar, and many more adventures.
How the Thai cave saga unfolded from CNN Newsroom, 9 July 2018. "Experts from around the globe are working furiously to extract the remaining young Thai boys from inside a cave. CNN's Polo Sandoval looks back at two weeks of search and rescue drama that have gripped the world."
● A look inside what's next for Thailand cave rescue. YouTube video, 4:39 min. Published on Jul 8, 2018 by CNN.
● Thailand cave rescue begins as four of 12 boys freed in day of drama from The Guardian, 8 July 2018. "Eight remain trapped in cave in Mae Sai, with rescue operation to resume on Monday (9 July 2018)." Includes graphics on "How they are getting the boys out."
● Operation to rescue boys trapped in Thai cave resumes from CBC/Thomson Reuters, Jul 09, 2018. Mission could take three or four days to complete.
● Thai cave rescue: Second phase of rescue underway -- live updates from CBS/AP, 9 July 2018.
● Eight boys now freed in daring rescues from Thai cave from The Guardian, 9 July 2018. "Four remaining boys and coach spend 17th night in cave awaiting rescue."
● All 12 boys, soccer coach rescued from flooded Thai cave from CBC News, Thomson Reuters, Jul 10, 2018. Final group brought out on 3rd day of underwater rescue operation that drew the eyes of the world.
● Thai cave rescue: All 12 boys and soccer coach freed by Euan McKirdy, Kocha Olarn and Steve George, CNN, July 10, 2018.
● Thai town rallies behind Ake, coach who took boys into cave by Steve George, CNN, July 10, 2018. "From inside her modest home in Mae Sai, Kantawong recounts Ake's traumatic childhood and the death of his parents. 'His mother died while he was still very, very young and his father passed away when he was just 10,' she says. His brother, his only sibling, also died very young, says Kantawong ... As a result, Ake, like many orphaned children in Thailand, moved away from his childhood home of Mae Sai to become a Buddhist monk at a monastery in the nearby province of Lum Phun. He remained in the care of the monastery for much of the next decade, only coming back to his hometown on occasion to see his grandmother ... Kantawong credits her [cousin] nephew's devout faith for his willingness to help others, pointing out that he did not eat for the first few days in the cave, and instead shared his food among the children ... Kantawong says that although Ake organizes and coaches several training sessions a week for the junior Wild Boars team, he receives only a small stipend. 'He's not motivated by money,' she says. 'He does it because he loves soccer and working with children.'"
● Thailand cave rescue: First footage emerges of boys in hospital from BBC News, Jul 11, 2018. Several boys can be seen in facemasks and hospital gowns, at least one giving a peace sign for the camera.
● Thai cave rescue video: boys were sedated and stretchered during mission from South China Morning Post, 12 July, 2018. Thai Navy footage reveals more details about the multi-day rescue mission that captured the attention of the world.
Thailand from Wikipedia.
Vietnam Veterans Reunite 53 Years After One Saved Another on Battlefield by Nick Gilbertson, Breitbart News Network, Nov. 11, 2021. Video, 4:59 min. "Dale Edge has always wondered about Fred Kjorlien, a man he saved one fateful day in Vietnam after an RPG left Kjorlien seriously injured, while the two were serving in the 1st Infantry division of the U.S. Army, according to the Jacksonville Journal-Courier ... 'Before the medics got there, I put a tourniquet on Fred's leg,' Edge recalled to the outlet. The last time the pair saw each other was when Fred was being taken onto a helicopter before he was transported for medical care, according to the Jacksonville Journal-Courier. 'I didn't know if he lived. I wanted to know if he made it or not,' Edge told KSDK (NBC-affiliated television station in St. Louis, Missouri, USA). Kjorlien lost his leg as a result of the RPG blast and now resides in Minnesota, working for a prosthetics manufacturer called Great Steps ... Kjorlien made the more than 560-mile drive from Minnesota to Edge's home in Ashland, Illinois, in August , KSDK reports."
Vietnam War from History. "The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S. forces withdrew in 1973 and Vietnam unified under Communist control two years later ... A team sent by President John F. Kennedy in 1961 to report on conditions in South Vietnam advised a build-up of American military, economic and technical aid in order to help Diem confront the Viet Cong threat ... By 1962, the U.S. military presence in South Vietnam had reached some 9,000 troops, compared with fewer than 800 during the 1950s ...
In the United States, the effects of the Vietnam War would linger long after the last troops returned home in 1973. The nation spent more than $120 billion on the conflict in Vietnam from 1965-73; this massive spending led to widespread inflation, exacerbated by a worldwide oil crisis in 1973 and skyrocketing fuel prices ...
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was unveiled in Washington, D.C. On it were inscribed the names of 57,939 American men and women killed or missing in the war; later additions brought that total to 58,200."
Vietnam War from Wikipedia. "The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand, and other anti-communist allies. The war, considered a Cold War-era proxy war by some, lasted almost 20 years, with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973 ..."
Africa. Tour 43 African countries, Groove to African music, Take a taste of Africa, and Go on a Virtual Safari. Explore 8 African regions, and much more.
Africa Alive! is set in 100 acres of stunning Suffolk countryside and offers the chance to spot a wide range of British wildlife.
Internet African History Sourcebook. Contents: African History: General, Africa Origins, Human Origins, Egypt, Other Ancient African Societies, Greek and Roman Africa, Africa and Islam, Ethiopia and Christianity, African Societies, Impact of Slavery, European Imperialism, Fight for Independence, Modern Africa, and Further Resources on African History.
K-12 Electronic Guide for African Resources on the Internet. Country-Specific Info (Algeria to Zimbabwe). Multimedia Archives. African American Resources. General Resources for K-12 Education. Black History Month.
National Geographic on Africa. Africa Resources include: Maps, Travel, News, Congo Trek. View the Faces of Traditional Africa (superb photography), African Crafts, Maps, Books, & More, plus Download Desktop Wall Paper. Free 20-page Teachers Guide, Online Lesson Plans, plus National Geographic Web Features.
The Story of Africa from the BBC.
In Depth: Israel and the Palestinians from BBC. Includes Timeline: A History of Conflict from Ancient Times 1250BC-638AD to 2005. Key Maps. Divided peoples: A guide to Israel's controversial 670km West Bank barrier. Victorious Hamas must tread carefully. And much more.
Family Life Among the Ashanti of West Africa by Peter Herndon, from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, an educational partnership between Yale University and the New Haven Public Schools.
20th Century Warriors: Native American
Participation in the United States Military from Naval Historical Center, Washington, DC. Read about
Native Americans' Contributions In Combat (World War I and World War II). Learn about the famous Navajo
code talkers who took part in the war from 1942 to 1945, and transmitted messages in their native language --
a code that the Japanese never broke.
Navajo Code Talkers - World War II Fact Sheet.
Navajo Code Talkers' Dictionary.
American Indian College Fund. In 1968, the Navajo Nation created a college controlled by the tribe, located on the reservation and established specifically to provide higher education to tribal members. The number of tribal colleges and universities has since grown to 32, located in 11 states and serving more than 250 American Indian Nations from every geographic region in the United States. Scholarships available.
Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952). "Edward Curtis photographed indigenous North American Indians in the late 1800s and early 1900s through 1930. He was given his Indian name, 'Pazola Washte' (translated: Pretty Butte), from Sioux Chief Red Hawk. In 1890, when he was 22 years old he purchased a large 14x17-inch view camera."
● Edward S. Curtis and The North American Indian - A detailed chronological biography.
● Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16, 1868 - October 19, 1952) from Wikipedia. Edward Curtis was a photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples. "On October 16, 1916, Clara filed for divorce. In 1919 she was granted the divorce and received the Curtis' photographic studio and all of his original camera negatives as her part of the settlement. Edward went with his daughter, Beth, to the studio and destroyed all of his original glass negatives, rather than have them become the property of his ex-wife, Clara."
Resources from Amazon:
● Edward S. Curtis' North American Indian Photographs CD-ROM and Book (Dover Electronic Clip Art) - Info from Dover Electronic Clip Art: "From 1900 to 1930, Edward S. Curtis created a massive photographic and ethnographic record of 80 American Indian tribes. This collection of 240 sepia-tone images draws upon Curtis's documentation of a vanishing people and their way of life and includes portraits of Geronimo, Chief Joseph, Red Cloud, and other prominent individuals."
● Shadow Catcher: The Life and Work of Edward S. Curtis
● Edward S. Curtis: Visions of the First Americans
● Edward S. Curtis: The Women
● The Image Taker: The Selected Stories and Photographs of Edward S. Curtis
● Edward S. Curtis: The Great Warriors
Congress Granted Citizenship to All Native Americans Born in the U.S. June 2, 1924 from America's Library. Native Americans have long struggled to retain their culture. Until 1924, Native Americans were not citizens of the United States.
Famous Native Americans. Include Rain in the Face, Sitting Bull, Red Cloud, Ouray and Chipeta, Chief Joseph, Geronimo, Ignacio, American Horse.
First Nations Millionaires Club. YouTube video, 11:38 min. Published on Jul 19, 2012. Ezra Levant looks at how the problems of First Nations communities lies in their chiefs' mismanagement of funds. (Includes comments on Attawapiskat and the Indian Act).
Indianz.com: Your Internet Resource. Mission is to provide quality news, information, and entertainment from a Native American perspective, and keep you updated on news occuring throughout Indian Country.
Indigenous Peoples' Day & the Pow-wow Highway: A history of the new holiday & the pow-wow tradition.
Inuit: People of the Arctic by John Tyman. Contents include: 34 Inuit Interviews, Inuit Sound FX Studio, Environment, Food Sources, Clothing/Shelter, Family, Community.
Inuit Circumpolar Conference. The ICC is an international organization representing approximately 150,000 Inuit living in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland and Chukotka, Russia. Page lists principal goals of the ICC.
The National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) from Smithsonian Institute. The NMAI has one of the most extensive collections of Native American arts and artifacts in the world - approximately 266,000 catalog records (825,000 items) representing over 12,000 years of history and more than 1,200 indigenous cultures throughout the Americas.
National Museum of the American Indian. From Smithsonian Institute. Dedicated to the preservation, study, and exhibition of the life, languages, literature, history, and arts of Native Americans. Collection encompasses over 800,000 works of aesthetic, religious, and historical significance, as well as articles produced for everyday, utilitarian use.
NativeTech: Native American Technology & Art. Contents include Articles including photos & illustrations, Special Features, and Other Resources.
Religions, Rituals, Myths and Legends. Collection of stories, detailed studies, and articles, some include photographs. Contents include Indian Superstitions and Legends, Ghost Dance, Dakota History and Culture, Myths and Legends of the Sioux, Traditional Healing and Western Medicine, Animal Symbolism in Plains Indian Sun Dance, Sun Dance of the Sioux, and more.
Stereotypes about indigenous peoples of North America from Wikipedia.
Vanished Worlds, Enduring People - Exhibition. Cornell University Library's Native American Collection. Contents: Maya Ruins, Illustrated Works, A Transatlantic World, Continuing Encounters, European Encroachment, Native Resistance, Language and Education, The Written Word, Anthropologists & Native Americans, Northeast, Sideshow to Powwow.
WWW Virtual Library - American Indians. Index of Native American Resources on the Internet.
RCMP Celebrate Canada's 150th by Posing for Photo on Terrifying B.C. Suspension Bridge. Published by Huffington Post, 9 June 2017. The officers came from detachments across Vancouver's Lower Mainland for the "once-in-a-lifetime and once-in-a-career opportunity to be part of an historic photo occasion," said Supt. Chris Kennedy who commands the North Vancouver RCMP detachment.
Artefacts Canada. Site provides access to information on millions of museum objects, natural history specimens and artefacts or artifacts from archaeological digs across Canada.
Canada - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Canada Coats of Arms: National arms, Provincial arms, Regional/County arms, Municipal and county arms.
Canada Gazette. Official newspaper of the Government of Canada published since 1841.
Canada: History, Geography, & Culture by William Lewis Morton, Vanier Professor of Canadian History, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, 1969-75. Author of The Kingdom of Canada and others. From Encyclopædia Britannica.
Canada in The Making: Aboriginal Women's Issues. Early Canadiana Online from Homeless Hub.
Canada Site. Gateway site for Canadians (Health, Jobs, Taxes ...), Canadian Business, and info for Non-Canadians. Find information you need about Government programs, services, products and new initiatives. Search engine enables you to access over 450 Canadian Government sites. A single toll-free number 1-800-O-CANADA (1-800-622-6232), open 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. EST, answers questions on 1000 Government of Canada programs and services.
CanadaInfo. Excellent resource with over 300 pages of information about Canada - its government, history, facts, people, holidays, security, geography, provinces, symbols, anthems and other patriotic songs, Canadianisms, inventions, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and more.
Canadian-based Information Systems. Lists top-level National and Provincial Institutions in Canada in A-Z order.
Canadian Confederation. From National Library of Canada. Site "tells the story of how Canada came to be, from the original four provinces in 1867 to the present. Historical essays showcase documents, articles and photographs of the people, places and events that have shaped our country." Sections include: Introduction, Towards Confederation, Provinces and Territories, People, Maps 1667-1999, Confederation for Kids, for Teachers.
Canadian Government Information on the Internet (CGII). Contents: Major Sites (Canada Site, Intergovernmental On-Line Information Kiosk, National Library of Canada), Federal, Provincial & Municipal information, Library Catalogues, and Electronic Journals.
Canadian Governors-General Since 1867 from infoplease.
Canadian Heritage. Official Department of Canadian Heritage Web site. Covering Cultural development, Arts and Heritage (includes a virtual tour), Canadian Studies, Sport Canada, Symbols of Canada, Human Rights Program, Official Languages, Youth Participation, Native Citizens Programs, Multiculturalism, Community Partnership, and Path of Heroes.
Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN). A Special Operating Agency within the Department of Canadian Heritage, offers valuable collections management resources to the Canadian museum community and online public access to millions of collections records. Includes many links and resources: Learning with Museums, Great Canadian Guide, Virtual Exhibitions, Artefacts Canada, Reference Tools and Resources, Artists in Canada, Official Directory of Canadian Museums and Related Institutions, and much more.
Canadian Illustrated News - Images in the News - 1869-1883. The Canadian Illustrated News site is a selection of almost 4000 images of people, places and events across Canada and around the world taken from the popular 19th-century magazine. See also Canadian Illustrated News from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Canadian Virtual War Memorial. Site contains information about graves and memorials of over 116,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders who served and gave their lives for their country. Contains digital images of photographs and personal memorabilia. Individual information includes: Service Number, Age, Force, Regiment, Unit, Citation, Additional Information, Honours and Awards, and Burial Information where applicable.
Canadian Wartime Experience: The Documentary Legacy of Canada at War from University of Manitoba Archives and Special Collections. Contents include: Red River Resistance (1869-1870), Boer War (1899-1903), World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), Korean War (1950-1953), and Vietnam War (1957-1975).
Canadiana: The Canadian Resource Page. Contents: News and Information, Facts and Figures, Canadian Dollar exchange rates, Telephone lookup, Postal Code lookup, Travel and Tourism, Government of Canada page, Debates of the House of Commons of Canada (Hansard), Canadian government budgets, Canadian Film Festivals, and much more.
CBC Archives: Relive Our History through Radio and Television. Site consists of a selection of radio and television clips from the Archives of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, dating back to the creation of CBC's predecessor, CN Radio, in 1927 and the birth of CBC Television in 1952. The CBC/Radio-Canada Digital Archive Web site project was founded on three principles - to inform, to enlighten and to educate Canadians about their past.
CIA Factbook - Canada from Central Intelligence Agency: The World Factbook.
Contact Your Government - Canada Site. Directory of Members of Parliament (MP) and the Senate. Find your Member of Parliament: using your postal code, or by the name of your Member of Parliament. See also
● Prime Ministers of Canada.
Early Canadiana Online (ECO). Digital library providing access to over 937,800 pages of Canada's printed heritage. Full text online collection of over 3,000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century. Collection is particularly strong in literature, women's history, native studies travel and exploration, and history of French Canada.
Service Canada Programs and Services from Government of Canada. The A to Z services index is an alphabetical listing of programs and services administered by Service Canada website.
Historical Statistics of Canada. Sections include: Population and Migration, Vital Statistics and Health, Social Security, Labour Force, Wages and Working Conditions, Gross National Product, Balance of International Payments, Banking and Finance, Price Indexes, etc.
Human Resources Regulations Canada.
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) works to improve the standard of living and quality of life for all Canadians. ESDC was Formerly called Human Resources and Social Development Canada.
Iconvillage.com provides a one-stop place for all communities to have a presence on the World Wide Web. Includes over 2,075,000 indexed web pages. Find a Federal, Provincial, Municipal government site, or a local community. Covers over 4,250 local Canadian Communities Online, e.g. names, addresses, phone numbers of local churches, banks, restaurants, movie theaters, etc.
Images Canada: Learn about Canada through the power of photography.
Facts About Canada's Geography, History, and Politics from ThoughtCo.
Library and Archives Canada. Canadian Genealogy Centre, Information Management, Learning Centre, Multicultural Resources and Services, Aboriginal Resources and Services, Preservation, Portrait Gallery of Canada, Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, Virtual Vault: The "Four Indian Kings", Vimy Ridge: First World War databases and virtual exhibitiions, and more.
National Indigenous Peoples Day (Previously called National Aboriginal Day) from Indians and Northern Affairs Canada. June 21st kick starts the 11 days of Celebrate Canada! which includes National Indigenous Peoples Day (June 21), Canada Day from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
On This Day in Canadian History. Find out what happened on your birthday, or any other day of the year - Today's Canadian Headline.
Parliament of Canada. Here you can find your Member of Parliament (M.P.) using your postal code. See also Senators in Alphabetical Order, House of Commons - Members of Parliament, The Canadian Ministry (Cabinet).
P olitical Parties. Registered Political Parties and Leaders.
Public Safety Canada provides safety and security information and services in Canada. Links and information on public safety for Canadians include: National Security, Border Strategies, Countering Crime, Emergency Management, Resources.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is the Canadian national police service and an agency of the Ministry of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada. The RCMP is unique in the world. It is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing body that provides federal policing service to all Canadians. Contents include: Wanted by the RCMP, Cold Case Files, News Releases, Criminal Record Checks.
Show 'n' Tell: 1934 Christmas Catalogue. Examples: Stunning shoes for women $1.77 a pair, choice of black or white. Boys' all wool sweaters, size 8-16, 94¢ each.
WWW-VL History: Canadian History. Collection of online resources. Research tools include: Maps, Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Canadian Libraries, Journals, Publishers and Bookdealers, Biography, Genealogy, Demography, Canadian Universities, Museums, Timelines, plus links to major Canadian History sites arranged by chronology and by topic.
Aboriginal Peoples: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage.
Contents include: Prehistoric Peoples - Beothuks, Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Innu, Inuit, and Métis,
● Glossary of Terms
● Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Genealogy. Guide to Newfoundland and Labrador ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
● Indigenous peoples and cultures. Learn about Canada's three distinct groups of Indigenous peoples with unique histories, languages, cultural practices, and spiritual beliefs.
● Who were the first people inhabiting Canada? The first people inhabiting Canada were the pre-Dorset, Plano, Clovis, and Paleo-Indian cultures that predate the current Aboriginal peoples.
Speaking Together: Canada's Native Women. Book published in Ottawa, Canada by Secretary of State, 1975. A "series of biographies and personal views ... outlining the involvement and achievements of native women across Canada" ~ Preface. Contents include: Kahn-Tineta Miller, Jeannette Corbière-Lavell, Helen Martin, Alanis Obomsawin, Millie Redmond.
Jeanette Corbiere Lavell offers graduates gift from Indigenous ancestors. York University Alumni, June 22, 2016. "Corbiere Lavell, an Anishnawbe community worker who was given an honourary doctorate of laws by York University, shared her insights - as well as her birthday, and the summer solstice - with graduating students and guests.
'It is an honour to be here today, on the traditional territory of the Mississagas of New Credit First Nation,' she said, noting her Anishnawbe name is Keewednanung or 'North Star' ...
In 1970, Corbiere Lavell married David Lavell, a non-Indigenous man, and because of their union she was stripped of her Indian status. Not long after their marriage, she challenged the law in Canada that removed her rights - the Indian Act - and though her suit lost, she remained committed to the cause and was the force behind the passing of BillC31, which reinstated the status of First Nations women and children.
In 1985, Bill C31 was passed, and the government removed this section of the Indian Act based on its discrimination against First Nations women and children, reinstating Indian status for hundreds of thousand native families."
Jeannette Corbiere Lavell by Amanda Robinson, Published Online, Feb. 4, 2008. Last Edited, Jan. 11, 2018. "Jeannette Vivian Corbiere Lavell (called Keewednanung, 'North Star' in the Anishinaabe language), CM, activist, educator and community worker (born 21 June 1942 in Wikwemikong, ON). Corbiere Lavell, an Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) woman, was one of several Indigenous women who brought increased public awareness to the gendered discrimination that First Nations women faced because of status law, namely section 12(1)(b) of the Indian Act. Her efforts were central to revising patriarchal (male-dominated) aspects of Canadian legal code."
Jeannette Corbiere Lavell from Wikipedia. Born June 21, 1942, Jeannette is a Canadian and Anishinaabe community worker who focused on women's and children's rights. "She was born Jeannette Vivian Corbiere in Wikwemikong, Ontario to Adam and Rita Corbiere. Her mother, a school teacher, was a cofounder of the Wikwemikong 'Wiky' Powwow. Corbiere Lavell learned English from her mother and Ojibwe from her father. Corbiere Lavell attended business college in North Bay. After graduation, she worked for the Native Canadian Centre of Toronto as an executive secretary. She was associated with the Company of Young Canadians, which gave her an opportunity to travel around the country, and was named, in 1965, as 'Indian Princess of Canada'"
Jeanette Corbiere Lavell, a lifelong advocate for women - Info from Library and Archives Canada. "Born in 1942 in Wikwemikong, the then Ms. Corbiere moved to Toronto where she worked as an executive secretary. She also worked for the Native Canadian Centre of Toronto in many capacities, including social, court and youth worker. Later, while working for the Company of Young Canadians, she travelled across the country working with Native communities. In 1965, she was chosen as Indian Princess of Canada ...
Ms. Corbiere Lavell co-founded the Ontario Native Women's Association where she was vice-chairwoman from 1972 to 1973 and president from 1974 to 1975 ...
... in 1970, Jeannette married David Lavell, a non-Native journalism student. Within weeks of her marriage, she received a notice from the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development stating that she was no longer considered an Indian ... In the end, Ms. Corbiere Lavell and her fellow activists succeeded in changing the law in Canada. In 1985 Parliament amended the Indian Act to remove the discriminatory clauses." ~ by Michael Erskine, Manitoulin Expositer, Apr 9, 2014.
Celebrating Women's Achievements: Jeannette Vivian Corbiere Lavell. Jeannette Vivian Corbiere Lavell (1942 - ). Native women's rights activist. "Dedicated to the causes of Native women for more than a quarter of a century, Jeannette Corbiere Lavell is a courageous woman who fought to improve their plight and proved that one person's voice can make a difference."
Jeannette Corbiere Lavell - info from Debajehmujig Storytellers. "In 1995, Ms. Corbiere Lavell was presented with the YMCA Women of distinction Award ... In October 2009, Ms. corbiere Lavell was presented with the Governor General's Award in Commemoration of the Persons Case, which honours individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the advancedment of women's equality."
Native American Women
Who Changed the World
Native American Voices
3rd Edition by Susan Lobo,
Steve Talbot, Traci Morris Carlston
"This unique reader, Native American Voices, presents a broad approach to the study of American Indians through the voices and viewpoints of the Native Peoples themselves [including Millie Redmond]."
Looking Back at the First Women of Distinction Awards. A look back at YWCA Toronto's first Women of Distinction Awards in 1981. "Mildred Redmond (Community Services) - As a social worker, volunteer and community organizer, Redmond was the driving force behind many clubs and services for Toronto's Aboriginal community; including one of the first Native centres in Toronto. Redmond's efforts to improve the lives of women and families include fighting for the existence of a hostel for Native girls in Toronto, and helping to establish and run the Council Fire Native Cultural Centre."
Mildred Redmond, C.M. Honours, Order of Canada. Full Name: Mildred Redmond, C.M. Honour Received: C.M. Residence: Toronto. Honour: Member of the Order of Canada. Appointment: June 20, 1983. Investiture: October 5, 1983. Updated: 2009-04-30.
Mildred Redmond: Order of Canada. Mildred Redmond, C.M. Toronto, Ontario [Canada]. Member of the Order of Canada. Awarded on June 20, 1983; Invested on October 5, 1983. "Milly Redmond began working nearly thirty years ago with the organized Indian movement in Toronto, helping found and serving in the Indian, now the Native Canadian, Centre. She has since founded a housing corporation for Native people, a residence for girls and an ecumenical Christian welfare service which is in the front line of the fight against alcoholism and destitution." Order of Canada. "Established in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada is the cornerstone of the Canadian Honours System, and recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. The Order recognizes people in all sectors of Canadian society. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and made a difference to this country. Since its creation, more than 6 000 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order."
Mildred Redmond: The Golden Jubilee Medal. The Golden Jubilee Medal was awarded to Redmond, Mrs. Mildred, C.M. (Deceased). Toronto, Ontario [Canada]. The Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal was awarded in Canada to nominees who contributed to public life. Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal. "The Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal was created in 2002 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the ascension of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II to the throne. The Medal was awarded to Canadians who have made outstanding and exemplary contributions to their communities or to Canada as a whole." ~ Info from the Office of the Governor General of Canada.
Mildred Redmond: The Diamond Jubilee Medal. The Diamond Jubilee Medal was awarded to Redmond, Mildred, C.M. (DECEASED) OTTAWA, Ontario [CANADA]. Diamond Jubilee Medal - Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal was "created in 2012 to mark the 60th anniversary of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the Throne as Queen of Canada, the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal was a tangible way for Canada to honour Her Majesty for her service to this country. At the same time, this commemorative medal served to honour significant contributions and achievements by Canadians. During the year of celebrations, 60 000 deserving Canadians were recognized." ~ Info from the Office of the Governor General of Canada.
Mildred Redmond - Member of the Order of Canada, June 20, 1983 from Liste der Members des Order of Canada/R, Wikipedia, Germany. Mildred Adeline Redmond (née White), C.M. October 12, 1917 - June 25, 1996. Originally, Millie (Tribe: Potawatomi. Language: Ojibway) came from Walpole Island, Indian Reserve. She married an Irishman named Edward Redmond. They have three sons. A generous, selfless, good-natured and determined woman, Millie gave everything she had in her to help others, not only Canadian Indians. She was very active with the Canadian Indian Centre, Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, as well as the Council Fire Native Cultural Centre, particularly in the 1970s.
Ron Shawana from Manitoulin Island; Cecile Lyon from Thunder Bay; share soup and a moment of friendship with Millie Redmond, Director of Council Fire. Council Fire is a drop-in centre for native Indians at Sherbourne and Dundas Streets in Toronto. The Centre provides hot meals, counselling and help with government, legal and medical services. June 11, 1986. Info and Photo credits: David Cooper, Getty Images.
Mildred Redmond at Anduhyaun 6 March 1974
Photo credits: Dick Loek, Getty Images
"Mrs. Mildred Redmond; right; is director of Anduhyam; a residence for young Indian women who have just arrived in the city. Looking at beadwork with Mrs. Redmond is Linda Cheechoo; holding her 1-year-old daughter Melanee. Standing at back is volunteer Beryl Cardy. The resisdence can accomodate 12. March 06, 1974.
Info and Photo Credits: Dick Loek, Getty Images."
Millie Redmond in the Kitchen July 20, 1979
Photo credits: John Mahler, Getty Images
"CANADA - JULY 20: Mothering Millie: Millie Redmond; a native Indian and executive secretary of an Indian drop-in centre; shares her recipe for corn soup which she serves Thursday nights at a pot-luck supper. Usually more than 50 attend."
Photo by John Mahler/Toronto Star via Getty Images
Millie Redmond: Loving Friend to Her People by Connie Wright, Indian Record, July 1984, pp. 3-4. "In her 34 years of social work, Millie has gained a reputation for herself as sincere, warm, loving and reliable ... In 1981, the Y awarded her its Award of Distinction. She was chosen from 67 nominated for that honour ... In the small cramped office she shares with her secretary, Millie also keeps her Ordr of Canada medal which was presented to her by Governor General Schreyer on October 5, 1983."
2017 Women of Distinction: Celebrating Indigenous Women of Distinction from YWCA Toronto. Connie Walker addresses the crowd at a YWCA event. Blog posted on June 13, 2017, YWCA Toronto.
"Join us in celebrating the achievements and strength of Indigenous women who have received YWCA Toronto's Women of Distinction Award. This annual award is given to leaders for their unwavering dedication to improving the lives of women and girls in Toronto and around the globe."
"Connie Walker - 2017 Woman of Distinction, Media Award. Connie Walker is at the forefront of Canadian journalism reporting on the disproportionate rates of violence against Indigenous women in Canada and the embedded societal and systemic issues that surround these cases. As a Cree woman from the Okanese First Nation in Saskatchewan, Connie's unique perspective fuels her passion for the topics she covers as a Senior Reporter in the Investigative Unit at CBC News."
Blog also includes: Mildred Redmond - 1981 Woman of Distinction, Community and Public Service.
"Born on Walpole Island Reserve, Mildred Redmond dedicated her life to fight for the development of Indigenous-led organizations and services. In 1957, Mildred held the initial meeting of the North American Indian Club for Indigenous peoples; the first of many organizations that would be created and inspired by Mildred. From within this club, came the Indian Native Centre where Mildred sat as a member of the board and a volunteer worker. Mildred also participated in Council Fire Cultural Centre to further support community and cultural engagement, as well as the development of Andhuyan, an emergency shelter specifically for Indigenous women and girls."
Thoroughly Modest Millie by Priscilla Hewitt. Canadian Woman Studies. Journals. York University. Vol. 10, No. 2-3, 1989.
"'Modest' takes on new meaning when you meet Mildred Redmond. If you haven't already heard that she was made an Honorary Member of the North American Indian club, was named a 'Citizen of the Month' by the Save the Children Fund in 1975, received a 'Woman of Distinction' award from the YWCA in 1981, and was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1983, you certainly won't hear about it from her.
What you will hear from Millie, a Pottawatomi from Walpole Island, is her genuine concern for Natives ..."
Mildred Redmond Interview at Toronto Council Fire, 21 June 1983. Tribe: Potawatomi. Language: Central Algonquian language, most similar to Ojibway. Interviewer: Evelyn Sit, Transcriber: Heather Bouchard. This recorded interview is donated to the Toronto Pubic Library to be used for educational purposes. Tape number: IH-OT.033, Transcript Disc #115.
See also Ella Rush Interview Vaughan Township, ON, 4 August 1982. Tribe: Cayuga. Interviewer: Ranald Thurgood. Transcriber: Heather Bouchard. Tape Number: IH-OT.010. Disk: Transcript Disc #107.
See also Hettie Sylvester Interview Toronto ON, 29 July 1982. Tribe: Ojibway/Metis . Interviewer: Jamie Lee. Transcriber: Heather Bouchard. Tape Number: IH-OT.012. Disk: Transcript Disc #109.
See also Josephine Beaucage Interview #1 Toronto ON, 14 July 1983. Tribe: Ojibway. Interviewer: Cyndy Baskin. Transcriber: Heather Bouchard. Tape Number: IH-OT.015. Disk: Transcript Disc #122.
See also Josephine Beaucage Interview #2 Toronto ON, 14 July 1983. Tribe: Ojibway. Interviewer: Cyndy Baskin. Transcriber: Heather Bouchard. Tape Number: IH-OT.015A. Disk: Transcript Disc #121.
See also Verna Patronella Johnston. Interview with Mrs. Verna Patronella Johnston, Apri 5, 1982 from First Story Toronto: Exploring the Aboriginal History of Toronto. "I didn't know I was crying and I didn't know that color="#cc0000">Millie Redmond was standing at the door watching. So I said to him [a boy at Andahyaun], 'You sit out there in the hallway. I will make your toast and I'll put some butter and would you like jam on it, and I'll bring it to you.' And the counsellor tried to take the bread out of my hand. And Mrs. Redmond said, 'Let Mrs. Johnston handle it.'"
Survival ... not Assimilation. Indian Record, Published by the Oblate Fathers, 1301 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3N 0A9. Vol. 34 #11-12, Nov.-Dec. 1971, Page 6. "Our Ontario Indians gave the Anglican
Church Women a slice of life as they know it in Toronto at a meeting at the Anglican Diocesan Centre recently.
Each contributes in a different way to the common purpose of helping Indians make a go of urban life: Verna Johnston, from Cape Croker Reserve, boards and counsels young Indians arriving here from the reserves; Frank Meawasige, from Cutler Reserve, designs and makes Indian fashions of a quality marketable in chic boutiques; Wilfred Pelletier, from Wikewemikong, is director of the Institute of Indian Studies with an office at Rochdale College; and Mildred Redmond, from Walpole Island, is a court worker among Indians."
See also: In Loving Memory of Mildred A Redmond (White), C.M. (Oct. 12, 1917 - June 25, 1996) on Facebook, a tribute by Millie's grand-daughter.
(Sorry, this Facebook link is no longer active).
See also: Women's Class Strategies as Activism in Native Community Building in Toronto, 1950-1975
By Howard-Bobiwash, Heather, 1966-
The American Indian Quarterly, Volume 27, Number 3&4, Special Issue: Urban American Indian Women's Activism (Summer - Autumn, 2003), pp. 566-582 (Article consists of 17 pages)
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4138963
Partial Access HTML Version | Partial Access PDF Version (217k) | Summary ...'s first president, Millie Redmond, a Potawatomi from Walpole Island...a club to be formed." Redmond, who passed away in the early 1990s, is.... Under the guidance of Millie Redmond, for instance, the activities of..., 2(4), 8. 21. Millie Redmond, interviewed by Evelyn Sit. Toronto Public...
Ontario - Online Services for individuals and business. Online access to Province of Ontario Government Forms, Online Vehicle Sticker Renewal, Change the address on your driver's licence and health card, Publications & Laws. Contents: School & Work (Ontario College Application Services, Ontario University Registration, Ontario Student Assistance Program, Student Awards, Provincial and Federal Government Job Information, Apprenticeship Information, Access to Professions and Trades, etc.), Driving> (Driver and Vehicle Abstracts, Highway Traffic Act, etc.), Outdoors & Recreation (Reserve a Campsite, Travel Guide Order Form, Register Your Firearms On-Line, etc.), Health & Social Services (Request for Birth Certificates, Application for Marriage or Death Certificate, Power of Attorney Kit), Life Events (Dealing with Separation and Divorce, Spousal Abuse, Getting Married, Ready to Retire, Having a Baby, Looking for a Job, Losing Your Wallet, Moving, Vacationing, What to Do When Someone Dies).
Ontario Members of Provincial Parliament - Ontario MPP addresses, e-mail, fax and telephone numbers, from Ontario Tenant Toronto Tenants. See also: Your Money - Consumer's Page, Your Utility Costs: Ontario Hydro electricity prices, water and natural gas energy rates.
All 44 U.S. Presidents in 3 minutes. YouTube video, 3:27 min. Uploaded by Epic History TV, Oct. 6, 2016. All 44 Presidents in 150 seconds! A timeline of all the presidents in chronological order.
50 States. All 50 States and Capitals. Topics covered include state birds, climate, economy, flowers, history, lottery, maps, mottos, museums, national park, nickname, population, symbols, tourism, weather, etc. Flags, songs, fast facts and trivia, newspaper directory, and more.
1940 New York City in Color. Video from Big Geek Daddy, 4:04 min.
19th Century Literary Societies. "While books were the reason for the establishment of literary societies, their meetings were not completely devoted to books. They evolved into places where the local inhabitants could socialize, enjoy music and other entertainment, and debate the issues of the day. Of interest was that they tended not to have their meetings in churches and most met in local schools."
Alcohol, Temperance & Prohibition - A
Brown University Library Digital Collection. Primary source historical documents and other materials from the
prohibition era, 1919-1933. See also:
Temperance & Prohibition from Ohio State University, including American Prohibition in the 1920s
Jazz/Swing Music of the American Prohibition. Katherine Williams: The Flapper Era, 20 Nov. 2012.
Prohibition Era Music (This one available to U.S. residents only).
America.gov. Telling America's story. An authoritative resource for foreign audiences seeking information about American society, political processes, official U.S. policies and culture, from U.S. Department of State. Contents: Facts about the USA, Government and Politics, Economy and Trade, Laws and Treaties, Media, Society and Values, Education in the U.S., Science and Technology, Arts and Culture, Geography and Travel.
American Civil War Collections at the Electronic Text Center. Primary source material on the American Civil War, including letters, diaries and newspapers. Letter collections include searchable transcriptions as well as digital images of the manuscripts.
American Cultural History: The Twentieth Century from UNC School of Education. Select a decade from 1900 to 1999 to access detailed information on Art & Architecture, Books & Literature, Fads & Fashion, Education, Historic Events & Technology, Music, Persons & Personalities, Theater & Film. Includes interesting photographs, links, Internet Quiz, and Subject Guides.
American History for Kids. Categories and topics include:
● First Americans (Chief Joseph, Native American Profiles: Hiawatha, Pocahontas, Native American Tribes, etc.)
● Native American Life
● Before the Explorers: The First Americans, Colonial America (Rebellion against the British, Cowboys, Outlaws, and Heroes, Colonial Life: Homesteaders)
● Early Explorers of Colonial America (Early Expeditions to America, First European Explorers to America, Christopher Columbus)
● Confederation Era (After the Revolutionary War: Becoming a Nation, U.S. Constitution)
● Revolutionary War
● Civil War (Lincoln's Assassination, Gettysburg Address, How the Civil War Was Fought)
● America's Centennial
● and more.
American Memory Photo & Print Collections - African American Odyssey .
American Variety Stage 1870-1920.
American Women Guide to Women's History Resources Published by Robin Rausch.
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875.
Prairie Settlement: Nebraska Photographs and Family Letters, 1862-1912.
Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929.
The American Revolution from Ducksters. "The American Revolution was a time when the British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. There were many battles fought and the colonies gained their freedom and became the independent country of the United States. The American Revolutionary War lasted from 1775 until 1783." The goal of Ducksters is to provide a fun and educational web site with lots of interesting content.
American Social Hygiene Posters ca. 1910-1970 from the University of Minnesota Libraries. Includes 200 posters used in campaigns against venereal diseases and related social problems in the U.S., mostly during and between World War I and World War II.
Ben's Guide to U.S. Government for Kids. Choose a grade range to explore: K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. Topics covered for Grades 9-12: Our Nation, Historical Documents, Branches of Government, How Laws Are Made, National versus State Government, Election Process, Citizenship, National High School Debate Topic, Games and Activities, Glossary, and U.S. Government Web Sites for Kids with links to various subject areas.
A Biography of America. Excellent resources for K-12. This is a companion Web site to the video series and telecourse offered by Annenberg Foundation and Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). Site includes 26 educational video programs. Each program features flash or non-flash versions of images, interactive timelines or maps, gallery of images, questions to ponder, key events, transcript, Webography, and other quality resources. Topics include: Rise of Capitalism, Slavery, Civil War, 1920s, FDR and the Depression, World War II, 1950s, 1960s, etc.
Captured: America in Color from 1939-1943. Photo blogs from the Denver Post. Photographs are the property of the Library of Congress and were included in a 2006 exhibit Bound for Glory: America in Color.
Charters of Freedom. Declaration of Independence. Constitution of the United States. Bill of Rights. See also High-Resolution Downloads - high-res images of the Charters of Freedom documents. Meet America's Founding Fathers.
Library of Congress. Search everything.
● Access and search options to the United States Code
● Audio Recordings
● Books, Printed Material
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● Manuscripts/Mixed Material
● Noted Music
● Personal Narrative
● Photos, Prints, Drawings
● Software, E-Resources
● Archived Web Sites
● Web Pages
● 3D Objects
Core Documents of U.S. Democracy - Core Documents of Our Democracy . Cornerstone Documents include: Articles of Confederation, Bill of Rights, Constitution of the United States of America, Declaration of Independence, Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg Address, Congressional Bills, Pictorial Directory, Record, Public and Private Laws, United States Code, Presidential Inaugurations, Supreme Court Decisions, American FactFinder, Statistical Abstract of the United States, Economic Indicators, United States Government Manual, and more.
Craigslist: San Francisco Bay Area Classifieds for Jobs, Apartments, Personals, For Sale, Services, Community, and Events. Click on names of other U.S. cities and states.
Directory Journal - United States. This is the United States web directory section of Directory Journal; it lists alphabetical categories of all US states from Alabama through to Wyoming and offers Webmasters the ideal opportunity to list their sites and social media pages Such as Facebook, Twitter and Google Plus to receive greater Internet popularity as well as providing you the public the chance to find businesses, shopping, sports, health, education and much more offered in all US states.
eHistory - Biography from OSU - Ohio State University. See also eHistory Articles, Books, Exhibitions, Oral Histories, Images, Timeline, Videos, Countries (A-Z, Afghanistan to Zimbabwe) or Search eHistory.
Find County Records. Site contains detailed information for researching public records in every county in the United States. Find County Public Records, Property Records, and Tax Records. Useful for searching real estate information, genealogy, background checks, employee screenings, birth certificate retrieval, and more.
Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 from Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library.
The Federal Register (FR). Daily journal of the United States government. Official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents. It is updated daily by 6 a.m. and is published Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
GPO Access. U.S. Government Publishing Office. A service of the United States Government Printing Office that provides free electronic access to a wealth of important information products produced by the Federal Government.
The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945) from National Archives.
HistoricalVoices.org. Featured Galleries include: The OYEZ Project - virtual reality tour of U.S. Supreme Court building, Earliest Voices: A Gallery from the Vincent Voice Library - hear actual voices of Thomas Edison, William Taft, Booker T. Washington ..., History and Politics Out Loud (HPOL)- a collection of audio materials of significant U.S. historical events and people of the 20th century, and other digital library collections.
History Matters. Developed by American Social History Project, Center for Media & Learning, City University of New York, and the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Site is designed for high school and college teachers of U.S. History courses. See WWW.History - an annotated guide to the most useful websites for teaching U.S. history and social studies.
The History of the American West Gets a Much-Needed Rewrite by Stephen Aron, Zocalo Public Square, Smithsonianmag.com, Aug. 16, 2016.
The American West, 1865-1900: Rise of Industrial America, 1865-1900 from Library of Congress.
The American West: History & Settlement Chapter 3 / Lesson 39, from Study.com.
American West and Native Americans from History on the Net. Articles on pre-Revolutionary American Indian and frontier Western culture.
History Wired: A Few of Our Favorite Things. From Smithsonian Institution. Map face has 10 categories representing different types of objects in the museum collections. Each "square" on the map face represents an object. Choose a category to view: Accomplishments, Arts & Entertainment, Commerce, Computers, Events, Leisure, Medicine, Military, People, Politics, Science, Tech, Transportation, and Sports.
Honor the Fallen. Honoring those who fought and died. Honoring those who fought and died in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn. A closer look at those who gave their lives.
LIBERTY! The American Revolution from PBS. A dramatic documentary about the birth of the American Republic and the struggle of a loosely connected group of states to become a nation. Contents include: Chronicle of the Revolution, Liberty! The Series, Perspectives on Liberty, Road to Revolution (game), Timeline of the Revolution, Subject Index, Teacher's Guide, Resources.
Life in the USA: The Complete Guide for Immigrants and Americans. Contents include: The American People, American Culture, Public Services, Transportation, Everyday Life in America, Government and Law, Doing Business in the USA, Education in America, Retirement and Aging, Life in the USA Magazine, Great American Places, Land, History and Language, Religion in America, Money and Finance, Living in an American Community, Making a Living in the USA, Immigration and Citizenship, Medical Care, Death in America.
Local Census. America's United Information. Site provides statistical information about the United States of America at national, state, city, county and zip code levels. Also provides business listings. Data available in list or chart form. Source data obtained from United States Census Bureau.
Local Legacies: Celebrating Community Roots from Library of Congress. View a "snapshot" of American Culture as it was expressed in spring of 2000, in communities from every state in the nation. Select a State, Territory or Commonwealth to view its community events and celebrations.
Lost in the Fifties - Another Time, Another Place by Diamond Films. YouTube video, 4:34 min. Published on Feb 18, 2014. "Take a trip in time back to the Fifties and relive the culture, the icons and everyday life that made it a very special time. Also a brief look at the racism and McCarthyism that marked the era." Accompanied by song and music of "In the Still of the Night" by Ronnie Milsap.
The Nation. Much of the back issues of the magazine (1865-2002, 2003 to present) can be accessed online.
On This Day: United States of America in History. Today in History.
Political parties in the United States - List from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Third party (United States) from Wikipedia. Directory of American Political Parties - Politics 1: Guide to American Political Parties. The Two Major Parties. The Third Parties. What is the history of "third parties" in the United States?
Politics Navigator. Guide to political, government, and public opinion sites from New York Times. Free registration to use site.
Pop Culture. Bad Fads Museum
The Best LIFE Covers of All Time (PHOTOS) from Huffington Post, Nov. 15, 2011.
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in Animals
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in Arts and Entertainment
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in Destinations
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in History
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in Lifestyle
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in Nature
Life's Most Iconic Photographs of All Time in People
Origins of American Animation.
Presidents of The United States of America. YouTube video, 13:41 min. Published by Sokha Chea, Nov. 10, 2016.
Primary Documents in American History from the Library of Congress. Created by Kenneth Drexler and Mark F. Hall, Digital Reference Specialists. Topics include: 1763-1815: The American Revolution and the New Nation, 1815-1860: National Expansion and Reform, and 1860-1877: Civil War and Reconstruction. Include important documents, background information, links to digital materials concerning the documents, and bibliographies.
Reconstruction: America After the Civil War. Watch Episodes from PBS.org. Hour 1: The aftermath of the Civil War was bewildering, exhilarating ... and terrifying. Hour 2: Post-Civil War America was a new world. Hour 3: The years 1877-1896, a transitional period that saw visions of a 'New South' set the stage for the rise of Jim Crow and the undermining of Reconstruction's legal and political legacy. Hour 4: The turn of the century is known as the 'nadir' of race relations, when white supremacy was ascendant and African Americans faced both physical and psychological oppression.
Schmoop.com. U.S. History: Summary, dates, cram sheets, and expert analysis for U.S. (American) History homework.
Social Explorer: Census Reference 1940 - 2000. Site provides easy access to demographic information about the United States, from 1940 to 2000. Find thousands of maps and hundreds of reports with thousands of variables.
Talking History. 1997-2003 radio archives from the University at Albany, State University of New York. Listen to audio documentaries, speeches, debates, oral histories, conference sessions, commentaries, archival tape and interviews, and other aural history resources. Wide variety of topics including: Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-1782, Tulsa Riot of 1921, Remembering Kent State, 1970, Why September 11th Happened, and many more.
United States Coats of Arms, or Armorial of the United States from Wikipedia. National arms, Arms and seals of states, Arms of counties (districts), Arms of municipalities, towns and cities.
United States history from U.S. History.
Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts from the Morgan Library & Museum.
Major Documents of American History from Pioneer Courthouse."Among the great landmarks of the American story have been the charters, the United States Constitution (the 'supreme law of the land'), constitutional amendments, laws, and judicial opinions that have shaped the history of freedom and the development of our political and economic systems."
U.S. Image Plummets Internationally as Most Say Country Has Handled Coronavirus Badly: Ratings for Trump Remain Poor by Richard Wike, Janell Fetterolf and Mara Mordecai, Pew Research, 15 Sep. 2020.
USA.Gov. U.S. Government Made Easy on the Web. WWW information portal for the United States Federal Government. Links to Workers.gov and Mapstats.gov, Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of the U.S. Government, as well as State and Local Governments.
The West: People. Interactive biographical dictionary of the men and women featured in THE WEST (an 8-part documentary series from PBS). Biographies offer details about their lives along with comments on their historical significance. See also Places: Section features archival maps from the 1860's and 1880's, Events: Interactive timeline charts significant events from pre-Columbian times to the early 1900's, plus Lesson Plans and Quizzes.
The White House. Welcome to the White House: The Briefing Room, The Agenda, The Administration, About the White House (History, Presidents, First Ladies ...).
Pacific Studies WWW Virtual Library. Global resources include: Pacific Studies WWW Monitor (Pacific-focus online resources), Pacific region (catalog of online resources), Pacific Manuscripts Bureau (PAMBU locates and microfilms archives, manuscripts and other unpublished material), as well as Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library.
Australia - Leaders and Cabinet Members of Government from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Australia Coats of Arms from Wikipedia. National arms, Arms of States and possessions, Arms of Cities, Shires and Towns, from International Civic Heraldry.
Australia Government. Access to Australian Government Information and Services.
Australia Government Directory. A-Z lists: Government departments and agencies, Boards and other structures, General enquiries and helplines.
Australian Bureau of Statistics - Australia's official statistical organization. Categories include: Statistics, News, Themes (Agriculture, Population, Housing, Demography, Environment, Health, etc.), Census (1996 & 2001), Education, and Recruitment (Salaries & Conditions), etc.
Australian Government Gazettes. This page provides information about the current series of Australian Government gazettes.
• Government Notices Gazette
• Australian Public Service Gazette
• Government purchasing Business Gazette
• Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Gazette
• Tariff Concessions Gazette
• Chemical Gazette
• APVMA Gazette
• Food Standards Gazette
• Government Notices Gazette
• Government Notices, Special Notices, Periodic Notices.
Australian Museum: Palaeontology. Discover & Learn: Australia's first museum has over 21 million scientific specimens and cultural objects in its collections.
Fossils. The word 'palaeontology' refers to the study of ancient life, with fossils forming the basis of this science.
Australia's extinct animals.
Dinosaur Fact Sheets.
Dinosaurs and their relatives. Dinosaurs include extinct animals we know from fossils and the birds we see today.
Guide to Australia. Culture and Entertainment, Geography, Nation Travel and Tourism, Nature, Science and Education, Towns, Trade and Commerce, etc.