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1. How to Format a Research Paper in MLA Style, 7th ed
2. How to Format a Research Paper in MLA Style, 6th ed
3. Quoting Passages Using MLA Style, 7th ed.
4. Quoting Passages Using MLA Style, 6th ed.
5. Content Notes and Bibliographic Notes in MLA Style, 7th ed
6. How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed.
7. Footnotes and Endnotes - Examples in MLA Style, 6th ed.
8. Footnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
9. Endnotes in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
10. How to Write Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 7th ed.
11. How to Write Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 6th ed.
12. Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 7th ed. Sample Page
13. Parenthetical Documentation in MLA Style, 6th ed. Sample Page
14. Works Cited, References, and Bibliography: What's the Difference? MLA Style, 7th ed.
15. Works Cited, References, and Bibliography: What's the Difference? MLA Style, 6th ed.
16. Guidelines on Writing a Bibliography or Works Cited Page in MLA Style, 7th ed
17. Guidelines on Writing a Bibliography or Works Cited Page in MLA Style, 6th ed.
18. How to Write a Bibliography or Works Cited Page - Examples in MLA Style, 7th ed.
19. How to Write a Bibliography or Works Cited Page - Examples in MLA Style, 6th ed.
20. Works Cited in MLA Style, 7th ed. - Sample Page
21. Works Cited in MLA Style, 6th ed. - Sample Page
22. Research, Writing, and Style Guides (MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, CGOS, CBE)
● Remember to double-space all entries, indent second and subsequent alines. (Note: Entries may not appear indented here).
● List all entries alphabetically by first word of the work cited, ignoring articles: a, an, the.
● Insert consecutive page number for your paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top.
● Put the list of Works Cited, References or Bibliography at the end of your research paper.
"50 Top Sites for Web Designers." Website Magazine May 2011: 16. Print.
Note: The following Internet citation is the same article published on the Web by WebsiteMagazine.com posted on March 30, 2011. The print edition of this issue Website Magazine was dated May 2011.
"50 Top Sites for Web Designers." WebsiteMagazine.com 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 26 Apr. 2011.
2012 Andex Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex Associates, 2012. Print.
2010 Chevy Camaro SS. Video. Advertisement. Inside Line. Edmunds, 2009. Web. 15 July 2009.
Angus, Angela E. "Face Coverings Un-Canadian." Letter. National Post [Toronto] 4 Apr. 2015: A15. Print.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family. 1966. Sculpture. McMichael Canadian Art Collection Kleinburg, ON.
Bausch & Lomb. Advertisement. Modern Medicine. Opthalmology Times, 2009. Web. 15 July 2009.
Becatoros, Elena. "Greece's Tsipras: From Bailout Rebel to Enforcer." Epoch Times [Toronto] 24-30 Sept. 2015: A5. Print.
"Beginner Tip: Presenting Your Page with Style." Webmaster Tips Newsletter. NetMechanic, July 2000. Web. 12 June 2009.
Note the following two ways of citing a work with three or more authors. You must be consistent by using either one or the other style but not both in the same research paper. Either you use "et al." or you do not. If you do not use "et al." for a work with three or more authors, you must list names of all the authors in your list of Works Cited.
Bowers, Ray, et al. Biology 11. Toronto: Wesley, 2002. Print.
Bowers, Ray, Dean Eichorn, Len Silverman, Gail de Souza, Rob Young, and Robert Hedges. Biology 11. Toronto: Wesley, 2002. Print.
Cardona, Claire Z. "Warrant Issued for Teen with 'Affluenza'." Toronto Star 17 Dec. 2015: A22. Print.
Continelli, Louise. "A Place for Owls to Heal." Buffalo News 12 Jan. 2003: C2. Print.
Csanady, Ashley. "China Changes Embryo's Genes." National Post [Toronto] 7 Apr. 2015: A9. Print.
Day, Anne. "From Muffins to Millions: Meet Nadja Piatka." Company Summer 2010: 7-8. Print.
"E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion." Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. Print.
"Fake Soldier Sentenced." Toronto Star 5 Aug. 2015: A2. Print.
GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. Print.
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003. Print.
"Gloria Steinem." Power Quotes. Wisdom Quotes by Jone Johnson Lewis, 1995-2009. Web. 15 Nov. 2009.
Gordin, Michael D. "The Science of Vodka." Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 7. Print.
The Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by B. Davenport. 4 June 2016.
Gurman, Mark, Alex Webb, and Ian King. "Apple Sets Sights on Smart Glasses." Toronto Star 16 Nov. 2016: B1. Print.
Healy, Michelle. "Report Says Over-Fortified Cereals May Hurt Children." USA Today 24 June 2014: 6A. Print.
"Ho Chi Minh." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2008. Web. 28 Apr. 2008.
Hyundai. Advertisement. Toronto Star 19 Feb. 2015: M5. Print.
Into the Woods. Screenplay by James Lapine. Dir. Rob Marshall. Perf. Meryl Streep, Emily Blunt, James Corden,
Anna Kendrick, Chris Pine, and Johnny Depp. Disney, 2014. Film.
"ISIS Price List for Slaves Verified." Toronto Star 5 Aug. 2015: A4. Print.
Jacobs, Andrew. "China Cracks Down on Feminist Activists." National Post [Toronto] 8 Apr. 2015: A8. Print.
Johnson, Hal, and Joanne McLeod. "Breathe! It's Free Health Care." Active Life July-Aug. 2014: 45. Print.
Kesterton, Michael. "Tracking Shoppers' Eyeballs." Globe and Mail [Toronto] 2 May 2013: L8. Print.
Kesteven, George. "The $25-Billion Hammer." National Post [Toronto] 4 Nov. 2006: FP15. Print.
King, Stephen. Black House. New York: Random, 2001. Print.
---. From a Buick 8: A Novel. New York: Simon, 2002. Print.
Kramer, Andrew E. "Russians Develop Floating Nuclear Power Station." National Post [Toronto] 28 Aug. 2018: FP5. Print.
Law and Order. Prod. Wolf Film in assoc. with Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 13 Mar. 2003. Television.
"Li Chao Named National Coach." Table Tennis News. In the Winning Zone, Jan. 2009. Web. 26 June 2009.
Little, Matthew. "Robot Economics" Epoch Times [Toronto] 19-25 Feb. 2015: A1+. Print.
Online version of above article, Ottawa instead of Toronto edition:
Little, Matthew. "Robot Economics." 20-26 Feb. 2015. Epoch Times [Ottawa] Web. 24 Feb. 2015.
Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 28 July 2014.
Malloy, Gerry. "Apple or Google Roadsters in 2025?" Toronto Star 19 Feb. 2015: M4. Print.
Marshall, Leon. "Nelson Mandela Bows Out of Public Life." National Geographic News. National Geographic, 2 June 2004. Web. 16 July 2009.
Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step. Redmond, WA: Microsoft, 2001. CD-ROM.
Mitchell, Joni. Both Sides Now. Reprise Records, Time Warner. Dist. Warner Music Canada, Scarborough, ON, 2000. CD.
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.
Mona Lisa. Poster. Advertisement. Poster.com. Posters By Mail, 1994-2009. Web. 15 July 2009.
"Mug." Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster's Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language. Canadian ed. 1988. Print.
NASONEX Nasal Spray, Schering. Advertisement. Newsweek 9 Sept. 2002: 9. Print.
"Nazi Party". New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1997 ed. Print.
The Nutcracker. By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Performance.
O'Keefe, Mark. "Definition of 'Rich' Is Elusive." Detroit Free Press 12 Jan. 2003: 1E+. Print.
Ortutay, Barbara. "Microsoft to Acquire LinkedIn for $26.2B." Toronto Star 14 June 2016: S9. Print.
Penny, Nicholas B. "Sculpture, The History of Western." New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1998 ed. Print.
Phillips, Stephen, et al. Primavera: Poems by Four Authors. Project Gutenberg, 4 Sept. 2006. Web. 26 June 2009.
PicoSearch. "Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed." Message to I. Lee. 20 May 2013. E-mail.
Pulda, Arnold. "Handling Hate Sites." Classroom Connect Newsletter May 2003: 18-19. Print.
Rai, Arti K., and Rebecca S. Eisenberg. "Bayh-Dole Reform and the Progress of Biomedicine." American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 52-59. Print.
RAMeSize. Vers. 1.1. Blue Dice Software. PCWorld, 5 Dec. 2002. Web. 16 July 2009.
Schubach, Erik. "Bugs Bunny." Cartoon. Cartoon World! 1998. Web. 2 Oct. 2004.
Shakespeare, William. Taming of the Shrew. Ed. John Crowther. New York: Spark, 2004. Print.
---. Taming of the Shrew. Ed. Roma Gill. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. Print.
Sony Cyber-shot Accessories. N.p.: Sony Canada, 2007. Print.
The Sound of Music. Music by Richard Rodgers. Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Dir. Jeremy Sams.
Prod. Andrew Lloyd Webber, David Ian, and David Mirvish. Based on book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse.
Chor. Arlene Phillips. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 5 Sept. 2009. Performance.
Svitil, Kathy A. "Can I Pour You a Pint of Light?" Discover Nov. 2002: 12. Print.
---. "The 50 Most Important Women in Science." Discover Nov. 2002: 52-57. Print.
Thackston, Karon. "Seven Steps to Writing Enticing Product Descriptions." Website Aug. 2010: 41-42. Print.
"Thanks a Bunch!" Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts. Kersten Brothers Studios, 2000. Web. 16 May 2004.
Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. "Life among the Ruins." Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Print.
Thomason, Larisa. "HTML Tip: The Renewed Importance of META Tags." Webmaster Tips Newsletter. NetMechanic, Feb. 2006. Web. 8 May 2009.
Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. Print.
Note: "The Tuxedo" is listed alphabetically by title after "Toyota" under "Tuxedo", ignoring the article "The". This would also apply to foreign language articles, such as "Le Soleil" which would be listed under "Soleil" ignoring the article "Le".
The Tuxedo. Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Film.
"Ukrainian Insurgents Agree to Respect Cease-Fire." USA Today 24 June 2014: 2A. Print.
Wolanski, Eric, et al. "Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs." American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Print.
"Writing a Bibliography: MLA Style." Honolulu Community College Library. U of Hawaii, 28 Apr. 2006. Web. 21 June 2009.