A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

A Virtual Library of Useful URLs
Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification

540-599 Natural Sciences

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500 General science, science museums
500.2 Physical sciences
502.8 Microscopes
503 Science - Encyclopedias, Science - Dictionaries
507 Science - Experiments, (Scientific experiments)
507.8 Science projects, (Science fair projects), (School science projects), (Science exhibition projects)
508 Natural history
509.2 Scientists, (Astronomers), (Biologists), (Chemists), (Geologists), (Mathematicians), (Naturalists), (Physicists)
510 Mathematics
510.28 Calculators
510.7808 Microsoft PowerPoint (Computer file)
512 Algebra, Number theory, Group theory, (Fibonacci numbers)
513 Roman numerals, Writing of numerals
513.028 Abacus
520 Astronomy
523 523 Solar system, Asteroids, Planets, Stars, Sun, Meteorites, Galaxies, Milky Way, (Moon), (Solar eclipses), (Lunar eclipses)
525 Earth
527 Latitude, Longitude, Nautical astronomy
529 Time, Days, Night, Week, Months, Calendars, Chronology
530 Physics
530.8 Measurement, Weights and measures, Metric system, Volume (Cubic content), (Cubic measurement), (Conversions)
535 Optics, Light
535.86 Kaleidoscopes
538.768 Auroras, (Aurora borealis), (Northern lights)
539.7 Radioactivity, Atomic theory, (Radioactive substances), (Radiation)
540 Chemistry, Chemicals
540.1 Alchemy, (Hermetic art and philosophy), (Transmutation of metals), (Philosophers' stone)
546 Chemical elements
551 Icebergs, Glaciers, (Ice caps), (Ice sheets), Landforms, Geomorphology, Physical geography
551.21 Volcanoes, (Eruptions)
551.22 Earthquakes, (Seismography), (Seismology)
551.4 Water, Physical geography, Natural monuments, Landforms, Earth sciences
551.44 Caves, Cave diving, (Caves and Caverns)
551.46 Ocean, Oceanography, (Oceans), (Sea)
551.47 Tsunamis, Ocean waves, (Earthquake sea waves), (Seismic sea waves), (Tidal waves, Seismic)
551.489 Floods (hydrology)
551.5 Meteorology
551.55 Hurricanes, Cyclones, Storms, Tornadoes, Typhoons, (Winds), (Twisters)
551.56 Lightning
551.6 Weather, Weather forecasting
553.8 Diamonds, Precious stones, (Gemstones), (Jewels)
560 Fossils, Prehistoric animals, Extinct animals, (Paleontology)
567.9 Dinosaurs, Fossil reptiles
570 Biology, Life sciences
572.8 Genetic code, Gene mapping, Recombinant DNA, (Genome mapping), (Genetics), (Genetic disorders)
573.88 Eyes
574.5 Endangered species, (Rare animals), (Wildlife conservation)
574.87 Cells, DNA, Protoplasm, (D.N.A.), (Deoxyribonucleic acid), (Desoxyribonucleic acid)
576.8 Evolution, (Darwinism), (Origin of species), Mutation (Biology), Natural selection
579 Microbiology
580 Plants, Botany
581.1 Photosynthesis
582.13 Flowers, (Roses), (Orchids)
590 Animals
590.72 Aquariums, Aquarium fishes, Aquarium plants, Aquariums - Equipment and supplies
590.73 Zoos
591.77 Marine animals (Aquatic animals), (Marine fauna), (Marine zoology), (Sea animals), (Water animals), (Marine mammals)
595.7 Insects
595.78 Butterflies, Moths
597 Fishes, Sharks, Rays (Fish)
597.8 Amphibians, Frogs, (Toads)
597.9 Reptiles, (Turtles), (Lizards), (Alligators), (Crocodiles), (Snakes)
598 Birds
598.47 Penguins
599 Mammals
599.9 Anthropology, Human origins, (Hominids), (Origin of man), (Human paleontology), Physical anthropology, (Biological anthropoloy)

540 Chemistry, Chemicals

Chem4Kids. Matter, Elements, Atoms, Math, and Reactions. Clear, simple explanations of each subject matter complete with colorful illustrations.

Chemistry Biographies from AllRefer.com.

EnvironmentalChemistry.com. Site includes over 300 pages of educational resources on chemistry, environmental and hazardous materials, anatomy of the atom, detailed periodic table of elements, geologic timeline, chemistry & environmental dictionary, Chernobyl, guide to handling household chemicals, and more.

Chemistry Dictionary from Chemistry Dictionary.com.

The Molecule of the Month by Paul May. "Each month since January 1996 a new molecule has been added to the list on this page. The links will take you to a page at one of the Web sites at a University Chemistry Department or commercial site in the UK, the US, or anywhere in the world, where useful information can be found about a particularly interesting molecule." If you wish, you can contribute a Molecule to paul.may@bris.ac.uk.

Chinese Periodic Table from Chinese Converter. You can search in the Chinese periodic table by atomic number, English name or symbol (e.g. He for Helium). The Chinese periodic table is available in simplified and traditional Chinese.

Science Is Fun in the Lab of Shakhashiri. The master of chemical demonstrations and science policy advocate, University of Wisconsin-Madison Chemistry Professor Bassam Z. Shakhashiri shares the fun of science through home science activities, public presentations, scholarship, and other programs of the Wisconsin Initiative for Science Literacy. Includes the Periodic Tables.

SparkNotes: Chemistry Study Guides. Contents: Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Units, Scientific Notation, and Significant Figures, The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure, Bonding, Stoichiometry (study of laws of chemical combination by weight & volume), Gases, Solutions, Acids and Bases, Electrochemistry, and Reaction Kinetics. Caution: Lots of popu-up ads.

540.1 Alchemy, (Hermetic art and philosophy), (Transmutation of metals), (Philosophers' stone)

Alchemy from Sacred-texts.com. Original documents of alchemy for the serious reader.

Alchemy Web Site. Alchemy is the medieval attempt to change base metals into gold. This massive site includes over 90 megabytes of information on alchemy in all its facets, with over 2000 images, over 200 complete alchemical texts. Includes 18 downloadable midi files of alchemical music.

546 Chemical elements

A Brief History of the Development of Periodic Table from Western Oregon University. See also History of the periodic table from Wikipedia.

Chemical Elements.com - An Online Interactive Periodic Table of the Elements. Basic Info: Name, Symbol, Atomic number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, Boiling Point, Number of Protons/Electrons, Number of Neutrons, Classification, Crystal Structure, Density, Color. Atomic Structure (color diagram). Isotopes. Facts: Date of Discovery, Uses, Where obtained.

Chemistry Periodic Table. Chemicool.com provides chemical element facts, chemistry forum.

Chemical Elements - Alphabetical List - List of the Chemical Elements and Atomic Numbers (The atomic number is the number of protons or electrons each element's atoms have).
Chemistry Dictionary.
Property Graphs.

It's Elemental - The Periodic Table of Elements from Jefferson Lab, Science Education. Check out the radioactive element Polonium - Po - Atomic Number: 84, Atomic Weight: 209. Polonium was discovered by Marie Sklodowska Curie, a Polish chemist, in 1898. Named for the country of Poland. Polonium is pronounced as peh-LOW-ni-em.

Periodic Table of the Elements from American Chemical Society - ACS Publications.

WebElements Periodic Table (Professional Edition) and WebElements Periodic Table (Scholar Edition). Allows you to view some Virtual Reality and Quick Draw 3D images both for element crystal structures and for periodic properties. Also allows viewing of various other kinds of 3D images, including molecules.

551 Icebergs, Glaciers, (Ice caps), (Ice sheets), Landforms, Geomorphology, Physical geography

20 Incredible Iceberg Pictures.

All About Glaciers from National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).

Glacier Story: A Tour of the Life of a Glacier. "Most of the world's glaciers are found near the Poles, but glaciers exist on all of the world's continents, even Africa."

Photo and Image Gallery. basic information on snow, ice, glaciers, sea ice, and other elements of the cryosphere. All About the Cryosphere, What is in the cryosphere? Snow, ice, sea ice, glaciers, ice shelves, icebergs, and frozen ground. Quick Facts on Icebergs. What is an iceberg? "Icebergs are pieces of ice that formed on land and float in an ocean or lake. . . The term "iceberg" refers to chunks of ice larger than 5 meters (16 feet) across." How do icebergs form, and where do they go? Why are icebergs important?

Geography Landforms. YouTube video, 3:04 min.

Geography Tutor: Earth's Physical Features. YouTube video, 3:46 min.

Glaciers from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Glaciers: Face of the Earth. "Ice sheets and glaciers form the largest component of perennial ice on this planet. Over 75% of the world's fresh water is presently locked up in these frozen reservoirs."

Ice sheet dynamics from Wikipedia.

Iceberg from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Iceberg Facts from Iceberg Finder. Quick Facts on Icebergs from National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). What is an iceberg? How do icebergs form, and where do they go? Why are icebergs important? Why do scientists study icebergs?
Iceberg Facts from Berg Water, Natural Canadian Water. "Iceberg water is a very unique product, in a superior category all by itself. It is an all natural, truly virginal water with no traces of minerals."
All About Icebergs from Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An online professional development magazine which focuses on preparing elementary teachers to teach polar science concepts, Ohio State University, College of Education and Human Ecology.

Arctic Icebergs from Arctic-Guide.net.

Plateau from Science Clarified. The shape of the land, forces and changes, spotlight on famous landforms.

551.21 Volcanoes, (Eruptions)

How Volcanoes Work. Describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes.

Michigan Technological University Volcanoes Page. Purpose of this site is to provide scientific and educational information that can lead to hazard mitigation. Topics include: What is a volcano? Which are earth's active volcanoes? Volcanoes of Canada, Volcanic Hazards Mitigation, Remote Sensing of Volcanoes, Satellite Detection of eruptions, Volcanic Humor, and more.

Volcano World. Information on volcanoes from University of North Dakota. Includes: Current Volcanic Activity - Current Eruptions, World Volcanoes - Index by Region, Index by Country/Region, Index by Volcano Name, How do I become a volcanologist? Volcano Facts, Glossary - Volcanic and Geologic Terms.

Volcano from Australian Government, Geoscience Australia. Natural hazards: What is a volcano? Types of volcanoes, Predicting eruptions, Volcanoes in Australian territory, The Pago PNG volcano, Volcano facts, photos and links.

551.22 Earthquakes, (Seismography), (Seismology)

Earthquake from Australian Government, Geoscience Australia. What is an Earthquake? Where do earthquakes occur? How are earthquakes detected? Measuring the size of an earthquake, Seismographs and seismograms, Australia on the move, and Australian earthquakes.

Earthquake Lists, Maps, and Statistics, Earthquake FAQs, Science Explorer: Exploring: Measuring Earthquakes.
The Science of Earthquakes. What causes earthquakes and where do they happen? How do scientists measure the size of earthquakes? Can scientists predict earthquakes?
Seismic Monitor from Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). Click on map to zoom. Site provides info on magnitude and age (today, yesterday, past 2 weeks, past 5 years) of earthquakes around the world. Contents include: Earthquake Headlines, Last 30 Days Earthquakes, Special Quakes, Plate Tectonics, Education Links.
Richter scale - Seismology by John P. Rafferty, May 17, 2018. Richter scale, quantitative measure of an earthquake's magnitude (size), devised in 1935 by American seismologists Charles F. Richter and Beno Gutenberg.
Seismic hazard from Wikipedia.
Earthquake Lists, Maps, and Statistics from USGS (United States Geological Survey, US Department of the Interior).
List of historical earthquakes from Wikipedia.

Earthquake Preparedness Guide: How to Stay Safe and Survive from Ammo.com. Contents include: Basic Earthquake Information, Earthquake Preparedness (Before, During, and After), FAQs, Earthquake Notification Service, Links and Resources for Earthquake Hazards and Preparedness.

Earthquakes. Defining an Earthquake from Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Earthquake Safety Checklist. FEMA B-526 / November 2017.

Earthquakes by Kaye M. Shedlock & Louis C. Pakiser. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) General Interest Publications. Contents: Introduction, Earthquakes in History, Where Earthquakes Occur, How Earthquakes Happen, Measuring Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Earthquakes, Predicting Earthquakes.

Earthquakes for Kids.
Earthquake Glossary.
Earthquake Preparedness.
Earthquake Topics for Education.
Recent Earthquakes in California and Nevada - Index Map.

Plate Tectonics, the Cause of Earthquakes.

The Science of Earthquakes by Lisa Wald. What is an earthquake? What causes earthquakes and where do they happen? Why does the earth shake when there is an earthquake? How are earthquakes recorded? How do scientists measure the size of earthquakes? How can scientists tell where the earthquake happened? Can scientists predict earthquakes? Can some animals or people tell when an earthquake is about to hit?

551.4 Water, Physical geography, Natural monuments, Landforms, Earth sciences

Explained | World's Water Crisis | FULL EPISODE | Netflix. YouTube video, 18:42 min. Published by Netflix. How do we price our most valuable resource, while also ensuring access to it as a human right?

Water and Water (molecule) from Wikipedia.

Water from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Regional and State Links - Water information across the United States.
50 Amazing Facts About Water! From ESP Water Products.
Water for Kids - Projects, Art and Experiment.
WaterSense for Kids. Why Save Water? Did you know that less than 1% of all the water on Earth can be used by people? The rest is salt water (the kind you find in the ocean) or is permanently frozen and we can't drink it, wash with it, or use it to water plants. As our population grows, more and more people are using up this limited resource. Therefore, it is important that we use our water wisely and not waste it.

Water Conservation Guide for Homeowners from Sprinkler Supply Store. How much water is wasted at home? Importance of Water Conservation - Droughts in the U.S., Why you should save water, How to save water, What you can do to save water in the Bathroom, Kitchen, Garden, Lawns, and Landscapes.

Top 10 water saving tips. Animation. YouTube video, 2:08 min. Published by DwrCymruWelshWater, June 28, 2018.

Water conservation tips - How to conserve water at home. YouTube video, 3:17 min. Published by Howdini, Apr 14, 2009.

Water Science for Schools from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Site provides information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, data, maps, and an interactive center where you can give opinions and test your water knowledge.

551.44 Caves, Cave diving, (Caves and Caverns)

10 deepest caves around the world open to be explored by tourists from Hello Travel.
Top 10 Deepest Caves In The World: Check Them Out from Value Walk, April 11, 2019.
List of deepest caves from Wikipedia.

Cave from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Cave diving from Wikipedia.

Cave Systems in United States. List of caves in the U.S. fom Wikipedia.

Caves in Australia. List of caves in Australia, from Wikipedia.

Caves in China. List of caves in China, from Wikipedia.

Caves: Show Caves of the World. All Caves - Indexes. Listing some 810 caves from A-Z, with info on cave location, address, history, description, entrance fees, etc. Classification of Caves.

Hang Son Doong Cavern - THE LARGEST CAVE ON PLANET EARTH. YouTube video, 5:35 min. Published by Voogie, Nov. 9, 2017. At over 5km long, with sections reaching up to 200m tall and 150m wide, Hang Son Doong is large enough to house an entire New York City block, complete with 40 story skyscrapers. With a total measured volume of 38.5 million cubic metres, this comfortably surpasses Deer Cave in Malaysia, which was considered to be the previous record holder. Stalagmites up to 80m high have also been surveyed, the tallest ever encountered. [View from the world's largest cavern discovered in Vietnam in 1991. Son Doong Cave is located in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh Province, Vietnam. Explored by joint Vietnamese-British cave scientists of the British Cave Research Association.]

Lists of Caves from around the world, from Wikipedia.

Speleology from Wikipedia. Speleology is the scientific study of caves, a cross-disciplinary field that combines the knowledge of chemistry, biology, geology, physics, meteorology and cartography to develop portraits of caves as complex, evolving systems.

What are the Largest Caves in the World? From wiseGEEK. Topics: Underground Caves, Spelunk - "A spelunker is a person who explores caves as a hobby. Two other terms applied to those who partake in cave exploration are caver and speleologist", Aquarium Caves, Solution Caves, Caves Limestone.

551.46 Ocean, Oceanography, (Oceans), (Sea)

All About the Ocean from National Geographic.

Canada's Oceans Strategy is the Government of Canada's policy statement for the management of estuarine coastal and marine ecosystems.

Ocean Explorer. Explore the Ocean Realm with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Categories: Explorations, Projects, Gallery, Technology, Library, Education, and History. See also Timeline of ocean exploration 1807-1945.

551.47 Tsunamis, Ocean waves, (Earthquake sea waves), (Seismic sea waves), (Tidal waves, Seismic)

Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis - Emergency appeal n° M04EA028 Final report. "The Indian Ocean earthquake and Tsunami was the single most devastating natural disaster in recent history. On 24 December 2004, and over the subsequent days, the world watched in horror as the true scale of the disaster became apparent.

At least 226,000 lives were lost, millions of homes were destroyed and entire communities were swept away. The full extent of the Tsunami was felt along the coastlines of 14 countries and the trail of devastation left in the wake of the disaster stretched from Sumatra in Indonesia to the shores of Somalia."

Asia Quake Disaster - In Depth from BBC.

List of tsunamis from Wikipedia. Article lists notable tsunamis sorted by date and location.

Surviving a Tsunami - Lessons from Chile, Hawaii, and Japan from U.S. Geological Survey.

TSUNAMI. Tsunami: Discover the secrets of the Earth. YouTube video, 15:18 min. Produced by INGV, Jan 28, 2011. Discovering how and why tsunamis occur, the hazard they pose to our coasts, understanding what to do in order to mitigate the effects of tsunamis. These are topics covered in this video with the use of computer graphics animation.

Tsunami Safety Tips from National Geographic Environment. Tsunamis can wreak havoc on coastal populations and landscapes. The December 26, 2004, tsunami in the Indian Ocean claimed some 150,000 lives and cleared the landscape on millions of acres of oceanfront terrain.

551.489 Floods (hydrology)

Be Prepared for a Flood from FEMA, 2018. Flooding is a temporary overflow of water onto land that is normally dry. It is the most common natural disaster in the United States. Failing to evacuate flooded areas, entering flood waters, or remaining after a flood has passed can result in injury or death. HOW TO STAY SAFE WHEN A FLOOD THREATENS: Prepare NOW, Survive DURING, and Be Safe AFTER.

Flood Safety and Preparedness Guide by Russell Nicolet, Insurance, Personal Injury, Nicolet Law, June 10, 2021. It's estimated that 90% of all natural disaster declarations involve flooding. How can you proactively prepare for the potential of a flood? This guide will highlight the key things you need to do to keep your home and family as safe as you can if you ever face the threat of a flood. Know Your Risk, Have Flood Insurance, Floodproofing Your Home, Make a Plan, What to Do During a Flood, Staying Safe After a Flood.

Floods from Ready.gov, April 9, 2021. Prepare for a flood. Staying safe during a flood. Aftr a flood. Associated content (Additional resources). Flooding is a temporary overflow of water onto land that is normally dry. Floods are the most common natural disaster in the United States. Failing to evacuate flooded areas or entering flood waters can lead to injury or death. Floods may:
Result from rain, snow, coastal storms, storm surges and overflows of dams and other water systems.
Develop slowly or quickly. Flash floods can come with no warning.
Cause outages, disrupt transportation, damage buildings and create landslides.

Floods: Before, During & After from Canadian Red Cross. Floods can happen anywhere and at any time of the year. The best way to protect yourself and your family in case of a flood is to follow these steps:
Monitor local weather and alerts: Know your risk.
Turn around, don't drown - avoid flood waters.
Clean up carefully and wear protective clothing.

551.5 Meteorology

Weather and meteorology glossary. Terms used in Canada's public forecasting program and weather observations, and unique terminology related to Environment and Climate Change Canada's hurricane centre and ice service products.
Glossary of meteorology from Wikipedia. List of terms and concepts relevant to meteorology and atmospheric science, their sub-disciplines, and related fields.
Glossary of Meterology from American Meterology Society. Enter search term in search box and click Try Exact Match or Search Full Text.

World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Projects. Alphabetical list of Projects, for example: "Adaptation Programme in Africa (GFCS APA) Phase II: Building Resilience in Disaster Risk Management, Food Security and Health. Multi-National projects. The aim of the project is to enhance capacity of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) to better anticipate and respond to extreme weather events and climate change ...
Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project in West Africa. Multi-National projects. Through an agreement with Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), WMO is supporting countries in West Africa to improve the severe weather forecasting and warning services."

551.55 Hurricanes, Cyclones, Storms, Tornadoes, Typhoons, (Winds), (Twisters)

See also 363.34 Disaster relief, (Disaster preparedness), (Emergency preparedness)

Before You Get Caught in a Hurricane by Rod Brouhard, About.com Guide. Hurricane Preparation Tips - Hurricane Survival Tips.

Flood in the Philippines 26 September 2009 Google image from http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-IWtLiEFUPmU/Toc7GYdVBjI/AAAAAAAAC3I/6cRaegAwrO4/s1600/manila-philippines-flood-welcome-to-the-jungle-post-wiring-bride-funny-photos-pinoy.jpg
Flood on streets
in the Philippines
Family in India watching TV in flooded room Google image from http://thechive.com/2009/05/27/the-funny-side-of-floods-32-photos/funny-flood-gallery-27/ Author: Leo 25 May 2009
Family watching TV
in flooded room in India

Typhoon Ondoy in Manila, Marikina, Cainta ... Sept 26 2009 ... Philippines
YouTube video, 2:55 min.

The Complete Guide to Hurricane Safety by Elana Rubin, Product Diggers, Sep 23, 2021. Includes infographics. Preparing Your Home, Proactive Preparation, Creating a Hurricane Disaster Kit, How Should You Prepare If a Hurricane Is on Its Way? Safety Tips During a Hurricane. It's always better to be prepared and think ahead to keep your family as safe as possible.

Florida Hurricane Season Preparation Guide. Snowbird Resources.

Hurricane Basics from National Hurricane Center (NHC), National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Includes Hurricane History 1900-2004, Tornadoes, Inland Flooding, Forecast Process, Be Prepared - Hurricane Preparedness, and more.

Hurricane Center from AccuWeather.
Interactive Hurricane Tracker from AccuWeather.

Hurricane Preparedness. Be Prepared: Preventing the loss of life and minimizing the damage to property from hurricanes.

Hurricane Preparedness. Information on hurricanes, recovery preparation, planning emergencies, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Hurricane Preparedness Checklist from ClimaCell.
- Preparation Tips Before the Hurricane;
- Emergency Watch, Warnings, Alerts;
- Plan for Evacuation (Inside the House, Outside the House, Evacuation Zone);
- Family Communication Plan;
- Hurricane Safety Tips for Pets;
- Home & Property Preparation (First Aid Kit, Pet Kit, Emergency Supplies, Critical Documents & Insurance Policy);
- Survival Tips During the Hurricane (Staying Safe Indoors, Staying Safe Outdoors);
- Safety Tips After the Hurricane.

Hurricanes ... Unleashing Nature's Fury. Download pdf 16 pages. A Preparedness Guide from U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, Revised August 2001. What is a Hurricane? How Hurricanes Form. Hurricane Impacts. U.S. Hurricane Problem. Coastal Areas At Risk. Tracking the Storm. Stay Informed! What to Listen For. Are You Ready? Family Disaster Plan. A Disaster Supplies Kit.

Typhoon from Wikipedia.

Worldwide Tropical Cyclone Names from National Hurricane Center, Miami, FL. Atlantic Names 2005-2010, Eastern North Pacific Names 2005-2010, Central North Pacific Names Lists 1-4, Western North Pacific Names - List of Country Contributors and Name Lists I-V, Australian Region Names, Fiji Region Names Lists A-E (Standby), Papua New Guinea Region Names Lists A-B, Philippine Region Names Lists 1-4 rotate from 2001-2016 plus an Auxiliary List, Southwest Indian Ocean Names 2004-2005, 2005-2006.

551.56 Lightning

USA America - Real Time Lightning Map covering United States, from LightningMaps.org.

USA Live Street-level Lightning Map - United States. Latest Lightning Strikes on Google Maps.

Blitzortung.org: Network for Lightning and Thunderstorms in Real Time - Real time lightning map. Europe, Oceania, North America, Asia, South America, Africa.

Canadian Lightning Danger Map - Canada. The Canadian Lightning Danger Map (CLDM) represents areas at greatest risk of being struck by lightning in the next 10 minutes. Times are expressed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The interval between maps is 10 minutes.
Always remember: When thunder roars, GO INDOORS!
Please re-fresh your browser to ensure you have the latest map. Learn more about the Canadian Lightning Danger Map. Watch video on How to Use the Lightning Danger Map. 1:56 min.
● Lightning is striking in the red areas; you are in immediate danger if outdoors.
● Go to a safe location, either a building with plumbing and wiring or an all metal vehicle.
● Stay there for 30 minutes following the last rumble of thunder.

Kids' Lightning Information and Safety by Sabrina, a child who was hit by lightning along with her parents. Topics covered: What is lightning? What does it feel like to be hit by lightning? Where can lightning strike? How can you tell how far away a storm is? Learn also about lightning safety at home and at school.

Lightning Safety from Government of Canada. Lightning safety tips for indoors and outdoors. Lightning fatalities and injuries: Risks and statistics by season, days of the week, age and activity. Dangers of lightning: Six ways lightning can hurt you, from ground currents to blunt trauma. Lightning bolts from the blue: Pay attention to the warning signs.

Lightning Safety Tips and Resources from National Weather Service. If you hear thunder, you are likely within striking distance of the storm. Just remember, When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors. Topics include: Lightning Safety Outdoors, Lightning Safety Indoors, Dr. Lightning: Safety, Overview of Lightning Safety, NOAA Lightning Safety Brochure, What You Need to Know: Tips for Safety, Lightning Safety and Recreational Activities, Lightning Safety on the Job, Lightning and Fires, science, home fires, Protecting Your Home.

Lightning Safety Quiz from Museum of Science, Boston.

Lightning Injury Research Program by Mary Ann Cooper, MD, University of Illinois at Chicago. Includes Medical Aspects of Lightning. Odds of Becoming a Lightning Victim. Who Gets Injured? How Do Lightning Injuries Affect People? Four Factors Necessary for Recovery. Prevention.

Lightning Safety Tips and Resources from National Weather Service.
Lightning Safety.
Lightning Science.
Lightning FAQs.
Lightning Myths and Facts.
Lightning Photos.
Lightning - The Underrated Killer from National Weather Service Lightning Safety Program.
Lightning - The Underrated Killer - Lightning Safety Week is June 21st - 27th from Prince William County, Virginia.

A Lightning Primer from NASA, Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC). Introduction, History, Characteristics of a Storm: Lightning, Thunder, Clouds & Rain, Hail, Types of Lightning Discharges, Future of Lightning Detection in Space, Lightning Safety including common dangerous activities associated with lightning strikes, Treatment, and more.

A Lightning Primer by Mike Green, Megavolt. Mike Green is a licensed and registered electrical engineer working in Israel for over 15 years. He designs electrical installations of all sizes and offers consulting services on problems of power quality and energy management.

Personal Lightning Safety Tips from National Lightning Safety Institute (NLSI).

Saving Lives, Protecting Property from Lightning Protection Institute (LPI).

551.6 Weather, Weather forecasting

5-Day Weather Forecast, Toronto (Ontario) in Celsius
5-Day Weather Forecast, Toronto (Ontario) in Fahrenheit
10-Day Weather Forecast, Toronto (Ontario) in Celsius
10-Day Weather Forecast, Toronto (Ontario) in Fahrenheit
Climate and Average Weather in Canada - Select a city in Canada to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year.

AccuWeather.com. Today's Weather Headlines, Five Day Forecast for US cities and towns, or major cities world wide, may be personalized. Other weather related categories include: Travel, Health, Marine, Golf, Gardening, Meteorologist, Aviation, Agriculture, Maps, Satellite, News and Features, and Video.

Current Weather and 10-Day Forecasts from Weatherbug.com.

Live Weather Images. Provides Current Weather Images (USA), Forecast Maps, European Images, Bodies of Water, Hurricanes/Tropical Storms, Seismic Activity, Storm Warnings, and more. Interactive Weather Page allows you to calculate sunrise and sunset times, heat index, wind chill values, etc. Includes links to weathercams worldwide and weather jokes.

Weather Glossary from Kestrel Meters.
Skywatchers weather glossary from Government of Canada.
Glossary of Weather Terms from Weather.gov.

NOAA National Weather Service. Weather across the United States, from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Includes Warnings, Observations, Forecasts, Weather Safety, Past Weather, Glossary, and more.

The Weather Underground. Find the Weather for any City, State or ZIP Code, or Airport Code or Country. Click on a map of your choice for current weather conditions and forecasts. Features include: Wunder Photo Galleries, NEXRAD Radar, Regional Radar, Zoom Satellite, Maps, Trip Planner, Tropical / Hurricane, Marine Weather, U.S. Severe Weather Map, Astronomy (Enter the zip code where you will be star gazing), Ski (Snow Conditions & Ski Report - U.S., Canada, International), Wunderground Educational Resources, Wunder Blog Directory, Favorites.

Weather warnings guide. A guide to the National Severe Weather Warning Service from MetOffice.gov.uk. The Met Office issues weather warnings, through the National Severe Weather Warning Service, when severe weather has the potential to bring impacts to the UK. These warnings are given a colour (yellow, amber or red).

WW2010 - The Weather World 2010 Project. A massive site. Popular features include Hurricanes, Clouds and Precipitation, and El Niño. From the Current Weather section you can view forecasts for the United States and print out weather maps with exquisite colors. An Index helps you find weather topics from A-Z quickly.

World Weather Information Service. Site presents OFFICIAL weather forecasts and climatological information for selected cities supplied by National Meteorological Services (NMSs) worldwide.

Worldwide weather forecasts and climate information from Weather and Climate. Covering Climate and Average Weather in selected locations in Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, North America, South America. Select from alphabetical list from Abkhazia, Georgia to United Kingdom to view the average monthly Rainfall, Temperature and Sunshine.

553.8 Diamonds, Precious stones, (Gemstones), (Jewels)

Are man-made diamonds the same as 'fake' diamonds? Do lab diamonds lose colour over time? Do ethical diamonds cost more? FAQS from 77 Diamonds. See also:
Introduction to ethical jewellery.

Diamond Basics from Diamond Trade.
What Makes Diamonds So Valuable? from TrueFacet.

Diamond History and Lore. Diamonds have a long history as beautiful objects of desire. In the first century AD, the Roman naturalist Pliny stated: "Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world." Loose diamonds were first mined in India thousands of years ago. However, most diamonds are found in Africa today.
Diamond Shapes
Diamond Ring Setting Guide by Bryan Boyne, from Whiteflash. A definitive guide to diamond settings for engagement rings and many other pieces of diamond jewelry.
Diamond Rings with descriptions and prices, from GoldenMine, Fine Jewelry.

The Nature of Diamonds. Excellent resource from American Museum of Natural History with color illustrations, photos, charts, tables. Contents: What is diamond? Diamond: Vital Statistics, Origins, History, Mining & Distribution, Industry & Technology, and Bibliography.

What Is Gemology and How Do You Become a Gemologist? By Juli "Jewels" Church, Learning Jewelry.
Learn the "4-C's" of Diamonds: Carat, Color, Cut, and Clarity.
Diamond Carat Weight Explained (Critical Buying Tips)
Diamond Color Explained (Critical Buying Tips)
Diamond Cut Explained (Critical Buying Tips)
Diamond Clarity Explained (And Buying Tips)

560 Fossils, Prehistoric animals, Extinct animals, (Peleontology)

Frequently Asked Questions about Paleontology. Questions include: What is paleontology? What are the practical uses of paleontology? How can I find fossils in my area? Plus links to other paleontology sites. See: Learning from the Fossil Record for related articles and additional resources.

567.9 Dinosaurs, Fossil reptiles

The 10 Most Important Facts About Dinosaurs from ThoughtCo.com.
95 Interesting Dinosaur Facts by Karin Lehnardt, Senior Writer, FactRetriever.com.

Age of the Dinosaurs from BBC.co.uk. New Theory of the Rise and Fall of Dinosaurs. Were Dinosaurs Endotherms (warm-blooded) or Ectotherms (cold-blooded)? What Really Killed the Dinosaurs?

The BEST of Discovery's Dinosaurs. YouTube video, 56:31 min. Published on Jul 3, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Enter the prehistoric world when dinosaurs ruled the Earth. See them hunt and battle. See them roam in massive herds. Go back in time and experience what dinosaur life was like."
The BEST of Discovery's Dinosaurs 2. YouTube video, 51:51 min. Published on Jul 3, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Some dinosaurs had brightly colored feathers. Some dinosaurs were attentive parents. Some dinosaurs gave birth to live young rather than hatching them in eggs."

Dinosaur from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Dinosaur Facts from American Museum of Natural History (AMNH).
Dinosaurs - Pictures and Facts from NewDinosaurs.
Dinosaurs: News & Pictures of Dinosaur Types from LiveScience.
Dinosaur Facts from DKfindout!

Dinosaurs: A Guide for Children from CBBC Newsworld. What is a dinosaur? What types of dinosaur were there? What's in a name? Could Jurassic Park really happen? Why did they become extinct?

How Dinosaurs Went Extinct! YouTube video, 2:20 min. Published on Jun 25, 2013 by DiscoveryDinosaurs. "Meteors came hurtling to Earth and stopped life as they knew it for the dinosaurs. Complete and instantaneous extinction is no longer the theory."

Zoom Dinosaurs from Enchanted Learning. All about dinosaurs: What is a Dinosaur? Dinosaur Information Pages, including Apatosaurus, T. rex, Triceratops, Velociraptor, and more! Dinosaur Print-outs, How Dinosaurs Are Named, What Do Dinosaur Names Mean, Evolution of Dinosaurs ...

570 Biology, Life sciences

Modern Biology: Student Edition 2009 by HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON
Modern Biology:
Student Edition 2009
Holt, Rinehart and Winston
            Campbell Biology (11th Edition) by Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, and Jane B. Reece
Campbell Biology (11th Edition)
by Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain,
Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky,
and Jane B. Reece

BIODIDAC. A bank of digital resources for teaching biology. Excellent collection of over 5000 digital images (line drawings and photographs), videos, and animations. Use of material must be non-commercial, acknowledged and registered. Categories: Organismal Biology, Human Biology, and Histology.

Biology. MIT Open Courseware. "The idea is simple: to publish all of our course materials online and make them widely available to everyone." ~ Dick K.P. Yue, Professor, MIT School of Engineering. Introductory Biology.

Glossary of Biology from Wikipedia.
Biology Dictionary from Biology Dictionary.net.
Complete List of Biology Terms from Biology Dictionary.net.
Glossary of biology from Wikipedia.
Biology Dictionary from Biology-Online.org.
Cell Biology Glossary from ThoughtCo.com.

Biology Websites. Great sites for kids from GWS.ALA.org. Sponsored by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association. Not secure site.

BioMed Central: The Open Access Publisher. Over 100 Open Access journals covering all areas of Biology and Medicine.

CELLS alive! Video library relates to microbiology, cell biology, aquatic protozoa, water-borne parasites, infectious disease, and immunology.

Cell Biology edited by Nick Bisceglia, Scitable by NatureEducation. "Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the fundamental unit of life ... subfields within cell biology ... cell metabolism ... cell cytoplasm ... subcellular compartments ... cell communication and signaling ... cell cycle."

Characteristics of life - a very brief introduction.

Classification of Living Things from Biology Junction.

Natural Perspective. This site is dedicated to the beauty and science of nature and to the joys nature brings to those who explore it. Material is organized according to the biological principles of Taxonomy, or classification. Visit a Kingdom: Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, and Protoctista.

PLOS (Public Library of Science) - Biology. A non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. The internet and electronic publishing enable the creation of public libraries of science containing the full text and data of any published research article, available free of charge to anyone, anywhere in the world.

SparkNotes: Biology Study Guides. Contents: Cell Structure, Cell Respiration, Cell Reproduction, Molecular Biology, Plants, Microorganism, Evolution, and Animal Behavior.

The Tree of Life Web Project. A collaborative Internet project containing information about phylogeny and biodiversity by biologists around the world. Over 2600 Web pages, site provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their history, and characteristics. Lots of color photos and links. For a start, go to Popular Groups on the Tree of Life.

572.8 Genetic code, Gene mapping, Recombinant DNA, (Genome mapping), (Genetics), (Genetic disorders)

Cloning Fact Sheet from Genome.gov.
How Cloning Works from howstuffworks.

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid):
DNA 50 - DNA at 50 from BBC News, InDepth.
How DNA Works.
DNA in 3D.
DNA Analysis - History Detectives from Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
DNA in the News from Forensic Bioinformatics.
The Use of DNA Typing in Forensic Science from University of California, Irvine.
Forensic DNA Analysis: Technology and Application by Thomas Curran, Science and Technology Division, September 1997, Library of Parliament, Canada.
The Great DNA Hunt from Archaeology.
Tools of DNA Analysis - Internet Lesson from Professor Karen M. Kiser, Clinical Laboratory Technology/Phlebotomy, St. Louis Community College, MO.

Genes from BBC - Science & Nature. Contents: Who am I? (Inheriting genes, Nature / nurture, Behaviour, Human genome ...), Modifying life (Extreme GM, Bioweapons, Designer Babies, Cloning, Breeding ...), Future human, Genetically-modified food (Risks & Benefits ...), DNA detectives.

Genetic Fact Sheets from Centre for Genetics Education, Sydney, Australia. Topics include: DNA, Ge Code, Gene Mutations, Chromosome Changes, Autosomal Recessive Inheritance, Autosomal Dominant Inheritance, X-Linked Recessive Inheritance, X-Linked dominant Inheritance, Environmental and Genetic Interactions, Mosaicism, Epigenetics, and more.

Genetics Home Reference: Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions. Contents: Help Me Understand Genetics, Browse Genes and Conditions, and What's New. You can Search the entire site, or Browse Genetic Conditions by Name or Category, or Browse Genes by Name or Category. Includes a Glossary and links to Educational Resources.

The Genographic Project. Human Migration, Population Genetics, Maps, DNA, from National Geographic. Includes Genetics Overview - Anatomy of Our Genes, Genetic Signposts (DNA Recombination, Y Chromozome, Mitochrondrial DNA - mtDNA), Populations Genetics (Mutation, Genetic Diversity, Natural Selection, Genetic Drift, Human Family Tree), Genetics Glossary, Atlas of the Human Journey.

Glossary of Genomics Terms from JAMA, Apr. 10, 2013.

How Stem Cells Work from howstuffworks.com. Includes Cloning Image Gallery.

Human Genome Project Information. Site Index.

New Genome Comparison Finds Chimps, Humans Very Similar at the DNA Level from National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI).

Stem cell from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Includes photos.

Stem Cell Information from National Institutes of Health (NIH) resource for stem cell research. Stem Cell Basics - What Are Stem Cells?

Taiwan breeds green-glowing pigs by Chris Hogg, BBC News, Hong Kong. "The pigs are transgenic, created by adding genetic material from jellyfish into a normal pig embryo. The researchers hope the pigs will boost the island's stem cell research, as well as helping with the study of human disease."

573.88 Eyes

Baby Eye Color Predictor Calculator from BabyMED. "In general, children inherit their eye color from their parents, the eye colors of the mother and father. But the parents' eye color is not the only determining factor. Inheritance of eye color is also considered 'polygenic'."

Eye & Hair Color Prediction Quiz. Fun quiz, not to be taken seriously. Answer 5 simple questions and the quiz will predict your baby's hair and eye color. Must leave email address and expected due date of baby to have answer emailed to you.

Genetic Heredity Calculator. Quick Trait: Eye Color Calculator: "The pigmentation of the iris in humans varies from light brown to black, depending on the concentration of melanin in the iris pigment epithelium (located on the back of the iris), the iris stroma and the cellular density of the stroma. Eye color is an inherited trait influenced by more than one gene. This calculator uses a two-genes (brown vs non-brown and blue vs green) co-dominance model."

Health spotlight: 4 ways to protect your eyes from blue light. Posted on February 28, 2017 by Shopper's Voice.

Iris of the Eye by Vince Ayaga, Medically Reviewed by Dr. Melody Huang, O.D., Vision Center, Apr 5, 2022. Contents include: Iris Anatomy & Functions, Eye Color, Pupil Size, Accommodation Reflex, Common Iris and Pupil Disorders, Treatment for Iris and Pupil Problems, Other Parts of the Eye, with illustrations.

Types of Eye Glasses by Michael Bayba, Medically Reviewed by Dr. Melody Huang, O.D., Vision Center, Apr 28, 2022. Contents include: Prescription Glasses, Other Types of Glasses (Non-Prescription), Types of Lenses and Lens Treatments, Types of Glasses Frames, Best Frame Shapes for Your Face Shape.

Types of Eye Surgery by Dr. Melody Huang, O.D. Author and Medical Reviewer, Vision Center, May 5, 2022. The development of new technology, tools, and techniques has turned corrective eye surgery into a common procedure. Contents include: Types of Corrective Eye Surgeries, Types of Keratoplasty Surgeries, Other Common Types of Eye Surgery, with illustrations. Refractive surgery refers to procedures that correct refractive errors, which include: Myopia (nearsightedness), Hyperopia (farsightedness), Astigmatism. Lasik eye surgeries.

What Color Eyes Will Your Children Have? From The Tech Museum of Innovation. Before using the Eye Color Calculator, you need to know the terms: Genotype and Phenotype.

574.5 Endangered species, (Rare animals), (Wildlife conservation)

Biodiversity Hotspots. Conservation International (CI) focuses on the 35 richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life around the world, in the hope that decision-makers will make informed decisions influencing conservation in these hotspots. What is a Hotspot? "Around the world, 35 areas qualify as hotspots. They represent just 2.3% of Earth's land surface, but they support more than half of the world's plant species as endemics - i.e., species found no place else - and nearly 43% of bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species as endemics."

ARKive -Images of Life on Earth. An online Noah's Ark of digital multimedia portraits of the world's endangered species. Lots of colorful still photo images, movies, and information on many different species of Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish, Invertebrates - terrestrial & freshwater, Invertebrates - marine, Plants & algae, and Fungi (including lichen).

Endangered species from Wikipedia.

Endangered Species from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). "As the principal federal partner responsible for administering the Endangered Species Act (ESA), we take the lead in recovering and conserving our Nation's imperiled species by fostering partnerships, employing scientific excellence, and developing a workforce of conservation leaders. Our two major goals are to: 1) Protect endangered and threatened species, and then pursue their recovery; and 2) Conserve candidate species and species-at-risk so that listing under the ESA is not necessary."

The Endangered Species Act of 1973 in PDF.

Endangered Species Directory from World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Search for endangered species under: Common Name, Scientific Name, and Conservation Status, e.g.:
African Elephant, Loxodonta africana, Vulnerable.
Whale, Balaenoptera, Balaena, Eschrichtius, and Eubalaen, Endangered.
Yangtze Finless Porpoise, Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientalis, Critically Endangered
Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus albacares, Near Threatened.

Especies Fact Sheets from KidsPlanet.org. Electronic fact sheets on over 50 species. For each species info includes: Status, Description, Size, Population, Lifespan, Range, Habitat, Food, Behavior, Offspring, Threats, and Protection. Learn about The Endangered Species Act from Wikipedia.

Giant Panda from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Giant Pandas at the National Zoo. Class: Mammalia. Order: Carnivora. Family: Ursidae. Genus and Species: Ailuropoda melanoleuca. Native to central China, giant pandas have come to symbolize vulnerable species. As few as 1,864 giant pandas live in their native habitat, while another 300 pandas live in zoos and breeding centers around the world.
Giant Panda Photos from Arkive.

Saving Valentina: A Humpback's Tale. YouTube video, 8:21 min. On Valentine's Day 2011, in the Sea of Cortez, the life of a young humpback whale, tangled in fish nets and nearing death, was saved. Photographed by Heather Watrous and Whitney Brasington. Written by Michael Fishback and Gershon Cohen. Directed by Eli Noyes. Copyright 2011: Great Whale Conservancy.

574.87 Cells, DNA, Protoplasm, (D.N.A.), (Deoxyribonucleic acid), (Desoxyribonucleic acid)

Cell Structure. Concepts in Biochemistry - Interactive Animations. Objectives of online lesson: Recognize differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, differences between animal and plant cells, and understand function of organelles in these cells.

DNA Learning Center's Gene almanac: Source for timely information about genes in education. Keyword Search box. BioServers: Sequence Server helps you compare and analyze DNA sequences, Allele Server compares and analyzes human populations, Simulation Server lets you examine fluctuations of genotypes. Bioforms help you solve biological problems using real DNA sequences to solve mysteries of the Romanovs and the Neanderthals.

DNA from the Beginning. A simple introduction to DNA giving the basic concept of DNA, with animation, picture gallery, audio/video glossary covering: gene, inherited, and life of Mendel, links to biography of Johann Gregor Mendal (1822-1884), including access to Mendel's original 1865 paper and pictures of Mendel's pea traits.

576.8 Evolution, (Darwinism), (Origin of species), Mutation (Biology), Natural selection

On the Origin of Species: The Illustrated Edition (Hardcover) by Charles Darwin
On the Origin of Species:
The Illustrated Edition
by Charles Darwin
Your Inner Fish: A Journey into the 3.5-Billion-Year History of the Human Body (Vintage) (Paperback)
by Neil Shubin
Your Inner Fish:
A Journey into the
3.5-Billion-Year History
of the Human Body
by Neil Shubin
Evolution: The First Four Billion Years (Hardcover) edited by Michael Ruse and Joseph Travis
The First Four
Billion Years
edited by
Michael Ruse
and Joseph Travis
The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution (Paperback) by Sean Carroll
The Making
of the Fittest:
and the Ultimate
Forensic Evolution
by Sean Carroll
Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives (Hardcover) by David Sloan Wilson
Evolution for Everyone:
How Darwin's Theory
Can Change the Way
We Think
About Our Lives
by David Sloan Wilson

Becky Sigmon. Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto. "As a paleoanthropologist, Becky Sigmon has done field work in Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa on australopithecine fossils that represent the earliest stage of human evolution. At this time, around 204 million years ago, our fossil antecedents had attained the first of the humanizing adaptive plateau, upright bipedalism, that would enable them to evolve further in the human lineage. Dr. Sigmon's research interests have focused on major adaptive stages in human evolution ..." Homo Erectus: Papers in Honor of Davidson Black (Symposia of the Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology; V. 1) by Davidson Black, Becky A Sigmon, and Jerome S Cybulski.

The Best Documentary Ever!! - The Story of Earth and Life . YouTube video, 1 hr. 30:00 min. Published on Oct 18, 2013 by Highble. "Explore every aspect of our world; learn how water first arrived on Earth, discover the vital role oxygen played as life forms began to evolve, and find out how land mammals evolved into dinosaurs and other giant beasts, before becoming extinct 65 million years ago. Cutting-edge imagery also reveals how humans first began to walk on two feet and looks into the future to see what may be in store for our home over the next five billion years."

The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online from University of Cambridge, UK. Site contains Darwin's complete publications and many of his handwritten manuscripts. There are over 50,000 searchable text pages including descriptions of the Beagle specimens, as well as 40,000 images. Free audio mp3 versions of his works are also available.

Biography of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882).
Major Works of Charles Darwin include Darwin's most famous work: 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life.
● See complete site listings in Table of Contents.

Darwin Manuscripts Project: The Scientific Papers of Charles Darwin. Based at the American Museum of Natural History Library, the Work of Charles Robert Darwin is the main focus of this site. Site includes the world's first & only large collection of full colour, high-resolution images of faithfully transcribed Darwin manuscripts.
Darwin's Evolution Papers.
Charles Darwin's Beagle library. "The voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) was one of the most important scientific expeditions in history. On board was the young naturalist Charles Darwin."
Illustrations in the Beagle Library. "The Beagle library was also a rich visual gallery of illustrations and maps. Many of the works were beautifully illustrated with woodcuts or engravings of animals or scenes of exotic lands. The online Beagle library now allows anyone to see the amazing range of images that Darwin poured over during the voyage of the Beagle."
Special Collections: Children's Drawings & Stories, and Surviving Origin 1st Draft.
● See also: The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, First Edition by Charles Darwin. Complete text from Talk.Origins Archive, a collection of articles and essays that explore the creationism/evolution controversy from a mainstream scientific perspective.

Evolution by Paul Lutus, arachnoid.com. "This article reveals our connection with evolution, and through that connection, with all life on earth ... Evolution is just such a theory - it uses a small handful of principles to explain a great deal of nature. Which leads me to this closing remark - if religious fundamentalists actually understood evolution, they would try to give God credit for it."

Evolution from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Evolution from ape to man. From Proconsul to Homo heidelbergensis. YouTube video, 8:31 min. Published by Scientists Against Myths, Aug 18, 2019. "For Millions of years, our planet has been floating in space. Millions of creatures have lived on its surface. Many a quaint being was among them, but they affected only our human imagination, for in the evolutionary struggle we are the only ones who have obtained the advantage of reason."

Extreme Mammals. American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) "explores the surprising and often extraordinary world of extinct and living mammals. The exhibition examines the ancestry and evolution of numerous species, ranging from huge to tiny, from speedy to sloth-like, and displays animals with oversized claws, fangs, snouts, and horns." Meet some of your extreme relatives. What is a mammal? What is extreme? What makes a mammal extreme? Extreme extinction. See a demo of Extreme 3D.

Human Evolution from Australian Museum. Contents include: Homo floresiensis, Becoming human (Millions of years ago, our ancestors started an evolutionary journey), Analysing the evidence (Scientists can recover a lot of information about our ancestors), Human movement around the world (When and where our species originated), Virtual Skulls (Manipulate 360 degree images of skulls and view them from any angle), Are we still evolving? (Human evolution did not stop when our own species appeared).

Humans Lived in North America 130,000 Years Ago, Study Claims by Carl Zimmer, New York Times, Matter, April 26, 2017.

An Introduction to Evolutionary Biology. What is Evolution? Genetic Variation, Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, Genetic Drift, Mutation, Mutant Alleles, Recombination, Gene Flow, Development of Evolutionary Theory, Macroevolution, Speciation, Extinction, plus A Brief History of Life.

The Talk.Origin Archive - Must Read Files. Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy. Articles include: Evolution is a Fact and a Theory, Observed Instances of Speciation, Fossil Hominids, plus the complete text online of On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, 1st ed. by Charles Darwin.

Timeline of Discoveries from the Leakey Foundation which mission is to increase scientific knowledge and public understanding of human origins and evolution. Contributions from archaeology, anthropology, primatology, and paleoanthropology representing multidisciplinary research on human origins from 1840 to present.

Understanding Evolution from University of California Museum of Paleontology. What is evolution and how does it work? Explore the theory of evolution (Charles Darwin's writing). Learn about the history of evolutionary thought. Browse the Talk Origins Archive, a rich source of information about evolution and the evolution/creation controversy.

579 Microbiology

Biology of Microorganisms
10th Edition
by Michael T. Madigan,
John Martinko, and Jack Parker

Brock's Biology of Microorganisms
Biology of Microorganisms
and Student Companion
Website Access Card

Brock's Biology of Microorganisms

Microbes.info: The Microbiology Information Portal. Excellent site containing a vast collection of resources including articles, news, frequently asked questions, and quality links pertaining to the field of microbiology. Resources include: General Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Food Microbiology, Industrial Microbiology, Medical Microbiology, Veterinary Microbiology, and more.

Virtual Microbiology from East Carolina University. Microbes in the News, Microbial Links, Links to games, animations and videos.

580 Plants, Botany

8 Tips for Taking Care of House Plants. YouTube video, 1:35 min. Published by 987TheBull, July 2, 2020.
See also: 8 Tips for Caring for Houseplants from Shopper's Voice.
1. Feel the soil: For most plants, if the first inch of soil is dry, they need water. And if you notice leaves that are dry or discolored, a little more water is advisable.
2. Under beats over: Plants can usually recover quickly from a little underwatering but overwatering can waterlog the roots, which may require repotting if you hope to save them.
3. Pots with drainage holes: Make sure your plants have holes at the bottom so they can drain easily and avoid rotting or suffocating roots.
4. Deep over surface: Light watering tends to only satisfy your plant's top roots. To ensure all the roots are satiated, water deeply until you see it draining through the bottom - it's best to do this over a sink.
5. Dust: Dusty leaves make it harder for plants to soak up sunlight so make sure to gently wipe them with a wet cloth a couple of times a year.
6. Be wary of fertilizer: Most houseplants don't need fertilizing unless they're not growing like they should. If you think fertilizer might help, ask a professional - too much can damage or kill your plants.
7. Temperature tip: Most plants crave stable temperatures around 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 24 degrees Celsius). Choose a location without major fluctuations - for instance, avoid the front entrance.
8. Bathroom greenery: You might think a bathroom without a window is a death sentence for a plant but it's perfect for low light plants like Chinese evergreens (Aglaonema), Pothos, Aspidistra, Boston Fern and Peace Lily. They'll usually thrive on the humidity from your shower but it's still a good idea to check the soil regularly (see #1).

Botany.com the Encyclopedia of Plants, provides information regarding the general description of plants, various methods of cultivation, indoor or outdoor planting, soil and temperature requirements, pruning, and other important details, means of propagation, and the different varieties and hybrids. Includes a Directory of Plants.

Diseases of Urban Plants in Arizona. Adapted by Mary Olsen, Plant Pathologist. Publication originally written by Richard Hine, Plant Pathologist (retired) from Arizona. Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, April 1999.
A-Z list of emergency plant pests and diseases from Queensland, Australia.

Garden Forums. The largest community of gardeners on the Internet.

Meet the Plants - National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG) Plant Database. NTBGl and its gardens are located in the only tropical climate zones in the United States (Southern Florida and Hawaii). Photo Gallery consists of a selection of beautiful plants from NTBG Gardens. Choose a Plant from A-Z with photos and detailed info on each plant: Indigenous Practices, Taxonomy, Description, Geographic Distribution, and Species Interconnections and Interdependencies.

Plants Database from National Plant Data Center, United States Department of Agriculture. Contents: Over 100 Plant Characteristics, Plant Classification allows you to generate a hierarchical classification beginning at any taxonomic level, Plant Guides & Fact Sheets, Find Federal and State Threatened and Endangered Plants by Family, Genus, and/or State, plus other related topics.

Writeups and illustrations of economically important plants by Professor Arthur C. Gibson who teaches a course on economic botany entitled "Plants and Civilization" at University of California, Los Angeles. List of 94 plants include: Avocado, Bamboo, Banana, Chili peppers, Cranberry, Date, Fig, Ginger, Jojoba, Kiwifruit, Mango, Marijuana, Olive, Papaya, Quinine, Soybean, Sunflower, Taro, Yams, and others. See also General Botany, Life Forms and Major Plant Groups including Ant Plants, Aquatic Plants, Climbing Plants, Insectivorous plants, Parasitic plants, and others, Major Types of World Vegetation (Biomes).

581.1 Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis. Presentation of 21 color slides, 24 Mar. 2014. Introduction to Photosynthesis by Kerigan Sullivan, Meredith Jones, and Ashley Davis.

Photosynthesis. YouTube video, 12:26 min. Published on Apr 3, 2012 by Bozeman Science. "Paul Andersen explains the process of photosynthesis by which plants and algae can convert carbon dioxide into useable sugar. He begins with a brief description of the chloroplast. He describes the major pigments in a plant (like chlorophyll a and b). He then describes both the light reaction and the Calvin cycle ..."

Photosynthesis from National Geographic. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to create oxygen and energy in the form of sugar. Grades: 5 - 8. Subject: Biology.

Photosynthesis: Crash Course Biology #8. YouTube video, 13:14 min. Published on Mar 19, 2012 by CrashCourse."Hank explains the extremely complex series of reactions whereby plants feed themselves on sunlight, carbon dioxide and water ..."

What is Photosynthesis? By Aparna Vidyasagar, Live Science Contributor, July 31, 2015.

Why Leaves Change Color from Environmental Learning Resources, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF).
Why Leaves Change Color. How does autumn color happen? From USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry.
Why Do Leaves Change Color in Autumn? Autumn Leaves and Fall Foliage - Why Do Fall Leaves Change Color? by Science Made Simple. Photosynthesis, Autumn Preparations for Winter, How Plants Prepare for Winter. "During summer days, leaves make more glucose than the plant needs for energy and growth. The excess is turned into starch and stored until needed. As the daylight gets shorter in the autumn, plants begin to shut down their food production ..."

582.13 Flowers, (Roses), (Orchids)

Rose Gardening Tips and Tricks from Planet Natural. Collection of 25 rose gardening tips.
Gardening Tips for Growing Roses from Sheridan Nurseries.
Gardening with Roses. All about roses and rose gardening! Whether you simply want to grow beautiful rose flowers, full rose bushes, get climbing roses started up a trellis, or create a full-fledged rose-themed garden, you'll love this site. Contents include: Rose Gardening, Rose Cultivation, Propagating Roses, Rose Pests, and soon to be added: Types of Roses.
How to Grow Roses Your Neighbours Will Envy: The Ultimate Guide by Sean Morrissy, Feb. 26, 2019.
How to Plant, Grow and Care for Roses from the Old Farmer's Almanac.
Rose Gardening Tips for Growing Beautiful Roses by Helpful Gardener.
Rose Gardening 101: Tips for Choosing and Growing Roses in Your Garden, from About.com.
Ultimate Rose Care Guide from Better Homes & Gardens.
10 Powerful Rose Plant Care Tips | How to grow Roses? YouTube video, 7:53 min. Published by GARDEN TIPS, Jun 7, 2019.
How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle. YouTube video, 28:22 min. Published by Mike Kincaid, July 22, 2019. "Follow these propagation steps and your roses will easily grow massive roots every time!"

Explore Roses Reference, Reference Info, and more! From Pinterest.

Fabulous Flowers from Flowers and Plants Association, UK. Site provides a wealth of fascinating information alongside a multitude of stunning flower pictures.
Facts About Flowers for Kids. How Flowers Eat and Grow - Photosynthesis, Parts of a Flower, Fun Facts about Flowers: Weird Flowers, Flowers for Kids-Fun Activities to Do with Flowers.
Flower Trivia: UK's Top Ten Cut Flowers, Feng Shui and Flowers, Scented Flowers & Foliages, Black Roses : Magic and Mysticism, and other interesting articles. Site also includes Flower Trends, Flowers for all occasions, Care and conditioning tips for cut flowers, Foliage & Fillers.

Flower Arrangements from Better Homes and Gardens. Floral Arrangements: Silk Flowers, Hand-Tying Floral Stems, Wall Flowers, Flowers as Gifts, Dried Flowers, Ikebana Arrangements, Floating Flowers, Artificial Flowers, Miniature Roses, and many others, Centerpieces from Home and Garden Television (HGTV). How-to Videos.

Flower Library from Euroflorist, Netherlands. Learn more about flowers and plants. General tips & tricks.
Flower Meanings: The Language of Flowers from Almanac.com. Learn the symbolism of flowers, herbs and other plants.

Flowers of Marin. Plant of the Day Blog by Jacoba Charles: "My goal is to learn about one new plant EVERY DAY for a year. Common name, scientific name, plus whatever fun facts I stumble across. And I'll be writing about what I learn here."

Gyönyörü orchideák, csodaszép zene!!. (Translated from Hungarian: "Beautiful orchids, beautiful music!!") YouTube video, 5:03 min.

Identify and Name 100 Common Trees of the North American Forest from About.com.

The Life of Flowers / La vida de Las flores. Video by Vorobyoff Production, from Vimeo.com: 2:29 min. Each flower is filmed for two days and photos are collated within 7 minutes to get the effect you see in this remarkable video. See also: The Beauty of Flowers from Vimeo.

Life of Flowers. Video by Vorobyoff Production, from Vimeo.com: 2:29 min.

Seldom Seen Flowers from Google Groups.

Time Lapse: Hermosas flores abriendose... HD. Translated from Spanish: Beautiful blooming flowers. YouTube video, 2:34 min.

582.16 Trees

16 of the Most Magnificent Trees in the World from EarthPorm.com.

Des Arbres Merveilleux (The Wonderful Trees). Slide show with captions in French by Franscisco Canto. Beautiful photography of some 68 unusual trees from around the world.

A History of Trees from Tree Care Experts, Tree Service Search in the United States. Functionally, trees tell stories of their past through connections to varying climates, environments, and geographic histories. One of the most prevailing ways trees carry the past into the present is through their rings. The Modern Tree. The modern tree didn't emerge until around 370 million years ago. Discovery of Archaeopteris - Stephen Scheckler, a biology professor, proposed it to be the earliest modern tree. The Modern Ecosystem. Today's Forests. Rainforests. Temperate Forests. Boreal Forests. Struggling Forests.

HortiPlex Plant Database contains plant images and data as well as links to information sources, images and vendors at other sites.

SelecTree. Maintained by Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute at Cal Poly State University. An interactive program designed to match specific tree species to particular sites based on compatible characteristics. SelecTree presently searches a database of 1,481 trees and provides 49 selection criteria to choose from. Lists of trees generated by SelecTree should be viewed as a guide, not as the final authority in a tree search. Over 6,050 photos for 1,068 trees are now linked from the tree's detailed record.

590 Animals

One with God. Video, 3:16 min.

Animal Sounds, Animal Commands, Animal Pet Names by Dr Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide, Australia. How we mimic animal sounds, command animals, and give pet names to different animals in different languages (where available): Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Portugese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, & Urdu.

Digital Morphology from University of Texas, Austin. Digital library provides information on high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of biological specimens. Browse through the site and see spectacular imagery and animations and details on the morphology of many representatives of the Earth's biota. Popular Pages include: Alligator, Dinosaurs, Tapirs, Mata Mata turtle, Elephant Bird Egg, Bats! Primates, House Mouse, and Platypus.

Electronic Zoo / NetVet - Animal Image Collection. Select topics in alphabetical order from "African Wildlife Pictures" to "www.dogphoto.com."

A Glossary of Zoology Terms from ThoughtCo.

North American and Central American Animals from EnchantedLearning.com with hundreds of living creatures from the animal kingdom. Included for each is a clearly labeled black and white drawing for coloring, a brief description of its physical appearance, anatomy, diet, reproduction, and other relevant information for each animal, bird, fish, insect, worm, amphibian, or reptile.

Eurasian Red Squirrel image source: Barb Anna, Getty Images https://www.bing.com/ 31Oct2020
Eurasian Red Squirrel
Image source: Barb Anna, Getty Images

Squirrel Appreciation Day - Celebrate Squirrel Appreciation Day with 9 Surprising Facts from Nature Canada. January 21 is Squirrel Appreciation Day. It was established [in 2001] by Christy Hargrove, a wildlife rehabilitator from North Carolina, to draw attention to the importance of these remarkably widespread creatures. Native to five continents and currently living on six (there's no Antarctic squirrel), there are about 285 species of squirrels in the world, ranging from the tiny African pygmy squirrel [3 inches] to the Bhutan giant flying squirrel [3 feet]. Like most squirrels, the Eurasian red squirrel pictured here eats primarily nuts and berries. ~ Bing.

590.72 Aquariums, Aquarium fishes, Aquarium plants, Aquariums - Equipment and supplies

Aquarium and Fish Tank Volume Calculator from FishLore.com.
Aquarium Forum.
Aquarium Lighting.
Aquarium Water Chemistry.
Beginners Fish Care Guides for Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums.
Fish Disease.
Fish Food.
Fish Game - Aquarium Game.
Fish Pictures - Fish Lore's Aquarium Fish Picture Gallery.
Freshwater Aquarium Plants.
Tropical Fish Anatomy.
Tropical Fish Articles & Aquarium Articles.
Tropical Fish Breeding.

Siamese Fighting Fish Guide. The Siamese fighting fish, also known as the Betta, are a very popular aquarium fish. The small bodies of the fish make their fins appear even larger. They build bubble nests and they are in the gourami family. Information on general care, diet, habitat, illness and disease.

Fishkeeping from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Contents include: Types of fishkeeping, Origins of fishkeeping, Aquarium maintenance, Water conditions, Nitrogen cycle, Calculating aquarium capacity, Fishkeeping industry, Fish breeding.

Freshwater aquarium from Wikipedia.

List of freshwater aquarium fish species from Wikipedia. Including: Bichirs and reedfish, Catfish, Characins, Cichlids, Cyprinids, Labyrinth fish, Loaches, Neotropical electric fish, Pufferfish, Rainbowfish, Spiny eels, Gar.

List of freshwater aquarium plant species from Wikipedia. Contents include: Aquarium plants listed alphabetically by scientific name, False aquatics or pseudo-aquarium plants, Freshwater Plant Images Gallery, Photos, and Illustrations.

List of marine aquarium fish species from Wikipedia. Including: Angelfish, Boxfish & Pufferfish, Butterflyfish, Clownfish, Dartfish, Dragonets, Eels, Flatfish, Frogfish, Rays, Seahorse, Sharks.

Tim's Tropical Fish and Aquariums. Information about freshwater and saltwater tropical fish, aquarium maintenance, species profiles, fish facts and compatibility, aquarium care and maintenance.

Tropical Fish and Aquarium Questions. Frequently asked fish questions. How often should I change the water? How often should I feed my tropical fish? What should the fish tank temperature be set at? Can I leave my aquarium lights on 24 hours?

590.73 Zoos

Zoos Worldwide - Zoos, Aquariums, Animal Sanctuaries and Wildlife Parks. Find a zoo in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia and Oceania. Includes Zoo News, Animal of the Month 2000-2004, Zoo Cams, and other links. The Zookeeper is seeking assistance to add more info to Zoo Reviews.

591.77 Marine animals (Aquatic animals), (Marine fauna), (Marine zoology), (Sea animals), (Water animals), (Marine mammals)

Marine Mammals of Canada. Site provides scientific and common names for each marine animal, related photographs, plus detailed information on the description, distribution, reproduction, ecology and behaviour of each species.

Ocean Animals Label Me! Printout. Ocean animals to label: conch, great white shark, jellyfish, horseshoe crab, lobster octopus, orca (killer whale), scallop, sea cucumber, seahorse, sea star (starfish), sea urchin, squid, and swordfish. Includes Answers.

595.7 Insects

Dangerous Bugs in Thailand by darren C (BlogDaz), March 21, 2018. Bugs grow big in Thailand, besides their frightening size most of them can pack a painful bite or sting, some are even deadly.

General Facts About Insects and Bugs from Scholastic. When is an insect not a bug? Do all insects bite? Which one is most poisonous?

Insect from Wikipedia.

Insect Company. Over 1,600 specimen photographs. Insect lists for Butterflies - Lepidoptera, Moths - Lepidoptera, Beetles - Coleoptera, Spiders, Scorpions, Preying Mantids, Stick and Leaf Insects, Cicadas and Lantern Flies. View Insect Rarities and Oddities - photographs of gynandromorphs and other insect defects, and Photo Gallery of groups of insects. Includes Starting a Collection: How to - Preparing your insect specimens.

Insect Printouts. Insect means "segmented" in Latin. There are about a million different types of insects.

Insectclopedia. All about the study of insects (entomology). Species covered include: Antlions, Ants, Arachnids, Bees, Beetles, Butterflies, Cicadas, Cockroaches, Dragonflies, Fleas, Flies, Mayflies, Mites, Mosquitoes, Moths, Praying Mantids, Termites, Ticks, Wasps and Others which include Aphids, Centipeds, Grasshoppers, etc. Site includes superb illustrations and photos, with name of species, size, color, description, habitat, life cycle, type of damage or benefit, insect control, and interesting facts, and links to numerous resources.

Insects from National Geographic Kids. Insects are small animals with six legs and a hard outer shell called an exoskeleton. Most have wings and antennae.

Class Insecta - Insects from BugGuide, Iowa State University, Department of Entomology.

Overview of Orders of Insects from BugGuide.

Insect Images from Bugwood. Currently Bugwood Images has 312,040 images, on 27,843 subjects with 2,586 contributing photographers. Bugwood Images is a grant-funded project that was started in 1994 by the University of Georgia's Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Insect News from BBC. Includes videos: Insect Clips.

Life: Insects. Video, 59 min. First shown 16 Nov 2009. There are 200 million insects for each of us. They are the most successful animal group ever. Their key is an armoured covering that takes on almost any shape. "Darwin's stag beetle fights in the tree tops with huge curved jaws. The camera flies with millions of monarch butterflies which migrate 2000 miles, navigating by the sun. Super-slow motion shows a bombardier beetle firing boiling liquid at enemies through a rotating nozzle. A honey bee army stings a raiding bear into submission. Grass cutter ants march like a Roman army, harvesting grass they cannot actually eat ..."

Locked in Stone: A Gallery of Fossilized Insects by Stephanie Pappas, Live Science Contributor, February 22, 2013.

Insects All Year. University of Kentucky Entomology for Kids.

Insects and Their Allies. All insects are invertebrates! Invertebrates are a group of animals that have no backbone. Contents also include: Most diverse insect orders in Australia, Spiders and their relatives, Insects with aquatic larvae, Insects without wings, The pseudo insects, Other insect orders, and Other non-insect invertebrates.

Portraits of giant insects ... that are actually stunning close-ups of tiny creepy-crawlies, by Mike O'Brien, DailyMail.co.uk. Stunning set of macro-photographs, including a fly lounging on a piece of pink wool, and a dragonfly cradling a raindrop.

State Insects from BugInfo. Currently, 41 states in the United States have officially designated State Insects.

Wonderful World of Insects: The Most Successful Lifeform on the Planet. There are well over 1 million different known species of insects in the world, and some experts estimate that there might be as many as 10 million. All these species are divided up into about 32 orders, depending on whose taxonomic system you use, of which, the largest is the Beetles, or Coleoptera, with 125 different families and around 500,000 species they are an incredibly diverse group of animals. In fact, one in every four animal species on this planet is a beetle.

595.78 Butterflies, Moths

Art Shapiro's Butterfly Site. This website describes over 34 years of data collected by Dr. Arthur Shapiro, professor of Evolution and Ecology at the University of California, Davis, in his continuing effort to regularly monitor butterfly population trends across central California.

Berkeley's Anise Swallowtail Caterpillars and Butterflies. Photographs, detailed descriptions and explanations of anise swallowtail caterpillars and butterflies from newborn to emergence of the butterfly. Includes close-up photos showing the difference between a male and a female butterfly.

The Butterfly Life Cycle from the Butterfly Site. Photographs, detailed descriptions and explanations from newborn to emergence of the butterfly. including all four stages of life. All butterflies have "complete metamorphosis." To grow into an adult they go through 4 stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The King of Butterflies: The Monarch Butterfly: Life cycle, migration, pictures, news. Fun Butterfly Facts.

Butterfly Rainforest from Florida Museum of Natural History. Includes Butterfly Q & A, Butterfly Discovery Game, Butterfly Facts.

TheButterflySite.com. Contents: Butterfly Gardening, Butterfly Biology, Butterfly Rearing, Butterfly Houses and Farms, Monarch Butterfly Page, Butterfly Pictures, Fun Butterfly Activities, Fun Butterfly Facts, Live Butterfly Releases for Weddings and Events, Butterfly Specimens, and more.

The Butterfly Website. Contents include:
Photo Gallery
Butterfly Gardening
Butterfly Checklists
Priority Butterflies: The world's most endangered butterflies
Butterfly Quotes
Butterfly Glossary
FAQ: Butterfly and Moth Questions
Butterfly Inspirational Stories ... and more.

Butterflies and Moths. Biology and ecology of butterflies and moths by Jeroen Voogd. Contents: Differences between butterflies and moths, temperature, hearing, feeding, communication, metamorphosis: egg stage, larval stage, chrysalis or pupal stage, moth index, butterfly index, unknown species, and links to other butterfly and moth sites.

Butterflies and Moths. Links from Tree of Life Project.

Butterflies and Moths of North America. A searchable database of butterfly and moth records in the United States and Mexico. Occurrence maps, species accounts, checklists, and photographs.

Butterfly Conservatory is a Nature Regeneration Project dedicated to the preservation, growth, and study of the rainforest; with focus on butterflies and other tropical rainforest species of the Arenal region of Cost Rica. The project contains the largest exhibition of butterflies in Costa Rica with interactive educational demonstration of how butterflies and nature are being regenerated.

Butterfly Convervatory, Niagara Parks with over 2,000 colourful tropical butterflies, made up of 45 different species, floating freely among lush, exotic blossoms and greenery. Located on the grounds of the Niagara Parks Botanical Gardens, 10 minutes north of Niagara Falls. Explore 180 meter pathway, winding through a lush, tropical environment, including a beautiful waterfall.

MuhammadAli Note to John Powers Butterfly Display by Orkin Canada, 15-17 April 2016
MuhammadAli quote at Butterfly Display by Orkin Canada, 15-17 April 2016
"I float like a Butterfly and sting like a Bee."
Hand-written note from Muhammad Ali
to John G. Powers (Feb. 28, 1950 - Nov. 5, 2019)
Butterfly Collector, March 21, 2001
Photo by I Lee
Picasa Web Album, April 15, 2016 or
Butterfly, April 15, 2016 Google Web Album
Type search "butterfly"

The Butterfly Man - John G. Powers - It is with much sadness to inform you that John G. Powers, known as the "Butterfly Man" for his interests in numismatics, philately and lepidopterology, a long-time butterfly collector, passed away on November 5, 2019 at the age of 69. John was a wonderful, kind and thoughtful man. He gave me permission to take pictures of his beautiful butterfly collection and took time to explain things to me.

John G. Powers Obituary.

The Incredible World of Bugs at Devonshire Mall. YouTube video, 1:01 min. Published by Windsor Star, Feb 28, 2018. "The Incredible World of Bugs show is currently at the Devonshire Mall. Creator and owner John G. Powers talks about the show." This video was actually taken on the 68th birthday of John G. Powers.

The Incredible World of Bugs. YouTube video, 2:03 min. Published by Windsor Star, Feb 28, 2018. "John Powers brings his bug show to the Devonshire Mall."

Orkin PCO Presents The Incredible World of Bugs at Seaway Mall. YouTube video, 2:46 min. Published by Seaway Mall, May 26, 2011. "John G. Powers introduces the Orkin PCO Incredible World of Bugs at the Centre Court in Seaway Mall. Come and discover the fascinating world of insects, bugs, butterflies and much more. Witness many different types of creatures and species of all assortments. From rare beetles, giant spiders and brilliant butterflies, learn all the interesting facts about these tiny bugs and how they contribute to our daily lives and the environment all around us. The exhibit runs from Thursday, May 26 - Saturday, May 28, 2011, 10a.m. - 6p.m."

The Butterfly Man edited by Dave Steckley, Nov 16, 2019, Updated: Oct 3, 2020.

Guinness World Record holder's bug collection infests the Orangeville Mall by Chris Halliday, Orangeville Banner, Thu. Oct. 16, 2014. Powers is most known for holding the Guinness World Record for owning the largest moth - an Owlet Moth with a 12.16-inch (308 mm) wingspan found in Brazil in 1934. He acquired it from a fellow collector in the early 1960s."

Massive exhibit combines three diverse interests by By Jesse Robitaille, Canadian Coin News, 19 June 2018. John Powers, with help from sponsor Colonial Acres, brought some of his 'Banknotes and Butterflies of the World' exhibit to the recent National Postage Stamp and Coin Show.

This Guy Likes Creepy Things by Josh Rogers, Sault Online, July 10, 2015. "It was an exciting day in the Station Mall Thursday, as the first of the 3 day visit by Butterfly Man John G. Powers kicked off. John has been operating the Orkin Bug Show for 7 years, but before that he'd been travelling independently for 35 years. His last visit in the Sault was 20 years ago. A wide variety of butterflies, beetles, centipedes, moths, scorpions, and other species of insects on display shocked those viewing them. John said his favourite bug is the Goliath Beetle, because of the interesting patterns on the outside of the body, and that his favourite butterfly is the Paradise Birdwing 'because the base of the wing has a moustache shape, like Salvador Dali, where most butterflies have a round base to their wings.'"

Insect exhibit a sight to see by Jeff Heuchert, editor@stratfordgazette.com , Stratford Gazette, Sep 3, 2015. "Incredible World of Bugs" exhibit at Stratford Marketplace Mall, Aug. 28, 2015. "'I like to educate people about good insects and bad insects,' Powers told the Gazette.'A lot of people don't realize that praying mantises are great to have in your yard because they eat a lot of insects and that ladybugs are good for your roses because they take care of aphids ... Powers is a native of Cambridge, Ont. He started collecting insects in 1959 when he was eight years old after his father gave him a butterfly net."

The Butterfly Farm and Costa Rica Entomological Supply. Our Butterfly Species. The Butterfly Farm is located in La Guácima de Alajuela, Costa Rica.

TheButterflySite.com. Explore 12 butterfly topics with pages packed full of butterfly information: Butterfly Biology, Butterfly Rearing, Butterfly Pictures plus numerous butterfly links.

The Butterfly Website. Lots of beautiful pictures of butterflies for free download. Includes: World Atlas of Butterflies and Moths, Butterflies and Moths of the United States, by State; Butterflies of England, Scotland, and Wales, by Postcode; Web Images of North American Moth Species, Photo Gallery of Butterflies, Moths and Caterpillars, FAQ, Links to related sites, and more.

Cambridge Butterfly Conservatory in Cambridge, Ontario. This Conservatory replicates a tropical rainforest and the temperature ranges between 24° - 28° C with high humidity. It has a great educational program with all materials provided. Students will participate in a round robin rotation of 4 Learning Centres: Classroom, Insects of the World Gallery, Wings of Discovery Gallery and Conservatory. Butterflies are sun lovers and fly very little on cloudy days. On cloudy days, look for butterflies resting on plants.

Magic Wings: Butterfly Conservatory and Gardens. The Lepidoptera source in Western Massachusetts, featuring an 8,000-square foot indoor conservatory, home to nearly 4,000 exotic and domestic butterflies in a tropical environment. Magic Wings focuses on butterfly-related education, recreation, entertainment and gardening needs.

The Monarch Butterfly in North America. A gateway to news, information, activities, and resources about the biology and conservation of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus).

Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. Click on a Family to see color photos of various species. Excellent site. Includes an extensive list of links to other Lepidoptera sites around the world, e.g. Israel, Ireland, Japan (and Hawaii), Mexico, Arizona, Honduras, French Antilles, United Kingdom, Maltese Islands, and others.

Must-Have Plants to Make an Amazing Butterfly Garden. Posted by Candace Osmond, Award Winning Designer. Gardening, Backyard Boss. Candace provides a comprehensive guide not only to planting your garden and knowing more about care and the essentials of your garden, but also types of butterfly plants, what butterflies they attract, when to plant a butterfly garden, and how to decide which plants are right for your area.

Web Images of North American Moth Species. Links to over 4,100 photos of moth species by John Snyder, Department of Biology, Furman University, Greenville, SC.

597 Fishes, Sharks, Rays (Fish)

Fish from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
All About Fish from KidZone, with photos.
Shark Facts, Shark Pictures.
Fish Base - Online fish encyclopedia.

Shark from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Shark and Rays from Encyclopedia of New Zealand. New Zealand?s sharks, Maori and sharks, Sharks as food, Unusual sharks, Dangerous sharks, Conservation, Rays and skates, Chimaeras (ghost sharks).

597.8 Amphibians, Frogs, (Toads)

AmphibiaWeb. Search and retrieve information relating to amphibian biology and conservation. Complete a form to access species data from an amphibian database.

Amphibians and Frogs. Links to Information on the Internet from Tree of Life Project.

Frogs. Site features the Amazing and Adaptable Frog, Cold-Blooded Solutions to Warm-Blooded Problems. Read about Frog Myths across different cultures. Frog Tracker lets you listen to the calls of different North American frogs. View the Disappearing Act interactive exhibit to understand how camouflage is used. Frog Links take you to other great frog sites.

Frogs. And More Frogs at frogs.org.au. The Amphibian Research Centre (ARC) was established as a centre dedicated to research and conservation of Australia's unique frogs. Keeping Frogs - How to care for your frogs - includes photos of frogs. Care Sheets in PDF. Frogs to Colour in PDF.

Frogs of Australia from Amphibian Research Centre.

597.9 Reptiles, (Turtles), (Lizards), (Alligators), (Crocodiles), (Snakes)

The Center for North American Herpetology. Links to North American Herpetology Web Sites, e.g. Links by Taxonomy: Amphisbaenians, Crocodilians, Frogs, Lizards, Salamanders, Snakes, Turtles, and General Herpetology. Online Collections include Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, California Academy of Sciences, Field Museum of Natural History, and Texas Memorial Museum, University of Texas. Also includes Current News, New Species, etc.

Lizards and Snakes: Alive! An exhibition organized by the American Museum of Natural History, New York. Contents include: Supersize Squamates: Komodo Dragon - World's largest lizard species, Marine Monster such as the Tylosaurus, a Mosasaur.

598 Birds

Resplendent Quetzal Google Image Source: mallardg500/GettyImages
Resplendent Quetzal
Savegre, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
Image credits: mallardg500/Getty Images

Resplendent Quetzal from National Geographic.
Common Name: Resplendent Quetzal
Scientific Name: Pharomachrus mocinno
Type: Birds
Diet: Omnivore
Size: Body: 15 to 16 inches; tail: 24 inches
Weight: 7 to 8 ounces
"During mating season, male quetzals grow twin tail feathers that form an amazing train up to three feet (one meter) long ... The bird was sacred to the ancient Maya and Aztec peoples, and royalty and priests wore its feathers during ceremonies."

All About Birds from Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Includes: Online Bird Guide, How to ID Birds, Species Accounts, Video Gallery, Feeding Wild Birds, Gear Guide, Attracting Birds, Bird Conservation, Modern Extinctions, Understanding Bird Data, Studying Birds - What is Ornithology? Why Study Birds? See also Beautiful Birds: Masterpieces from the Hill Ornithology Collection, Cornell University Library.

Audubon's Birds of America. Contents include: John James Audubon as Artist, Alphabetical List of Bird Image Plates, Birds Listed by Family, State Birds (United States), Extinct Birds, List of Figures (e.g. drawings of digestive tracts of various birds), The Life of John James Audubon. See also Bird Resources, State of the Birds, Bird Feeding Basics, Birding Basics, How to Start Birding from Audubon.org, and more.

The Beauty of Pollination. YouTube video, 4:23 min.

BirdBreath. Life from a different point of view.

Birds of Stanford. Hosted by Stanford University and based on The Birder's Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds by Paul Ehrlich, David Dobkin, and Darryl Wheye. Includes: Alphabetized Species List, Check List Species in Taxonomic Order, Helping to Conserve Birds - Local Level, and more.

Bird Songs: Songs and calls of some New York State birds. A delightful site offering you World's best singers, World's otherwise most remarkable, Songs in slow motion, and Bird Songs in Musical Notation with options to Hear bird song, Hear song at half speed, Hear music, or Hear music at half tempo. Includes Links to other Birdsong and Birding Sites.

Bird stuck for 12 hours on a wire is saved by a drone with a knife - success! Feel good fast clip. Drone rescues pigeon trapped in a high tension electric wire in Lima. Video, 1:00 min. from Reuters, Fast Clips, World News, Oct. 12, 2021. Peruvian police fastened a knife to a drone using tape and sent the drone to cut a string and rescue a pigeon trapped on a high voltage cable. Residents said that the bird was stuck on the electric wire for over 12 hours.

Birds of the World on Postage Stamps. One amazing site. Select a country from A-Z and view postage stamps featuring birds of that country. Click on flag or name of country to access additional information on that country as well as any available postal and philatelic Websites. Click on color photo of bird stamp and map shows where the same species of bird may be found in the world. Bird name given in both English and Latin (species and genus).

CONEs: Collaborative Observatory for Natural Environments. "By incorporating advances in robotic cameras, long-range wireless networking, and distributed sensors, it is possible to create "Collaborative Observatories for Natural Environments" (CONEs) that allow human volunteers to observe and record detailed animal behavior in remote settings." Conceived by Ken Goldberg, artist and professor of engineering at UC Berkeley, and Dezhen Song, professor of computer science at Texas A&M University.

An Emerald Bird Called Emi. A story from the very jungles of Costa Rica by Sonia Faruqi, January 22, 2017.

How to Build a Bird Box in Your Garden from MyJobQuote. Building a bird box, or nest box, is a fantastic way to create a bird nesting habitat from the convenience of your own garden or back yard. It's also a great way for bird watching enthusiasts and amateurs to entice more breeds of birds to their garden and get a closer look at them.

Hummingbirds. 20 Vivid Hummingbird Close-Ups (Photos) Reveal Their Incredible Beauty, by Lina D.

Life Histories of Familiar North American Birds by Arthur Cleveland Bent (1866-1954), one of America's greatest ornithologists. Familiar Birds listed in alphabetical order by common names. See Contents for species listed in taxonomic order. Text only, original black and white illustrations not included in this e-book.

List of birds of the United States from Wikipedia.

Patuxent - Tools for Learning About Birds. From Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Contents include: Pictures of Common U.S. and Canadian Birds, Songs of Common U.S. and Canadian Birds (WAV files), Identification Tips for U.S. and Canadian Birds, Pictures and Songs of Central American Birds, Play the Patuxent Bird Quiz, and more.

Peacock Lover. Filmed at the Ngatea Water Gardens on New Zealand's North Island, Allendale Gardens Edith Creek Tasmania's North-West Coast, and the Cataract Gorge Launceston Tasmania. YouTube video, 3:57 min. Includes India Blue Peacock, Pied Peacock and White Peacock. Posted by Bellamoonnature. Published on May 23, 2012.

Pied Peacock. Filmed at the beautiful Allendale Gardens, Edith Creek on Tasmania's North West Cost, on the edge of the Tarkine. YouTube video, 4:36 min. Posted by Bellamoonnature. Published on Dec 6, 2011. "PEAFOWL - native to the jungles of India and Sri Lanka, have for centuries led a semi-domesticated existence in parks and gardens of the world. Peacocks use their beautiful tail feathers to attract the females (peahens) in breeding season .... They raise and fan the feathers out, prance and strut while intermittently shaking their wing and tail feathers rapidly which make a loud rustling sound as they pose and show off their striking plumage. Generally, the males and females lead separate lives. In the breeding season, however, the males are polygamous and mate with four or five females each breeding season. Although they are ground-living birds, they flap up into trees or other roosting spots off the ground away from predators.
PIED PEACOCK appear like regular India blues, except that they are speckled and splotched with white. Exceptional birds will have white on their backs and in their train." ~ Bellamoonature.

The Most Magnificent Peacock Dance Display Ever - Peacocks Opening Feathers HD & Bird Sound. YouTube video, 1:54 min. Posted by Paul Dinning. Published on Feb 14, 2011.

Peacock in the Yard - 001.MP4. Peacock 2 year-old Male and Father-Black wing. YouTube video, 6:29 min. Posted by moonboss455's channel. Published on Apr 28, 2012.

Glamorous Indian Peacock | Pavo Real Glamuroso. Shows that a peacock can flap and fly a bit. Discover the mating ritual of the Indian Peafowl! YouTube video, 1:52 min. Posted by New Atlantis WILD. Published on Nov 26, 2013.

Indian peafowl from Wikipedia. "The Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is a large and brightly coloured bird of the pheasant family native to South Asia ... The species was first named and described by Linnaeus in 1758. The name Pavo cristatus is still in use now."

Peafowl from Wikipedia. "Peafowl include two Asiatic species (the blue or Indian peafowl originally of India and Sri Lanka and the green peafowl of Burma, Indochina, and Java) and one African species (the Congo peacock native only to the Congo Basin) of bird ... the pheasants and their allies, known for the male's piercing call and, among the Asiatic species, his extravagant eye-spotted tail covert feathers which he displays as part of a courtship ritual. The male is properly called a peacock, the female a peahen, and the immature offspring peachicks."

Robin Redbreast on front lawn view from inside glass door 7:08 pm 25 May 2022
Robin Redbreast, Ontario, Canada, May 2022

The American robin from Wikipedia. This species was first described in 1766 by Carl Linnaeus in the twelfth edition of his Systema Naturae as Turdus migratorius. It is a migratory songbird of the true thrush genus and Turdidae, the wider thrush family. It is named after the European robin [Robin Redbreast] because of its reddish-orange breast ...

The American robin is widely distributed throughout North America, wintering from southern Canada to central Mexico and along the Pacific Coast. It is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin ...

The American robin is a known reservoir (carrier) for West Nile virus .... while crows and jays die quickly from the virus, the American robin survives the virus longer, hence spreading it to more mosquitoes, which then transmit the virus to humans and other species ...

The American robin also sings when storms approach and again when storms have passed ...

The American robin has an extensive range, estimated at 16,000,000 km2 (6,200,000 sq mi), and a large population of about 370 million individuals ... At one point, the bird was killed for its meat, but it is now protected throughout its range in the United States by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ...

The American robin is considered a symbol of spring ... [there is] a Quebec superstition that whoever sees the first robin of spring will have good luck.~ Wikipedia.

American Robin from Hinterland Who's Who. This bird is one of the first birds to sing in the morning and is one of the last to be heard at night,
- roosts in groups of up to 250 000,
- has an esophagus that expands to allow it to store food,
- makes an average of 180 trips a day when it builds its nest.

Top 1000 Birding Websites. "Ranking by traffic" site for birders all over the world.

598.47 Penguins

Basic Facts About Penguins from Defenders of Wildlife.

Penguin from Wikipedia. "Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers . . . They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans."

Penguins. Video, 5:10 min.

Penguins at the Edge by by Yva Momatiuk and John Eastcott, Defenders of Wildlife.

599 Mammals

All About Mammals from EnchantedLearning.com.

All About Mammals from Kidzone. "Mammals are one of the 6 main classes of animals . . . Mammals are the animal class that people belong to. There are only about 4,000 kinds of mammals."

All About Mammals: Your Mammal Reference Center from About.com. Mammals 101 Topics: Introduction to mammals, Mammal adaptation, Mammal classification, Research topics, and Conservation.

The Bear. Film by Jean-Jacques Annaud, 3:55 min. A cougar relentlessly hunts down a young bear, see how the brave little bear survives.

Cheetah Zimbabwe Kim Wolhuter. YouTube video, 6:29 min. Published on Jun 21, 2018 by Karthik Bala. This is the amazing story of how wildlife filmmaker Kim Wolhuter gains trust of wild animals in Zimbabwe and is able to get close-up photos of various animals in their natural habitat. Video also shows how Kim Wolhuter gains total trust of a wild cheetah and her cubs by laying down on the ground to appear to be non-aggressive in order to remove all threat to the animals.

Man, Cheetah, Wild. Documentary from Discovery. 86 min. TV-PG. Premiered Oct. 3, 2013. "Filmmaker Kim Wolhuter wins the trust of a family of cheetahs who allow him to run among them as they hunt, fight, and kill - chasing off lions, standing up to rhions and facing death every day."

Discovery's "Man Cheetah Wild" gets up close with the elusive cheetah by Jeff Pfeiffer, ChannelGuideMag, 3 October 2013. "And tonight, Discovery Channel debuts the even more fascinating, and quite touching, two-hour special Man Cheetah Wild.
Man Cheetah Wild follows Kim Wolhuter, a filmmaker and one-time game ranger with a unique ability to bond with the animals of his native Zimbabwe. Wolhuter's approach has allowed him incredible access into the secretive world of cheetahs.

'Man, Cheetah, Wild': Kim Wolhuter prefers being barefoot with cheetah cubs by editorial@zap2it.com, From Inside the Box, 3 October 2013. The "awww" factor in Discovery Channel's "Man, Cheetah, Wild," airing Thursday, Oct. 3, is off the charts because cheetah cubs are about as cute as cute gets.
The two-hour special is an intimate look into a mother and cubs in the Malilangwe Game Reserve, a 200-square-mile expanse in Zimbabwe, Africa. This has the feel of a home movie because Kim Wolhuter, a third-generation game ranger, is very much at home.
He prefers being barefoot in the stillness of the bush to wearing shoes in a bustling hotel in Beverly Hills, where he's chatting. Unlike most angling to make documentaries and finding themselves in Hollywood, Wolhuter is a filmmaker "to make ends meet," he says, to sustain his lifestyle.
"Everything where it was shot is total wilderness," he says to Zap2it. "I don't carry a weapon. When you carry a weapon, you tend to use it far sooner than you mean to."

Elephant from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "Elephants are the largest land animals now living. The elephant's gestation period is 22 months, the longest of any land animal." View Riski Business: Birth of a Baby Elephant. Title changed to: Elephant Birth in Bali (graphic). Video, 6:02 min. Uploaded on Sep 20, 2009 by Elephant Safari Park & Lodge. Graphic footage of the first ever elephant birth filmed in Bali, Indonesia. Commentary by Elephant Safari Park founder, Nigel Mason.

Wild Elephant Wrecks Car | Trunk Club. YouTube video, 1:17 min. Published on Jan 20, 2015 by JunkinVideo. "On an ordinary day in Thailand, this wild elephant decided he was sick and tired of all these cars driving by. Unfortunately for this driver, he was on the wrong side of this giant mammal's day."

Angry Elephant Topples Car. YouTube video, 1:03 min. Published by Beastly, Jun 22, 2017.

Elephant goes berserk - causes crazy damage in India! YouTube video, 2:51 min. Published by WildFilmsIndia, Mar 1, 2016.

India considers banning elephant rides. Article published by Telegraph.co.uk, 9 Dec 2015. "Elephant riding in Goa and Rajasthan may be banned by India's Supreme Court after the popular tourist past time came under scrutiny by officials, according to The Times of India ... The Telegraph's India Expert, Gill Charlton, welcomed the scrutiny, saying: 'These elephants are regularly mistreated, housed in cramped conditions, and have to work in the heat of the day without proper access to food and water, and all so that tourists can go for a joy ride.'"

Glossary of Skullological Terminology from Will's Skull Page. Site includes skulls photographed in the United Kingdom as well as outside of the UK, and covers topics such as identification and preparation of skulls, e.g. Index of Species under Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia, as well as English names in alphabetical order from Alligator, American to Wombat.

The Hall of Mammals from University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), Berkeley. Divided into 4 groups: Eutheria (placental mammals), Marsupials, or Metatheria (pouched mammals), Monotremes (egg-laying mammals), and Multituberculata (extinct mammals).

Mammal Family Reunion! Find out who's come and who's gone over the past 220 million years. What makes a mammal? How did mammals evolve? Where do mammals live? The Rise of Mammals from PBS.org.

Mammal Species of the World : A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2-volume set
Mammal Species of the World:
A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference,
3rd Edition
Edited by Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder
2-volume set

Mammal Species of the World (MSW) from Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Systematic Biology. Site contains names of 4,629 currently recognized species of mammals, in a taxonomic hierarchy that includes Order, Family, Subfamily, and Genus. Database can be used as a convenient on-line reference for identifying or verifying recognized scientific names and for taxonomic research. Records include the following fields: Scientific name, Author's name and year described, Original publication citation, Common name, Type Species, Type Locality, Distribution, Comments, Status, Synonyms.

Mammals - A-Z list from Canadian Museum of Nature.

599.9 Anthropology, Human origins, (Hominids), (Origin of man), (Human paleontology), Physical anthropology, (Biological anthropology)

See also 301 Anthropology, (Cultural anthropology), (Social anthropology), (Archaeology), (Linguistics), (Ethnology), (Ethnography), (Indigenous peoples)

Becoming Human. See and hear the journey through the story of human evolution. Extremely well done interactive documentary produced by paleo-anthropologist Donald C. Johanson. High speed Internet connection required. Includes news and views, glossary and related links.

Anthropologist from Biography.com. Browse notable anthropologists such as Margaret Mead, Katherine Dunham, and Michel Foucault.

Category: Anthropologists from Wikipedia. Include: Anthropologists by nationality, Anthropologists by field of research, 20th-century anthropologists, Anthropology educators, Fictional anthropologists, Women anthropologists.

What Does It Mean to Be Human? The Smithsonian Institution Human Origins Program. In Search of What Makes Us Human. Learn about 5 million years of human evolution in the Hall of Human Ancestors. Climate and Human Evolution. Anthropocene: The Age of Humans. What's Hot in Human Origins? Review major issues and current topics in paleoanthropology. Links to related resources. Fossil Forensics: Interactive. Bones contain evidence of how early humans lived, died, and interacted with other organisms. Explore what kinds of important clues scientists can find on bones.