Research Guide for Students by I Lee

Virtual Library of Useful URLs
Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification

600-628 Technology, Health & Business

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Subject Headings 600-699

600 Technology
608 Inventions, Inventors, Patents
610 Medicine, Alternative medicine, (Herbal medicine)
610.3 Medicine - Dictionaries, (Medical dictionaries), Medicine - Encyclopedias
610.6 Doctors without Borders (Association), Médecins Sans Frontières (Association), (MSF), EMAS Canada - Education, Medical Aid & Service
610.69 Physicians, (Doctors), (Medical profession), Surgeons, Women physicians
610.73 Nursing, (Nurses), (Registered Nurses), Nurse practitioners
611 Human anatomy
611.36 Liver
612 Human body
612.1 Blood, Blood groups, Blood pressure, Blood - Circulation, (Blood Transfusion)
612.8 Pain
612.82 Brain
613 Health, Hygiene, Preventive medicine, Children - Health and hygiene, Health counseling, (Children - Diseases)
613.2 Nutrition, Diet, Weight loss, Vitamins, Vegetarianism, Food - Cholesterol content, (Calories), (Carbohydrates), (Proteins), (Dietary fiber)
613.7 Exercise, Aerobics, Physical education, Physical fitness, Weight lifting
613.85 Smoking, Smoking cessation programs, Tobacco habit, (Addiction to nicotine), (Quit smoking), (How to stop smoking), (Smoke ending programs)
614 Public health, (Medical care), (Medical clinics), (Health care), (Health clinics), (Free clinics)
614.841 Fire prevention, Fires - Safety measures
615 Drugs, Pharmacy, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical chemistry, (Pharmaceuticals), (Drugs - Chemistry), (Prescription drugs)
615.8 Acupuncture
615.85154 Music therapy
616 Diseases, (Illness), (Sickness), (Skin - Diseases)
616.02 First aid
616.0757 Radiology, Radiography, Diagnostic imaging, (X-rays)
616.2 Cold (Disease), (Common cold), Influenza, (Flu)
616.522 Shingles (Disease), (Chickenpox)
616.6 Infertility, Human fertility, (Fertilization in vitro), (Childlessness), (Infertile couples)
616.8 Brain - Diseases, Alzheimer's disease, Cerebral palsy, Stroke, Mad Cow Disease
616.83 Tourette syndrome
616.85 Phobias, Neuroses, (Anxiety), (Fear)
616.9 Communicable diseases, (Black death), (Bubonic plague), Ebola, Marburg Haemorrhagic Fever, Plague, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Swine Influenza (Swine Flu) - H1N1, West Nile Virus, Zika Virus
616.97 AIDS (Disease)
616.99 Cancer
617 Surgery
617.575 Overuse injuries, (Repetitive strain injury - RSI)
617.7 Vision, Vision disorders, Color blindness, Eyeglasses, Contact lenses
618.2 Pregnancy, Prenatal care, Childbirth
618.92 Children - Diseases, (Childhood diseases), (Medicine, Pediatric), (Pediatrics)
620 Nanotechnology
620.8 Human engineering, (Ergonomics), (Biomechanics)
621.48 Nuclear energy, Nuclear engineering, Nuclear power plants
621.8 Robotics, Cranes, derricks, etc., Hoisting machinery, Elevators, Escalators, (Lifts), (Automatron)
622 Coal mines and mining, Gold mines and mining, Mining engineering, (Mines and mineral resources)
623.8 Ships, Shipbuilding, Steamboats, (Cruise ships), (Ocean Travel)
623.88 Signals and signaling, (Maritime signal flags), (Semaphore flags)
624 Bridges, Civil engineering, (Suspension bridges), (Viaducts)
625.7 Roads
629.133 Airplanes, Airships, Balloons, (Aeroplanes), (Aircraft)
629.222 Automobiles, (Motor cars), (Passenger vehicles)
629.227 Bicycles, Minibikes, Motorcycles, (Motor cycles) . See also 796.6 Bicycle racing, Bicycle touring, Cycling, (Biking)
629.28 Automobile driver education, Automobile drivers, (Driver education), (Car driver education), Automobile parts, Automobiles - Fuel consumption, (Gas prices, Gasoline prices), Automobiles - Maintenance and repair, (Car maintenance), (Car repair)
629.454 Moon - Exploration, Space flight to the moon, (Luna expeditions), (Astronauts)
630 Agriculture, Agricultural engineering, Farms, (Farmers), (Farming), Farm life, Farm management, Farm produce, Family farms
633.1 Grain, (Rice), (Wheat), (Corn), (Barley)
634.9 Forest fires
635 Gardens, Gardening, Vegetable gardening, Organic gardening, Horticulture
635.9 Lawns, Turf management, Turfgrasses, Golf courses - Maintenance
636.088 Pets, Snakes as Pets, Pets - Names
636.7 Dogs, Dogs - Breeding, Dogs - Care, Dogs - Psychology, Dogs - Training, Guide dogs, (Puppies)
638 Bees, Beekeeping, Beehives, (Apiculture), (Bee hives), (Bee culture), (Bee housing)
640 Home economics, (Household tips), (Household hints), (Household management), (Household efficiency), (Home organization), (Home management), (Home security), (Home safety), (Decluttering)
640.73 Consumers, Consumer education, Shopping, (Buyers' guides), (Consumers' guides), (Shoppers' guides), (Purchasing)
641 Food
641.3 Herbs, Spices, Cookery (Herbs)
641.5 Cooking, Outdoor cooking, (Recipes), Microwave cooking, (Food preparation), (Cook books), (Cookbooks), (Cookery), (Barbecue cooking)
641.8 Tea, Coffee, Beverages
643 Houses - Maintenance and repair, Electric household appliances, Electric apparatus and appliances, (Home repairs)
646.7 Cosmetics, (Makeup)
648 Cleaning, Bleaching, (House cleaning), (Stain removal)
648.7 Molds (Fungi) - Control
649 Parenting, Child care, Child rearing, Children and adults, Children's allowances

650 Business, (E-commerce), (eCommerce)

658 Time management, Management, (Multitasking)
658.3 Wages, (Salaries), (Compensation), (Income)
658.5 (Online shopping), Shopping centers and malls
658.7 Marketing, Small business marketing, Success in business, (Business networking), (Social entrepreneurship)
658.8 Marketing, Market research, Auctions, Direct selling, Telemarketing, Online bookstores
659.1 Advertising, Advertising - Newspapers, (Advertising layout and typography), (Advertisement copy), (Advertising, Pictorial), (Radio advertising), (Magazine advertising), (Television advertising), (Newspaper advertising)
660.6 Biotechnology, Cloning, Genetic Engineering
662.1 Fireworks, (Pyrotechnics)
672 Steel, Iron
686.2 Type and type founding, Printing, Printing - Specimens, Typesetting, Linotype, Lithography, Offset printing
690 Buildings, House construction, (Home renovation)

600 Technology

BrainPOP.com - Technology: Discoveries, Inventions, and Innovations. Pick a movie to watch. While waiting for the movie to load, play a quiz game.

How Everyday Things Are Made. Covers over 40 different products and manufacturing processes such as forging, casting, and injection molding, plus diagrams, photos, illustrations, and video.

How Products Are Made from Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. Search A-Z for a product. Details of the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery, are explained.

How Stuff Works. A great place to learn about how things work, e.g.

How Computer Viruses Work
How Franchising Works
How Mosquitoes Work
How Power Grids Work
How Satellite TV Works, and thousands more.

Technology Timeline: 1750-1990 from PBS (Public Broadcasting Service). Click on topic in red text to see more information. Includes illustration or photo of inventor where applicable.

608 Inventions, Inventors, Patents

10 Most Brilliant Inventions of 2007 - R&D Magazine. Posted by Myra Per-Lee. 1. Air Conditioner That Controls Superbugs. 2. No More Blood Tests! 3. Troops Can Detect Surrounding Chemicals. 4. Homeland Chemical Detection. 5. A Future With Cleaner Water. 6. Let Pilots See Where They're Going! 7. Signing Made Easy. 8. Safe Clothing Limits Sports Injuries. 9. Rear Bumper Radar/Smart Head Rest Limit Whiplash Injuries. 10.Lego® Robots Promote Science & Engineering Skills.

13 Accidental Inventions That Changed the World by Drake Baer, from Business Insider, Entrepreneur. Who is the inventor, What he or she was trying to make, and How it was created. 1. Penicillin. 2. Coca-Cola. 3. Chocolate-chip cookies. 4. Potato chips. 5. The Pacemaker. 6. Silly Putty. 7. Microwave ovens. 8. LSD as a drug. 9. Saccharin. 10. Post-it notes. 11. Scotchgard. 12. Corn Flakes. 13. The Slinky.

101 Unuseless Japanese Inventions by Kenji Kawakami, Translated by Dan Papia. Strangely practical and utterly eccentric inventions for a life of ease - and hilarity.

Click to enlarge pictures:

Little umbrellas for shoes Handy Toilet Paper Butter Stick Noodle Cooler Baby Mops Enclosed Umbrella How to sleep on the subway standing up Red Hat with Suction Cup Pillow Hug

About.com Inventors. Massive site on all aspects of inventions and inventors. Famous Inventions, Famous Inventors A-Z, Black Inventors, Canadian Inventors, Chinese Inventors, and Women Inventors, Search Historical Inventions A-Z, plus Australian inventions, 20th century (1900-1999) inventions, Inventing 101, Young Inventors, Inventor magazines, Copyrights, Patents, Lesson plans, Search 45,000,000 used books on inventions and inventors, and more.

Ancient Inventions. Museum Directory from Smith College Museum of Ancient Inventions.

The 50 Best Inventions of 2009. Time's Best Inventions 2008. Best Inventions of 2007. Best Inventions 2006. Coolest Inventions 2004, Coolest Inventions 2003 from Time Magazine,Complete List of Coolest Inventions 2003, 2002 Best Inventions, 2001 Inventions of the Year.

Brown & Michaels - Weird and Wonderful Patents. Site from legal firm also provides Information on Patents including a Patent Quiz, Information on Trademarks, and Information on Copyrights.

Canadian Inventors and Inventions by Mary Bellis, About.com Guide. "Canadian inventors have patented more than one million inventions, yet few people can name more than one or two Canadian inventors or any Canadian accomplishments."

Crazy Patents. CrazyPatents.com displays amusing U.S. patents issued to individuals. Categories include: Laws of Nature, Pets, Food, Bathroom, Automobile, Medical, Sports, and more.

CrunchBase. Discover innovative companies and the people behind them. Examples: Apple, Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Android, Twitter, Amazon, ZDNet, Intel, Samsung Electronics, AT&T, IBM, Nokia, YouTube, BlackBerry, Motorola, Sony, T-Mobile, Netflix, LG, Nintendo, Dell, Yahoo!, AOL, eBay, NASA, Instagram, Wall Street Journal, Skype, Hewlett-Packard, Cisco, Qualcomm, Bloomberg ...

Famous Inventions: A to Z. Research the history of famous inventions - past and present, by Mary Bellis, About.com Guide.

The Great Idea Finder: Celebrating the Spirit of Innovation. A place to explore the exciting world of innovation. Contents include: History - Invention Facts, Inventor Biography, Innovation Timeline, Innovation Articles, Innovation Games. Showcase - Award Winner, Ideas for Sale, Inventor Direct, Associate Program, Idea Wish List. Features - Century of Innovation, A Class Act, Did You Ever Wonder, One Small Step, Turning Point. Resource Center - On the Web, On the Bookshelf, On the Screen, Join the Fun, Parent/Teacher Mentoring Resources. Archives. Glossary includes Copyleft Copyleft symbol.

Innovative Lives - Exploring the History of Women Inventors in the United States, by J.E. Bedi. This paper was originally presented at a Lemelson Center teachers' workshop in July 1999. American women inventors mentioned include: Sybilla Masters, Mary Kies, Martha Coston, "an African American woman inventor [unnamed], one who sold her clothes-wringer patent for $18 because she feared 'white ladies' would not buy her product if they learned of her race", Beulah Henry, Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler (i.e. Hedy Lamarr), Bessie Blount (an African American), and Stephanie Kwolek.

Inventor of the Week. The Lemelson-MIT Program is dedicated to honoring the acclaimed and unsung heroes who have helped improve our lives through invention, from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Search for other inventors featured at Inventor of the Week Archive - Browse by Inventor, or Browse by Invention, Search by Last Name of Inventor. Site includes Inventor's Handbook includes such FAQs as: What Is Intellectual Property? What Can Be Patented? Is My Idea Patentable? How Do I Conduct a Patent Search? Is My Invention Worth Patenting? How Do I Apply for a Patent? How Do I Prove the Idea Is Mine? How Do I License My Invention? How Do I Raise Capital? Plus Games & Trivia, Links & Resources.

Inventors and Innovations from Canadian Encyclopedia. Links to Canadian inventors: Thomas AHEARN; Alexander Graham BELL; Joseph-Armand BOMBARDIER; Gerald Vincent BULL; Karl Adolf CLARK; William Harrison COOK; Georges-Édouard DESBARATS; Charles FENERTY; Ivan Graeme FERGUSON; Reginald Aubrey FESSENDEN; Robert FOULIS; Abraham GESNER; William Wallace GIBSON; Frederick Newton GISBORNE; Uno Vilho HELAVA; George KLEIN; George Craig LAURENCE; Eric William LEAVER; Lloyd Montgomery PIDGEON; Frank Morse ROBB; Edward Samuel ROGERS; Sir William Samuel STEPHENSON ...

Modern Inventions, 2000-2009. 21st Century Inventions, by Mary Bellis, About.com Guide.

National Inventors Hall of Fame Past Winners.

Patent from Wikipedia.
5 Steps for Turning Your Invention Ideas into a Product by Sarah Pierce, Entrepreneur, 31 May 2005.
Can You Patent an Idea? By Joe Runge, Esq. Scientist & Attorney, LegalZoom. "The simple answer is no - you cannot patent an idea for an invention. The invention itself has to be produced or a patent application containing the invention must be filed with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) ..." Also covers: Utility Patent: When an Idea Becomes Reality, What You Can Patent and What You Cannot Patent, Patent Requirements, The Patent Search for Prior Art.
Crazy Patents.
Free Patents Online. FreePatentsOnline.com provides access to millions of patents and free PDF downloads. You can browse Patents by Number, or Jump to a specific Patent #.
Getting a Patent on Your Own from Nolo. How to get a U.S. patent on your idea or invention - without a lawyer.
leaf A Guide to Patents from Canadian Intellectual Property Office, Government of Canada. This guide provides you with an introduction to patents and patenting procedures. It will help you understand what patents are and get started with your patent application.
How to Patent an Idea in 3-Steps with a Provisional Patent Application by Brad Fach, PatentFile.org.
How to Patent an Invention from wikiHow.
How to Patent Your Invention in Canada. The 4 Steps to Applying for a Patent. By Susan Ward, The Balance, 27 July 2016.
Moving from Idea to Patent - When Do You Have an Invention? by Gene Quinn, IPWatchdog, 21 June 2014.
When to patent something and how to do it by Tony Wilson, Globe and Mail, 8 June 2010.

Patent of the Week. Strange, interesting, bizarre, inexplicable, wacky, and useful patents from 1790 to current, including patents dealing with Flight, as well as Historical & Famous patents, issued from the U.S. and around the world.

Thomas Alva Edison Biography. The life of Edison, one of the greatest inventors with 1093 patents.

Totally Absurd Inventions: America's Goofiest Patents. A hilarious look at funny inventions that have patents issued by the United States and other governments.

United States Patent and Trademark Office.
General Information Concerning Patents: What Are Patents, Trademarks, Servicemarks, and Copyrights? Patent Laws, What Can Be Patented, and more, Oct 2015.

610 Medicine, Alternative medicine, (Herbal medicine)

Alternative Medicine Center from HealthWorld Online. Contents: AltMed Update, Alternative Systems (Acupuncture, Ayurveda, Chinese Medicine, Chiropractic, Herbal Medicine, Homeopathy, Naturopathic Medicine, Osteopathy), Alternative Therapies (Acupuncture, Aromatherapy, Biofeedback Training, Bodywork and Somatic Therapies, Chelation Therapy, Detoxification Therapies, Energy Medicine, Expressive Arts Therapies, Fasting, Flower Remedies, Meditation, Music and Wellness, Yoga, and others), A Guide to Understanding Alternative Medicine, and more.

BioMed Central: The Open Access Publisher. Over 100 Open Access journals covering all areas of Biology and Medicine.

Body1.com. Lots of health and medical information. Categories: Health News, Health Talk, Research a Condition, Research a Procedure (from Alternative Pain Treatment to Vagotomy), or Research a Diagnostic Test (from 3-D Imaging to X-Ray), First Aid, Quick Tips, and more.

A Modern Herbal (Volume 1, A-H) (Paperback) by Mrs. M. Grieve
A Modern Herbal (Volume 2, I-Z and Indexes) (Paperback) by Mrs. M. Grieve

Botanical.com - A Modern Herbal. The hyper-text version of A Modern Herbal, first published in 1931, by Margaret Grieve, contains Medicinal, Culinary, Cosmetic and Economic Properties, Cultivation and Folk-Lore of Herbs. Contents:

Plant & Herb Index - More than 800 varieties of herbs & plants.
Index of Recipes - Listing of 29 plants that include recipes.
Index of Poisonous Plants - Listing of 44 plants that are listed as poisonous.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Index (CAM) from University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). Introducation to CAM. Browse documents: Treatments, Depletions, Conditions (by Organ, by Symptom), Drugs (Interactions, Depletions), Herbs (Interactions), Supplements (Uses, Interactions).

frequency 528 Hz (DNA repair frequency?) : NO MUSIC single tone. YouTube video, 5:32 min. "According to Dr Len Horowitz, some leading genetic biochemists suggest frequency 528 is the miraculous repair frequency for damaged DNA. There is a special sound and color of love according to Dr. Horowitz, a Harvard-trained award-winning investigator. Broadcasting the right frequency can help open your heart, prompt peace, and hasten healing." See also: Solfeggio Harmonics - 528 HZ - Miracle. YouTube video, 5:47 min.

Health Sciences Institute Alert. FREE Urgent Health Warnings from Jenny Thompson and the HSI e-Alert. For urgent health warnings and news about the latest advances in natural medicine.

Herb Directory Index. HolisticOnLIne allows you to search Herb Knowledgebase based on the scientific name of the herbs or by the common names used.

Herbs at a Glance from National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM).

Herbs: Herbal Medicine by Dr. Andrew Weil. See also Remedies and Vitamin Library.

Look up: Alternative Medicine from Babylon.com. A selection of Alternative Medicine Glossaries with details of main herbs, their properties and effects with concise explanations and reference guide. Include: A Dictionary of Alternative-Medicine Methods, Aromatherapy Glossary, Alternative Medicine Glossary.

leaf MedBroadcast.com: Condition Info powered by MediResource™. Information on hundreds of medical conditions. Find out what causes a disease and how it can be prevented, what the symptoms and treatment are, what other illnesses can follow, and more. Every article reviewed by Canadian doctors and pharmacists.

MedBioWorld. 25,000 links to medical and bioscience journals, associations and databases. Medical Resources include links to over 3500 Associations by Specialty, over 2500 Databases by Specialty, Medical News by Specialty, Medical Images & Illustrations, Medical Portals, Medical Abstracts, Medical Libraries, Medical Statistics, Medication Directories (Drug List), Online Pharmacies, Pharmaceutical Companies, Diseases & Conditions, Physician Search (in U.S.), Hospitals Worldwide, and much more.

The Medical Identity Theft. Consumer Information from Federal Trade Commission.

Medicinal Herbs and Supplements Directory A-Z. Chinese Herbs, Herbal Formulas and Supplements.

The Merck Manual of Medical Information - Home Edition. Provides free, current, authoritative, complete, and comprehensive information on all areas of medicine. Most widely used medical textbook in the world now online in plain English with the same vital information about diseases, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

Misdiagnosis from WrongDiagnosis.Com. This web site focuses on misdiagnosis of more than 1200 diseases and 300 symptoms. Research misdiagnosis in the Misdiagnosis Center, Research symptoms in the Symptom Center, Research diseases in the Diseases Center, and Research risk factors in the Risk Factor Center. Be sure to read and abide by the Terms and Conditions of Use before using this Web site.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Part of U.S. Federal Government's National Institutes of Health, NCCAM conducts and supports research and provides information on complementary and alternative medicine to practitioners and the public.

New England Journal of Medicine. This week's Table of Contents. Summaries, Extracts and one free Full-Text Article.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Health information you can trust. Provides links to Canadian and international health resources. A-Z Index.

Purple Sage: Herb Profiles - Index of Herb Profiles by Common Name. Index of Herb Profiles by Botanical Name. Common Ailments & Herbal Treatments. Glossary.

RxList.com Alternative Drugs by Category. Search for a few common alternative medicine by name. Browse these categories for FAQs and Monographs: Western Herbs, Chinese Herbal Remedies, and Homeopathics.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) from Qi: The Journal of Traditional Asian Health & Fitness. Includes Acupuncture & Acupressure, Tuina, Shiatsu, & Massage, Chinese Herbs & Nutrition.

Using Dietary Supplements Wisely. Complementary and Alternative Medicine, from National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), National Institutes of Health (NIH).

WebMD. Comprehensive online health resource. Latest news in medicine. Features: Health Topics A-Z, Medical Encyclopedia, Self-Care Advisor, Drug Reference, Ask Our Experts, Alternative Medicine, Diet and Nutrition, Fitness, as well as Legal and Insurance Matters.

WHO guidelines on safety monitoring of herbal medicines in pharmacovigilance systems from World Health Organization.

610.3 Medicine - Dictionaries, (Medical dictionaries), Medicine - Encyclopedias

AddictionLibrary.org. Categories include: Alcohol, Illicit Substances, Legal (Uses, Symptoms, Signs and Addiction Treatment for Caffeine, Meperidine Hydrochloride, Ephedrine, Cigarettes, Cigar), Prescription Drugs, Resources (Treatments for Alcoholism, and Help for Alcoholics).

AllRef.com Health - Medical Encyclopedia.

Complete Index of Health and Medical Picture Slideshows. Images, Illustrations and Pictures on MedicineNet.com. Health and Medical Picture Slideshows A-Z.

Dictionary. Definitions relating to Physician Profile, including: Accreditation, Board Certification, Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Graduate Medical Education (GME), Licensure, Malpractice, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC).

Doctors Lounge. Ask a Doctor FREE - Choose a medical specialty and ask your question, Online Medical Community, Forum, Medical Encyclopedia. Medical References:
Disease Summaries
Diagnosis (Symptoms)
Lab Tests
Medical Procedures
Drug Index.

eMedicineHealth: Topics A-Z. A comprehensive list of over 5,500 first aid and health pages.

Glossary of Heart Related Terms from Cincinnati Children's Hospital.

Look up: Medical Terminology Dictionary from Babylon.com. Online Medical Dictionaries including Alternative Medicine, Dictionary of Medicine, Macular Degeneration Glossary, Glossary of American Council on Science and Health, Glossary of Epidemiology Terms, Hormone Replacement Therapy, Dictionary of Alternative-Medicine Methods, Glossary of terms used in transplantation.

Medical Abbreviations
Search By Abbreviation
Search By Definition
Medical Dictionary

Medical Dictionary. MedTerms™ online medical dictionary contains over 15,000 popular medical terms. Entries include standard medical terms as well as terms that relate to medicine and biomedical sciences.

Medical Dictionary and Medical Encyclopedia from MedlinePlus. The Adam Health Illustrated Encyclopedia includes over 4,000 articles about diseases, tests, symptoms, injuries, and surgeries. It also contains an extensive library of medical photographs and illustrations.

Medical References from University of Maryland Medical Canter (UMMC). References include over 50,000 pages of medically-reviewed health content written in consumer-friendly language: English Medical Encyclopedia, Spanish Medical Encyclopedia, Drug Interaction Checker, Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide, Patient Education (Alphabetized list of reports from Actinic keratosis to Yellow fever), plus English and Spanish Pregnancy Centers.

On-Line Medical Dictionary. Choose a medical subject, A-Z.

Rudy's List of Archaic Medical Terms. A Glossary of Archaic Medical Terms, Diseases and Causes of Death: The Genealogist's Resource for Interpreting Causes of Death.

SearchMedica. Medical Search Engine from searchmedica.co.uk. Hundreds of handpicked websites, all selected by professionals for their usefulness. Lists currently contain sites of pre-eminent medical organisations in the UK, US, Australasia and Europe.

Symptom Checker from Isabel Healthcare. The Isabel Symptom Checker gives you access to a highly sophisticated medical diagnosis tool. Using the latest searching technologies, the system can take a pattern of symptoms in everyday language and instantly compute from the vast database of 6,000 diseases, the most likely ones. It is based on the same system that is relied on by doctors and nurses around the world to help with diagnosis.

Symptom Checker from Mayo Clinic. Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom. See list of Adult Symptoms and Child Symptoms.

Symptom Checker from WebMD. Take the first step and see what could be causing your symptoms. Then learn about possible next steps. Symptoms A-Z. Full list of symptoms from WebMD.

Wellcome Images - 2000 Years of Human Culture. One of the world's richest and most unique collections, with themes ranging from medical and social history to contemporary healthcare and biomedical science. All images available in digital form. Biomedical Collection holds over 40 000 high-quality images from the clinical and biomedical sciences.

610.6 Doctors without Borders (Association), Médecins Sans Frontières (Association), (MSF), EMAS Canada - Education, Medical Aid & Service

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) / Doctors Without Borders. An international humanitarian aid organisation that has provided emergency medical assistance to populations in danger in more than 80 countries around the world since 1971.

610.69 Physicians, (Doctors), (Medical profession), Surgeons, Women physicians

AMA Doctor Finder from American Medical Association. DoctorFinder provides you with basic professional information on virtually every licensed physician in the United States. This includes more than 814,000 doctors. Find a doctor by name or by speciality.

College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario: The Public Register. By law, the College is required to maintain a register that includes specific information about each doctor and facility that is made available to the public. This is the College's public register, and it includes information about: Doctors. and Out-of-Hospital Premises.

How much does it cost to extract a tooth in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada? In March 2015, you need to pay approximately $371.00 to remove one tooth by a qualified dentist:
$10.00 - X-ray
$25.00 - Examination fee
$136.00 - Simple tooth extraction
$200.00 - Dentist fee as per current suggested guideline from Ontario Dental Association
Total: $371.00.
Fee Guide from Dr. Ren, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Ontario Works Adults - Schedule of Dental Services and Fees
Healthy Smiles Ontario Schedule of Dental Services and Fees (Dentist Providers) from Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.

Dentist Locater / Dentist Locator. Find a dentist in your city or state in the United States.

DoctorDirectory.com. Find a Physician in your area, Find a Hospital in your area (United States).

DoctorsInfoSeek. Over 800,000 doctors just a click away. Find a doctor, Find a dentist, Find a pharmacy, Find a hospital, and Find other practioners in the United States.

Changing the Face of Medicine: Featured Physicians. Celebrating America's Women Physicians. Search woman physicians by Physician Search, Keyword Search, or Index of Physicians.

Canada Ontario Doctor Directory - Doctors in Ontario. Select a City to Browse Doctors in Ontario, Canada, e.g. Doctors in Ottawa, Ontario. Doctors in Toronto, Ontario, Doctors in Mississauga, Ontario. Provides doctor's full name, address, telephone phone number, fax number, and gender. Example: Dr. Peter William Kujtan, Mississauga, Ontario.

U.S.A. Rate MDs.com. Give your doctor a checkup. RateMDs.com allows patients to rate and read about their doctors and dentists. Here is a site where you can add your doctors and rate them! However, you will be held legally responsible for what you say about your doctors online.

U.S.A. Search State Medical Board Records - A simple tool to search the state medical board disciplinary records for any doctor in the United States.
Canada Rate MDs.com in Canada.
UK Rate MDs.com in United Kingdom.
Australia New Zealand Rate MDs.com in Australia and New Zealand

WebMD Physician Directory is provided by WebMD for use by the general public as a quick reference of information about physicians. To begin your doctor search in the United States, Search by Zip code, by City or State, or by doctor's last name or specialist.

610.73 Nursing, (Nurses), (Registered Nurses), Nurse practitioners

Best Nursing Schools - Rankings from US News and World Report.
Best Online Graduate Nursing Programs - Rankings from US News and World Report.

A Brief History of Nursing in Canada. Online Exhibition from Canadian Museum of Civilization. Vision, Mission and History of Ontario Nurses' Association (ONA). History of Nursing Resources from York University Libraries.

Code of Ethics for Nurses from American Nurses Association.

Find Nursing Schools in 50 States
All Nursing Schools.com
Best Nursing Degree.com
Best Nursing Schools in the US from College Atlas.org
Canada Nursing University Programs. List of Canadian Nursing bachelor, masters, and doctorate courses, programs and degrees offered by universities in Canada.
LPN to RN Program: Advance Your Nursing Career and RN to MSN, RN to APN from Nursing License Map.

History of Nursing from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

How Long Does IT Take to Become a Registered Nurse? from Study.com.

How to Become a Nurse Practitioner from Medipursuit. What is a nurse practitioner? What does a nurse practitioner do? What are the different types of nurses besides NPs, and what duties do they perform? How much does a nurse make (in the U.S.)? How to become a registered nurse?

Internet Resources for Nurse Practitioner Students from University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Nursing. Compiled by Amy Rosenbaum-Welsh, RN, MS.

LearnHowToBecome.org - Learn How to Become a Nurse in the United States. A guide to nursing careers and degree programs. Comprehensive overview of nursing plus info on specializations: registered nurses (RN), licensed practical nurse (LPN), neonatal nurses, nurse practitioners (NP), vocational nurses, and more. Info includes: Basics, Steps, Program, Salary.

Nursing in the United States from Wikipedia.

Nursing Internet Resources from University of Adelaide Library, Australia.

Nurse Practitioner School. Learn about the different nurse practitioner programs and subspecialties that are available at schools around the United States so that you can find the perfect place to further your nursing education. Enter your criteria, click to Search for Schools.

Nursing Degree Guide. An extensive resource with a directory of 7,000+ accredited nursing programs, complete with NCLEX pass rate data and other pertinent degree information.

Nursing Resource Guide by Jodi Koste, Librarian from Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Libraries.

Nursing Schools Guide to nursing school and degree programs. This site includes detailed review of all nursing schools (about 2000) in the United States.

Nursing Student Mental Health Guide. Understanding Mental Health Disorders and Promoting Wellness from CNA Classes. Contents include: Challenges for Nursing Students, Tips for Managing Stress During Nursing School, Common Types of Mental Health Issues, Expert Interview, Mental Health Podcasts. Cnaclasses.org was created in 2012 to help students research information about becoming a Certified Nursing Assistant.

Registered Nurse. Guides about RN Schools and Programs. Includes: A Glimpse on Registered Nurse: What is a Registered Nurse? History of Registered Nursing. Types of Registered Nurses: Oncology Nurses, Nurse Phlebotomist, Critical Care Nurses, Fertility Nurses (in-vitro fertilization nurses). Where do Registered Nurses work? How to become an RN? How much does a Registered Nurse earn (in United States)? Employment Facts (in United States). Benefits of Being an RN.

Registered Nurse (RN) Salary (United States) from PayScale.com.
Registered Nurse (RN) Salary (Canada) from PayScale.com.

Top 30 Cutting Edge Nursing Schools from Nursing School Hub: Prepare for a Career in Nursing.

Top Nursing. A complete guide to LPN Education and Career. All about Practical Nursing Programs, LPN/LVN Certification, and LPN Salary .

611 Human anatomy

Atlas of Human Anatomy. Translated by Ronald A. Bergman, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS, Professor, Departments of Pediatrics, Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Neurology. Computer and Graphic Specialist: Julie L. Bates, BSS. This atlas is translated from the original Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen by Dr. Carl Ernest Bock, published in 1841 in Leipzig, Germany. See also Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section. A digital library of anatomy information curated by Ronald A. Bergman, et al.

Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body. Henry Gray's 1918 publication from Bartleby.com. Illustrated with 1247 engravings. Subject index with 13,000 entries.

Human Anatomy Online from Inner Learning Online. Animations, Images, Descriptions.

Human Anatomy. Learn all about the human body from InnerBody.com.

Human Body and Mind from BBC Science & Nature. Includes Anatomy of Organs, Muscles, Skeleton, Nervous system, and more.

Interactive Atlases: Digital Anatomist Project. Includes: 2-D and 3-D views of the brain, 3-D views of thoracic organs, and other specimens.

Seeing Is Believing. 700 Years of Scientific and Medical Illustration.

Visible Body: 3D Human Anatomy. The Visible Body includes 3D models of over 1,700 anatomical structures, including all major organs and systems of the human body.

611.36 Liver

Alcohol and Liver Disease from Drink Aware. Alcohol and Liver Disease from Patient.co.uk.

50 Ways to Love Your Liver. Liver Health Information from American Liver Foundation.

How Much Do You Love Your Liver? PowerPoint Presentation.

How to protect your liver if you drink alcohol from Canadian Liver Foundation.

Liver Diseases from MedlinePlus. Contents include: General/Overviews, Anatomy/Physiology, Clinical Trials, Diagnosis/Symptoms, Nutrition, Prevention/Screening, Research, Specific Conditions/Aspects, Treatment, Dictionaries/Glossaries, Organizations, Statistics, Children, and Women (Pregnancy and the liver).

Liver Health from the Canadian Liver Foundation. How the liver works, Liver Facts, Alcohol and the Liver, Medications and the Liver, Diet and Exercise, Immunization. Liver Disease: How is Liver Disease Diagnosed, Adult Liver Diseases, Children's Liver Diseases, Liver Disease Myths.

612 Human body

Explore the Amazing Phenomenon of the Spine and Central Nervous System from Chiro One. See the spine in detail. All functions of the body are controlled and coordinated by a neural network (central nervous system) that sends and receives electric impulses to and from the brain in order to coordinate optimal health and wellness. Explore our Interactive Spine. Roll your mouse over the different vertebrae in the spine and get an explanation of how that part of the spine affects different areas of the body.

Human Body. Encyclopædia Britannica Article with links to many entries describing the body's systems and major structures.

The Human Body: Anatomy, Facts & Functions by Rachael Rettner, Senior Writer, Live Science.

How the Body Works from Kids Health.

A Look Inside the Human Body. Simple and clear explanations of the Skeletal, Respiratory, Nervous, Muscular, Digestive, Circulatory Systems, and the Senses, with many colorful diagrams and illustrations. Excellent Fact Sheet with Answer Sheet.

Mudras - Healing Through Your Fingers. "This positioning of the fingers is called 'Mudra' and just like pressure points, this technique can affect our physical and emotional states. Mudras have been known in the East for thousands of years, not only in meditation or yoga, but also as part of the treatment for various physical and mental ailments."

612.1 Blood, Blood groups, Blood pressure, Blood - Circulation, (Blood Transfusion)

Eat Right for 4 Your Type: Complete Blood Type Encyclopedia (Paperback) by Peter J. D'Adamo
Eat Right for 4 Your Type:
Complete Blood Type Encyclopedia
by Peter J. D'Adamo

Blood Facts from Bloodbook.com. Outline of blood facts, testing, blood transfusion, blood donation, safety, and uses.

Blood Group Basics from Irish Blood Transfusion Service. Blood Group Classifications. There are eight blood groups and they are classified using two systems: ABO System, and Rhesus system. ABO System has four main groups: O Group, A Group, B Group, AB Group. The Rhesus System is classified as Rhesus Positive (+) and Rhesus Negative (-). The two systems combine to define the following of eight different blood groups of O-, O+, A-, A+, B-, B+, AB- and AB+. See also: Blood Group Compatibility Table. The table demonstrates blood type compatibility. A person with AB+ blood type can receive blood from all of the major blood type groups. At the other extreme people with O- blood type can only receive blood from donors with the same blood type.

The "Blood Type Diet": Fact or Fiction? By Michael Klaper, M.D. "According to the blood type diet theory, people with Type A blood are best off as vegetarians, while people with Type O are natural born meat eaters. Type B's are somewhere in the middle . . . The problem is the theory is based on shaky science."

Blood Types Tutorial from Biology Project, University of Arizona. Human ABO markers, Blood types and genotypes, How are ABO alleles inherited? Blood type and Rh factor calculator, and more.

Circulatory System - The Circle of Blood from the Franklin Institute Online. Systemic Circulation.

Circulatory System from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Heart and Circulatory System. Body Basics from KidsHealth.

High Blood Pressure - Hypertension from Franklin Institute Online.

Lifeblood - Human Blood from Franklin Institute Online. Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Plasma, Platelets, Blood Types, Rh Factors, Autologous Blood Donation.

612.8 Pain

7 Pains You Shouldn't Ignore by Leanna Skarnulis, reviewed by Louise Chang, MD. Experts describe the types of pain that require prompt medical attention, from WebMD.

Chronic Pain from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Chronic Pain Information Page. Short summaries on What Is Chronic Pain? Is there any treatment? What is the prognosis? What research is being done? from MedlinePlus, National Institutes of Health (NIH).

The Mayo Clinic Headache Center. Guide to managing headaches and migraines - explore causes, diagnosis, treatment and self-care.

Pain Management Health Center. Information on pain medications and treatment options for chronic pain, from WebMD.

The Pain Truth: How and Why We Hurt by Robert Roy Britt, from LiveScience, Health SciTech. What is pain? Acute pain & chronic pain. See also New Advice: Don't Sit Up Straight by Sara Goudarzi.

Spine-Health.com. Back pain information for patients. In-depth, peer reviewed articles written by physicians.

612.82 Brain

Brain and cerebellum - from Plate 23 of Atlas of Human Anatomy. Translated by Ronald A. Bergman, PhD and Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS.

Flash Fabrica from Japan. Test your memory and find out how old is your brain. Click "START"; Wait for countdown 3, 2, 1; Memorize positions of numbers; Click circles from SMALLEST to BIGGEST number. Computer will tell you the age of your brain.

Human brain from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Human Brain from The Franklin Institute Online.

Organs - Brain from BBC Science & Nature. Four areas of the brain: the cerebrum, the diencephalon, the brain stem and the cerebellum.

She Brains - He Brains. Neuroscience for Kids. Differences in Total Brain Size, Differences in the Corpus Callosum, Differences in the Hypothalamus.

SuperBrain Yoga by Master Choa Kok Sui, illustrated by Benny Gantioqui
SuperBrain Yoga
by Master Choa Kok Sui

Superbrain Yoga. YouTube video, 4:18 min. Take your left hand, bring it across your body, hold and gently squeeze your right ear lobe, with thumb at the front of the ear lobe. Take your right hand, bring it across your body, hold and gently squeeze your left ear lobe, with thumb at the front of the ear lobe. Left arm must be INSIDE and right arm must be OUTSIDE. Inhale and squat down, exhale and stand up. Do 15-21 squats per session or for about a minute a day for 2 to 3 months to see effect.
    ● Modern discoverer of the SuperBrain Yoga technique is Master Choa Kok Sui.
    ● How to Do Super Brain Yoga by Alan Donahue, eHow.com.
    ● How to Do Superbrain Yoga from eHow.

The Human Brain from Discovering Psychology, Learner.org.
Human brain from Wikipedia.
Human Brain - Google Images.
How Your Brain Works from HowStuffWorks.
Understanding the Human Brain. YouTube video, 3:14 min.

The Whole Brain Atlas. Atlas of normal brain structure and blood flow, Top 100 brain structures, Stroke or brain attack, Brain tumor, Alzheimer's disease with a tour (time-lapse movies), Huntington's disease, Multiple sclerosis with a tour, AIDS dementia, Herpes encephalitis with a tour, and more.

613 Health, Hygiene, Preventive medicine, Children - Health and hygiene, Health counseling, (Children - Diseases)

15 Rules to Live By for Optimal Health by Jake of muscles.zone.

AllRefer Health. Medical resource provides comprehensive and authorative information and news on diseases, symptoms, tests, surgery, injuries, nutrition, medications, and poisons. Focuses on family and community health.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Contents: News, Travelers' Health (for travelers outside of U.S. with alerts about disease outbreaks), Health Topics A-Z (Fact sheets, disease prevention and health information), Publications, Data and Statistics, Training and Employment, CDC Prevention Guidelines, Hoaxes and Rumors, Links to Emerging Infectious Disease Journal, and MMWR - The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Child Health Advice. These guidelines (topics) are intended to help you determine how sick your child is and if you need to call your child's doctor. Their second purpose is to help you treat your child at home when it is safe to do so. IMPORTANT! Your doctor's advice and your good judgment should always take precedence over information in these guidelines.

Health Finder. Focus on health in the U.S. Links to Health Library (health information from A to Z), Health News, Today's Online Checkup, Just for You (health topics organized by age, by race and ethnicity, for men and women, and others), Health Care, Directory of Healthfinder® Organizations.

Healthy Roads Media. Site provides 3 ways for you to access health information: Multimedia (pictures and sounds), Sound only, or in Written form. Topics include: Violence & Abuse, Asthma, Flu, Diabetes, Smoking, Immunization, Heart, Other Health Issues: Cut Down on Salt and Sodium, Watch Your Weight, and more. Also available in Arabic, Bosnian, Somalian, Spanish and Vietnamese.

KidsHealth. One of the largest sites on the Web providing doctor-approved health information about children from before birth through adolescence. Includes hundreds of in-depth articles and features.

Medical / Health Sciences Libraries on the Web. Covers numerous links to major health centers, medical centers, health science libraries, etc. in almost all of the United States, plus US Territories, Australia, Canada, Germany, UK, Other countries.

MedlinePlus: Interactive Health Tutorials. Health education resources from the Patient Education Institute. Ttutorials require Flash plug-in, version 4 or higher. Using animated graphics each tutorial explains a procedure or condition. Categories: Diseases and Conditions, Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, and Surgery and Treatment Procedures.

Medscape.com. Offers health professionals medical health information and educational resources. Topics include: News, Treatment Updates, Clinical Management, Resource Centers, Practice Guidelines, Library, Patient Resources, Managed Care, and Multi-specialty Links.

Menopause and Menopause Treatments Fact Sheet. FAQs from National Women's Health Information Center, Office on Women's Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

National Women's Health Resource Center (NWHRC): Women's Health Information. Not-for-Profit organization. Call toll-free: 1-877-986-9472. Conditions and Treatments A-Z - More than 100 conditions, diseases and women's health issues covered in depth. All content reviewed for medical accuracy by health care professionals.

NOAH - New York Online Access to Health: Health Topics.
Physical Activities Guidelines for Americans.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Health Topics, A-Z.

Office of Women's Health from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Office of Women's Health Library includes links to Get the Facts - Fact Sheets available in both PDF and HTML text format, Menopause and Hormones, Diabetes Brochure, Osteoporosis: Are You at Risk? and more.

Patient Safety Network - A National Patient Safety Resource - continuously updated, annotated, and carefully selected collection of patient safety news, literature, tools, and resources from Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in the United States. Safety Subjects include: Medication errors, Diagnostic errors, Post-operative surgical complications, etc.

613.2 Nutrition, Diet, Weight loss, Vitamins, Vegetarianism, Food - Cholesterol content, (Calories), (Carbohydrates), (Proteins), (Dietary fiber)

For Recipes see 641.5 Cooking, Recipes

Facts on Cholesterol from Eat Right Ontario. Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is part of your body's cells and helps you make vitamin D and certain hormones. Where does cholesterol come from? Cholesterol is made in your liver. Cholesterol comes from the foods you eat. What are the two types of cholesterol?
Cholesterol explained from Better Health Channel, Victorian Government, Australia. Contents include: Cholesterol is essential, Two types of Cholesterol: Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, Cholesterol levels, How to avoid saturated fats, Diet and lifestyle tips to help reduce your cholesterol.
High Blood Cholesterol: What You Need to Know from National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).
High Cholesterol. Causes and diet advice from BUPA, UK.
High cholesterol level (hypercholesterolaemia) from netdoctor.co.uk.
What Your Cholesterol Levels Mean from American Heart Association.
Keeping Cholesterol Under Control by John Henkel, from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
A Guide to Choosing Low-Fat, Low-Cholesterol Foods from Patient Education, University of Utah Health Sciences Center.
High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions from MedicineNet.
Fats and Cholesterol - The Good, The Bad, and The Healthy Diet from Harvard School of Public Health.
Cholesterol Information. Commercial site but includes useful information on Cholesterol: Lower Cholesterol, Cholesterol Levels, Cholesterol and Food, Cholesterol and Diet, Cholesterol and Recipes, Triglycerides.

Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Guidelines provide authoritative advice for people two years and older about how good dietary habits can promote health and reduce risk for major diseases.

Healthy Eating Tips from BetterHealth.vic.gov.au.

Kinetic.com. Resource for raising a healthy child. Bright Papers and FAQs provide facts about children and physical activity, healthy eating and self-esteem. Site includes games and quizzes, tells kids cool stuff about how the body works, how eating right helps children play better and feel good.

Mayo Clinic: Dietary supplements: Using vitamin and mineral supplements wisely, Herbal supplements: What to know before you buy.

Fast Food Nutrition Facts Calculator. How many calories and fat are you getting from fast food? From Pediatrics.About.com
Harvey's Allergen Guide and Harvey\'s Nutrition & Allergy Information Pamphlet - Canadian.
McDonald's Canada: Nutrition Calculator.
Wendy's Nutrition Fact Calculations for U.S. or Canada.
Restaurants - Fast Foods - Nutrition Facts from DietFacts.com. See Nutrition Facts for 453 Restaurants, including:
A&W Restaurant
Boston Pizza
Burger King
Chuck E. Cheese's
Dairy Queen
Dunkin Donuts
Jack in the Box
KFC - Kentucky Fried Chicken
Krispy Kreme
Old Spaghetti Factory
Pizza Hut
Pizza Pizza
Red Lobster
Swiss Chalet
Taco Bell
Tim Horton's.

Human Nutrition. Nutrition and Consumer Protection from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Contents include: Human nutrition - Profiles by country: Africa, Asia & South East Pacific, Latin America & the Caribbean, and Near East, Food safety and quality - Safety and quality assurance, Food chain, Good hygiene practices, and more.

My Plate and Pyramid Resources. Food and Nutrition Information Center: Dietary Guidance, from United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Nutrition in the Fast Lane. Info on 2,400 menu items offered by over 50 of the most popular national fast-food and casual dining restaurant chains. Restaurants are listed alphabetically. At the top of each restaurant page are guides to various nutrition facts about each menu item.

leaf Sport Nutrition Resources from Coaching Association of Canada. Search database of Nutrition Tips. Includes Tips and Tools - Search database of 14 Nutrition Categories, e.g. Nutrition - Adolescents - All Sports - All Years, or other Nutrition Categories.

Top diets review for 2016 - Live Well - NHS Choices from NHS.uk (National Health Service of United Kingdom). Review by British Dietetic Association (BDA) of some of the most popular diets. Pros and cons of 5:2 diet, Dukan diet, Paleo diet, New Atkins diet, Alkaline diet, Cambridge diet, South Beach diet, Slimming World diet, Slim-Fast diet, LighterLife diet, WeightWatchers diet, Rosemary Conley diet.

Trans Fat from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also:

Trans Fat Overview from American Heart Association. Effective Jan. 1, 2006, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires food companies to list trans fat content separately on the Nutrition Facts panel of all packaged foods. Trans fat (also called trans fatty acids) is formed when liquid vegetable oils go through a chemical process called hydrogenation, in which hydrogen is added to make the oils more solid. Hydrogenated vegetable fats are used by food processors because they allow longer shelf-life and give food desirable taste, shape, and texture.
Trans Fat from American Heart Association.
Frequently Asked Questions About Fats from American Heart Association.
Trans Fats: the stealth killers by Joyce DiBenedetto-Colton, Earth Save Miami.
Denmark sees 70% fall in cardiovascular disease deaths from EurActiv.com, May 6, 2014. "In 2003, Denmark became the first country in the world to ban this kind of trans fat. Research has shown that eating more than five grams of trans fats per day increases the risk of cardiovascular disease ..."
Hidden Trans Fats Exposed. New Food Labels List Trans Fats. From Harvard School of Public Health. As of January 1, 2006, trans fat must be listed on food labels along with other bad fats (saturated fats) and good ones (unsaturated fats) - New regulation approved by the FDA for American food supply.

Vegetarian FAQ from International Vegetarian Union (IVU).

The Vegetarian/Vegan Society of Queensland! Australia Popular Forum Articles, Vegetarian and Vegan Recipes, Nutrition Articles: Iron: The Myths and the Facts, What Every Vegan Should Know About Vitamin B12, Healthy Vegetarian/Vegan Eating, What to Eat Instead of Meat, plus Resources, Religion and Spirituality.

Vitamins and Nutrition Center. A Vitamin Information Center. Explore the latest vitamins research, detailed profiles on every vitamin, what to look for in a multivitamin, and what to look for when evaluating vitamins.

613.7 Exercise, Aerobics, Physical education, Physical fitness, Weight lifting

The Best Free Workout Videos on YouTube by GREATIST, Jan 18, 2015.

Exercise Library from American Council on Exercise (ACE), the largest nonprofit fitness certification and education provider in the world. Choose from numerous specific exerices for Agility/Balance, Arms, Back, Chest, Core, Legs, Shoulders. Illustrated with photographs.

FREE Full-Length Workout Videos from Fitness Blender. Find Workouts by Keyword(s), Workout time in minutes, Calories burned, Difficulty level, Body focus, Training type, Equipment needed.

Free Full Length Workout Videos 2013-2014 from FitnessBlender. 256 videos. Last updated Apr 17, 2017.

History of Fitness by Lance C. Dalleck, M.S. and Len Kravitz, Ph.D., University of New Mexico.

613.85 Smoking, Smoking cessation programs, Tobacco habit, (Addiction to nicotine), (Quit smoking), (How to stop smoking), (Smoke ending programs)

The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. June 27, 2006. Fact Sheets include:

What Is Secondhand Smoke?
Secondhand Smoke Is Toxic and Poisonous
Children are Hurt by Secondhand Smoke, and more.

The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General of the United States. May 27, 2004.

On the Road to Quitting - Guide to Becoming a Non-Smoker from Health Canada, Tobacco Control Program:

Factsheets About Tobacco
Smoking and Your Body
Tobacco Products Information Regulations - Toxic emissions - Fact: Tobacco smoke contains over 4000 chemicals, including 50 carcinogens that are released when a cigarette is smoked.
Second-Hand Smoke, and more.

Quit Smoking Now from Smokefree.gov. Online Guide to Quitting, Thinking About Quitting, Preparing to Quit, Quitting, Staying Quit, Talk to an Expert Who Can Help.

Smoking Tobacco Facts Death & Cancer. Very graphic site, not for the faint of heart. Contents:

Epidemology: Tobacco Kills!!!
Cost to Society
Dangers of Tobacco
Larynx Cancer (graphically illustrated complete with sound, plus laryngeal biopsy video)
Oral Cancer
Secondhand Smoke (includes video)
Tobacco Withdrawal
Origins of Tobacco, and more.

Stop Smoking Center. This forum is moderated by health care professionals. You must register to participate in discussion groups. Registration is free. Related resources:
Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence from National Drug Research Institute (NDRI), Australia.
View All Quitting Success Stories from the Lung Association.

TIPS - Tobacco Information and Prevention Source from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Contents include:

Smoking and Tobacco Use: Data and Statistics
Useful Resources to Quit Smoking, and more.

Tobacco Atlas by Michael Eriksen, Judith Mackay and Hana Ross. Contents include: History of Tobacco, Types of Tobacco Use, Male, Female & Youth Smoking, Cigarette Consumption, Health Risks, Passive Smoking, Deaths, Costs of Tobacco, Costs to the Economy, Costs to the Smoker, The Tobacco Trade, Growing Tobacco, Manufacturing Tobacco, Tobacco Companies, Tobacco Trade, Smuggling, Tobacco Industry Promotion, Internet Sales, Smokers' Rights Organizations, Legislation: Smoke-Free Areas, Advertising Bans, Health Warnings, Quitting, Litigation, World Tables, Demographics of Tobacco (tables in PDF, 4 pages).

614 Public health, (Medical care), (Medical clinics), (Health care), (Health clinics), (Free clinics)

Free clinic from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "A free clinic is a medical facility offering community healthcare on a free or very low-cost basis in countries with marginal or no universal health care . . . In the US, almost all free clinics provide care for acute, non-emergent conditions."

The Free Clinic Movement by Connie Marshner, TCS Daily (Technology, Commerce, Society). "Free Clinics are private, non-profit organizations that provide medical, dental, pharmaceutical and/or mental health services at little or no cost to low-income, uninsured and underinsured people. These clinics are truly free - both to their clients and to the taxpayers."

National Association of Free Clinics (NAFC). Find a free clinic in your area, search by state. The only nonprofit 501c(3) organization in the United States. Volunteer workforce of doctors, dentists, nurses, therapists, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, technicians and other health care professionals.

Public health from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Public Opinion About Public Health - United States, 1999.

614.841 Fire prevention, Fires - Safety measures

Electrical Fire Causes from Walters Forensic Engineering Inc.

Fire Classes from Wikipedia. American - Fuel/Heat source:

● Class A - Ordinary combustibles
● Class B - Flammable liquids, Flammable gases
● Class C - Electrical equipment
● Class D - Combustible metals
● Class K - Cooking oil or fat

Fire Marshall Bill in National Fire Safety Week Jim Carrey. Funny YouTube video, 4:28 min.

Fire Prevention & Safety Checklist. Be Red Cross Ready.

Fire prevention and safety for your home from City of Calgary.
Safety Tip Sheets from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
Safety and Fire Prevention from City of Toronto.
Fire Safety, Prevention and Fighting Training. YouTube video, 17:07 min. Published Oct 23, 2014 by badfishcastle. "Threats to fire safety are referred to as fire hazards. A fire hazard may include a situation that increases the likelihood a fire may start or may impede escape in the event a fire occurs."
Fire Prevention 24/7. YouTube video, 9:12 min. Uploaded on Dec 21, 2010 by VictorFireDepartment. This is a fire prevention video created by local college students with the support of the Victor Fire Department in Victor, NY.

Fire Safety from KidsHealth.

leaf Fire Safety from Staying Alive. Statistics show that your life will be affected by fire three times, either through personal experience or the experiences of family and friends. Tragedy can be prevented by awareness and vigilance. Home Escape Plans, Household Safety, Fire Safety Checklist

Fire Safety Tips for Kids (and Parents) from ContractorQuotes.us. Site includes an Ultimate Safety Guide for Young Families: Facts About Fires in the U.S. as well as Universal Fire Prevention and Fire Preparedness Steps for Kids and Parents.

Fire Safety Tip Sheets from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Free safety tip sheets on a variety of fire and life safety topics.

Fire Safety Video. YouTube, 2:47 min. Test fire provided by the New York City Fire Department (FDNY) - Learn how quickly a fire can spread.

Kitchen Oil Fire. YouTube video, 0:35 min.

615 Drugs, Pharmacy, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical chemistry, (Pharmaceuticals), (Drugs - Chemistry), (Prescription drugs)

Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs. A free public education website to help consumers in the United States save money on medicines. Reports compare a variety of prescription drugs on price, effectiveness and safety to help consumers and their doctors identify the most effective and affordable medicines.

Drug Index A-Z. Specific, targeted drug information is available for both consumers and healthcare professionals on over 24,000 prescription and over the counter medicines available primarily in the USA.

USA Flag CVS/pharmacy. Drug Information and Prescription Drug Information Center. Health Information Center. Health Resources, Health Care, Health Library, Health and Wellness Information.

DailyMed - Current Medication Information from National Library of Medicine (NLM). DailyMed provides high quality information about marketed drugs in the United States. Currently, this site contains 1288 approved prescription drugs. Info provided with each drug includes: Description, Clinical Pharmacology, Indications & Usage, Contraindications, Warnings, Precautions, Adverse Reactions, Dosage & Administration, How Supplied. You can report adverse drug effects or reactions to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Drug Guide from Yahoo! Health. Select a drug name from A-Z, or 0-9. Information provided by Healthwise. Includes Top 50 Drugs.

DrugRatingz.com. Drug Reviews and Ratings. A site where patients rate the prescription drugs they take. Find real, independent ratings, reviews and recommendations for prescription drugs, medications and pharmaceuticals.

Drugs.com. Drug information online. Prescription Drugs - Information, Interactions & Side Effects. Prescription drug information and news for professionals and consumers. Search drug database for comprehensive prescription and patient information on 24,000 drugs online.

Drugs@FDA from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Site contains a Catalog of FDA Approved Drug Products including prescription and over-the-counter human drugs currently approved and tentatively approved for sale in the United States. Search for official information about FDA approved brand name and generic drugs by Drug Name or Active Ingredient, or Browse by Drug Name A-Z, 0-9, or use Advanced Search Options. For general drug information: Call 301-827-4573 or 888-INFO-FDA (1-888-463-6332), or E-mail your questions to druginfo@cder.fda.gov.

drugstore.com. Includes detailed drug information and prices of numerous common medications. Features include: Fill your prescription online, Ask your pharmacist, Beauty and spa, Nutrition and wellness, Personal care, Medical reference with information on hundreds of ills and conditions from A to Z, and more.

Electronic Orange Book. Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations. This database shows you the approved generic counterpart to prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs. This U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) site provides consumers with information about federally approved generic equivalents of drugs. Search by Active Ingredient, by Applicant Holder, by Proprietary Name, by Application Number, or by Patent.

leaf MedBroadcast.com: Drug Info - Prescription Drug Info powered by MediResource™. Information on Canadian prescription drugs. Find out about how your medication works, right way to take it, when you shouldn't take it, possible side effects, what drugs shouldn't be taken together, and more. All medications have both common (generic) and brand names.

Medical Prescription Drug Benefit - Calculator from DoctorMedSupp.com. Medicare Part D Standard Benefit Model Parameters. Chart shows Standard Benefit design changes for plan years between 2016-2007.
2016 PDP-Planner: Medicare Part D Doughnut Hole Calculator from Q1Medicare.com.
2016 Drug Finder: Search for Your Prescription Drug Across All Medicare Part D or Medicare Advantage Plans from Q1Medicare.com.

Over-the-Counter Medicines from MedlinePlus. Drugs, Supplements, and Herbal Information. Drug Information: Browse by first letter of generic or brand name drug; Herbs and Supplements: Browse by first letter of herb or supplement.

RxList: The Internet Drug Index. Includes over 4500 medications, Drug Interaction Checker (check compatibility of all prescription and OTC drugs), Ask the Pharmacist, Drug FAQs, Patient Monographs (search for information on over 1,500 popular drugs), Taber's Medical Encyclopedia (search for over 53,000 definitions), and RxLaughs (jokes).
Drugs A-Z List.

615.8 Acupuncture

Acupuncture from National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) Health Information. Key Points, What is acupuncture? How widely is acupuncture used in the United States? What does acupuncture feel like? Does acupuncture work? How might acupuncture work? How do I find a licensed acupuncture practitioner? How much will acupuncture cost? Will it be covered by my insurance? Definitions, and more.

Acupuncture, A Brief Introduction by Jeffrey A. Singer, with illustration. What is Acupuncture and how does it work? Very brief version, illustrated. Ear Acupuncture by Heather Schiffke.

Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine Basics from Acufinder.com. Includes: How does acupuncture work? (Eastern explanation and Western explanation). What is the history of acupuncture and Asian Medicine? What can acupuncture treat? How many treatments will I need? How deep do acupuncture needles go? How do I choose an acupuncturist? What do the initials after the acupuncturists name stand for? What are the different styles of acupuncture? Are there risks or side effects to acupuncture? Acupuncture Topics.

Acupuncture Facts from Los Angeles Chinese Learning Center. Contents: What is Acupuncture? History of Acupuncture, Ancient Acupuncture Theories, Modern Views on Acupuncture, Mechanisms of Action, Side Effects of Acupuncture, Limits, Choosing an Acupuncturist, Does Acupuncture Hurt? Is Acupuncture Safe? Commonly Used Acupuncture Point, Acupuncturists.

615.85154 Music therapy

American Music Therapy Association Website: Music Therapy Makes a Difference. What is music therapy, Frequently Asked Questions About Music Therapy.

leaf Canadian Association for Music Therapy. Brief History of Music Therapy, Definition, Benefits of Music Therapy, Music Therapists, and more.

616 Diseases, (Illness), (Sickness), (Skin - Diseases)

See also 616.9 Communicable diseases.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Includes Infectious Disease Information from National Center for Infectious Diseases.

leaf Diseases from Government of Canada. A-Z list of topics from Acoustic neuroma to Zika virus. Find information, tools and facts about symptoms, risks and how to prevent, treat and manage human diseases and illnesses.

Diseases and Conditions. Popular Health Topics A-Z from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

leaf Diseases Fact Sheets from Health Canada. Topics include: Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Chlamydia, Colorectal Cancer, Flesh-eating Disease, Flu, Genital Herpes, Gonorrhea, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), HIV/AIDS, Infant Botulism, Legionnaires' Disease and Pontiac Fever, Reye's Syndrome, Skin Cancer, Syphilis, Tuberculosis (TB), Type 2 Diabetes, Whooping Cough (Pertussis). See also Public Health Fact Sheets from Region of Peel, ON. Topics include: Fifth Disease, Head Lice, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Influenza, Measles (rubeola), SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), West Nile Virus.

Escherichia coli from Wikipedia.

Global Health Facts from Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

Health A-Z from WebMD. List of diseases: Allergies, Arthritis, Asthma, Back Pain, Breast Cancer, Depression, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Migraines, etc.

HEALTHMap: Global Disease Alert Map. Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences & Technology. Zoom to region: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Mideast, Asia. Site provides a comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health.

MayoClinic.com: Diseases and Conditions. Reference articles on diseases and conditions. Select a disease from A-Z, learn about signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, when to seek medical advice, screening and diagnosis, complications, treatments, prevention, self-care, coping strategies, complementary and alternative medicine.

The Office Worker's Guide to Staying Healthy in the Workplace by Charles Labs of www.247inktoner.com. Topics include: The Office and Germs: An Infectious Breeding Ground, Where are the Germs and How Can You Avoid Them?

616.02 First aid

Emergency and First Aid from HealthyWorld Online.

First Aid. 224 pages in PDF. Field Manual No. 4-25.11 from U.S. Department of the Army, Navy and Air Force, Washington, D.C. 23 Dec. 2002. See also First Aid - Online Army Study Guide.

First Aid and Injuries Center from eMedicineHealth. First Aid, Injury, and Emergency Related Resources. First Aid and Injury Articles. First Aid and Injuries Medications, First Aid and Injuries Images and Slideshows, First Aid and Injuries Quizzes, First Aid and Injuries News, First Aid and Injuries A-Z List: Complete Listing of Emergency Related Information.

First Aid and Safety from KidsHealth. Child safety is of top priority. Articles on Emergencies: What to Do, Home Safety and First Aid, Safety Away From Home, Outdoors and Seasonal Safety. Includes What Do I Do? Instruction Sheets, Emergency Contact Sheet, and more.

First-Aid Guide from MayoClinic. Topics covered include: Animal bites, Blisters, Chest pain, Electrical shock, Fever, Frostbite, Hypothermia, Insect bites and stings, Motion sickness, Nosebleeds, Poisoning, Snakebites, Toothache, and many more.

First Aid Kits. Includes First Aid Articles, Home and Travel First Aid Kits, How to Make a First Aid Kit, How to Use a First Aid Kit, What to Put in Your Household Kit, What to Put in Your Travel Kit, from eMedicineHealth.

Free Online First Aid Courses. Firstaidforfree.com offers free online first aid and CPR courses. Once course is completed, user can download a free first aid and CPR certificate. Must register first.

Skin Disorders by Katherine Brind'Amour, Medically Reviewed by University of Illinois-Chicago, College of Medicine on April 16, 2016. Common skin conditions include: moles, acne, hives, chickenpox, eczema, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, vitiligo, impetigo, warts, skin cancer. Symptoms, causes, Treating skin disorders, Preventing skin disorders.

Snakebites: First aid from Mayo Clinic.
Snake bites from MedlinePlus. Follow these steps to provide first aid: 1. Keep the person calm. 2. Remove any rings or constricting items, because the affected area may swell. 3. If the area of the bite begins to swell and change color, the snake was probably venomous. 4. Monitor the person's vital signs. 5. Get medical help right away.
Snakebite Treatment from WebMD.

First Aid: Spider Bites by Rod Brouhard, EMT-P - Reviewed by a board-certified physician. Updated July 20, 2016. Spider Bite Symptoms, Pictures, and Treatment. Venomous (or Poisonous) Spiders.
First Aid: Brown Recluse Bites by Rod Brouhard, EMT-P - Reviewed by a board-certified physician. Updated July 25, 2016. How to Tell if You Were Bitten by the Dreaded Brown Recluse. Symptoms of a Brown Recluse Bite, Treatment for a Brown Recluse Bite.

Using downtime at work to combat hand and wrist tension from Toronto Star, thestar.com. YuMee Chung shares yoga poses that are easy to add to your daily life. Today: Come Hither Hands helps prevent damage caused by repetitive motion. (Repetitive Strain Injury)

616.0757 Radiology, Radiography, Diagnostic imaging, (X-rays)

RadiologyInfo - The radiology information resource for patients. Site developed jointly by American College of Radiology and Radiological Society of North America. Contents include: Diagnostic radiology, Interventional Radiology, Mammography, Nuclear Medicine, X-ray - Radiography, Interventional Radiology, Radiation Therapy.

Society of Interventional Radiology. What Are Interventional Radiologists? Common Interventional Radiology Procedures: Angiography, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telanglectasia - HHT, Stroke, Varicose Veins and numerous other IR treatments and procedures, with descriptions and illustrations.

616.2 Cold (Disease), (Common cold), Influenza, (Flu)

13 crazy facts about the common cold by Melissa Breyer, Living / Health, October 12, 2015.

19 Ways to Prevent and Treat Colds and Flu by Megan Hirt, Mother Earth News, Jan. 2013. Stay well this winter with these proven strategies for preventing colds and flu, and some simple, natural cold and flu remedies.

ABC News OnCall+ Cold & Flu Center. Find answers to questions on colds and the flu. Answers provided by medical experts from prestigious medical centers in the United States.

American Lung Association: Influenza Fact Sheet.

Avian influenza from World Health Organization (WHO). Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by type A strains of the influenza virus. The disease, which was first identified in Italy more than 100 years ago, occurs worldwide.

Basic Information About Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) from U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Common Cold. Understanding Colds (e.g. What a Common Cold Is, How Cold Virus Infection Occurs, What Causes Cold Symptoms), Treatment, Complications, and Prevention, as well as some Myths of the Common Cold.

Common Cold. Info from MedlinePlus.

Common cold from Wikipedia. Common cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose. The throat, sinuses, and voice box may also be affected ... Well over 200 virus strains are implicated in the cause of the common cold; the rhinoviruses are the most common ... There is no vaccine for the common cold ... The common cold is the most frequent infectious disease in humans.

Common Colds: Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention from Medical News Today. The common cold is a viral infectious disease that infects the upper respiratory system. It is also known as acute viral rhinopharyngitis, or acute coryza. Being the most common infectious disease in humans, the cold is mainly caused by coronaviruses or rhinoviruses. The human body can never build up resistance to all the viruses that can cause the common cold.

Dr. Kujtan's Medical Matters: What Is the Difference between a Cold and the Flu?

Why Do I Feel So Hot When I Have a Cold?
Why Is My Wife So Cold, Doc?
The Bugs of Summer.
Did You Get a Flu Shot?
Shoot, Snort, Swallow or Run (Flu Shot).
You Don't Say (Flu Shot).
Other Articles by Dr. Peter W. Kujtan

Where to Get Vaccinated in the United States. The Adult Vaccine Finder locates the providers of recommended adult vaccine near you. Enter a zip code.

Flu Shot FAQ from Rexall.

Community Clinics.
Find a Flu Clinic in Ontario, Canada.
Toronto: Let's Beat the Flu. Includes General Influenza Fact Sheets - available in 24 languages.

Flu Symptoms and Severity from Flu.gov.
Influenza (Flu) from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Seasonal Influenza: Flu Basics. Preventing Seasonal Flu With Vaccination. Treatment - Antiviral Drugs.
Flu Vaccination: Key Facts About Seasonal Flu Vaccine from CDC. Why should people get vaccinated against the flu? Influenza is a serious disease that can lead to hospitalization and sometimes even death. How do flu vaccines work? Who should get vaccinated this season? Who should not be vaccinated? When should I get vaccinated? Where can I get a flu vaccine?Why do I need a flu vaccine every year? Does flu vaccine work right away? Vaccine Effectiveness. Vaccine Benefits.
Health Map Vaccine Finder in United States.

Influenza - Infectious Diseases from Public Health Agency of Canada.
Frequently Asked Questions - H1N1 Flu Virus from Public Health Agency of Canada.
H1N1 Influenza (H1N1 Flu Virus, Influenza A (H1N1), Human Swine Flu) from CHealth. Facts, Causes, Symptoms and Complications, Making the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention. "H1N1 influenza is a contagious respiratory disease that causes symptoms similar to those of the seasonal influenza in people. The name 'swine flu' was initially used to describe this type of influenza because laboratory tests showed that this strain of flu virus was made up of genes that were very similar to the ones that caused influenza among pigs (swine) ... we now know that the H1N1 flu virus is made up of genes from several different flu viruses that normally circulate among pigs, birds, and humans."
Swine Flu: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment by Christian Nordqvist, Medical News Today (MNT), 4 May 2016. "Approximately 1-4% of pigs that get swine flu will die from it ... Most commonly, swine flu is of the H1N1 influenza subtype." How does a human catch swine flu? Can I eat pork meat and pork products?
Swine Flu (H1N1) by Lydia Krause and Joanna Poceta. Medically Reviewed by Debra Sullivan, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE, COI, from Healthline, Dec 14, 2015.

H1N1 flu (swine flu) from Flu.gov.
Swine influenza from Wikipedia.
Swine Flu (Swine Influenza A [H1N1 and H3N2v] Virus) from MedicineNet. By Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD. Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD. Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts. What is the swine flu? How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious? How long does the swine flu last? What causes swine flu? What is the treatment for swine flu? What are the risk factors for swine flu? Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine? Are there home remedies for swine flu?

Influenza from World Health Organization (WHO). Includes Influenza pandemic threat: current situation, Recommendations for influenza vaccines.

leaf Influenza (Flu). Diseases and conditions from Health Canada. See also: It's Your Health - Influenza (the "flu") Fact Sheet, Seasonal Influenza (Flu), Avian Influenza, Pandemic Influenza.

leaf Influenza Pandemic from Wikipedia. An influenza pandemic is an epidemic of an influenza virus that spreads on a worldwide scale and infects a large proportion of the human population.
The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918 from Flu.gov. "In 1890, an especially virulent influenza pandemic struck, killing many Americans. Those who survived that pandemic and lived to experience the 1918 pandemic tended to be less susceptible to the disease ... The Influenza Pandemic occurred in three waves in the United States throughout 1918 and 1919."

Influenza: The Disease from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

616.522 Shingles (Disease), (Chickenpox)

Shingles: Shingles Symptoms, Treatment, Causes and Cures (How To Treat Shingles/Herpes Zoster Virus Book 1)
Shingles: Shingles Symptoms,
Treatment, Causes and Cures
(How to Treat
Shingles/Herpes Zoster Virus
Book 1)
  Shingles: New Hope for an Old Disease
New Hope
an Old Disease
Mary-Ellen Siegel
and Gray Williams
  Shingles: The Essential Guide on How to Prevent Shingles and Trusted Shingles Remedies So You Can Start Living Life the Way You Want Now (Shingles Treatment, Shingles Prevention, Shingles Remedies)
Shingles: The Essential Guide
on How to Prevent Shingles ...
(Shingles Treatment,
Shingles Prevention,
Shingles Remedies)
Natural Home Remedies for Shingles
Home Remedies
for Shingles
  Shingles - A Quick Guide to Symptoms, Treatment and Pain Relief
A Quick Guide
to Symptoms, Treatment
and Pain Relief
  Shingles Treatments: Effective Fast Acting Natural Remedies for Herpes Zoster (Shingles, Shingles Treatments, Shingles Cure, Shingles Causes, Shingles Remedies, Shingles Pain Relief, Herpes Zoster Virus)
Shingles Treatments:
Effective Fast Acting
Natural Remedies ...

Shingles from WebMD. Cause, Symptoms, What Increases Your Risk, Treatment Overview, Prevention, Medications.

Shingles: Are You Risking Nerve Pain? from WebMD. What Is Shingles and Postherpetic Neuralgia? Risk Factors for Nerve Pain After Shingles. Preventing Nerve Pain After Shingles.

Shingles (Herpes Zoster) from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Overview, Cause, Signs & Symptoms, Transmission, Complications, Prevention & Treatment. Photos of People with Shingles.

Shingles Symptoms by Mayo Clinic Staff. Causes, Risk Factors, Complications, Preparing for your appointment, Tests and diagnosis, Treatments and drugs, Lifestyle and home remedies, Prevention: Two vaccines may help prevent shingles - the chickenpox (varicella) vaccine and the shingles (varicella-zoster) vaccine.

Shingles vaccine (Zostavax®) from CDC. Shingles vaccine (Zostavax®) reduces the risk of developing shingles and the long-term pain from post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) caused shingles. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends shingles vaccine for people aged 60 years and older. Even people who have had shingles can receive the Shingles vaccine (Zostavax®) to help prevent future occurrences of the disease.

In Ontario Canada, you need a doctor's prescription to buy the Shingles vaccine (Zostavax®) yourself as it is not covered by OHIP, as well as the same doctor to admininster the vaccine for you free of charge as that is covered by OHIP. In Mississauga Ontario, the cost of Zostavax® varies with individual pharmacies. Prices range from CAD $199 to $222 with dispensing fees included. (Prices obtained from 6 local pharmacies, Nov. 2015).

616.6 Infertility, Human fertility, (Fertilization in vitro), (Childlessness), (Infertile couples)

The Fertility Race. Major topics include: Twenty Years of Test-Tube Babies, HIV and Fertility, Surrogate Motherhood, and the Fertility Industry. Site also includes Statistics and a Glossary.

Infertility from MedlinePlus Health Information. Includes Latest News, Overviews, Anatomy, Physiology, Clinical Trials, Coping with Infertility, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Research, Treatment, Glossary, Law and Policy, Organizations, and Statistics.

Infertility Educational Articles from Internet Health Resources. Topics include infertility diagnosis, infertility treatment, egg donation, egg donors, male infertility, infertility drugs and medication, infertility glossaries, financial and legal aid, social issues, and fertility pictures.

616.8 Brain - Diseases, Alzheimer's disease, Cerebral palsy, Stroke, Mad Cow Disease

Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet from ADEAR - Alzheimer's Disease Education & Referral Center.

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) - Also known as Mad Cow Disease. A chronic, degenerative disorder affecting the central nervous system of cattle.

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), or Mad Cow Disease from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). See also BSE situation in the world and annual incidence rate from World Organization for Animal Health (Office International Des Epizooties).

Top 10 Myths About Alzheimer's Disease by Elizabeth Rogers, from 50Plus.com.

616.83 Tourette syndrome

About Tourette Syndrome from TS Foundation of Canada. Tourette Syndrome or TS is a neuropsychiatric or brain-based condition that causes people who have it to make involuntary sounds and movements called tics. Questions and Answers about Tourette Syndrome. Diagnoses. Treatment. Genetics and Research.

Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet from National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

Tourette's Syndrome from MedicineNet.

616.85 Phobias, Neuroses, (Anxiety), (Fear)

Anxiety Disorders by William R Yeats, M.D. from eMedicine. Includes treatment, medication, charts and more.

Facts About Anxiety Disorders from National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), National Institutes of Health (NIH). How Common Are Anxiety Disorders? What Are the Different Kinds of Anxiety Disorders? What Are Effective Treatments for Anxiety Disorders? It is common for an anxiety disorder to accompany depression, eating disorders, substance abuse, or another anxiety disorder. Includes a Quiz, and Answers to Quiz.

Phobia from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Phobia List by Fredd Culbertson. Includes A-Z List (from Ablutophobia - Fear of washing or bathing, to Zoophobia - Fear of animals), How Phobias Are Named (The word phobia is Greek, therefore any word that is connected to it should be Greek), Treatment of Phobias, Fear or Fearless Quotes, and more.

Phobias from MedlinePlus. Overviews, Treatment, Coping, Specific Conditions, Related Issues, Clinical Trials, Dictionaries/Glossaries, Directories, Organizations, Children, Teenagers.

Phobias: What Are You Afraid Of? from CoolQuiz! Includes A-Z list of phobias, and Phobias of the Rich and Famous.

Phobic Disorders by Ronald C. Albucher, M.D. from eMedicine. "A phobia is defined as an irrational fear that produces a conscious avoidance of the feared subject, activity, or situation." Contents include: Introduction, Clinical, Differentials, Workup (Lab Studies, Tests), Treatment, Medication, Follow-up, Miscellaneous, Bibliography.

Social Phobia from Royal College of Psychiatrists.

Social Phobia from Teens Health.

Social Phobia / Social Anxiety Fact Sheet. Definition: Social anxiety is the fear of social situations that involve interaction with other people. Social Anxiety Disorder (social phobia) is the third largest mental health care problem in the world.

616.9 Communicable diseases, (Black death), (Bubonic plague), Ebola, Marburg Haemorrhagic Fever, Plague, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Swine Influenza (Swine Flu), West Nile Virus (WNV), Zika Virus (ZIKV)

Communicable Disease Fact Sheet.

Communicable Disease Fact Sheets listed in A-Z order. Brief information on each disease from New York State Department of Health.

Travelers' Health: Disease Directory. Index A-Z: From African Tick-Bite Fever to Zika. Illnesses, Conditions, Concerns, Programs from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


Ebola virus disease from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "Ebola virus disease (EVD), Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola is a disease of humans and other mammals caused by an ebolavirus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Typically, vomiting, diarrhea and rash follow, along with decreased function of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, affected people may begin to bleed both within the body and externally ... No specific treatment for the disease is yet available ... The disease typically occurs in outbreaks in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa. From 1976 (when it was first identified) through 2013, the World Health Organization reported a total of 1,716 cases. The largest outbreak to date is the ongoing 2014 West African Ebola outbreak, which is currently affecting Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria. As of 10 October 2014, 8,376 suspected cases resulting in the deaths of 4,024 have been reported. Efforts are under way to develop a vaccine; however, none yet exists."

Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease). Previously known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever - (Ebola HF) is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus strains. Ebola can cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees). Ebola is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Ebola Signs and Symptoms. Transmission of Ebola. Risk of Exposure, Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment, Healthcare Workers, Ebola Communication Resources: Audio, Videos, Infographics, Factsheets, Banners, Posters, Brochures/Tri-Folds, and Useful Links. 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

Ebola Travel Notices from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Description: Ebola and Marburg: Filoviral Diseases, Lassa Fever: Arenaviral Diseases, Rift Valley Fever (RVF) and Related Bunyaviral Diseases, Occurrence, Risk for Travellers, Prevention, Treatment. Disease Directory. Complete List of Destinations from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Ebola virus disease (EVD) Factsheet. Formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks, from World Health Organization (WHO).

Ebola Virus Infection from WebMD. A Visual Guide to Ebola from WebMD. Ebola Videos. How Ebola Killsby Dr. Michael Smith, WebMD.

Ebola: The world's most dangerous Virus (full documentary). YouTube video, 49:30 min. Published on May 30, 2013 by New Atlantis. "In recent decades there have been many diseases that so far only affected animals. These diseases, caused by very aggressive virus, appear with high frequency in Africa, and requires a high financial contribution in order to eradicate them. Marburg virus, influenza, dengue, yellow fever, Ebola virus ..."

Ebola - What You're Not Being Told. YouTube video, 6:27 min. Published on Jul 31, 2014. "Ebola may not spread through the air as easily as the common flu, but to say that it only spreads by contact with fluids is flat out false .. Dr. Kobinger's hypothesis: Ebola does indeed travel through the air."

Experts now warn that Ebola could turn into an airborne disease. Published 8 Oct 2014 by Metro.co.uk. "Medical experts are now warning that ebola may be easier to contract than first thought, and that a simple cough or sneeze could transmit the killer virus. The current medical wisdom is that the disease, which has killed more than 3,400 people in the most recent West African outbreak, is passed by people coming into contact from an infected patient's body fluids.

Dr Thomas Frieden, director of the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC), has said that Ebola is spread only through physical contact and is not an airborne infection. But the LA Times eports that other ebola experts are not so sure. A growing number are claiming that the virus has been through more human hosts than ever before - and may have mutated in ways not yet seen in earlier outbreaks. Such mutation might dilute the lethality of the virus, for example, but it might also change the way it spreads."

How Does Ebola Kill You? YouTube video, 3:33 min. by Trace Dominguez. The current ebola outbreak is the deadliest one in history. How exactly does this virus kill? Trace explains how the virus itself doesn't kill people. It's your immune system that's killing you. Published on Aug 30, 2014.

Monkey Meat and the Ebola Outbreak in Liberia. YouTube video, 18:06 min. Published on Jun 26, 2014. VICE News Exclusive: Part 1 of "The Fight Against Ebola" - "West Africa is being plagued by a new outbreak of Ebola - a terrifying disease that causes its victims to bleed to death from the inside out. Ebola has no cure, and the latest epidemic is spreading fast.

VICE News visited Liberia, where many feel the new outbreak began, borne from the bushmeat markets of Lofa. Western scientists feel that the consumption and preparation of meat from monkeys, fruit bats, and other forest animals is behind the transmission of Ebola, and possibly a new supervirus, which if left uncontrolled could kill a third of the world's population."

What You Need to Know About Ebola. YouTube video, 4:25 min. Published on Aug 7, 2014. SciShow News give you the facts about ebola, one of the world's deadliest diseases that's making a stand in West Africa.

Marburg Haemorrhagic Fever

Marburg haemorrhagic fever - A severe and highly fatal disease caused by a virus. See also Marburg haemorrhagic fever - fact sheet from World Health Organization (WHO).

Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Fact Sheet. Marburg hemorrhagic fever (Marburg HF) is a rare but severe hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Marburg HF is caused by Marburg virus, a genetically unique zoonotic (or, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family. The five species of Ebola virus are the only other known members of the filovirus family.

Marburg Virus from MDTravelHealth.


The Black Death: Bubonic Plague from TheMiddleAges.net. Contents include: Black Death Spreads, Bubonic Plague: Will it Ever End? The Medieval Miracles of Healing -- Medical Science, The Plague: an account from Boccaccio's The Decameron, Maps by EyeWitness to History, Plague and Public Health in Renaissance Europe, plus Fleas - site about the insects responsible for the Black Death.

Plague from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Contents: Introduction, General Information, Fact Sheet, Questions and Answers, Images, The Bacterium, Natural History, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention and Control, Scientific Literature, CDC World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Plague.

Plague. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Plague What is plague? Plague is a disease caused by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), a bacterium found in rodents and their fleas in many areas around the world. Why are we concerned about pneumonic plague as a bioweapon? Is pneumonic plague different from bubonic plague? What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonic plague? How do people become infected with pneumonic plague? Can pneumonic plague be treated? How is plague diagnosed? Is a vaccine available to prevent pneumonic plague? WebMD Public Information from the CDC. Reviewed by Charlotte E. Grayson Mathis, MD, Feb 1, 2003.

Plague Fact Sheet - Yersinia pestis (Plague) from the Center for Biosecurity, an independent nonprofit organization of UPMC (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center).

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

How SARS Works from How Stuff Works.

SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Overview, What is SARS? How is SARS spread? What are the symptoms? How is SARS diagnosed? How is SARS treated? How can I avoid being infected with SARS? From Lung Disease and Respiratory Health Center, WebMD, Nov 14, 2014.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). What Everyone Should Know About SARS from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Since 2004, there have not been any known cases of SARS reported anywhere in the world."

Swine Influenza (Swine Flu) - H1N1

2009 swine flu outbreak from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Google Flu Shot Locator. On 10 Nov. 2009, Google launched this online tool for tracking down where to get vaccinations against H1N1 and seasonal influenza in the United States.

H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Shot Clinics in Canada. Find Clinics for H1N1 Flu Shots by Canadian Province, by Susan Munroe, About.com.

Enviro-Health Links - 2009 H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) from United States National Library of Medicine. Include Maps, News, Twitter, Webcasts.

Find a Flu Shot from American Lung Association. "The Flu Vaccine Finder, powered by Google, provides information on where to find flu vaccinations. It provides dates, times, addresses and phone numbers for clinics offering flu shots near the zip codes provided. Google mapping will also show where each clinic is located." Vaccine Finder or Flu Shot Locator will work when flu season starts.

Find a Flu Shot Clinic from Pediatrics.About.com.

Influenza A (H1N1) from World Health Organization (WHO). Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response (EPR). Situation updates, Outbreak news, Resources, Media centre.

Key Facts about Swine Influenza (Swine Flu) from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A H1N1 influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. The classical swine flu virus was first isolated from a pig in 1930.

Seasonal Influenza (Flu). Influenza Vaccine and Vaccination Information from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

West Nile Virus (WNV)

West Nile Virus from Health Canada. Includes: West Nile Virus: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment, How to Protect Yourself & Your Family from West Nile Virus - Public Health Agency of Canada.

West Nile Virus Questions Answered from WebMD.

West Nile Virus FAQ from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

West Nile virus - Protect Yourself! from Public Health Agency of Canada. "West Nile virus is a virus mainly transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes transmit the virus after becoming infected by feeding on the blood of birds which carry the virus. Most people infected with the virus have no symptoms or they have flu-like symptoms."

Zika Virus (ZIKV)

WHO: Zika virus spreading to almost all the Americas YouTube video, 2:01 min. Published on Jan 25, 2016 by CNN. "The World Health Organization anticipates the Zika virus will spread to South, Central and North America. CNN's Rafael Romo reports."

Babies in Brazil Suffer as Zika Virus Spreads. YouTube video, 1:11 min. Published on Jan 18, 2016 by AJ+. "More than 3,500 babies have been born with unusually small heads and brain damage in Brazil. The primary suspect is the mosquito-borne Zika virus, which is spreading across Latin America."

Zika Virus from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon."

Zika virus from Wikipedia. "Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family and the Flavivirus genus. In humans, it causes a mild illness known as Zika fever, Zika, or Zika disease, which since the 1950s has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia. In 2014, the virus spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean to French Polynesia, then to Easter Island and in 2015 to Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, where the Zika outbreak has reached pandemic levels. Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and West Nile viruses, all of which are arthropod-borne flaviviruses."

Zika Virus: A New Threat and a New Kind of Pandemic. Blog by Maryn McKenna, Phenomena: A Science Salon, National Geographic."The microcephaly ... has not been proven to be caused by Zika, but people are so alarmed that, as one commenter here wrote, 'People here are very worried about Zika virus, especially pregnant women and the ones trying to get pregnant ...' Zika, dengue and chikungunya are spread by the same mosquito species, A. aegypti, which has adapted to live near humans: It flourishes in small pools and containers of water, like a flower pot or the puddle in a tire."

Zika Virus Fact Sheet from World Health Organization (WHO). "Key facts:
* Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes.
* People with Zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, skin rash (exanthema) and conjunctivitis. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.
* There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.
* The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites.
* The virus is known to circulate in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
Genre: Flavivirus
Vector: Aedes mosquitoes (which usually bite during the morning and late afternoon/evening hours) ...
Treatment: Zika virus disease is usually relatively mild and requires no specific treatment. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines ..."

Zika virus: Outbreak 'likely to spread across Americas' says WHO by James Gallagher, Health editor, BBC News website, 25 January 2016. Includes videos showing Zika babies. "The Zika virus is likely to spread across nearly all of the Americas, the World Health Organization has warned. The infection ... has already been found in 21 countries in the Caribbean, North and South America. It has been linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains and some countries have advised women not to get pregnant. No treatment or vaccine is available. The virus was first detected in 1947 in monkeys in Africa ... Around 80% of infections do not result in symptoms ... There have been around 3,500 reported cases of microcephaly - babies born with tiny brains - in Brazil alone since October [2015]."

Zika virus set to spread across Americas, spurring vaccine hunt by Tom Miles and Ben Hirschler, 25 Jan. 2016, Reuters. Includes video. "The mosquito-borne Zika virus, which has been linked to brain damage in thousands of babies in Brazil, is likely to spread to all countries in the Americas except for Canada and Chile, the World Health Organization said on Monday (25 Jan. 2016). Zika transmission has not yet been reported in the continental United States, although a woman who fell ill with the virus in Brazil later gave birth to a brain-damaged baby in Hawaii ...

The virus was first found in a monkey in the Zika forest near Lake Victoria, Uganda, in 1947, and has historically occurred in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. But there is little scientific data on it and it is unclear why it might be causing microcephaly in Brazil ... Zika's rapid spread, to 21 countries and territories in the Americas since May 2015, is due to the prevalence of Aedes aegypti and a lack of immunity among the population, the WHO said in a statement."

616.97 AIDS (Disease)

The Age of AIDS. 25 years of AIDS, The Virus, Global picture.

AIDS. "Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a set of symptoms and infections resulting from the damage to the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)" - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

616.99 Cancer

Colors of Cancer Google image from http://qwickstep.com/search/the-colors-of-cancer.html
The Colors of Cancer
See Cancer Color Card

American Cancer Society. Learn about cancer, treatment options, treatment decision tools, clinical trials, coping. Cancer Survivors Network. Statistics, prevention and early detection of cancer. Facts and figures, publications, media information, research programs, and more.

Can We Eat to Starve Cancer? Dr. William Li on Angiogenesis. TED Talk. YouTube video, 24:11 min. How cancer becomes dangerous. How Mother Nature can help to prevent cancer growth.

Canadian Cancer Society. What is cancer, Specific cancers, Treatment, Living with cancer, Cancer statistics, Cancer myths, Canadian Cancer Society Glossary.

Cancer Topics from National Cancer Institute, U.S. National Institutes of Health. Topics: Types of Cancer, Treatment Options, Clinical Trials, Genetics, Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention, Testing for Cancer, Coping with Cancer, Support and Resources, Cancer Literature, Current Cancer Information, and more. Includes a Dictionary of Cancer Terms. Cancer Statistics. Recent Cancer News.

Choose Your Cover - Skin Cancer Prevention Campaign. From U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Sun Safety for Everyday. Important sun protection information for people of all ages as well as some helpful tip sheets from Canadian Dermatology Association.

The high school student who devised a cure for cancer ... YouTube video, 3:28 min. High School Student May Have Found Potential Cure for Cancer by Maggie Meadows, January 20, 2012, "17-year-old Angela Zhang of Cupertino of California, just won $100,000 in the national Siemens science contest according to CBS News. Angela appears to be a typical teenager except for the fact she may have discovered a potential cure for cancer."

Look up: Cancer Dictionary from Babylon.com. Selected glossaries on Cancer including a dictionary by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Find explanations of cancer terms, names of drugs and substances used in treatment and cancer research. Contents include: TCRC (Testicular Cancer Resource Center) Glossary for Testicular Cancer and Other Related Conditons, NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms.

OncoLink. Mission of the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center is to provide free and accurate cancer-related information to cancer patients, families, health care professionals and the general public. Topics: Types of Cancer, Cancer Treatments, Coping with Cancer, Screening and Prevention, Cancer News, Clinical Trials, Global Resources, Cancer FAQs, and Symptom Management.

Pancreatic Cancer Frequently Asked Questions. What is pancreatic cancer? What are the stages of pancreatic cancer? How is pancreatic cancer diagnosed? What is the surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer? What is the medical treatment of pancreatic cancer? and other FAQs.

What Is Cancer presented by Shafin de Zane. "Cancer is the natural evolution of the cells of our body. Cells mutate to adapt to changing environments. Cancer cells are groups of cells mutating in an unnatural environment that is too toxic for normal cells to live, i.e. in our blood! If these cells don't mutate, they get sick and die. It's their natural response to mutate. Why do cells mutate in the first place? Cancer cells mutate to try to survivie in a very toxic environment . . . Chemotherapy ... Trying to kill those cells without changing the environment is like trying to kill the flies without taking the garbage out." To take action to rapidly improve your environment, Shafin offers 3 simple solutions:
● 1. Breathe DEEPLY. Cancer cells adapt to low oxygen. So, exercise.
● 2. Stop eating acid. Cancer cells thrive in acidic environment. Avoid sugar, soft drinks, meat products, etc. Drink green smoothies or juice made with fresh, raw, green vegetables, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc.
● 3. Keep your mind free of stress.

617 Surgery

Action for Blind People: Top tips to help prevent falls in the home. See also: Practical Advice from ActionForBlindPeople.org.uk - Resources providing practical advice for independent living including housing and money, information on technology, advice for employment issues and career development, and further information for children, young people and their families.

All About Surgery from About.com. Understanding Surgery from A to Z. Surgery Information. Surgery 101.

All About Surgery Crossword Puzzle. Solution to the Puzzle from Wiscenter.

Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery from MedlinePlus. Latest News, Overviews, Pictures/Diagrams, Specific Conditions, Dictionaries/Glossaries, Directories, Statistics, and more. Topics include: Blepharoplasty (eyelid), Face lift (rhytidoplasty), Liposuction (fat removal), Rhinoplasty (nose), Botox, Breast Reconstruction, Scars, Skin Aging, Varicose Veins, Procedures and Therapies.

617.575 Overuse injuries, (Repetitive strain injury - RSI)

Computer Ergonomics As Fast As Possible. YouTube video, 6:20 min. Published on Feb 10, 2015 by Techquickie.

How to Fix RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury). YouTube video, 7:28 min. Published on Oct 23, 2013 by 3sixtyfactory.

Repetitive strain injury from Wikipedia. "A repetitive strain injury (RSI) is an 'injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions.' RSIs are also known as cumulative trauma disorders, repetitive stress injuries, repetitive motion injuries or disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and occupational or sports overuse syndromes." ['Gamer's thumb']

What is RSI and what can you to do to prevent it? (www.explania.com). YouTube video, 3:42 min. Uploaded on Jun 4, 2009 by InstruxionAE. "RSI is the abbreviation for Repetitive Strain Injury. It is a collective term for physical pains in the neck, shoulders, arms, wrists and hands. It is a disorder of muscles, tendons and nerves. The cause of RSI is excessive strain due to a combination of repetitive and static movements. In this film, youll find out what RSI complaints are and what exercises you can do to prevent them."

617.7 Vision, Vision disorders, Color blindness, Eyeglasses, Contact lenses

Color blindness and Visual impairment from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Colorblind Information and Selftest. To see if you may be color blind, take this Colorblind Selftest.

Contact lens from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Contact Lenses from eMedicineHealth, and FDA Warns of Decorative Contact Lens Dangers from About.com.

Fire Safety for the Visually Impaired from Fire Marshal's Office, Suffolk County, NY.

History of White Cane Safety Day by Philip Strong.

Cooking and Kitchen Safety For People Who are Blind or Visually Impaired from Perkins.

Lighthouse International - Hope When Vision Fails. A non-profit organization dedicated to preserving vision and to providing critically needed vision and rehabilitation services. Provides information on macular degeneration, cataracts, or any other cause of low vision. Find out more about eye disorders, tips for preventing vision loss, confident living, designing visually accessible print materials and more.

Online Color Blind Self Test. This free online color blind self test can help deterimine if you are colorblind.

Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act introduced to protect the blind from quiet cars by Jeremy Korzeniewski.

Safety Issues for Blind People from eHow.

Vision Impairment. Developmental Disabilities from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Vision Impairment and Blindness. Also called Low Vision, from MedlinePlus. "The leading causes of vision impairment and blindness in the United States are age-related eye diseases: macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma. Other eye disorders, eye injuries and birth defects can also cause vision loss."

Visual Impairment, Visual Disability and Legal Blindness. Contents include: How is sight measured? What is legal blindness? What is visual impairment? Resources for Individuals With Visual Impairment, Patient Brochure: Low Vision. From American Academy of Ophthalmology. Articles provided by Medem, Inc.

618.2 Pregnancy, Prenatal care, Childbirth

Alexander Tsiaras: From Conception to Birth - Visualized. Recorded at INK Conference 2010. YouTube video, 9:38 min. "Image-maker Alexander Tsiaras shares a powerful medical visualization, showing human development from conception to birth and beyond."

Birthright International. In 2003, Birthright International celebrated its 35th anniversary with over 400 chapters worldwide, including Canada, the United States, and others in South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria, and Colombia. Birthright is a fully independent organization, not affiliated with any church or public agency. An estimated 28,000 women make their first visit to a Birthright chapter every month. Birthright also operates a 24-hour North American hotline, at 1-800-550-4900.

Childbirth.org. Features include: Ask the Pros, Birth Plans, Birth Stories, Boy or Girl, Cesareans, Doulas, Internet resources for Educators, Episiotomy, FAQs, Feeding Baby, Fertility, Finding a Childbirth Class, Search Childbirth.org, VBAC, Week by Week (fetal development), and more.

618.92 Children - Diseases, (Childhood diseases), (Medicine, Pediatric), (Pediatrics)

Child and Teen Health Topics and Children's Health from MedlinePlus, a service of U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Common Childhood Diseases from NetDoctor.co.uk. Symptoms, Treatment, Incubation period, Infectious period for each disease: Chickenpox, Whooping cough, Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum), Three-day-fever (roseola infantum), Hand, foot and mouth disease, Scarlet fever - Based on a text by Dr Carl J Brandt.

Facts for Parents: Diseases & the Vaccines that Prevent Them from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Also: For Parents of Infants and Young Children (birth through 6 years old), and For Parents of Preteens and Teens (7 through 18 years).

Infections from KidsHealth. Topics include: Cold & Flu Review, Common Childhood Infections, Bacterial & Viral Infections, Ear Infections, Eye Infections, Fungal Infections (Ringworm, Yeast, etc.), Immunizations, Lung & Respiratory Infections, Medical Tests, Parasitic Infections (Worms, Lice, etc.), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Skin Infections & Rashes, Stomach & Intestinal Infections.

Paediapaedia: An Imaging Encyclopedia of Pediatric Disease by Michael P. D'Alessandro M.D., Professor of Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Iowa. Contents include: Neonatal Chest Diseases, Chest and Airway Diseases, Cardiovascular Diseases, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Genitourinary Diseases, Musculoskeletal Diseases, Neurological Diseases.

Virtual Pediatric Hospital. Pediatric Common Questions Quick Answers. Find answers to Diseases and Conditions, or locate a topic in alphabetical order from Abdominal Pain to X-Rays.

620 Nanotechnology

Center for Responsible Nanotechnology: What Is Nanotechnology? The Meaning of Nanotechnology. Nanotechnology Basics: For Students and Other Learners.

Nanotechnology from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Nanotechnology Now. Nanotechnology basics, news, and general information.

620.8 Human engineering, (Ergonomics), (Biomechanics)

Ergonomics from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Find out What is Ergonomics, Computer Workstation Ergonomics (be aware of how the design and arrangement of your equipment can impact your comfort, health, and productivity), Laboratory Ergonomics, Industrial Ergonomics (Lifting techniques), and Ergonomics Primer (Postures to avoid, Motions to avoid, and other tips).

621.48 Nuclear energy, Nuclear engineering, Nuclear power plants

Nuclear Files: This Month in History.

Deadly Climate Change from Nuclear War: A Threat to Human Existence by Steven Starr, PSR, University of Missouri, from Nuclear Darkness, Global Climate Change & Nuclear Famine: The Deadly Consequences of Nuclear War.

Nuclear Power: News. Consolidated News: Nuclear Power, Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Electricity.

Timeline of the Nuclear Age, 1890 to 2010 from AtomicArchive.com created by AJ Software & Multimedia.

621.8 Robotics, Cranes, derricks, etc., Hoisting machinery, Elevators, Escalators, (Lifts), (Automatron)

5300 Homemade Dominoes. YouTube video, 5:26 min. Uploaded by Mike Mazeguy on Apr. 14, 2007 - "My brother Steve and I hand-cut and hand-painted 5,292 wooden dominoes plus some bigger-sized blocks . . . This is the result of about $100 worth of materials and a whole lot of man-hours."

Elevator from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Illustrated. Contents include: History, Modern elevator construction, Elevator safety, Uses of elevators, Dumb waiter, Controlling elevators (Floor numbering, elevator algorithm, Computer dispatched), U.S. and Canadian elevator standard specifics, Manufacturers of elevators, and more.

Escalator from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Illustrated. Contents include: Designs - Escalators, Moving walkways, High-speed walkways, Inclined moving sidewalks, Spiral escalators, History, Usage, Longest escalators and systems, Etymology.

Forklift from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Illustrated. Contents: Characteristics, Control and capability, Forklift safety.

How Hydraulic Cranes Work by Kevin Bonsor, from HowStuffWorks.

Incredible Music Machine AKA "Pipe dream" (Incredible Machine Full Version "AKA Pipe dream" - Automatron). YouTube video, 3:25 min.

Robot Suit HAL. YouTube video, 4:50 min. "Robot Suit HAL" is a cyborg-type robot that can expand and improve physical capability. HAL = Hybrid Assistive Limb®. ". . . the good news now is that it's going to be mass produced so it would be sold for affordable price, so that the elderly people would be able to walk again."
See also:
HAL(Hybrid Assistive Limb) from Cyberdine. YouTube video, 5:39 min. HAL 5 or Hybrid Assistive Limb 5 is a robot suit (aka artificial powered exoskeleton) developed by Yoshiyuki Sankai, professor of Tsukuba University, Japan. HAL 5 is currently capable of allowing the operator to lift and carry nearly twice as much weight as they could lift and carry unaided.

Safetysigns.com (formerly Forklift Safety Signs) from Safetysign.com - Division of Brimar Industries.

622 Coal mines and mining, Gold mines and mining, Mining engineering, (Mines and mineral resources)

Canadian Mining Facts.
Mining in Canada. Mining is one of Canada's primary industries and involves the extraction, refining, and/or processing of economically valuable rocks and minerals. Info from Canadian Encyclopedia.
Mining Facts and Figures.
Facts and Figures 2013 of Mining in Canada.
Canada's Mining History.

Canadian Mining Industry">, Canadian Mining Hall of Fame. See also A History of Mining and Mineral Explorationin Canada and Outlook for the Future.

Coal Mine from Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago. Virtual tour of Coal Mine Old Ben #17: Descend 600 feet underground, Mining in the 1930s - Machinery is introduced into the mines, and Mining Today - Safety is the key in today's modern mine. Plus Mining Links.

CountryMine. Complete mining information on the world mining industry by country. Includes mines and mining properties in the country, a snapshot of the country's mining activities, links to geological and other maps, and more.

Glossary of Mining Terms from Kentucky Coal - relating mainly to coal mining. Includes Teacher Resources: Classroom Lesson Plans.

Gold. Atomic number: 79, Atomic symbol:Au, History, Sources, Properties, Uses, Cost, Isotopes, from Los Alamos National Laboratory's Chemistry Division.
Gold from Wikipedia.
Gold - Picture.
A Brief History of Gold from OnlyGold. Who discovered gold? Where does gold come from?
Gold - Mineral Properties and Uses from Geology.com. "Native gold is an element and a mineral. It is highly prized by people because of its attractive color, resistance to tarnish and its many special properties - some of which are unique to gold. Its rarity, usefulness and desirability make it command a high price."
Gold Price.
What Is Gold Worth? By John H. Lienhard.
The Many Uses of Gold from geology.com.
Element Gold & Its Usefulness. YouTube video of PowerPoint presentation, 3:09 min.
Occurrence of Gold - Gold 101 from Broken Gold.
Production of Gold from Broken Gold.
Global Gold Production from Zealllc.com.
Gold Symbolism from Broken Gold.
Isotopes of Gold from Wikipedia.
Isotopes of the Element Gold from It's Elemental, Jefferson Lab. The Element Gold: Au.

Canada Health and Safety Field Guide from Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC). First 5 copies free. The PDAC's new Field Safety Pocket Guide is a valuable and handy information resource for field workers in the mineral exploration industry. Waterproof, tear-resistant and designed to fit easily in your high vis jacket, the guide provides useful information on safe fieldwork practices. Free download of this 116-page Pocket Guide available in English, French, or Spanish.

Mining Education from Mining USA.com. Includes: Coal Education Web Site, The Geology of Coal. Video, 4:55 min. KET's Water Solutions collection at PBS LearningMedia. In this video, a geologist describes how coal, a sedimentary rock, was formed when organic materials piled up in swamps millions of years ago.
Kentucky History - Coal.
Kentucky Coal Heritage: Links to Coal Mining History
Glossary of Mining Terms from Kentucky Coal Education, Kentucky Mining Institute.

623.8 Ships, Shipbuilding, Steamboats, (Cruise ships), (Ocean Travel)

Cruise ship from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

History of Shipbuilding by Per Åkesson. Wooden ships: The first boats were probably logboats, rafts and skinboats. The earliest logboats in Europe are 8-9000 years old. Paddles and propellers: In 1807 the American Robert Fulton created the first steam-driven ship. Iron and steel: During the 19th century, iron and steel gradually took over the wooden hull production.

Lost Liners (Paperback) by Robert D. Ballard, Rick Archbold, Paintings by Ken Marschall
Lost Liners (VHS) (PBS Home Video) by John Maxtone-Graham
Lost Liners (Audio CD) (Music) by Michael Whalen.

Lost Liners from PBS Online. Join Dr. Bob Ballard on a tour of the greatest lost liners in maritime history: Titanic, Lusitania, Empress of Ireland, Britannic, and Andrea Doria. Site includes: Comparison Chart of the 5 ocean liners, Ocean Evolution, Under the Sea - work of underwater explorers, and Diagram of a Colossus. See also articles from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
RMS Titanic - Sank 15 April 1912.
RMS Lusitania - Sank May 7, 1915.
RMS Empress of Ireland - Sank May 29, 1914.
HMHS Britannic - Sank November 21, 1916.
SS Andrea Doria - Sank July 25, 1956.
List of Shipwrecks - Sunken ships from around the world.

RMS Caronia Timeline by Peter Stevens. Explore an era of luxury ocean travel of the 1950's and 1960's. Site provides details of the life and times aboard Cunard's 'Green Goddess' - the RMS Caronia. Launched on 30 October 1947, Caronia quickly became the post-war jewel of the British Merchant Navy.

Titanic, Lusitania and the Forgotten Empress Gallery from Merseyside Maritime Museum, UK. For more info, see Sheet No. 41: RMS Titanic - Brief history of the Titanic, and Sheet No. 42 : RMS Lusitania - Brief history of the Lusitania, from Maritime Archives and Library.

Shipbuilding from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

USS New York (LPD-21) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Motto: Never Forget. Here SHE is, the USS New York, built with 24 tons of scrap steel from the World Trade Center.

623.88 Signals and signaling, (Maritime signal flags), (Semaphore flags)

International Marine Signal Flags. These flags are international signals used by ships at sea. See also: Semaphore Flag Signalling System is an alphabet signalling system based on the waving of a pair of hand-held flags in a particular pattern.

624 Bridges, Civil engineering, (Suspension bridges), (Viaducts)

10 terrifying bridges that will make you squirm by Hannah Gale for Metro.co.uk, 2 May 2014.

23 Creepy Gephyrophobia Pictures of Scary Bridges.

Amazing Bridges of China Slide Show. 6.34 MB. PowerPoint Presentation by E. Cheong.

Bridges by Chris Woodford, 26 Mar 2016. The wonder of bridges. How bridges balance forces. Bridges through history. Types of bridges. How do you design a bridge. Bridges in harmony. Why do bridges collapse?

Bridges - Facts and Photos and Statistics for Great Bridges about bridge construction from around the world, from About.com. Topics include: Bridges in Asia, Europe and England, and United States, Bridge Builder Magazines, Bridges on the Internet, Bridge Research, Cable Supported Bridges, Photo Gallery.

Malaysian Ringgits,

Building Big: Bridge Basics. Since ancient times, engineers have designed three major types of bridges to withstand all forces of nature: beam bridge, truss bridge, and arch bridge.

iCivilEngineer. The Civil Engineering Web Directory. Includes: Latest Civil Engineering News, Basics, Ethics, History of Civil Engineering, Architectural Engineering, Construction, Earthquake Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering, Structural Engineering, Surveying, Transportation Engineering, Famous Engineers (Ammann, Brunel, Eiffel, Terzaghi), Landmarks (Bridges, Dams, Roads, Tunnels), and more.

Langkawi Sky Bridge Google image from http://media1.trover.com/T/55b3b69e34fbe403d1007873/fixedw_large_2x.jpg
Langkawi Sky Bridge, Malaysia

Langkawi Sky Bridge from Wikipedia.

Langkawi Sky Bridge from Langkawi Insight. It is a curved suspended bridge made of steel that hangs at an altitude of about 700 meters from the sea level and supported by a single pylon in the middle. The pylon which is a tall tower like structure, has a record breaking height of 82-meters from the point where it is grounded on a ridge and keeps the bridge suspended in an open space next to the peak of Mount Mat Cincang.

The bridge is located at the peak of Mt. Mat Cincang. You will need to take the Cable Car ride from Oriental Village in Pantai Kok area, go up to the top station and then access the bridge through a stairway. That is the only way you can reach the skybridge.

SkyBridge: The Longest Free Span and Curved Bridge in the World from Panorama Langkawi. Price for SkyBridge is RM5.00 for adult and RM3.00 for children. 5 Malaysian Ringgit (MYR or RM) = $1.38 Canadian Dollars. RM3.00 = $0.95 CAD.

The Living Bridge - A way of working with nature, a documentary from Snotr - a source for short and funny or interesting videos. 4:30 min. How to pronounce "Snotr".

Top Ten Bridge Sites. Top 10 links include:
Structurae (Structures) - Structural Types from Germany on different types of structures: Bridges and Viaducts, Buildings, Dams & Retaining Structures, Off-shore and Marine Structures, Towers and Masts, Tunnels and Underground Structures.
The BridgeSite.
How Bridges Work, from Howstuffworks.
How to Build a Bridge. Video from Howcast.com, 1:31 min.
How to Build a Log Bridge. Instructions and diagrams for constructing a simple log bridge by the Mother Earth News editors May/June 1984.
Build Your Own Bridge from ExtremeHowTo.com. Construction How-To, Stone and Concrete. Uploaded by Sonia, June 28, 2011.
Build a Bridge from PBS.

625.7 Roads

The Most Amazing World Roads. PowerPoint slide show, 2:45 MB. Roads include:

● 1. Iroha-zaka road in Japan.

● 2. Estrada de Los Caracoles, Chilean Andes.

● 3. Bridge Road Storseisundet Atlantic (Atlanterhavsveien), Norway.

● 4. Monument Valley Navajo in Utah, USA.

● 5. James Dalton Highway, Alaska, USA.

● 6. Millau bridge, highway Paris-Barcelona.

● 7. Mount Tateyama, Japanese Alps.

● 8. Troll Road (Trollstigen), Norway.

● 9. Road to Jiufen, Taiwan.

● 10. Bridge between China and Hong Kong.

● 11. Bridges, tunnels into the Chesapeake Bay, Norfolk.

● 12. Estrada da Serra do Rio do Rastro in Lauro Müller, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

● 13. Passage of Stelvio (Stelvio Pass), Italian Alps.

● 14. Turini Pass (Col de Turini), France.

● 15. Tian Men Shan Road, Hunan province, China.

● 16. Coastal road in Cape Town, South Africa

● 17. Road-tunnel Guoliang, China.

● 18. Road Kill (camino a los Yungas), from La Paz to Coroico, Bolivia.

● 19. Judge Harry Pregerson intersection, Los Angeles, USA.

● 20. Bridges in Japan.

● 21. Intersection spiral in Shanghai, China.

● 22. Bridge spiral, Kamazu, Japan.

● 23. Beaufort County, South Carolina, USA.

● 24. Siberian Road to Yakutsk.

● 25. Garganta del Dades, Morocco.

● 26. Hiyoshi Dam in Kyoto, Japan.

Most Unusual Roads Around the World from Funzug.com.